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Cowal is a peninsula in Argyll and Bute, in the west of Scotland, that extends into the Firth of Clyde. The northern part of the peninsula is covered by the Argyll Forest Park managed by Forestry and Land Scotland; the Arrochar Alps and Ardgoil peninsula in the north fringe the edges of the sea lochs whilst the forest park spreads out across the hillsides and mountain passes, making Cowal one of the remotest areas in the west of mainland Scotland. The Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park extends into Cowal; the peninsula is separated from Knapdale by Loch Fyne, from Inverclyde and North Ayrshire to the east by the Firth of Clyde. Loch Long and its arm, Loch Goil are to the north-east; the south of the peninsula is split into three forks by Loch Riddon. The Isle of Bute lies to the south separated by the narrow Kyles of Bute which connect the Firth of Clyde to Loch Riddon. Cowal's only burgh is Dunoon in the south-east. Other ferries run from Portavadie in the west to Tarbert in Kintyre, from Colintraive in the south to Rhubodach on the Isle of Bute.

Much of Cowal was once held by the Lamonts. The Campbells came to be one of the most powerful families in Cowal; the Cowal peninsula is bounded by Loch Fyne on the west and Loch Long and the Firth of Clyde on the east. It is separated from the Isle of Bute by the deep narrow straits of the Kyles of Bute; the coastline is incised by deep sea lochs, principally Loch Riddon, Loch Striven. These split the southern half of Cowal into three narrower peninsulas; the small central peninsula is divided from the Kilfinan peninsula by Loch riddon, the interjection of Bute, its Kyles. Cowal's underlying geology is made up of resistant metamorphic rocks, but south of the Highland Boundary Fault part of the Toward peninsula is composed of sedimentary rocks; the landscape is mountainous, the high ground dominated by moorland, peat mosses and the forest that extends down the sides of the sea lochs to the water's edge. The acreage of improved farmland is small. Most land is owned by the Forestry and Land Scotland except in the more settled areas.

The coast is rocky and the few beaches are shingle and gravel except on Loch Fyne: the longest sandy beach is at Ardentinny on Loch Long. The only lowland areas are around the coast where most of the settlement is found around Dunoon Cowal's largest settlement on the Firth of Clyde. Other settlements include Innellan, Kilmun, Arrochar, Tighnabruaich and Strachur; the A83 trunk road crosses the northern end of the peninsular passing Arrochar at the head of Loch Long and Cairndow near the head of Loch Fyne. It follows or runs parallel to William Caulfield's historic military road that takes its name, Rest and Be Thankful from the stone seat erected at the summit at the head of Glen Croe; as the A83 has been subject to landslips, the old route has been used as a diversionary route. The other A roads are the A815 which links the A83 with Dunoon via Strachur where the A886 leaves it and heads south via Glendaruel to Colintraive where the ferry connects it to the Isle of Bute and the A8003 which links Tighnabruaich to the A886.

Other roads are narrow roads or tracks. At Colintraive the Caledonian MacBrayne vehicle ferry takes five minutes to cross the 400-yard strait to Rhubodach on Bute; the ferry from Portavadie to Tarbert on Kintyre across Loch Fyne takes 25 minutes. Frequent services operated by Argyll Ferries connect Dunoon to Gourock where they connect with trains to Glasgow Central railway station. Evidence of early occupation of the area is in the form of cairns or burial mounds. One example is a Bronze Age cairn from between about 2000 BC and 800 BC is situated close to the summit of Creag Evanachan, 195 metres above sea level overlooking Loch Fyne, it up to 2 metres high. Another is the cairn at Dunchraigaig, 100 feet in diameter and was first excavated in 1864. At the south end a cist contained the deposits of burnt bones from 10 bodies. A smaller cist in the centre contained a bowl, burnt bone and flint chips, in the clay below them, the remains of a burial. A third smaller cist contained a food bowl, burnt bones and flint chips.

A whetstone, flint knife, fragments of pottery and a greenstone axe were found. When the Irish invaded the region, it became part of their kingdom of Dal Riata; the Cenél Comgaill, a kin group within Dal Riata, controlled the Cowal peninsula, which took their name. Prior to this, little is known, except as revealed archaeologically, though the region may have been part of the Pictish kingdom of Fortriu. Following a subsequent invasion by Norsemen, the Hebridean islands of Dal Riata became the Kingdom of the Isles, which following Norwegian unification became part of Norway, as Suðreyjar; the remaining parts of Dal Riata attracted the name Argyle, in reference to their ethnicity. In an unclear manner, the kingdom of Alba was founded elsewhere by groups originating from Argyll, expanded to include Argyll itself. However, an 11th-century Norse military campaign led to the formal transfer of Lorn, Kintyre, Knapdale and Arran, to Suðreyjar; this left Alba with no part of Argyll except Cowal, the land between Loch Awe and Loch Fyne.

After Alba united with Moray, over the course of the century, it became Scotland. In 1326, a sheriff was appointed for the Scottish parts of Ar

Matsunoyama, Niigata

Matsunoyama was a town located in Higashikubiki District, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the town had an estimated population of 2,974 and a density of 34.46 persons per km². The total area was 86.31 km². On April 1, 2005, along with the town of Matsudai, the town of Kawanishi, the village of Nakasato, was merged into the expanded city of Tōkamachi, it is located on the southeastern portion of the city. Matsunoyama is home to one of the big three medicinal hot springs of Japan, along with Kusatsu and Arima Onsen. One of the main roads in the town is lined with about a dozen traditional Japanese-style hot spring resorts, attracting many visitors. Matsunoyama is famous for the massive amount of snowfall it receives, with 2 to 3 meters on average during the severe winter months. According to legend, a woodcutter discovered the hot springs 700 years ago when he saw a hawk resting its injured wing in it, it has been told that the daughter of Uesugi Fusayoshi cured her skin disease by soaking in the hot springs.

