SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Country pop

Country pop is a fusion genre of country music and pop music, developed by members of the country genre out of a desire to reach a larger, mainstream audience. By producing country songs that employed many styles and sounds found in pop music, the country music industry was effective in gaining new listeners without alienating its traditional country audience. Country pop music is known for genres like rock and country combined, it is a continuation of similar efforts that began in the late 1950s known as Nashville sound and on Countrypolitan. By the mid-1970s, many country artists were transitioning to the pop-country sound which led to some records charting high on mainstream top 40 as well as country Billboard charts; the joining of country and pop began in the 1950s when studio executives Chet Atkins and Owen Bradley wanted to create a new kind of music for the young adult crowd after "rockabilly stole away much of country music's youth audience". According to Bill Ivey, this innovative genre originated in Nashville and thus became known as the Nashville Sound.

He believes that the "Nashville Sound produced records that sounded more pop than country", after the removal of the fiddle and banjo. Patsy Cline, Jim Reeves, Eddy Arnold were among the most popular artists during this time; this was intended to have country singers sell more records. The first male artists to come out of this new genre were Jim Reeves and Eddy Arnold, who both grew to have widespread acceptance among both country and pop music listeners. Both Jim Reeves and Eddy Arnold had major influence on their RCA labelmate Elvis Presley, apparent not only in secular songs, but more so in country gospel songs; the first female country singer to emerge from this new genre was Patsy Cline in the early 1960s. The example she created was followed by other female country artists, such as Lynn Anderson, Crystal Gayle, Shania Twain, who gained prominence in years. Though Cline gained widespread acceptance from country and pop audiences alike, the Nashville Sound was not well received by country purists, faced competition, first from the Bakersfield Sound and the outlaw movement on that front.

The Nashville sound evolved into countrypolitan during the late 1960s and 1970s and had varying levels of success, with several artists recording in the style, many of whom were otherwise country purists or outlaws: Ray Price, Charley Pride, Charlie Rich, Jessi Colter, Crystal Gayle, Kris Kristofferson, Lynn Anderson all charted pop-influenced country hits during the 1970s. Country pop found its first widespread acceptance during the 1970s, it started when pop music singers, like Glen Campbell, John Denver, Olivia Newton-John, Anne Murray, began having hits on the country charts. Songs like Campbell's "Rhinestone Cowboy" were among the biggest crossover hits in country music history; these pop-oriented singers thought that they could gain higher record sales and a larger audience if they crossed over into the country world. One of the artists who did this was Olivia Newton-John, who emerged from Australia in the mid-1970s, hoping to make it big in the United States; when her single "Let Me Be There" became a big pop-country crossover hit in 1974, it became quite controversial after Newton-John won a Grammy award for "Best Female Country Vocal Performance" for the song, won the Country Music Association's most coveted award for females, "Female Vocalist of the Year".

Newton-John began moving away from country in the late 1970s after starring in Grease and focused on pop music from onward. A group of artists, troubled by this trend, formed the Association of Country Entertainers in 1974; the debate raged into 1975, reached its apex at that year's Country Music Association Awards when reigning Entertainer of the Year Charlie Rich presented the award to his successor, John Denver. As he read Denver's name, Rich set fire to the envelope with a cigarette lighter; the action was taken in some quarters as a protest against the increasing pop style in country music. The ACE would only last two years. In 1977, Kenny Rogers, former frontman of the rock band The First Edition, burst onto the country charts with "Lucille" and would go on to become the most successful of the country pop performers, topping charts all over the world and taking the genre to the zenith internationally, selling more than 130 million records. After "Lucille", Rogers had a string of songs that did well on both the country and pop charts around the world, including "Daytime Friends", "The Gambler", "Coward of the County", all of which were produced by Larry Butler.

Rogers would go on to push the boundaries of pop influence in country music, having records produced by the likes of The Bee Gees, Lionel Richie, David Foster, George Martin, all of which did well in both the pop and country markets. In 1979

Tydd Gote

Tydd Gote is an English village at the north, in the civil parish of Tydd St Mary of the South Holland District of Lincolnshire, at the south, in the civil parish of Tydd St Giles of the Fenland District of Cambridgeshire. According to William Henry Wheeler, Boston hydraulic engineer and authority in the fields of low-lying land reclamation,'Gote' means a sluice, with Tydd'Gote' recorded in 1293 and 1551, the present settlement in 1632 as'Hills Sluice' or'Tydd Gote Bridge'. A Dictionary of British Place Names concurs, saying that'gote' is from the Middle English, that'Tyddegote' was referenced in 1316.'Tid', or'tite', listed in the Domesday Book, is from the Old English'titt', referring to a small hill a saltern or salthill. Other spellings for the settlement have been Tydd Gout. An advert In the Stamford Mercury in 1729 advertised a brick built house near the'Great Road' with land and stabling for 60 horses for sale. Kelly's Directory in 1855 listed professions and occupations which included a merchant, a postmaster, a farmer, a grazier, a gardener & seedsman, a shoemaker, two shopkeepers, the licensed victualler of the White Lion public house.

