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Cornelis de Vos

Cornelis de Vos was a Flemish painter and art dealer. He was one of the leading portrait painters in Antwerp and is best known for his sensitive portraits, in particular of children and families, he was successful in other genres including history and genre painting. He was a regular collaborator with Rubens, he was born in Hulst near Antwerp, now in the Dutch province of Zeeland. Little is known of his childhood, his father moved with his family to Antwerp in 1596. Cornelis and his younger brothers Paul and Jan studied under the little-known painter David Remeeus. In 1599 de Vos is mentioned as Remeeus’ pupil while on 8 May 1604 he is referred to as the chief assistant of Remeeus. On 29 April 1604, de Vos petitioned the Antwerp City Council for a pass that would allow him to travel; this was a necessary procedure for artists. It is not known whether the young artist left the city to study abroad. De Vos joined the Guild of Saint Luke in 1608 at the age of 24; when he became a citizen of Antwerp in 1616 he listed his occupation as an art dealer.

Cornelis de Vos married the landscape painter Jan Wildens's half-sister Susanna Cock on 27 May 1617. The couple had 6 children, his sister Margaretha married the prominent animal painter Frans Snyders. These marriages solidified de Vos' role in Antwerp's artistic life. In 1619 de Vos served as the dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp; the same year he petitioned the Antwerp city council for permission to frequent the Saint-Germain market in Paris as an art dealer. In 1620 de Vos was elected high dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in recognition of his status in the city. De Vos developed a busy practice as a painter of portraits. In 1620 he painted the portrait of the painter Abraham Grapheus, he donated the work to the painters' chamber of the Guild of Saint Luke. De Vos received multiple commissions for family portraits from local patrons such as the wealthy merchant Joris Vekemans who ordered a portrait cycle of his family members in 1624. In 1627 he enjoyed royal patronage when 6 royal portraits were commissioned by Philip IV of Spain, the Archdukes Albert and Isabella, Henri III of France, Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici.

He worked on commissions from religious institutions. In 1628 he painted his only known landscape, a View of Hulst, which he donated to his home town where it is still displayed in the city hall. During this period of busy activity as a painter de Vos continued to operate an art dealership, he created works for export to Spain. Cornelis de Vos was one of the artists working on the decorations for the Joyous Entry into Antwerp of the new governor of the Habsburg Netherlands Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand in 1635. Rubens was in overall charge of this project. De Vos made decorative paintings after designs by Rubens. One of the hewn-out images that crowned the triumphal arch on the Meir, above the Huidevettersstraat, has been preserved and is attributed to the studio of de Vos. In the period 1636-1638 Rubens’ workshop received a large commission to make mythological decorations for the hunting pavilion Torre de la Parada of the Spanish king Philip IV near Madrid. For this project de Vos, together with a number of painters from Rubens’ circle, painted decorations after oil sketches by Rubens.

De Vos died in Antwerp. His pupils included Jan Alexander Daemps and Simon de Vos. Cornelis de Vos painted in various genres, he painted portraits and mythological and history scenes. He created in the late 1620s, some monumental genre paintings, he used the monogram CDVF. His early work shows a clear influence by Rubens in terms of subject matter and Carravagesque influences, his work is notable for a warm palette and refined rendering of fabrics and gleaming jewelry with an eye for detail. Important features of his personal style were the lucid plasticity of painted flesh and the bright tactility of highlights, he applied fine brushstrokes. While in his work from the thirties he painted with a looser, more painterly technique and was less precise in rendering the details as shown in the Portrait of a young woman, his overall technique remained soft and gentle. De Vos was most successful as a painter of individual and group portraits, a genre in which he developed his own style. After the departure of Antony van Dyck for England in 1621 and Rubens' absences from Antwerp on diplomatic and artistic missions, de Vos became the leading portraitist of the Antwerp haute-bourgeois and patrician society.

