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Coronation of George VI and Elizabeth

The coronation of George VI and his wife Elizabeth as king and queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth took place at Westminster Abbey, London, on 12 May 1937. George VI ascended the throne upon the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII, on 11 December 1936, three days before his 41st birthday. Edward's coronation had been planned for 12 May 1937 and it was decided to continue with his brother and sister-in-law's coronation on the same date. Although the music included a range of new anthems and the ceremony underwent some alterations to include the Dominions, it remained a conservative affair and followed the ceremonial of George V's coronation in 1911; the ceremony began with the anointing of the King, symbolising his spiritual entry into kingship, his crowning and enthronement, representing his assumption of temporal powers and responsibilities. The peers of the realm paid homage to the King before a shorter and simpler ceremony was conducted for the Queen's coronation.

The return procession to Buckingham Palace was over six miles in length, making it the longest coronation procession up to that time. The coronation was commemorated by the issuing of official medals and stamps, by military parades across the Empire, by numerous unofficial celebrations, including street parties and the production of memorabilia; the event was designed to be not only a sacred anointing and formal crowning, but a public spectacle, planned as a display of the British Empire. May 1937 included a programme of royal events lasting nearly the entire month to commemorate and mark the occasion; as a preliminary to the coronation, guests from across the Empire and around the world assembled at Buckingham Palace and official receptions were held to welcome them. For the event itself, the prime ministers of each Dominion took part in the procession to the abbey, while representatives of nearly every country attended. Contingents from most colonies and each Dominion participated in the return procession through London's streets.

The media played an important part in broadcasting this show of pageantry and imperialism to the Empire. The coronation was an important event in the history of television, being the country's first major outside broadcast, although television cameras were not allowed inside the abbey, it was the first coronation to be filmed, as well as the first to be broadcast on radio. In January 1936, King George V died and his eldest son, Edward VIII, succeeded him as king-emperor of the British Empire, he was unmarried at that time, but the American socialite, Wallis Simpson, had accompanied him on numerous social occasions in years leading up to 1936. The relationship had not been reported in the British press, but was receiving considerable media attention in the United States. In October 1936 Simpson filed for divorce, the King informed the Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, that he intended to marry her. Baldwin and several leading imperial administrators advised the King that popular opinion in the dominions was hostile to the proposed marriage.

The widespread unwillingness to accept Simpson as the King's consort, Edward's refusal to give her up, led to his abdication in December 1936. He was succeeded by his next younger brother, George VI. Before his accession, George had been known as Duke of York. In 1923, he had married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the daughter of the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Although the reign of the British monarch begins on his or her succession to the throne, the coronation service marks their formal investiture. In 1937, the ceremony was organised by a Coronation Committee, established by the Privy Council and chaired by the Lord President of the Council, a political appointment; the Coronation Committee had been delayed when it met for the first time on 24 June 1936: Ramsay MacDonald, the Lord President of the Council, met the Duke of Norfolk to discuss the proceedings. While Edward VIII was away, cruising on the Nahlin with Wallis Simpson, his brother, Duke of York sat in his place on the committees.

Edward VIII had been reluctant to have a coronation at all, but conceded that a shorter service would be acceptable. After the abdication of Edward VIII, the coronation committee continued to plan the event for George VI with minimal disruption.

Helen Vanderplank

Helen Joyce Vanderplank was a British-born South African biologist, botanical artist and museum curator. Vanderplank was born on 28 July 1919 in Cheltenham, She attended the Clifton High School for Girls in Bristol and graduated from Birkbeck College in London with a BSc Honours in botany and zoology. Vanderplank emigrated to South Africa and taught at Bishop's and St. Cyprian's School in Cape Town before taking up a post as a lecturer at the Grahamstown Teachers Training College, until it closed in 1975. Art was always her favourite hobby and she was appointed as the display artist at the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, a position she held until her retirement in 1984. During her years with the Albany Museum "she transformed gallery after gallery using her artistic talents in the widest possible way"; that included the Children's Gallery and the Invertebrates Gallery where her dioramas were "windows into woodland scenes of flowers, mosses and a variety of insects" and "the most stunning works of art".

