click links in text for more info

County Armagh

County Armagh is one of the traditional counties of Ireland and one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the southern shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of 1,326 km² and has a population of about 174,792. County Armagh is known as the "Orchard County" because of its many apple orchards; the county is part of the historic province of Ulster. The name "Armagh" derives from the Irish word Ard meaning Macha. Macha is mentioned in The Book of the Taking of Ireland, is said to have been responsible for the construction of the hill site of Emain Macha to serve as the capital of the Ulaid kings thought to be Macha's height. From its highest point at Slieve Gullion, in the south of the County, Armagh's land falls away from its rugged south with Carrigatuke and Camlough mountains, to rolling drumlin country in the middle and west of the county and flatlands in the north where rolling flats and small hills reach sea level at Lough Neagh. County Armagh's boundary with Louth is marked by the rugged Ring of Gullion rising in the south of the county whilst much of its boundary with Monaghan and Down goes unnoticed with seamless continuance of drumlins and small lakes.

The River Blackwater marks the border with County Tyrone and Lough Neagh otherwise marks out the County's northern boundary. There are a number of uninhabited islands in the county's section of Lough Neagh: Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Phil Roe's Flat and the Shallow Flat. Despite lying in the east of Ireland, Armagh enjoys an oceanic climate influenced by the Gulf Stream with damp mild winters, temperate, wet summers. Overall temperatures drop below freezing during daylight hours, though frost is not infrequent in the months November to February. Snow lies for longer than a few hours in the elevated south-east of the County. Summers are mild and wet and although with sunshine interspersed with showers, daylight lasts for 18 hours during high-summer. Ancient Armagh was the territory of the Ulaid before the fourth century AD, it was ruled by the Red Branch. The site, subsequently the city, were named after the goddess Macha; the Red Branch play an important role in the Ulster Cycle, as well as the Cattle Raid of Cooley.

However, they were driven out of the area by the Three Collas, who invaded in the 4th century and held power until the 12th. The Clan Colla ruled the area known as Oriel for these 800 years; the chief Irish septs of the county were descendants of the Collas, the O'Hanlons and MacCanns, the Uí Néill, the O'Neills of Fews. Armagh was divided into several baronies: Armagh was held by the O'Rogans, Lower Fews was held by O'Neill of the Fews, Upper Fews were under governance of the O'Larkins, who were displaced by the MacCanns. Oneilland East was the territory of the O'Garveys, who were displaced by the MacCanns. Oneilland West, like Oneilland East, was once O'Neill territory, until it was held by the MacCanns, who were Lords of Clanbrassil. Upper and Lower Orior were O'Hanlon territory. Tiranny was ruled by Ronaghan. Miscellaneous tracts of land were ruled by O'Kelaghan; the area around the base of Slieve Guillion near Newry became home to a large number of the McGuinness clan as they were dispossessed of hereditary lands held in the County Down.

Armagh was the seat of St. Patrick, the Catholic Church continues to be his see. County Armagh is presently one of four counties of Northern Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Catholic background, according to the 2011 census; the southern part of the County has been a stronghold of support for the IRA, earning it the nickname "Bandit Country" though this regarded by some as unfactual. South Armagh is predominantly nationalist, with some of the population being opposed to any form of British presence that of a military nature; the most prominent opposition to British rule was the Provisional IRA South Armagh Brigade. On 10 March 2009, the CIRA claimed responsibility for the fatal shooting of a PSNI officer in Craigavon, County Armagh—the first police fatality in Northern Ireland since 1998; the officer was fatally shot by a sniper as he and a colleague investigated "suspicious activity" at a house nearby when a window was smashed by youths causing the occupant to phone the police.