His portraits show the influence of van Dyck. He placed his subjects set within rich interiors, he was able to achieve a sensitive portrayal of the characters of his sitters and the varied textures of their clothes through the use of an bright light as well as soft chiaroscuro effects. He only commenced painting full-length portraits after van Dyck's return to Antwerp in 1627. In these portraits the figure is placed in front of architecture and an open landscape, he was skilled in painting group portraits as well as portraits of children. While de Vos’ portraits exhibit a new fluency of painting style and spontaneity in the depiction of children, this was combined with a simplicity free from rhetoric that harked back to the earlier Flemish masters. De Vos' portraits are able to communicate a warm human affection. In his depiction of children he was a master at expre

El Espíritu del Vino

El Espíritu del Vino is the third studio album by the Spanish rock band Héroes del Silencio, released in 1993. A double disc special edition was released in December 2006 on EMI. Recorded in 1993, the album contains the lyrics were written by Enrique Bunbury; the album had five singles: "Nuestros Nombres", "Los Placeres de la Pobreza", "Flor de Loto", "Sirena Varada" and "La Herida". In August 1993, 150,000 copies had been sold on the Spanish market. Due to their success in Germany, the band released one of their festival performances on DVD; the song "Nuestros Nombres" got to first position in the Spanish charts and was a success in other countries as well. All tracks are written by Joaquin Cardiel, Juan Valdivia, Pedro Andreu. Enrique Bunbury - vocalist Joaquin Cardiel - Bass guitar Juan Valdivia - Guitar Pedro Andreu - Drums El Espíritu del Vino overview at Allmusic Héroes del Silencio official Site

Thupten Jinpa

Thupten Jinpa Langri is a Tibetan Buddhist scholar, former monk and an academic of religious studies and both Eastern and Western philosophy. He has been the principal English translator to the Dalai Lama since 1985, he has translated and edited more than ten books by the Dalai Lama including The World of Tibetan Buddhism, A Good Heart: A Buddhist Perspective on the Teachings of Jesus, the New York Times bestseller Ethics for the New Millennium. Thupten Jinpa Langri was born in Tibet in 1958, he received his early education and training as a monk at Zongkar Choede Monastery in Hunsur near Mysore, South India and joined the Shartse College of Ganden monastic university, in Mundgod, South India, where he received the Geshe Lharam degree. He taught Buddhist epistemology, Middle Way philosophy and Buddhist psychology at Ganden for five years. Jinpa holds a B. A. Honors degree in Western Philosophy and a Ph. D. degree in Religious Studies, both from Cambridge University, UK. From 1996 to 1999, he was the Margaret Smith Research Fellow in Eastern Religion at Girton College, Cambridge and he has now established the Institute of Tibetan Classics where he is both president and editor-in-chief of the Institute's translation series Classics in Tibet.

He is a member of the advisory board of the Mind and Life Institute, dedicated to fostering creative dialogue between the Buddhist tradition and Western science. He is a Visiting Research Scholar at the Stanford Institute for Neuro-Innovation and Translational Neurosciences at Stanford University. Geshe Thupten Jinpa has written many books and articles, his latest works are Tibetan Songs of Spiritual Experience and Self and Reason in Tibetan Thought: Tsongkhapa's Quest for the Middle View. Radio interview In the Room with the Thupten Jinpa with Krista Tippet on her NPR radio show On Being

Albert Oppel

Carl Albert Oppel was a German paleontologist. He was born at Hohenheim in Württemberg, on December 19, 1831, he first went to the University of Tübingen, where he graduated with a Ph. D. in 1853. The results of his work was published in Die Juraformation Englands, Frankreichs und des südwestlichen Deutschlands, he went to the Palaeontological Museum at Munich in 1858 and became an assistant there. It was in 1860. A year he became the director of the Palaeontological Collection. Of his works, it can be said that the most important was Paläontologische Mittheilungen aus dem Museum des Königlichen Bayerischen Staates, he died on 23 December 1865 at the age of 34. The wrinkle ridge Dorsum Oppel on the Moon is named after him, as is the fossil prawn genus Albertoppelia. Oppel devoted his life to the study of fossils and the examination of the strata of the Jurassic period deposits, he is considered to have founded the study of zone stratigraphy and the use of index fossils, a term which he created, to compare the different strata.