Her realistic flowers and insects were all made from silk, a technique she was taught by an expert at the Cardiff Museum, 30 years "the scenes are as fresh as when she first made them." When the former home and business premises of Henry Carter Galpin, the father of South African botanist Ernest Edward Galpin, was bought by Harry Oppenheimer's De Beers Consolidated Mines and converted into the Observatory Museum in 1982, Vanderplank put together all the collections of butterflies, plant presses and natural history books displayed there. She created a "faithfully water-coloured" wall-paper of Oxalis prints for the museum, a Victorian posy of Eastern Cape flowers under a glass dome from silk and wire as a special gift for Harry Oppenheimer. After her retirement, Vanderplank moved to Port Elizabeth where she collaborated with her good friend CJ Skead on a number of projects which led to her producing her two-volume opus Wildflowers in the Port Elizabeth area. Together the two books comprise more than 1000 illustrations covering at least 900 different plant species.

She died on 7 February 2005. Brink, Estelle. "Obituary: Helen Joyce Vanderplank". Bothalia. 36: 129–131

Trolleybuses in Izmir

The Izmir trolleybus system formed part of the public transport network in the city of Izmir, from 1954 to 1992. Operated by ESHOT, the system was one of three trolleybus systems to have existed in Turkey, along with ones in Ankara and Istanbul, was the last of them to close. Trolleybuses operated in Konak, with lines to Buca, Balçova and Tepecik. Trolleybuses replaced the declining tramways of İzmir; the first trolleybuses, built by MAN, arrived in Izmir on May 1954 on a ship from Germany. The first trolleybus line opened on July 28, 1954, or August 16, 1954, between Konak and Güzelyalı; the original fleet totalled eighteen vehicles, MAN trolleybuses with Rathgeber bodies, numbered 1–18. The fleet was expanded in 1957 with a purchase of 20 Fiat 2411F trolleybuses, numbered 19–38; the Izmir system was the only Turkish trolleybus system to use articulated trolleybuses, but it had only three such vehicles, total. They were built by Fiat/Viberti in 1958 and were numbered 39–41. ESHOT never acquired any more articulated trolleybuses.

In the 1960s, the high cost of importing new trolleybuses led the company to convert a batch of Büssing motorbuses into trolleybuses. There were three such conversions in 1962, numbered 42 and 44–45, 18 more in 1968, numbered 46–63. After the closure of the Istanbul trolleybus system, in 1984, Izmir acquired most of its trolleybuses; these were built in 1962 by Alfa Romeo-Fiat, a total of 75 were acquired secondhand from Istanbul. This was the last fleet of trolleybuses to enter service in Izmir; as of mid-1989, the active trolleybus fleet included 19 of the 1957 Fiat 2411F vehicles, all three of the 1958 Viberti-bodied Fiat articulated vehicles, one 1959 Fiat 2411F, 67 ex-Istanbul Alfa Romeo-Fiat vehicles built in 1962. The last of the MAN trolleybuses that opened the system were retired in 1987 and the last Büssing vehicles in 1988 or 1989. Route 3 was withdrawn on June 9, 1989, leaving four routes still operating: 1, 2, 70 and 80. With its fleet falling apart, ESHOT discontinued trolleybus service in 1992, with different sources giving the date as either March 6, 1992, or September 1992.

