The Costa Rica national football team represents Costa Rica in international football. The national team is administered by the Costa Rican Football Federation, the governing body for football in Costa Rica, it has been a member of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association since 1927, the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football since 1961, a member of the Central American Football Union since 1990. Costa Rica is the most successful national football team in history from the region of Central America. Winning three CONCACAF Championships and leading the Copa Centroamericana tournament with three championships up until 2017, when it was absorbed into the CONCACAF Nations League. Costa Rica is the only national team in Central America to have played in five FIFA World Cup editions. Costa Rica's national football team has the all-time highest average Football Elo Ranking in Central America with 1597.1, the all-time highest Football Elo Ranking in Central America, with 1806 in 2014.
Since the late 1980s, the team has continuously been visible as a solidly competitive side, with a prominent performance in the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy, making it to the knockout stage in their debut after finishing second in their group during the first phase, below Brazil. They managed to qualify for the 2002 and 2006 FIFA World Cups. In 2014, Costa Rica achieved their best performance in history by finishing first in their group that consisted of three former World Cup champions: Uruguay and England. During the Round of 16 they defeated Greece 5–3 via a penalty shootout after a 1–1 draw. Moreover, during the match against a much better team, Navas saved more than 15 shots due to the Costa Rican weak defense; the match was characterized as "Navas vs Greece". They reached the quarterfinals for the first time as the Ticos were defeated by the Netherlands in a penalty shootout after a scoreless draw on 5 July, their 2018 World Cup campaign ended in a 4th place group stage exit with their only point coming from a 2-2 draw vs Switzerland.
Costa Rica has tradition. The national team made its debut in the Independence Centenary Games held in Guatemala City in September 1921, winning their first game 7–0 against El Salvador. In the final, Costa Rica defeated 6–0 Guatemala to claim the trophy; the soccer team of Costa Rica has been characterized above all by its regularity over the years. Well remembered is the selection of this country formed in the late 1940s acquiring the nickname of "The Gold Shorties". Throughout the'50s and'60s, they were much the second strongest team in the CONCACAF zone behind Mexico, finishing runners-up in World Cup qualifying in the 1958, 1962 and 1966 qualifiers. Stars of the side during this period were Ruben Jimenez, Errol Daniels, Leonel Hernandez and Edgar Marin. However, at the end of the'60s their fortunes would decline as other teams in the region such as Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Trinidad & Tobago and Canada came to the fore. Although the majority of these participants have been short on points in their World Cup performances.
During the 1970s and most of the 1980s, the Costa Rican team went unnoticed, was absent from World Cups. Costa Rica failed to make the final round of CONCACAF World Cup qualifying rounds until the 1986 qualifier, its historical topscorer is Rolando Fonseca with 47 goals. Costa Rica participated in 2 straight Summer Olympic Games, in Moscow 1980 and in Los Angeles 1984. In 1980, Costa Rica competed against Yugoslavia and Iraq, in Group D, losing all 3 games 2–3, 0–3 and 0–3 respectively. Los Angeles saw Costa Rica's first win in a worldwide international participation. Again in Group D, the Ticos played against The United States and Italy; the game against The US ended in a loss, 0–3. The second game did not see 1 -- 4 against Egypt, but in the last game, against an Italian squad that included Walter Zenga, Pietro Vierchowod, Franco Baresi and Aldo Serena, Costa Rica prevailed 1–0, when midfielder Enrique Rivers scored a goal. After a great campaign during the CONCACAF Championship in 1989, Costa Rica won its first ticket to the finals of a World Cup where they made an outstanding performance by beating Scotland and Sweden in the first round.