By 1872 White's Directory recorded that, in 1858, £200 was borrowed from an 1806 bequest of St Mary's rector, which had doubled by 1854, to purchase a mission house and school at Tydd Gote. In the village was a Primitive Methodist chapel, with adjoining school building, built in 1869, attended by 30 children; the Free Methodists had a chapel in the Cambridgeshire part of the village. The Tydd St Mary's parish post office was in Tydd St Gote. Professions and occupations included a schoolmistress, a station master, a merchant living at Roman Villa, a shopkeeper, two bakers, a grocer & draper, a further grocer & draper, a chemist, a gardener, a beerhouse owner, the licensed victuallers of the White Lion and Gote Inn public houses. By the middle of the following decade a merchant was listed as a farmer, joined by a further farmer; the station master still lived in the village. There was a coal dealer, a market gardener, just one baker, but two shopkeepers. A beer retailer was present as were the victuallers of the White Gote Inn.

In 1933 there included a physician & surgeon, a grocer who held the post office, a limited company of fruit growers, two cycle agents working together for Riddington & Steel, a motor engineer, a smallholder, a farmer, two shopkeepers, a baker, a pork butcher, a grocer, a blacksmith, a beer retailer, still the victuallers of the White Lion and Gote Inn public houses. Greyfriars, between West Road and Hannath Road, dates to the early 17th century. A owned red brick house, with 18th- and mid-20th-century changes, it was Grade II listed in 1966. Pevsner calls it a "jumble of C17, C18, with elements" with an adjoining wall from the 14th century. Greyfriars lies within the Tydd Gote Conservation Area, an appraisal for which noted a 14th-century doorway. In 2000, an archaeological and historical appraisal was carried out for the South Holland District Council to inform a management policy for the Tydd Gote Conservation Area. A site visit recorded the red brick Primitive Methodist chapel, dated to 1903, with the attached former British School, at the northern corner of the east side of Main Road and Station Road.

On the opposite side of the Station Road, fronting Main Road, is the 19th-century Oldfield cottage and painted white. Opposite, at the west of Main Road, are earthwork remains of Roman Bank, which runs north towards the village of Tydd St Mary. Under Main Road is the Oldfield Cut, the road at this point being a bridge over with a concrete parapet which has attached a plaque with the inscription:'Tydd Gote Bridge rebuilt by the Holland County Council 1935. Wm A Rogerson MIM & CE County Surveyor'. On Station Road are 19th- and 20th-century red brick houses, at its south side, running off, are two lines of industrial buildings, one of which has a datestone inscribed:'Tydd Institute 1914'. On Station Road are "two pairs of brick semi-detached houses labelled'Herbert Cottages 1912' and'Thelma Cottages 1912'". A further row of 19th-century houses include the former New Inn, one with an early to mid-20th-century shop sign reading:'J. M Shephard, Corn and Offal Dealer'. At the junction of Main Street and the north of West Street is a Dutch gable frontage of a building made asymmetrical through earlier alteration.

At the other corner is a brick built former shop dating to the 19th century, with its door in a rounded corner. In 2014, Fenland District Council adopted a Local Plan for Tydd Gote, which laid out planning proposals and development strategy for the Cambridgeshire part, which it describes as containing a stable population of 80, as having "no mains drainage and no surface water system", as abutting the "Tydd Gote Conservation Area", therefore requiring sensitivity to the character of the rest of the village. There would be a restriction on building, other than as infill. Tydd Gote is on the north to south A1101 Bury St. Edmunds to Long Sutton road, called Main Road in the South Holland part of the village, Sutton Road in the Fenland part, it is 0.75 miles south-east from the parish village of Tydd St Mary, 2 miles north-east from the parish village of Tydd St Giles. Wisbech is Holbeach 8 miles to the north-west; the Wash estuary is 6 miles north-east. The North Level Main Drain, starting at Parson Drove and flowing to the River Nene, 1 mile east from Tydd Gote, runs east to west at the south of the village, crossed by Tydd Gate Bridge on the A1101.

Community faci

Hong Kong men's national field hockey team

The Hong Kong men's national field hockey team represents Hong Kong in men's international field hockey competitions. 1964 – 15th place 1962 – 6th place 1966 – 7th place 1970 – 7th place 1978 – 5th place 1982 – 8th place 1986 – 6th place 1990 – 7th place 1998 – 8th place 2002 – 8th place 2006 – 9th place 2010 – 9th place 2018 – 12th place 1999 – 8th place 2003 – 7th place 2007 – 8th place 1997 – 2002 – 2008 – 7th place 2012 – 8th place 2016 – 2012–13 – Round 1 2014–15 – Round 1 2016–17 – Round 1 2018–19 – First Round The following is the Hong Kong roster in the men's field hockey tournament of the 2018 Asian Games. Head coach: Fabian Gregory Hong Kong women's national field hockey team