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Cotswold Airport

Cotswold Airport is a private general aviation airport, near the village of Kemble in Gloucestershire, England. Located 4.5 NM southwest of Cirencester, it was built as a Royal Air Force station and was known as RAF Kemble. The Red Arrows aerobatics team was based there until 1983, it is used for the storage and recycling of retired airliners, as well as flying schools and industry. Cotswold Airport is in a good position for flying training as it is clear of controlled airspace allowing free movement for training aircraft, it is centrally positioned between Cheltenham and Gloucester and Swindon. The nearest railway station is at Kemble. Construction work for RAF Kemble began in 1936, the first operational unit to arrive at the station was No. 5 Maintenance Unit on 22 June 1938. In 1940, No. 4 Service Ferry Pool moved to the station from Cardiff, Kemble became one of the main bases for the aircraft ferrying operations of the Air Transport Auxiliary in this region of the British Isles. Around the same time, Kemble was the home of No. 1 Overseas Aircraft Preparation Unit.

From 1966 until 1983, Kemble housed the Red Arrows, the RAF's aerobatic display team, which operated Folland Gnats and BAe Hawks. After the Red Arrows moved to RAF Scampton, the station was used by the US Air Force as a maintenance facility for A-10 Thunderbolt aircraft, followed by Northrop F-5s, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagles, Lockheed C-130 Hercules and Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers. Following the end of the Cold War, the US Air Force left the station and it was returned to the Ministry of Defence; the British Army made use of the site to store surplus vehicles and equipment, military flights ended at the station in March 1993. The MoD leased buildings on the former station before selling the site to Ronan Harvey, a local businessman, in March 2001. There was a threat of closure because of a mistake which the Cotswold District Council made relating to planning permission when it was sold by the Ministry of Defence. However, this is no longer the case, the planning status of the airfield has been changed to that of airport.

In July 2007, the airfield was again threatened by the council after local residents filed noise-pollution complaints. In June 2008, the threat of closure eased after the Cotswold District Council allowed flying to continue, but in September 2008, North Wiltshire District Council sought to overturn this decision in the High Court as they said the original decision was flawed. In August 2009, the airport was awarded a CLEUD as a commercial airport so the future is assured as an airport and development to that end can occur. Resource Group have relocated their EASA Part 147 Approved Basic Training facility to Cotswold Airport with a purpose-built facility opened in spring 2010; this has the effect of bringing numerous jobs to the local area as well as supporting local infrastructure, such as shops and hotels. There are some 50 engineering students stationed there year-round; the current airport at the site was renamed Cotswold Airport in 2009, having operated as Kemble Airport or Kemble Airfield.

Cotswold Airport has a CAA Ordinary Licence, which allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee. The airfield has a tarmacadam runway which can and has accommodated large aircraft such as the Boeing 747. Aston Down airfield lies 3 mi to the northwest and has sometimes been mistaken for Cotswold Airport by visiting pilots, it belonged to the RAF but is now used for gliding by the Cotswold Gliding Club. Cotswold Airport is home to Chevron Aircraft Maintenance Ltd. Chevron is an EASA part 145 approved aircraft maintenance facility and has been based at the airport since January 2004, carrying out maintenance and dismantling of aircraft. Cotswold Airport is the operating base of Air Salvage International, who are described as Europe's leading aircraft decommissioning company. Air Salvage moved from Alton, Hampshire in late 2009 to Cotswold Airport, setting up base in Hangar J1. During 2010, the company took over 130,000 sqft of hangar space used by Aeronautic and Delta Jets, has grown thereafter.

In 2017 the airport was described as "Europe's Leading Airliner Recycling Location."Between 1996 and 2012, hangars at the airport housed the exhibits of the Bristol Aero Collection. The airfield is used for Formula One straight line testing, has one of the largest race tracks for radio-controlled cars in the UK; when the airport was used by the RAF it boasted two hard-surface runways. However, the north-south runway has been closed off, is used only as a taxiway and for aircraft parking at present. A proposal was put forward in 2015 for a "sustainable village" with shops and leisure facilities to be built on the 420-acre site. However, this development did not occur; as of 2018, the appointed Airport Manager, Christian Ackroyd intends to increase and diversify aviation business. This includes plans for new hangars, a new GNSS approach to enable more corporate jet use and a Part 145 maintenance organisation based at the airport. Cotswold Airport has been used as a film location for a number of television programmes and series, including: Top Gear, Ultimate Force, Car of the Year Show, Wheeler Dealers, Classic Car Club, Drop the Celebrity and Fifth Gear.