Before these two achievements came to happen, the team had to suffer a hard process to qualify. In order to advance to the qualifying group stage, two games against the Panama national football team had to be won. Costa Rica suffered against the Panamanians in the first game at the Alejandro Morera Soto Stadium in Alajuela, which ended up taking a local one to one tie; the second game took place at the Revolution Stadium, where Costa Rica won two to zero with goals by midfielder Juan Arnoldo Cayasso and forward Hernán Medford. Costa Rica started the group stage with a defeat in Guatemala by 1 to 0. Costa Rica won against Guatemala two to zero as locals in the game back home, Róger Flores and Evaristo Coronado scored for the team. In the next game, Costa Rica managed to defeat the U. S. as local one to zero. But Costa Rica found defeat in the next game against the U. S. one to zero at St. Louis – Missouri; the following game took placed at Trinidad and Tobago against their national football team which ended in a tie 1 to 1, with a goal scored by was forward Evaristo Coronado.
Costa Rica won the game back home against Trinidad and Tobago with a goal by Juan Arnoldo Cayasso. A substantial away win was next for the Ticos in El Salvador at th
William Bruce Hale was an American professional basketball player and coach. A 6'1" guard/forward from Medford, Hale played college basketball at Santa Clara University played professionally in the early NBA as a member of the Indianapolis Jets, Fort Wayne Pistons, Indianapolis Olympians, he averaged 9.1 points per game over his NBA career. He held coaching positions with the University of Miami, the Oakland Oaks of the American Basketball Association, St. Mary's College of California. Before he died of a heart attack in 1980, he had been working as a marketing director at the KNBR radio station. Hale's daughter, married basketball player Rick Barry, who played for Hale at the University of Miami. Through Pam, Hale is the grandfather of NBA players Brent Barry, Jon Barry, Drew Barry. Hale was inducted into the University of Miami Sports Hall of Fame in 1986. Career statistics and player information from Basketball-Reference.com
A gravedigger is a cemetery worker, responsible for digging a grave prior to a funeral service. If the grave is in a cemetery on the property of a church or other religious organization, gravediggers may be members of the decedent's family or volunteer parishioners. Digging graves has been one of the traditional duties of a church's sexton. In municipal and owned cemeteries, gravediggers may be low-paid and temporary laborers, or they may be well-paid and professional careerists, as their duties may include landscaping tasks and courteous interactions with mourners and other visitors. In some countries, gravedigging may be done by landscaping workers for the local council or local authority. A gravedigger implements a variety of tools to accomplish his primary task. A template, in the form of a wooden frame built to prescribed specifications, is placed on the ground over the intended grave; the gravedigger may use a sod-cutter or spade to cut the outline of the grave and remove the top layer of sod.
Digging the grave by hand requires shovels, mattocks and/or other tools. Cemeteries in industrialized countries may keep a backhoe loader and other heavy equipment, which increases the efficiency of gravedigging. Gravediggers - at least in most Western countries - will use a wooden box to put the soil in; this box consists of several large pieces of wood that fit together, the box is assembled next to the grave. Once the grave has been dug and the soil from the grave has been placed in the box, the box will be covered with a piece of tarpaulin or similar material; the soil will remain in the box until the day of the back-fill, when the funeral takes place and the soil is emptied back into the grave after the coffin has been lowered, after which the box is disassembled. Due to the close proximity of graves in cemeteries, invariably the wooden box is placed in front of one or more other graves, is seen as a nuisance to those wishing to visit graves adjacent to a grave, due to be filled. Although the expression "six feet under" refers to the depth at which people were traditionally buried, at least in the UK the minimum legal depth for a new grave is seven feet.
This allows a maximum of three coffins to be buried in the same grave family members of the deceased who are buried at a date when they die -, known as a re-open. Gravediggers must take care to get the proportions of a grave right as the hole needs to be big enough for the coffin to be lowered in. Additionally, shoring is used to stop a grave from collapsing. Gravediggers must make sure. Additionally, on the day of the back-fill and for the funeral service artificial turf will be placed around the grave whilst the coffin is being lowered. In many cultures throughout history, gravediggers have been marginalized by their societies. In the traditional caste system of India, cemetery work has been the responsibility of the lowest castes, considered "unclean" or "untouchable" for their association with death. Fossor is a term described in Chambers' dictionary as archaic, but can conveniently be revived to describe grave diggers in the Roman catacombs in the first three centuries of the Christian Era.
