Avensan is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Ayguemorte-les-Graves is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Bassanne is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Auros is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Battle of Coutras
The Battle of Coutras, fought on 20 October 1587, was a major engagement in the French Religious Wars between a Huguenot army under Henry of Navarre and a royalist army led by Anne, Duke of Joyeuse. Henry of Navarre was victorious, Joyeuse was killed while attempting to surrender; the Wars of Religion between the Catholics and Protestants in France had begun in 1562 and continued intermittently thereafter, with temporary periods of nominal peace that were also violent. The King of France Henry III conducted a conciliatory policy, as reflected in the enactment of the Edict of Beaulieu in 1576 and the Edict of Poitiers the following year, but a new crisis arose as the result of the death of the king's brother, Francis of Alençon, when the Huguenot, Henry of Navarre, became heir presumptive to the throne. The League, led by the Duke of Guise set the kingdom against the king, who became isolated. On 18 July 1585, Henry III promulgated an edict canceling all previous edicts, giving precedence "to the Catholics", paying the mercenaries of the League from the Royal Treasury, prohibiting Protestantism in France, ordering the return of safe Protestant strongholds.
Protestants were expelled from power. And while the Guise party won appointments and favours, the king of Navarre was deprived of his functions; this edict was a declaration of war against the Protestants. Henry of Navarre sought support without success; the "private bull" by Pope Sixtus V brought him a measure of support from French royalists and Gallican circles. Faced with the intransigence of Guise, war was inevitable. Joyeuse was sent south with an army, while Mercoeur blocked Condé at La Rochelle; the clash of the two cavalry forces was to the advantage of the King of Navarre. The Duke of Joyeuse launched a charge at full gallop. For his part, Henry of Navarre adopted an innovative tactic in the disposition of his troops: he inserted the platoons of musketeers within cavalry squadrons, to improve their support; the charge of the Protestants chevau-légers broke the Royalist army, routed. The Duke of Joyeuse was defeated and killed by a pistol shot. 2,000 Catholics were captured along with Anne's younger brother, Claude Joyeuse, lord of Saint-Sauveur and Jacques d'Amboise, the eldest of the branch of Amboise-d'Aubijoux.
Victory went to the Protestants, led by Henry of Navarre. He attended a mass in honour of his slain enemies. French Wars of Religion Pierre Miquel, Les Guerres de religion, Club France Loisirs, 1980, p 342-344 Pierre de Vayssiére, Messieurs de Joyeuse, Albin Michel, 1926 There is a detailed account of the battle in Garrett Mattingly's The Armada. Histoire de la Ligue par Maimbourg - Paris -1684
Les Artigues-de-Lussac is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France. It is around 10 km northeast of Libourne, around 35 km east-northeast of Bordeaux. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE
Arbanats is a commune of the Gironde department in southwestern France. Communes of the Gironde department INSEE