The PSNI officers responded to the emergency call, giving a CIRA sniper the chance to shoot and kill officer Stephen Carroll. The county was administered by Armagh County Council from 1899 until the abolition of county councils in Northern Ireland in 1973. County Armagh remains used for purposes such as a Lieutenancy area – the county retains a lord lieutenant who acts as representative of the British Monarch in the County; the county is covered for local government purposes by four district councils, namely Armagh City and District Council, most of Craigavon Borough Council the western third of Newry and Mourne District Council and a part of Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council, centred around Peatlands Park. With the proposed reform of local government in Northern Ireland in 2011, County Armagh would have comprised part of two new council areas, Armagh City and Bann District, Newry City and Down. Armagh ceased to serve as an electoral constituency in 1983, but remains the core of the Newry and Armagh constituency represented at Westminster and the Newry and Armagh constituency represented in the Northern Ireland Assembly.

County Armagh remains as a distric

Donald Court

Seymour Donald Mayneord Court, CBE, FRCSLT, FRCP, Hon FRCGP was a religious British, paediatrician, known for his achievements in the fields of respiratory disease and the epidemiology of disease in childhood. He was known for working, in a primary role, that established the importance of research into the social and behavioural aspects of illness in childhood. Donald Court was the son of David Henry Court, a schoolmaster, his wife Ethel Fanny. Court was educated in the local school in Redditch. Court studied to be a dentist at University of Birmingham, but switched after three years into Medicine in 1936, winning the Russell memorial prize in neurology; as a resident, Court took a position in Birmingham General Hospital. Positions followed at Great Ormond Street Hospital and as paediatric registrar at Westminster Hospital. With World War II approaching, Court could have been conscripted but was exempted as he was a member of the Religious Society of Friends and served with the Emergency medical services during the war.

After the war in 1946, he joined the department of health as a Nuffield fellow at King's College, Durham University. A year he was appointed as a Reader to King's College, University of Durham in 1955 the Newcastle University. In 1955 he succeeded Professor James Spence on his death, to conduct research in the Department of Child Health, becoming the first James Spence professor of child health. In 1972, Court retired from the Chair and became the Emeritus Professor of Child Health in the University of Newcastle. From 1973 to 1976 he was president of the British Paediatric Association called the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, he had a daughter and two sons. In 1986, he suffered a serious head injury, from which he never recovered, affected his retirement; when Court joined Newcastle University, he became involved in the Thousand Families Study, a large and important epidemiological study, started by and among others, James Spence. During the period of the study, Court made over 3000 visits to the homes of families, selected for that study.

Courts vision of the child changed during this study, influenced him throughout his professional life. Instead of the prevailing view, which saw the child as a unit in isolation to be treated, Court now saw the child, as part of a network consisting of the family, the neighbourhood and the wider community, as a cogent whole. Court took a specific interest in the common problems of childhood, including intussusception, Upper respiratory tract infection and the first to take an interest in speech disorders, whose collaboratory efforts with Speech therapist led to a new University department of speech. In 1961, Donald Court was elected as a Fellow of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists. Court was awarded a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in 1969. In 1978 was awarded the prestigious James Spence Medal of the BPA, named in honour of his old colleague, James Calvert Spence. Professor Otto Wolff, spoke of the citation when awarding the medal to court, Wolff stated: James Spence would have approved of our medallist.

For many years, they worked together in Newcastle until 1954 when Spence died, a year Donald succeeded him, as head of the department, with the title of James Spence Professor of Child Health... Like James Spence, Donald is a master of delicate art of taking a history. Court was awarded the prestigious Nils Rosén von Rosenstein medal of the Swedish Paediatric Association. A number of honorary fellowships followed over the years, including the Royal Society of Medicine, the Royal College of General Practitioners and the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists, celebrating a active life; the Medical Care of Children. An attempt to relate the experience of a group of paediatricians to the needs of doctors in family practice. Edited by Sir Seymour Donald Mayneord Court. Oxford University Press: London, 1963. Paediatrics in the Seventies: Developing the Child Health Service by Sir Seymour Donald Mayneord Court. Oxford University Press, 1972. Fit for the future:Article by Sir Seymour Donald Mayneord Court.