10 Gümrük–Alsancak - Line became Route 1. 11 Fahrettin Altay–Alsancak - Line became Route 2. 12 Fahrettin Altay–Lausanne Square 21 Fahrettin Altay–Montrö 30 Fahrettin Altay–Tepecik - Line became Route 4. 40 Fahrettin Altay–Kahramanlar - Line became Route 3. 50 Hatay-Montrö - Line became Route 86. 70 Montrö–Buca Fuar Line - A line that circled the International Fairgrounds. List of trolleybus systems Transport in İzmir

List of museums in Kenya

This is a list of museums in Kenya. Many of these national and provincial museums are administered by the National Museums of Kenya. Abasuba Community Peace Museum, Mfangano Island. Aeumbu Community Peace Museum, near Embu. African Heritage Pan African Gallery, Nairobi. African Heritage House, overlooking Nairobi National Park. August 7th Memorial Park, Nairobi. Akamba Community Peace Museum, near Machakos. Bomas of Kenya Community Museums of Kenya Fort Jesus Museum, Mombasa Garissa Museum Gede National Monument Hyrax Hill Site Museum Jumba la Mtwana Kabarnet Museum Kapenguria Museum Karen Blixen Museum, near Nairobi Kariandusi Pre-Historic Site Museums Kenya National Archives, Nairobi. Kenyatta House Kisumu Museum Kitale Museum Koobi Fora Pre-Historic Site Krapf Memorial Museum Lamu Museum Lari Memorial Peace Museum, Kiambu District. Loiyangalani Desert Museum Malindi Museum Meru Museum Mnarani Ruins Nairobi Botanic Garden, Nairobi Nairobi Gallery, Nairobi. Nairobi National Museum, Nairobi Nairobi Railway Museum, Nairobi Nairobi Snake Park, Nairobi Narok Museum Olorgesailie Pre-Historic Site, Olorgesailie.

Porini Association Rabai Museum Seu-Seu Community Peace Museum. Siyu Fort Takwa Ruins Tambach Museum Thimlich Ohinga Treasures of Africa Museum Wajir Museum Sites and monuments in Kenya List of museums Museums in Kenya

Cecil R. Richardson

Chaplain Cecil Roland Richardson, USAF, retired as the 16th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Air Force, effective June 1, 2012, with an official retirement ceremony on May 30, 2012. He was appointed to that assignment on May 28, 2008. Richardson, a member of the Assemblies of God, was the first Pentecostal minister to be promoted to flag officer rank in the U. S. Air Force, he has said that his role was to be "a pastor to Christians, a chaplain to all." Before ordination, Richardson served in the Air Force as an enlisted man, working as a Russian interpreter and intercept operator. Richardson's educational background includes: 1973 Bachelor of Arts degree in Biblical studies, Evangel University, Springfield, Mo. 1976 Master of Divinity degree in Hebrew studies, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Ill. 1981 Squadron Officer School, by correspondence 1988 Air Command and Staff College, by correspondence 1992 Air War College, by seminar Richardson served as Deputy Air Force Chief of Chaplains from April 2004-May 2008, began serving as Chief of Chaplains May 2008.

Prior to these positions, his assignments included: June 1966 - May 1967, Russian language student, Syracuse University, N. Y. June 1967 - August 1967, electronic intercept student, Goodfellow AFB, Texas August 1967 - December 1968, Russian intercept operator, Karamursel Air Base, Turkey January 1969 - January 1970, Russian interpreter, National Security Agency, Fort George G. Meade, Md. April 1977 - June 1980, Protestant chaplain, 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, Little Rock AFB, Ark. June 1980 - July 1981, senior Protestant chaplain, 5073rd Air Base Group, Shemya AFB, Alaska July 1981 - July 1983, Protestant chaplain, 1606th Air Base Wing, Kirtland AFB, N. M. July 1983 - July 1984, Air Staff Training officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. July 1984 - June 1986, senior Protestant chaplain, 410th Bombardment Wing, K. I. Sawyer AFB, Mich. June 1986 - June 1988, installation staff chaplain, 7276th Air Base Group, Iraklion Air Station, Greece June 1988 - July 1991, Chief and Professional Development Division, Office of the Command Chaplain, Air Mobility Command, Scott AFB, Ill.