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Civil law (common law)

Civil law is a branch of the law. In common law legal systems such as England and Wales and the United States, the term refers to non-criminal law; the law relating to civil wrongs and quasi-contracts is part of the civil law, as is law of property. Civil law may, like criminal law, be divided into procedural law; the rights and duties of persons amongst. It is suggested that civil proceedings are taken for the purpose of obtaining compensation for injury, may thus be distinguished from criminal proceedings, whose purpose is to inflict punishment. However, exemplary damages or punitive damages may be awarded in civil proceedings, it was formerly possible for common informers to sue for a penalty in civil proceedings. Because some courts have both civil and criminal jurisdiction, civil proceedings cannot be defined as those taken in civil courts. In the United States, the expression "civil courts" is used as a shorthand for "trial courts in civil cases". In England, the burden of proof in civil proceedings is, in general—with a number of exceptions such as committal proceedings for civil contempt—proof on a balance of probabilities.

In civil cases in the law of the Maldives, the burden of proof requires the plaintiff to convince the court of the plaintiff's entitlement to the relief sought. This means that the plaintiff must prove each element of the claim, or cause of action in order to recover. Outline of civil law Civil code Administrative law Federal law Federal Rules of Civil Procedure

Communities In Schools

The Communities In Schools is a national organization working within public and charter schools in 25 states and within the District of Columbia. It aims to build relationships that empower at-risk students to stay and perform well in school and become good achievers not just academically but in life. Working in 2,300 schools and community-based sites in the most challenged communities, Communities In Schools serves 1.5 million young people and their families every year. Founded in 1977, Communities in Schools is a dropout prevention program, with some 160 independent affiliates serving more than 1.5 million children in 2,300 schools. The essence of its approach, rooted in Christian principles that inspired founder Bill Milliken—go where the kids are, build trusting relationships with them, treat the whole person—has remained consistent over 40 years as the organization has continued to evolve and adapt; that story begins with a crucial lesson from Milliken's own experience with the street and postal academies: that having impact on a problem of this scale and complexity in inherently conservative public school systems, meant building a sustainable enterprise and running it according to sound management principles.

Over the next 25 years, CIS learned other important lessons: That working in partnership with others was both necessary and preferable. The last 15 years, have witnessed a profound transformation at CIS: from a visionary, mission-driven enterprise led by a charismatic founder-entrepreneur to a mature, professionally managed, data-driven enterprise that uses research and evaluation to influence and innovate. In February 2020, Communities In Schools announced that VIA Metropolitan Transit Board of Trustees chairman and former San Antonio City Councilman Rey Saldaña will become its new president and CEO. One million American students drop out of school each year Nearly half of all dropouts ages 16-24 are unemployed An estimated 67% of prison inmates are high school dropouts Graduation rate nationally is around 70%, declining to 50% in some urban areas Every 29 seconds another student gives up on school dropouts earn $9,200 less per year than high school graduates and more than $1 million less over a lifetime than college graduates the government would gain $45 billion in extra tax revenues and reduced costs in public health and welfare payments if the number of high school dropouts among 20-year-olds in the US today were cut in half The Communities In Schools network comprises a national office located in Arlington, Va. 13 state offices and nearly 160 local affiliates.

Each CIS office is an independent 501 organization, and, at the local level, brokers or provides services that are tailored to the specific needs of the community The Communities In Schools national office increases public outreach and visibility for the organization. Working with the national office staff, Communities In Schools state office leaders spearhead CIS "movement" in their states, providing training, technical assistance and capacity building. State offices help procure funding for local affiliates who work directly with kids. At the local or "grassroots" level, Communities In Schools affiliates always work at the invitation of the school superintendent, in partnership with public schools. CIS local affiliates collaborate with volunteers and community partners to work directly with students, providing programs and services which address the unique needs of a school district or student population. Communities In Schools seeks to understand and address the underlying reasons why young people drop out.

Whether children need eyeglasses, nutritious food or just a safe place to be, CIS works to find the resources and deliver them to young people right inside schools where kids spend their days. The need could be something as simple as getting kids vaccinated to meet school attendance requirements. Or the need could be something more complex. Like helping young people find positive alternatives to joining gangs. CIS implements a community-based integrated student services strategy, leveraging community resources where they are most needed—in schools. Community-based integrated student services are interventions that improve student achievement by connecting community resources with both the academic and social-service needs of students; such interventions focus programmatic energy and time on shared school and student goals. Through the efforts of a single point of contact, individual student needs are assessed and research-based connections made between students and targeted community resources.

Asset building resources such as health screenings and clothing, assemblies on various topics are made available to all students. Targeted and sustained intervention services are provided to the subset of students most in need, forming the basis of outcome-driven individual student plans; these students benefit from tutors, after-school programs, academic support and other evidence-based interventions designed to achieve specific outcomes. Communities In Schools becomes involved at the invitation of the school district; the CIS model is adaptable to all communities— whether u