St. Charles, Missouri
Saint Charles is a city in, the county seat of, St. Charles County, United States; the population was 65,794 at the 2010 census. Situated on the Missouri River, it is a northwestern suburb of St. Louis. Founded circa 1769 as Les Petites Côtes, or "The Little Hills" in French, by Louis Blanchette, a French-Canadian fur trader, when the area was nominally ruled by Spain following the Seven Years' War, St. Charles is the third-oldest city in Missouri. For a time, it played a significant role in the United States' westward expansion as a river port and starting point of the Boone's Lick Road to the Boonslick. St. Charles was settled by French-speaking colonists from Canada in its early days and was considered the last "civilized" stop by the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1804, exploring the western territory after the United States made the Louisiana Purchase; the city served as the first Missouri capital from 1821 to 1826, is the site of the Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne shrine. Native American peoples inhabited the area at least as early as 11000 B.
C. When European emigres arrived, the area was inhabited by the Ilini and Missouri tribes. According to Hopewell's Romantic Legends of the Missouri and Mississippi: Blanchette met another French Canadian at the site of St. Charles in 1765. Blanchette, determined to settle there, asked if Guillet, who had become a chief of a Dakota tribe, had chosen a name for it. "I called the place'Les Petites Côtes' " replied Bernard, "from the sides of the hills that you see.""By that name shall it be called", said Blanchette Chasseur, "for it is the echo of nature — beautiful from its simplicity."Blanchette settled there circa 1769 under the authority of the Spanish governor of Upper Louisiana. He was appointed as the territory's civil and military leader, serving until his death in 1793. Although the settlement was under Spanish jurisdiction, the settlers were Native American and French Canadians who had migrated from northern territories. Considered to begin in St. Charles, the Boone's Lick Road along the Missouri River was the major overland route for settlement of central and western Missouri.
This area became known as the Boonslick or "Boonslick Country." At Franklin, the trail ended. Westward progress continued on the Santa Fe Trail; the first church, built in 1791, was Catholic and dedicated to the Italian saint Charles Borromeo, under the Spanish version of his name, San Carlos Borromeo. The town became known as San Carlos del Misuri: "St. Charles of the Missouri"; the original location of the church is not known but a replica has been built just off Main Street. The fourth St. Charles Borromeo Church now stands on Fifth Street; the Spanish Lieutenant-Governor Carlos de Hault de Lassus appointed Daniel Boone as commandant of the Femme Osage District, which he served as until the United States government assumed control in 1804 following the Louisiana Purchase. The name of the town, San Carlos, was anglicized to St. Charles. William Clark arrived in St. Charles on May 16, 1804. With him were 40 men and three boats, they attended dances, a church service during this time, the town residents, excited to be part of the national expedition, were hospitable to the explorers.
Lewis arrived via St. Charles Rock Road on May 20; the expedition launched the next day in a keel boat at 3:30 pm. St. Charles was the last established American town the expedition visited for more than two and a half years; when Missouri was granted statehood in 1821, the legislature decided to build a "City of Jefferson" to serve as the state capital, in the center of the state, overlooking the Missouri River. Since this land was undeveloped at the time, a temporary capital was needed. St. Charles beat eight other cities in a competition to house the temporary capital, offering free meeting space for the legislature in rooms located above a hardware store; this building is preserved as the First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site and may be toured. The Missouri government continued to meet there until Jefferson City was ready in 1826. Gottfried Duden was a German who visited in the area in 1824. Travelling under the guidance of Daniel M. Boone, he wrote extensive accounts of life in St. Charles County during his year there.
He published these after returning to Germany in 1829, his favorable impressions of the area led to the immigration of a number of Germans in 1833. The first permanent German settler in the region was Louis Eversman, who arrived with Duden but decided to stay. St. Charles, Missouri, is where the first claimed interstate project started in 1956. A state highway marker is displayed with a logo and information regarding this claim, off Interstate 70 going westbound, to the right of the First Capitol Drive exit. Kansas and Pennsylvania lay claim to the first interstate project. St. Charles is a charter city under the Missouri Constitution, with a City Council as the governing body, consisting of one member for each of the ten wards, each serving a three-year term; the executive head of the City government is the Mayor for all ceremonial purposes. The Mayor appoints the members of the various Boards and Committees created by ordinance; the current mayor is Sally Faith. The City of St. Charles School District has six elementary schools, two middle schools, two high schools, the Lewis & Clark Tech Building located on Zumbehl Road.