The duties of the Christian fossor corresponded in a general way with those of the pagan vespillones, but whereas the latter were held in anything but esteem in pagan society, the fossors from an early date were ranked among the inferior clergy of the Church. In the Gesta apud Zenophilum by St. Optatus of Mileve, a reference is made to the character of the fossors as an order of inferior clergy. Speaking of the "house in which Christians assembled" at Cirta in the year 303, during the persecution of Diocletian, this writer enumerates first the higher orders of the clergy present, from the bishop to the subdeacons, mentions by name the fossors Januarius, Fructuosus, et ceteris fossoribus. St. Jerome alludes to fossors as clerici, a sixth-century chronicle edited by Cardinal Mai enumerates the orders of the clergy as ostiarius, lector, etc. At first the fossors seem to have received no regular salary, but were paid by individuals for the work accomplished. In the fourth century the corporation of fossors was empowered to sell burial spaces.
For example, in the cemetery of St. Cyriacus, two women bought from the fossor Quintus a bisomus, or double grave, retro sanctos, there are several other references to this practice; the corporation of fossors did not consist of the labourers who excavated the galleries of the catacombs. According to this authority two fossors were brought before the judge; the picture, damaged in an attempt to remove it from the wall, represents Diogenes with his pick over his right shoulder and a sack containing his midday meal, on his left shoulder
The Cancer Genome Anatomy Project, created by the National Cancer Institute in 1997 and introduced by Al Gore, is an online database on normal, pre-cancerous and cancerous genomes. It provides tools for viewing and analysis of the data, allowing for identification of genes involved in various aspects of tumor progression; the goal of CGAP is to characterize cancer at a molecular level by providing a platform with accessible updated data and a set of tools such that researchers can relate their findings to existing knowledge. There is a focus on development of software tools that improve the usage of large and complex datasets; the project is directed by Daniela S. Gerhard, includes sub-projects or initiatives, with notable ones including the Cancer Chromosome Aberration Project and the Genetic Annotation Initiative. CGAP contributes to many databases and organisations such as the NCBI contribute to CGAP's databases; the eventual outcomes of CGAP include establishing a correlation between a particular cancer's progression with its therapeutic outcome, improved evaluation of treatment and development of novel techniques for prevention and treatment.
This is achieved by characterisation of biological tissue mRNA products. The fundamental cause of cancer is the inability for a cell to regulate its gene expression. To characterise a specific type of cancer, the proteins that are produced from the altered gene expression or the mRNA precursor to the protein can be examined. CGAP works to associate a particular cell's expression profile, molecular signature or transcriptome, the cell's fingerprint, with the cell's phenotype. Therefore, expression profiles exist with consideration to cancer stage of progression. CGAP's initial goal was to establish a Tumor Gene Index to store the expression profiles; this would have contributions to both existing databases. This contributed to two types of libraries, the dbEST and dbSAGE; this was performed in a series of steps: Cell contents are washed over plates with poly T sequences. This will bind Poly-A tails that exist only on mRNA molecules, therefore selectively keeping mRNA; the isolated mRNA is processed into a cDNA transcript through reverse transcription and DNA polymerisation reactions.
The resulting double stranded DNA is incorporated into E.coli plasmids. Each bacterium now contains one unique cDNA and is replicated to produce clones with the same genetic information; this is termed a cDNA library. The library can sequenced by high-throughput sequencing techniques; this can characterise both the different genes expressed by the original cell and the amount of expression of each gene. The TGI focused on prostate, ovarian and colon cancers at first, CGAP extended to other cancers in its research. Issues arose which CGAP accounted for as new technologies became available. Many cancers occur in tissues with multiple cell types. Traditional techniques produced bulk tissue cDNA libraries; this cellular heterogeneity made gene expression information in terms of cancer biology less accurate. An example is prostate cancer tissue where epithelial cells, which have been shown to be the only cell type give rise to cancer, only consist 10% of the cell count; this led to development of laser capture microdissection, a technique that can isolate individual cell types individual cells, which gave rise to cDNA libraries of specific cell types.