July 1991 - June 1993, senior chaplain, 62nd Airlift Wing, McChord AFB, Wash. June 1993 - August 1995, assignments officer, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, Bolling AFB, D. C. August 1995 - February 1997, Executive Director, Armed Forces Chaplains Board, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, the Pentagon, Washington, D. C. February 1997 - June 2000, Command Chaplain, U. S. Central Command, MacDill AFB, Fla. July 2000 - June 2003, Command Chaplain, Air Combat Command, Langley AFB, Va. July 2003 - April 2004, Director, USAF Chaplain Service Institute, Maxwell AFB, Ala. Among Richardson's numerous military awards and decorations are: Chiefs of Chaplains of the United States Armed Forces Chaplains Board

Kalippattam

Kalippattam is a 1993 Malayalam film written and directed by Venu Nagavalli and starring Mohanlal, Thilakan, Kaviyoor Ponnamma and Nedumudi Venu. Mohanlal sang a song with Chithra for the film; the story is about the love between a violinist played by Mohanlal and a terminally ill girl played by Urvashi. The music and back ground score were composed by Raveendran. In the first scene, we are shown an old man named Venu who came with flowers to strew his lady's grave; the story is narrated through his memories. Venu was an educated young man. After being fired, he tried to get his job back by playing music for Menon's only daughter, Sarojam Sarojam fell in love with Venu and expresses her wish to marry him. Wanting to keep her unawares about her fatal condition, aplastic anaemia, Menon was ready to do anything for her. Menon asks him whether he was ready for the marriage. Menon offers him the complete authority of his family business. Venu, whose family is in a dire state, gets married to Sarojam, he pretended to love her as he felt sympathetic for her and wanted to make her happy always.

However he falls in true love with her and an inseparable relation blossoms between them. Sarojam gives birth to Ammu; when Ammu is a few years old, Sarojam develops severe symptoms of the disease. Dr. Menon suggests that [[bone marrow transplant may lead to a recovery in her. After the bone marrow transplant, Sarojam seem to recover but soon her condition worsens and she dies in the hands of Venu. We are shown the first scene, Venu standing aside Sarojam's grave. After a while, Unni, a close friend of Venu comes there to inform him that his daughter Ammu is affected with the same disease. Venu is shocked but he was not allowed to cry as Ammu should never know about this; the heartbroken Venu returns to his bungalow with Ammu. There he has a strange visitor named Hari, an unemployed young man, who comes there with a recommendation letter for a job. Soon, Venu realizes that, what has happened in his and Sarojam's life is getting repeated in his daughter's life too, through Hari, he allows Hari to stay there and in the last scene, Venu calls Hari to his room, in the same way as he was called by Menon for Sarojam's proposal.

Mohanlal as Venugopal G. Urvashi as Sarojam, Venu's wife Thilakan as K. MK. Menon, Sarojam's father Jagathy as Thakaraparambil Unnikrishnan, Venu's friend Kaviyoor Ponnamma as Sarojam's mother Nedumudi Venu as Freddy Uncle, Menon's friend K. R. Vijaya as Kalyani Siddique as N. N. Kutty, Venu's friend Mamukkoya as Ismail, Venu's friend Prem Kumar as Lambodharan, security guard K. P. A. C. Lalitha as Venu's mother Kalpana as Meenakshi, Venu's younger sister. Bindu Panicker as Sreekumari, Venu's younger sister. Aranmula Ponnamma as Venu's grandmother Thikkurissy Sukumaran Nair as Venu's grandfather Ganesh Kumar as Renji, a relative of Menon Shivaji as Renji's friend Nandhu as the horse cart driver Oduvil Unnikrishnan as Karunan Chittappan Soman as Dr. Warrier Deepthi Vidhu Prathap as Venugopal's daughter Vineeth as Harikrishnan N. L. Balakrishnan as Watchman Aliyar as Ravi T. P. Madhavan as Madhavan The film had music and background score composed by music maestro Raveendran Master. 1. Mozhiyazhakum-K J Yesudas,K S Chithra 2.

Konchi,Konchi-M G Sreekumar 3. Vazhiyoram-Mohanlal,K S Chithra Kalippattam on IMDb Kalippattam at the Malayalam Movie Database