St. Charles High School was the f
O'Fallon is a city along Interstate 64 and Interstate 70 between Lake St. Louis and St. Peters in St. Charles County, United States, it is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census O'Fallon had a population of 79,329, making it the largest municipality in St. Charles County and seventh largest in the state of Missouri. O'Fallon's namesake in St. Clair County, Illinois is part of the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area; the two O'Fallons are one of the few pairs of same-named municipalities to be part of the same MSA. O'Fallon was founded in 1856 by Nicholas Krekel; the community was named after the president of the North Missouri Railroad. A post office called O'Fallon has been in operation since 1859; the St. Mary's Institute of O'Fallon was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. In 2006, Money Magazine named O'Fallon 39th in its "Best 100 Places to Live." Money Magazine ranked O'Fallon 68th out of 100 in 2008, 26th out of 100 in 2010, 42nd out of 100 in 2017.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.20 square miles, of which 29.19 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 79,329 people, 28,234 households, 21,436 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,717.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 29,376 housing units at an average density of 1,006.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 4.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. There were 28,234 households of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.1% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age in the city was 34.3 years. 30% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. Mastercard has a major presence in O'Fallon. Venture Stores was headquartered and maintained a distribution center in O'Fallon, until its dissolution; the buildings are now occupied by True Manufacturing. Shell Oil Company announced on February 27, 2012 it will close its regional distribution center here by the end of 2012, costing more than a dozen jobs. Lou Fusz Automotive Dealership in O'Fallon, won the 2012 State of Missouri Bid Contract for Police vehicles for the second year in a row. O'Fallon is the home of the River City Rascals independent Frontier League baseball team; the Rascals play at CarShield Field in O'Fallon, built in 1999. It is located on Tom Ginnever Boulevard and T. R. Hughes Boulevard near downtown. Civic Park - A 20 acres park featuring Alligator's Creek Aquatic Center and Amphitheater.
Dames Park - A 59 acres sports park with three football fields and a fitness course. Fort Zumwalt Park - A 47.5 acres park featuring a fishing lake, a disc golf course and historic Fort Zumwalt. Knaust Park - A 6 acres park with a playground and walking path. O'Fallon Sports Park - A 95 acres soccer complex with 12 fields playgrounds and concessions. Home to the Renaud Spirit Center. Ozzie Smith Sports Complex - A 76 acres baseball/softball complex with seven diamonds and the St. Charles Co. Amateur Sports Hall of Fame. Adjacent to CarShield Field. Westhoff Park - A 65 acres park featuring baseball diamonds, sand volleyball courts, horseshoe pits, basketball courts and handball courts, a skate park. O'Fallon operates under a charter form of government. In 2010, the current four wards were redistricted and a new, fifth ward was created; the current mayor is William "Bill" Hennessy. The current City Council members are: Dave Hinman, Rick Lucas, Rose Mack, Tom Herweck, Reid Cranmer, Jeff Schwentker, Jeff Kuehn, Mike Pheney, Debbie Cook.
Laws O'Fallon is served by the Fort Zumwalt School District, the westernmost part is served by the Wentzville R-IV School District. The south to southeastern part of the city is served by the Francis Howell R-III School District. St. Dominic High School is a private Catholic school located in O'Fallon. Satellite campuses of Webster University and Lindenwood University are located in O'Fallon. Fire protection is provided by the O'Fallon Fire Protection District, which in 2007 became the first Internationally Accredited Fire Agency in the state of Missouri; the award was made by the Center for Public Safety Excellence's Commission on Fire Accreditation International. The CFAI has approved accreditation status for only 120 fire agencies worldwide; the southern portion of the city is served by the Wentzville Fire Protection District. Nathan Heald, U. S. Army officer during the War of 1812, in command of Fort Dearborn, in Chicago Harry Gilmer, All-American college and Pro-Bowl football player and former head coach of the Detroit Lions City of O'Fallon O'Fallon Fire Protection District Historic maps of O'Fallon in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri
St. Peters, Missouri
St. Peters is a city in St. Charles County, United States; the 2010 census showed the city's population to be 52,575, tied for 10th place in Missouri with Blue Springs. Interstate 70 passes through the city. In 2008, St. Peters was named the 60th best place to live by Money magazine, putting it at the top in the state of Missouri, it ranked in Money magazine's Top 100 in 2010 and 2012. The "Rec-Plex" in St. Peters is an award-winning recreation and fitness complex that underwent an $18.5 million expansion in 2007. The city hosts the county's largest shopping center, Mid Rivers Mall. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area that would become St. Peters was inhabited by Mississippian mound builders; the remains of a village were uncovered during the construction of I-70 in 1954 and a street near the site was named Mound Drive after the mounds built by the villagers. One of the first documented sources about European settlers in the area is a Spanish census from 1791, which documented a land grant.
