County Donegal is a county of Ireland in the province of Ulster. It is named after the town of Donegal in the south of the county. Donegal County Council Lifford the county town; the population was 159,192 at the 2016 census. It has been known as Tyrconnell, after the historic territory of the same name. In terms of size and area, it is the largest county in Ulster and the fourth-largest county in all of Ireland. Uniquely, County Donegal shares a small border with only one other county in the Republic of Ireland – County Leitrim; the greater part of its land border is shared with three counties of Northern Ireland: County Londonderry, County Tyrone and County Fermanagh. This geographic isolation from the rest of the Republic has led to Donegal people maintaining a distinct cultural identity and has been used to market the county with the slogan "Up here it's different". While Lifford is the county town, Letterkenny is by far the largest town in the county with a population of 19,588. Letterkenny and the nearby city of Derry form the main economic axis of the northwest of Ireland.
Indeed, what became the City of Derry was part of County Donegal up until 1610. There are eight historic baronies in the county: Banagh Boylagh Inishowen East Inishowen West Kilmacrennan Raphoe North Raphoe South Tirhugh The county may be informally divided into a number of traditional districts. There are two Gaeltacht districts in the west: The Rosses, centred on the town of Dungloe, Gweedore. Another Gaeltacht district is located in the north-west: Cloughaneely, centred on the town of Falcarragh; the most northerly part of the island of Ireland is the location for three peninsulas: Inishowen and Rosguill. The main population centre of Inishowen, Ireland's largest peninsula, is Buncrana. In the east of the county lies the Finn Valley; the Laggan district is centred on the town of Raphoe. According to the 1841 Census, County Donegal had a population of 296,000 people; as a result of famine and emigration, the population had reduced by 41,000 by 1851 and further reduced by 18,000 by 1861. By the time of the 1951 Census the population was only 44% of what it had been in 1841.
As of 2016, the county's population was 159,192. The county is, it has a indented coastline forming natural sea loughs, of which both Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle are the most notable. The Slieve League cliffs are the sixth-highest sea cliffs in Europe, while Malin Head is the most northerly point on the island of Ireland; the climate is temperate and dominated by the Gulf Stream, with warm, damp summers and mild wet winters. Two permanently inhabited islands and Tory Island, lie off the coast, along with a large number of islands with only transient inhabitants. Ireland's second longest river, the Erne, enters Donegal Bay near the town of Ballyshannon; the River Erne, along with other Donegal waterways, has been dammed to produce hydroelectric power. The River Foyle separates part of County Donegal from parts of both counties Tyrone. A survey of the macroscopic marine algae of County Donegal was published in 2003; the survey was compiled using the algal records held in the herbaria of the following institutions: the Ulster Museum, Belfast.
Records of flowering plants include Dactylorhiza purpurella Soó. The animals included in the county include the European badger. There are habitats for the rare corn crake in the county. At various times in its history, it has been known as County Tirconaill, County Tirconnell or County Tyrconnell; the former was used as its official name during 1922–1927. This is in reference to both the earldom that succeeded it. County Donegal was the home of the once mighty Clann Dálaigh, whose best known branch were the Clann Ó Domhnaill, better known in English as the O'Donnell dynasty; until around 1600, the O'Donnells were one of Ireland's richest and most powerful native Irish ruling families. Within Ulster, only the Uí Néill of modern County Tyrone were more powerful; the O'Donnells were Ulster's second most powerful clan or ruling-family from the early 13th century through to the start of the 17th century. For several centuries the O'Donnells ruled Tír Chonaill, a Gaelic kingdom in West Ulster that covered all of modern County Donegal.
The head of the O'Donnell family had the titles Rí Thír Chonaill. Based at Donegal Castle in Dún na nGall, the O'Donnell Kings of Tír Chonaill were traditionally inaugurated at Doon Rock near Kilmacrennan. O'Donnell royal or chiefly power was ended in what was the newly created County Donegal in September 1607, following the Flight of the Earls from near Rathmullan; the modern County Arms of Donegal was influenced by the design of the old O'Donnell royal arms. The County Arms is the official coat of arms of both County Donegal County Council; the modern County Donegal was shired by order of the English Crown in 1585. The Eng
The Lost Childhood is a memoir written by Holocaust survivor Yehuda Nir. Born in 1930, Nir was only nine years old when his father was killed by German soldiers in a mass execution of Jewish men from his hometown, Lwow, in 1941; the story is based on the cunning survival of Nir, his mother and his older sister Lala during six years of his life throughout World War II. With the aid of false documents, a family's will to survive, despite his loss of innocence, his family managed to escape the cruelty of Nazi concentration camps and potential execution, he and his family "hid" in the open, pretending to be people they were not, practicing a faith that they did not believe in, working tireless jobs, struggling to conceal the pain they felt when their people were murdered before their eyes. Amidst all the turmoil was a boy trying to make sense of his world, his body, his place as a human being on Earth. First published in 1989, the book was republished by Scholastic Press in 2002; the Lost Childhood is now utilized as part of the high school curriculum at schools throughout the United States.
Yehuda Nir was born in 1930 into a well-off Polish Jewish family and died July 19, 2014. In June 1945, he and his family returned to Poland and he went back to school at the age of fifteen, earning his high school diploma at age twenty-one, he went to Austria, to study medicine for four years. He graduated from Jerusalem Medical School in 1957; as of 2001, he was an associate professor of psychiatry at Cornell University Medical College. He was married twice, first to Eva, to Bonnie in 1973. Nir had a son and one daughter from his second marriage, his children are Daniel Ludwig, born in 1961, Aaron, born in 1965. Nir was divorced in 1969 and remarried in 1973, he had a private practice in New York City with his second wife, Dr. Bonnie Maslin. Nir worked at a New York college, was a frequent speaker on his experiences as a Holocaust survivor; the intention of this book is to convey to young people that if you take charge of your life rather than passively observe it like a couch potato, you might help to create a world where forgiveness is possible.
Nir, Yehuda. The Lost Childhood. New York, NY: Scholastic Press, 2002
Louis and the Brothel is a 2003 British documentary by Louis Theroux. Theroux visits the Wild Horse Adult Resort & Spa, a licensed brothel located near the city of Reno, where he investigates how the brothel is run. During his visit Theroux interviews the owners who run the resort, the girls who work there as prostitutes and their clients. Theroux would revisit the subjects of the documentary in his book The Call of the Weird: Travels in American Subcultures; the Age described how "the most compelling stories come from the clients themselves." The Herald described the documentary as "a documentary cliche. How many British filmmakers have been titillated by the fact that prostitution is legal in Nevada?" Louis and the Brothel at BBC Two Louis and the Brothel at IMDb