He established the Tithonian stage, for strata that occur on the borders of Jurassic and Cretaceous. He was awarded the Chair of Paleontology at the University of Munich. List of geologists Paleontology Helmut Mayr, "Oppel, Albert", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 19, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 556–557

John Geddie (missionary)

John Geddie was a Scots-Canadian missionary, known as "the father of Presbyterian missions in the South Seas." He pioneered missionary work in the New Hebrides islands. He became Doctor of Divinity in 1866. On December 14, 1872 he died in Australia. John Geddie was born in Banff, April 10, 1815, his father, a watch and clock maker, was a devout member of the Presbyterian Church. In 1816, his family settled in Pictou, Nova Scotia, Canada. After completing education at grammar school and the Pictou Academy, he entered upon the study of theology; when his health failed he faced the prospect of having to give up the ministry, but he vowed to commit himself to missionary work if his health recovered. On March 13, 1838, he was ordained as pastor of a congregation at Cavendish, Prince Edward Island and in 1846 he was sent as a missionary to New Hebrides, where he served for over twenty years, he married Charlotte McDonald in 1839. Geddie studied the work of the London Missionary Society and he was ambitious to become a foreign missionary.

He promoted the idea within the Church, the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions agreed to support such a venture. However, some of the elders felt, he managed to convince them that he was capable and his appointment was agreed together with that of an assistant – Isaac A. Archibald – a layman, a teacher. After much discussion and prayer the location of the first mission was selected to be in the New Hebrides in the South Sea; the two missionaries with their wives and children sailed from Halifax on 30 November 1846 to Boston, where they changed ships. On October 17, 1847, after a journey of more than 20,000 miles, they sailed into the harbor of Pango-pango Samoa, they were met by members of the LMS who knew nothing of their coming, but extended their hospitality. It was agreed that two of the LMS missionaries would accompany Geddie and Archibald to the New Hebrides and help them establish a mission. Whilst on Samoa awaiting transport, Geddie stayed with one of those who had volunteered – Thomas Bullen –, a missionary with seven years experience in Samoa.

He acted as mentor and provided guidance on the customs of the indigenous people, their language and the treatment of illnesses and diseases that they may encounter. In March 1848 Bullen became ill and died at the age of 32. Another missionary, Thomas Powell, was selected to replace Bullen and on May 27, 1848, the LMS barque, John Williams arrived in Samoa to take the group to the New Hebrides; the final party included Geddie, Powell, their families, Samoan servants and another LMS missionary named James Nisbet. Geddie and his wife left behind their eldest daughter, Charlotte, so that she could be sent to England for her education. On July 29, 1848, the John Williams reached the island of Aneiteum, in the New Hebrides group; the island was small and because of this it was agreed that James Nisbet could return to Samoa when the John Williams sailed. The party unloaded their belongings and equipment and were housed in the dwellings of the Samoan teachers Pita and Simeona, resident on the island since 1846.

The John Williams left the island on August 6, 1848. The existing French Catholic mission on the island was disbanded shortly after Geddie and his colleagues arrived due to sickness amongst the priests. Geddie and Powell were soon engrossed in learning the Aneiteumese tongue so that they could hold regular church services; some years Geddie discovered that their early attempts at preaching in the Aneityum language had not been understood by the congregation, but they had been too polite to point this out. Geddie had brought a printing press from Canada and this was used to print hymns written by Powell and for literature used in the schools on the island; the indigenous people on the South Sea Islands had become suspicious of outsiders due to the violence of ruthless traders and to the practice of blackbirding. This was where native peoples were either tricked into leaving the islands or were kidnapped and put into slavery on plantations. Outsiders brought diseases to the islands that could decimate populations due to their lack of natural resistance.

Outsiders, like missionaries, had little understanding of the islanders’ culture and dangerous misunderstandings could occur over what seemed to be innocuous incidents. Geddie and Powell found this out soon after they arrived, they had made some progress in building up their congregation, but this stopped. Some of the pigs that the missionaries had brought with them were speared and eaten by the islanders; the two men learnt that they were in danger of being burnt out and driven off the island. They were informed that their "crime" had been threefold: first they had cropped coconuts during a period when this was prohibited, they apologised to the elders for the offence that they had given, their conciliatory approach was welcomed and this helped to improve relationships between the two communities. When Geddie first reached Aneiteum, there were two Samoan teachers and Pita, on the island but they had not been able to make a single convert. Geddie worked to convert the islanders in the hope of eliminating some of their practises such as cannibalism and the sacri

Communauté d'agglomération Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette

The Communauté d'agglomération Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette is the communauté d'agglomération, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Arles. It is located in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, southeastern France, it was created in January 2004. Its population was 86,466 in 2014, it covers 1,446 square kilometres. The communauté d'agglomération consists of the following 6 communes: Arles Boulbon Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer Saint-Martin-de-Crau Saint-Pierre-de-Mézoargues Tarascon Crau Camargue Official Website