St. Peters was named for a Jesuit mission established there. In 1895, music was a binding factor for the area, with a well-known cornet band. Throughout most of the twentieth century, St. Peters was a small farming town; as as 1970, St. Peters had a population of only 486; the population increased to 15,700 by 1980 and within the span of a decade the community changed from a small rural town to a more suburban community. The city continued its rapid growth through the 1980s and by 1990 had a population of 40,660. St. Peters population increased to an estimated 52,575 as of 2010. St. Peters celebrated its 50th year as a city in 2009, marked its 100th year as a town in 2010, having become a town in 1910 and a city in 1959. St. Peters is located at 38°46′44″N 90°36′11″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.37 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 52,575 people, 20,861 households, 14,244 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,350.2 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 21,717 housing units at an average density of 970.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.7% White, 3.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. There were 20,861 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.7% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 51,381 people, 18,435 households, 13,936 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,425.5 people per square mile. There were 18,776 housing units at an average density of 886.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.25% White, 2.80% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.49% of the population. There were 18,435 households out of which 42.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.4% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.24. In the city the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $57,898, the median income for a family was $65,123. Males had a median income of $45,497 versus $30,295 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,792. About 1.5% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. Citizens elect eight aldermen to govern the city; the Mayor and Board of Aldermen appoint individuals to the positions of City Collector, City Clerk, City Treasurer. A Municipal Judge of the 11th Judicial Circuit known as the St. Peters Municipal Court, has a four-year term. A City Administrator works with the Mayor and Board of Aldermen; the Board of Aldermen meets on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, except the months of June, July and December when one meeting is held each month on a date scheduled with the Mayor. City elections are held per Missouri law for elected officials.
Propositions may be voted upon at these elections. Mayor – Len Pagano Aldermen Ward 1 – Dave Thomas and Rocky Reitmeyer Ward 2 – Judy Bateman and Jerry Hollingsworth Ward 3 – Terri Violet and Melissa Reimer Ward 4 – Don Aytes and Patrick Barclay Three public high schools are within St. Peters city limits: Fort Zumwalt South High School with an
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
New Melle, Missouri
New Melle is a small country community in St. Charles County, United States, it is located 37 miles west of St. Louis; the population was 475 at the 2010 census. New Melle was platted. 1850. The community was named after Melle, the former home of a share of the first settlers. A post office called New Melle has been in operation since 1850. New Melle incorporated as a city in 1978; the Meier General Store and St. Paul's Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Melle is located at 38°42′37″N 90°52′49″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.61 square miles, of which 1.57 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 475 people, 179 households, 143 families residing in the city; the population density was 302.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 195 housing units at an average density of 124.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.6% African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population. There were 179 households of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.3% were married couples living together, 2.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 20.1% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the city was 47.1 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 124 people, 44 households, 35 families residing in the city; the population density was 349.8 people per square mile. There were 49 housing units at an average density of 138.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 1.61 % African American. There were 44 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.7% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.2% were non-families.
15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $55,417, the median income for a family was $67,917. Males had a median income of $51,250 versus. $24,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,965. There were no families and 3.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64. New Melle is in the Francis Howell School District. Elementary school students attend Daniel Boone Elementary, middle school students attend Francis Howell Middle School, high school students attend Francis Howell High School.
New Melle has a branch of the St. Charles City-County District Library. German-American Friendship Website DAF Chamber of Commerce
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c