The sequencing of cDNA will produce the entire mRNA transcript. Only part of the sequence is required to uniquely identify the mRNA or protein associated; the resultant part of the sequence was termed the expressed sequence tag and is always at the end of the sequence close to the poly A tail. EST data are stored in a database called dbEST. ESTs only need to be around 400 bases long, but with NGS sequencing techniques this will still produce low quality reads. Therefore, an improved method called serial analysis of gene expression is used; this method identifies, for each cDNA transcript molecule produced from a cell's gene expression, regions only 10-14 bases long anywhere along the read sequence, sufficient to uniquely identify that cDNA transcript. These bases are cut out and linked together incorporated into bacterial plasmids as mentioned above. SAGE libraries have better read quality and generate a larger amount of data when sequenced, since transcripts are compared in absolute rather than relative levels, SAGE has the advantage of requiring no normalisation of data via comparison with a reference.
Following sequencing and establishment of libraries, CGAP incorporates the data along with existing data sources and provides various databases and tools for analysis. A detailed description of tools and databases created or used by CGAP can be found on NCI's CGAP website. Below are some of the initiatives or research tools provided by CGAP; the goal of the Cancer Genome Anatomy Project Genome Annotation Initiative is to discover and catalogue single nucleotide polymorphisms that correlate with cancer initiation and progression. CGAP-GAI have created a variety of tools for the discovery and display of SNPs. SNPs are valuable in cancer research as they can be used in several different genetic studies to track transmission, identify alternate forms of genes and analyze complex molecular pathways that regulate cell metabolism, growth, or differentiation. SNPs in the CGAP-GAI are either found as a result of resequencing genes of interest in different individuals or looking through existing human EST databases and making comparisons.
It examines transcripts from healthy individuals, individuals with disease, tumour tissue and cell lines from a
Chandni is an Indian actress, who has appeared in Bollywood movies like Sanam Bewafa, Aaja Sanam, Mr. Azaad, Jai Kishen, 1942: A Love Story. Chandni's real name is Navodita Sharma, she is born in Delhi and spent her childhood in Delhi and Punjab. While she was still studying she saw an advertisement for a role in the movie Sanam Bewafa against Salman Khan who has a rage among girls after Maine Pyar Kiya's huge success, she filled the form for auditions and got the lead role. The film went to become the second biggest hit of the year after Saajan, she couldn't establish herself due to her contract with Saawan Kumar Tak, the director & producer of the film. By the time the contract was withdrawn, it was too late for her, she did second lead roles in the movies 1942 A Love Story, Mr. Azaad, Jai Kishan and more however she could not see the heights of success in her film career, she retired from Bollywood after not seeing work in films. In 1994, Chandni married to US-based Satish Sharma and moved to Florida, USA.
She has 2 daughters and Kareena whom she named after Bollywood heroines Karishma Kapoor and Kareena Kapoor. She teaches Indian Dance in Orlando called C Studios. Chandni has held events at Hard Rock in Universal House of Blues in Disney, she holds an event with NBA team Orlando Magic called Bollywood Magic. Hahakaar as Amita Mr. Azaad as Ropa Aaja Sanam Ikke Pe Ikka as Kavita Jai Kishen as Asha 1942: A Love Story as Chanda Dosti Ki Saugandh Jaan Se Pyaara Umar 55 Ki Dil Bachpan Ka as Aarti Henna Sanam Bewafa as Rukhsar Khan Chandni on IMDb
Clydebank is a heritage-listed residence at 43 Lower Fort Street, in the inner city Sydney suburb of Millers Point in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1824 to 1825 by Robert Crawford, it is known as Bligh House, Holbeck and St Elmo. It has served as an art gallery and as offices in the past, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. In June 1823 Robert Crawford, Principal Clerk to the NSW Colonial Secretary, was granted land at Cockle Bay, part of which survives as the present property dating from 1824. Arriving in Sydney in 1821 from Scotland, Crawford soon managed to build up extensive holdings including farms called Doonside, Hill End and Ellalong. In a letter of February 1825 he wrote to his father ``. I as I am not allowed lodging money. I thought it advisable to build - I call it Clyde Bank, it looks into Cockle Bay and is ten minutes walk from the office."By 1828 Crawford was in financial difficulties and was forced to sell Clyde Bank to John Terry Hughes of the Albion Mills.