Great Britain. Committee on Child Health Services. London: H. M. S. O. 1976

RNLB Henry Blogg (ON 840)

RNLB Henry Blogg was the eighteenth lifeboat to be stationed at Cromer in the county of Norfolk. ON 840 was stationed at Cromer from 1945 until 1966. In 1945 after 10 years service which included busy service through the second world war H F Bailey ON777 was replaced with a new No 1 lifeboat in December 1945 named The Millie Walton; this lifeboat had been destined for Douglas on the Isle of man and had only been sent to Cromer for evaluation. Millie Walton was a Watson-class lifeboat but had a new midship steering position which the Cromer crew found much to their liking and so after request from the Cromer crew she remained at Cromer. In 1948 Millie Walton was renamed Henry Blogg in homage to Cromer’s famous lifeboat man Henry Blogg, the Coxswain. Henry Blogg made his last voyage on the Millie Walton under the new coxswain Henry "Shrimp" Davies on 4 September 1948 at the age of 71; the call was to the rescue of the steam trawler Balmoral and 11 lives were saved. Henry Blogg retired after 53 years service with the service and he was the holder of the most awards by the RNLI.

In heavy seas on 8 July 1948 a French steamer by the name of Francois Tixier Bound from Goole to the French inland port of Rouen, got into difficulties of the north Norfolk coast four miles off Sheringham. The steamer was laden in worsening gale she capsized. With the Sheringham lifeboat undergoing a refit at Oulton Broad, Henry Blogg was launched to the steamer's aid and stood by. With the Francois Tixier listing on the port the lifeboat went alongside but the captain and his crew refused to leave the stricken vessel. Despite the attempts by the crew to secure the cargo, it shifted further to port. With their failed attempts to steady the vessel the captain and crew agreed to leave their ship. One crew man was rescued. Using a Breeches buoy, eight more of the crew were rescued. After the eleventh crewman was rescued using the breeches buoy the stricken steamer rolled over and began to sink; the last five remaining crew scrambled on to the stern and as the steamer slipped below the waves they scrambled on to a raft and were picked up by the lifeboat shortly after.

The sixteen rescued. In recognition of their efforts Coxswain Henry Davies and his crew were presented with awards by the French government. On 31 May 1958 Henry Blogg took part in an unusual rescue when she was called to aid the Sheringham lifeboat Forester's Centenary; this service began with a call at 9.50am to the Sheringham honorary secretary from the Trinity House Superintendent of Great Yarmouth requesting that a sick man be taken off the Dudgeon Light-vessel. At 10.15am the Sheringham lifeboat Forester's Centenary was launched with a doctor on board and she reached the light-vessel by 1.10pm. The doctor went aboard the light-vessel and dispensed a sedative to the sick man and he was strapped to a stretcher and transferred to the Forester's Centenary; the lifeboat set off on the return journey to her station. Nine miles north east from home at around 4.40pm the Forester's Centenary was in trouble when her skew gear which drives the lifeboat's oil and water pumps broke down. Henry Blogg had to take the Sheringham lifeboat in to tow.

Both boats arrived back at the Sheringham station at 7.00pm and the sick man was taken to hospital

