SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Dood's Big Adventure

Dood's Big Adventure is an action-adventure and art-based video game developed and published by THQ for the uDraw GameTablet for the Nintendo Wii. The game lets players draw and maneuver through 60 different challenging levels by creating their own hero and tools within the game, it was released for the Nintendo Wii game system in 2010 in North America and in 2011 for PAL region. Dood's Big Adventure lets players create a hero and game level using the drawing tools with the uDraw GameTablet. Players can roll and bounce through 60 challenges by solving drawing puzzles, collecting coins and defeating various enemies in the game. Part of the game's fun is in its customization. Players can pick any color for three Dood characters to customize the Dood playing experience. Players can personalize other elements like the enemies or “baddies,” up to 15 different obstacles, six “Magic Canvases” that you can color in, nine “Ballonimals” that float in the sky and come to life when customized. Collecting coins earns players star points, which are used to purchase new doodads and Magic Canvases.

There are four game modes: Pen Panic, Roly Poly, Bubble Trouble, Fan Frenzy. Pen Panic uses the uDraw stylus pen to create a trampoline that players can use to bounce Dood through each level, it lets players use ink to break through walls and flick at their enemies. Roly Poly uses motion control by tilting the uDraw GameTablet left and right to roll Dood through each level. Bubble Trouble uses the stylus to guide Dood through each level while avoiding enemies and dangers like sharp objects. Fan Frenzy inflates Dood like a balloon – players use the stylus to blow and move Dood around. Dood's Big Adventure for the uDraw GameTablet has received positive reviews. Video game reviewer Joystiq wrote in a review of the new uDraw GameTablet and video games that Dood's Big Adventure is simple but that it does “take advantage of the tablet's intuitive design... While the games are simplistic by design, there's one added level of depth and customization that kids will undoubtedly love.” IGN and its review noted that “there's a huge amount of customization, as you can paint your main character from head to toe, front to back with your own detailed textures, as well as alter the look of the hazards and background objects like giant inflatable animal balloons.”

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Anglo-French Survey (1784–1790)

The Anglo-French Survey was the survey to measure the relative situation of Greenwich Observatory and the Paris Observatory. The English operations, executed by William Roy, consisted of the measurements of bases at Hounslow Heath and Romney Marsh, the measurements of the angles of the triangles and the calculation of all the triangles; the survey is significant as the first precise survey within Britain, the forerunner of the work of the Ordnance Survey, founded in 1791, one year after Roy's death. Late in life, when he was 57, Roy was granted the opportunity to establish his lasting reputation in the world of geodesy; the opening came from a unexpected direction. In 1783 the Comte de Cassini addressed a memoir to the Royal Society in which he expressed grave reservations of the measurements of latitude and longitude, undertaken at Greenwich Observatory, he suggested that the correct values might be found by combining the Paris Observatory figures with a precise trigonometric survey between the two observatories.

This criticism was roundly rejected by Nevil Maskelyne, convinced of the accuracy of the Greenwich measurements but, at the same time, he realised that Cassini's memoir provided a means of promoting government funding for a survey which would be valuable in its own right. Approval was granted and Sir Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society, proposed that Roy should lead the project. Roy gladly accepted and set matters in motion by submitting to the Crown a grossly-underestimated budget for manpower and new precision instruments to be constructed by Jesse Ramsden; the whole project is described in Roy's three large articles in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London in 1785, 1787 and 1790. There are shorter accounts of the project in the History of the Royal Engineers by Porter and in every history of the Ordnance Survey the book by Seymour and that by Owen and Pilbeam; the first task of any survey is to establish a baseline location and, after a search by Roy and three other members of the Royal Society on 16 April, they fixed upon Hounslow Heath, an level piece of ground between King's Arbour and Hampton Poor-house just over five miles to the south-east.

The direction of the baseline was first chosen to suit the lie of the land, but it was seen to coincide with the telescopic view toward the steeple of All Saints' church in Banstead 12 miles away, the baseline was therefore made to coincide with that direction: it is shown as a dashed line on the map of the survey, below. The ground was cleared of bushes and a preliminary measurement of the line was carried out with a 100 ft. steel chain of 100 links prepared by Jesse Ramsden. It was the intention to measure more with a set of three calibrated deal rods about 20 ft. in length. Three rods at a time were supported on trestles and the ends aligned to an accuracy of a thousandth part of an inch; the first rod was carried to the end of the third, an operation to be repeated 1370 times. The deal rods had to be abandoned because of their susceptibility to lengthen and shorten in wet weather, they were replaced by one inch thick glass rods of the same length; the rods were not affected by humidity but it was important to correct for thermal expansion.

There was a correction to sea level since the calculation of the survey was referred to that height. The final measurement gives the length of the base as 27404.01 ft. The measurement of the baseline to such a high standard of precision was a remarkable achievement and in recognition the Royal Society awarded Roy the Copley Medal in 1785. In 1784 the ends of the baseline were marked by the central axes of two vertical wooden pipes over which the theodolite was centred for measurements from the base: the pipes could support flagstaffs as markers when the base was sighted from other stations. After the resurvey in 1791 the pipes were replaced by cannons which are still in place although it is certain that the cannons have been disturbed and moved over the intervening years; the modern locations of the southeast end points is in Roy Grove, Hampton. The northwest end at Heathrow Airport is situated on the northern perimeter road. Plaques adjacent to the cannons read as follows: Once the baseline had been measured Roy was keen to press on with the triangulation as soon as possible but he was thwarted by Ramsden's failure to produce the new theodolite.

This led to a certain amount of acrimony and Roy went so far as to accuse Ramsden of being remiss and dilatory—in public and in his next report in the Philosophical Transactions. The 1787 report is witness to; the first section deals with the proposed route of the survey. Greater accuracy is achieved if the triangles are kept regular in shape, the figure shows that most are close to equilateral, with departures only where the triangles step down in size toward the bases and where they have to stretch over the Channel. Typical sides are about 20 miles but the lines; the second part of the report is a thorough examination of the results of Cassini's survey of France between Paris and Dunkirk. The third part includes a comparison of seven models for the Figure of the Earth, deduced from both meridian arcs and pendulum experiments, he goes on to propose further meridian arcs in India and Russia, as well as an arc of longitude at the equator. Fi