Hughes sold the property to Samuel Lyons in 1835, within the year it was again sold to Isaac Simmons and shortly after to Captain Joseph Moore, Master Mariner. With his son Henry, Moore bought the Wright Wharf below in Cockle Bay. Moore's Wharf became one of the two best such shipping establishments in Sydney - the other being Campbell's Wharf in Sydney Cove, it was from Moore's Wharf. At this time parcels of land had been amalgamated with the house land; as with so many others in the 1840s Captain Moore became bankrupt in 1844 and was forced by the Trustees of his properties to sell the property to Robert Campbell junior in 1845. Captain Moore's sale notice in The Sydney Morning Herald in 1844 gave details of the house: "Ground floor - Entrance Hall, two drawing rooms, dining room and pantry; the drawing and dining rooms have handsome marble chimney pieces." There would have not been a stair from the ground floor to the basement for security and kitchen smells. A stair went up from the kitchen back door to the western verandah, where a narrow pantry may have been located for the trays to rest on their way to the dining room.
"First Floor: Four bedrooms and two dressing rooms." The two dressing rooms are now a small kitchen. The fireplaces were all made of Marulan stone, some badly damaged and have been repaired in the same stone. "The basement contains kitchen, laundry and two servant's rooms. In the rear is a yard with a three stall stable. Coach house, hay loft and a well of water and pump." Robert Campbell owned the house until his death in 1859 but his family continued to own it until it was sold to Morris Nelson in 1874. Nelson died not long after, the property was transferred to his widow Caroline in 1880, it was resumed from the Nelson family by the Government of New South Wales in 1903 for the Sydney Harbour Trust. The property was tenanted by many people involved in maritime occupations including stevedoring and tug ownership. In 1958 architect John Fisher, with the help of artist Cedric Flower, convinced Taubmans to paint the central bungalow at 50 Argyle Place; this drew attention to the importance of The Rocks for the first time.
As a result, Fisher was able to negotiate leases for Bligh House and houses in Windmill Street for various medical societies. From 1961 until 1990 it was leased by the Australian College of General Practitioners afer which date the leasehold was purchased by an individual for use as a private gallery of early colonial art and furniture; the house has at various times been called St Elmo and, from 1940, Bligh House. The buildings on the land were constructed at different times, they are: Main building - 1824. 1865, demolished 1919. In 1962 some work was carried out by the architect Morton Herman and a new kitchen built in a link structure, joining the coach house with the house; the buildings on the land were constructed at different times. They are: Main building - 1824. 1865, demolished 1919. In 1962 some work was carried out by the architect Morton Herman and a new kitchen built in a link structure, joining the coach house with the house. Clydebank is a good example all of the main features of Old Colonial Regency style.
The building has two upper storeys from Lower Fort Street, with a basement, cut into the steep slope down to Downshire Street. The upper floors are rendered and lined over brickwork, whilst the basement is in the rough coursed stone expected from an 1820s building. There is a finish on the ground floor that has a high gloss level an attempt to deter graffiti; the building is divided into the typical Georgian five bays of twelve pane windows to the upper floor with timber French doors with transomlight sashes below, each detailed with offset glazing beads typical of Regency detailing. The central entry door is a Georgian flush beaded six panel door with sidelights and a rectangular transomlight sash with ornate glazing beads; the central upper window is a feature not seen in a Georgian building, it is divided into two narrower openings either side of a stone pier each with an eight pane double hung window, which gives the impression the building was used as two residences, des