Battlefield Detectives

Battlefield Detectives is a forensic documentary television series that aired on the History Channel from 2003 to 2006. The series explores famous battles focusing on the battlefield itself, tell its story based on recent scientific research, it uses modern science to examine how the battles were lost. According to History Television: "This series approaches the perennially interesting topic of famous battles in a fresh and exhilarating way. Focusing on the battlefield itself, each programme takes an important battle telling its story and posing a puzzling central question about the battle that recent scientific research is helping to illuminate - a contemporary journey of discovery and a compelling story from the past." Episode name / original air date "Custer at Little Bighorn," 4 October 2003 "Charge of the Light Brigade," 11 October 2003 "The Gallipoli Disaster," 18 October 2003 "What Sank the Armada?," 25 October 2003 "Who Got Lucky at Hastings?," 8 November 2003 "Massacre at Waterloo," 9 November 2003 "Agincourt's Dark Secrets," 23 November 2003 "Trafalgar," 13 December 2003 "Vietnam," 27 December 2003 "World War II: Operation Market Garden," 12 November 2004 "Native American Wars: The Apache," 19 November 2004 "American Revolution: Battle of Monmouth," 26 November 2004 "World War I: The Somme," 3 December 2004 "Mexican–American War: Battle of Palo Alto," 10 December 2004 "American Revolution: Battle of Cowpens," 17 December 2004 "Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg," 20 December 2004 "Civil War: Battle of Antietam," 20 December 2004 "Battle of the Bulge," 14 November 2005 "Battle of Britain," 21 November 2005 "Waterloo," 28 November 2005 "Siege of Masada," 5 December 2005 "American Revolutionary War: Battle of Oriskany," 5 December 2005 "World War I: Jutland," 12 December 2005 "Stalingrad," 23 December 2005 "The War of 1812: The Chesapeake and the Shannon," 23 December 2005 "Pointe du Hoc," 30 December 2005 "The 6-Day War," 30 December 2005 "Civil War: Shiloh," 2 January 2006 "Alesia," 9 January 2006 "Battle of Big Hole," 30 January 2006 "Siege of Alesia," 5 November 2006 "Trafalgar's Fatal Flaw," 19 November 2006 An accompanying book reflects on seven of the most famous battlefields in history: The Battle of Hastings, The Battle of Agincourt, The Spanish Armada, The Charge of the Light Brigade, The Battle of Little Bighorn, Gallipoli.

It uses traditional methods and modern technology to discover what happened on the day. The results include new and controversial insights into some of the world’s enduring military mysteries. Battlefield Detectives uses evidence uncovered by a team of experts from a wide range of disciplines: archaeologists, forensic scientists, crowd dynamics specialists, metal-detectorists and military experts contribute to a new understanding of these fields of war. Battlefield Detectives by David Wason. 256 pages March 2003 Publisher: Granada Media ISBN 0233050833

Sam Fell

Samuel Jason "Sam" Fell is a British film director, voice actor and animator. Sam started his career as director on the short film The Big Cheese for 3 Peach Animation, he joined Aardman Animations and worked on projects like Pop, Peter Lord's Oscar-nominated short film Wat's Pig, as well as Rex the Runt, before directing the 2002 project Chump. He developed a children's TV series called Rabbits!. In 2001, he came up with the story of Flushed Away which he developed through 2002. From 2003, he went on to direct the film for Aardman, he provided the voices for the characters Liam, The Prophet and Fanseller. From 2008, he went on to direct The Tale of Despereaux for Universal Studios, provided the voices of the characters Ned and Smudge. Fell co-directed Laika's ParaNorman, with Chris Butler, released in the United States in August 2012; the Big Cheese Pop Wat's Pig Rabbits! Rex the Runt Chump Flushed Away The Tale of Despereaux ParaNorman Chicken Run 2 Sam Fell on IMDb


Corvina is an Italian wine grape variety, sometimes referred to as Corvina Veronese or Cruina. The total global wine-growing area in 2010 was 7,495 hectares, all of, grown in the Veneto region of northeast Italy, except for 19 hectares planted in Argentina. Corvina is used with several other grapes to create the light red regional wines Bardolino and Valpolicella that have a mild fruity flavor with hints of almond; these blends include Corvinone and Molinara, Rossignola for the latter wine. It is used for the production of Amarone and Recioto. Corvina produces light to medium body wines with a light crimson coloring; the grapes' high acidity can make the wine somewhat tart with a slight, bitter almond note. The finish is sometimes marked with sour-cherry notes. In some regions of Valpolicella, producers are using barrel aging to add more structure and complexity to the wine; the small berries of Corvina are low in tannins and color extract but have thick skins that are ideal for drying and protecting the grape from rot.

The Corvina vine ripens late and is prone to producing high yields which can negatively impact wine quality. During the growth cycle of the grape vine, the first few buds do not produce fruit; the vines need to be trained along a pergola which allows for a long cane that can produce more buds. In the Veneto region Corvina was confused with Corvinone, a similar larger red grape that ripens but DNA profiling has shown that they are two distinct varieties. In 2005, DNA evidence showed that Corvina was a parent variety to the Venetian grape Rondinella