National Route 353 National Route 403 Matsunoyama is one of the sites of the Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial. Matsunoyama Onsen Beech Forest Rice terraces Tōkamachi Tokamachi Tourist Association Echigo-Tsumari Art Field

Judaism in Rugrats

The animated television series Rugrats has been noted for its portrayal of Judaism, a dynamic portrayed in American animated programming during the series' broadcast run. Two episodes of the series are devoted to Jewish holidays and explaining their history, the Pickles family is shown to be part-Jewish; the first Rugrats Jewish holiday special was suggested to the production staff in 1992 by Nickelodeon executives as a special devoted to Hanukkah. Germain instead refashioned it into a Passover episode and the series did not explore a Hanukkah special until 1996. Critical reaction to Jewish themes in Rugrats was positive; each holiday special achieved high viewing numbers according to Nielsen Media Research and received positive reviews. However, Jewish character Grandpa Boris' portrayal in a 1998 Rugrats comic strip was criticized by the Anti-Defamation League for apparent antisemitism. In Rugrats, the root of Jewish themes stem from Boris and Minka Kropotkin, the Russian Jewish maternal grandparents of Tommy Pickles.

Boris and Minka speak in heavy Yiddish accents. Tommy and the Pickles family therefore partake in several Jewish activities throughout the series through holidays. However, while Boris and Minka appear to practice their faith the Pickles are shown to participate in religious activities outside of major holidays. In "A Rugrats Passover" the main characters, Phil, Lil and Angelica, as they arrive at the Pickles residence to celebrate Passover Seder alongside Boris and Minka, imagine themselves as Jewish figures, notably Tommy as Moses and Angelica as the pharaoh of Exodus as it's told by Boris, who has accidentally locked the group in the attic. In "A Rugrats Chanukah", though the opening title card for the episode reads Chanukah, the main characters are told the story of the Maccabean Revolt by Tommy's Jewish grandfather and imagine themselves as Biblical characters, with Tommy seeing himself as Judas Maccabeus while others play nameless Jewish characters. A reference to the song I Have a Little Dreidel is made, with Chuckie telling a Greek guard baby that the two are just playing with their dreidels, to which Tommy adds that they made out of clay, Tommy's famous line, "A baby's gotta do what a baby's gotta do," is modified to "A Macca-baby's gotta do what a Macca-baby's gotta do," a reference to Maccabees.

The tradition of giving chocolate coins was mentioned. It was groundbreaking in that it was first children's series to air a Hanukkah special, in a time when children's shows released Christmas-themed episodes during the holiday season. In The Rugrats Movie, a 1998 animated film produced by Nickelodeon Studios meant to introduce Tommy's younger brother Dil to audiences, makes a possible indirect references to Judaism. Tommy sacrifices Dil to hungry monkeys by pouring baby food made from bananas on him. In All Grown Up!, a continuation of Rugrats that follows the characters into their adolescent years, now 11 years old, appears apathetic towards his Jewish heritage. In "Rachel, Rachel", Tommy argues with Didi over being made to attend Hebrew school and shows no interest in going until he develops a crush on his female classmate, the titular Rachel. In a stark contrast to Rachel's piety, Tommy is shown to have no basic knowledge of Judaism, unfamiliar with the concept of shabbat and never having followed a kosher diet.

Tommy's younger brother Dil is disinterested in Judaism and, to avoid being made to attend Hebrew school in the future, founds his own religion. While the depiction of Tommy and Dil's laxity towards their faith may not be positive, they are realistic. Boris and Minka were based on the Eastern European great aunts and uncles of Rugrats co-creator Arlene Klasky, who herself is Jewish. Including Jewish themes in the series was deemed essential by Klasky. Klasky herself grew up with a non-Jewish father. Boris and Minka first appeared in the series' first episode, "Tommy's First Birthday". Melanie Chartoff, voice of Minka and Jewish herself, had been cast to play Didi when she was called by her agent to try out for a second voice role on the series as Minka; when given the description of the character, Chartoff felt she was cliched, but still wanted to try out for the role. When reading her lines, she found it difficult to grasp the character's personality, as "Although the show had been created by Jews, this script had not been written by them.

In 1992, Nickelodeon executives pitched the idea of making a Chanukah special to the Rugrats production team. Germain, responded with a Passover special instead, as he considered it to be a "funny idea" and of "historical interest". While scripting the episode, now entitled "A Rugrats Passover", the writers were forced to audit many elements of the portrayal of the Ten Plagues the last one, so that the episode would remain accessible to children and not too frightening. Due to the overall success of "A Rugrats Passover," the Rugrats staff decided to revisit the Hanukkah special and created "A Rugrats Chanukah." One of th

2019 Sudamérica Rugby Sevens

The 2019 Sudamérica Rugby Sevens was the thirteenth edition of the Sudamérica Rugby Sevens, the continental championship for rugby sevens in South America. The competition took place as a series over two legs, the first tournament at Punta del Este in Uruguay, the second at Viña del Mar in Chile. Chile won both tournaments to take out the series title and gain entry to the USA Sevens and Canada Sevens in 2019, as well as a berth at the inaugural Challenger Series for a chance to qualify to the World Sevens Series in 2020–21. Uruguay finished fourth in the series and gained a berth at the Challenger Series as the next highest-placed team from Sudamérica not in the World Series. Twelve teams competed in the series, six teams from the Sudamérica Rugby region together with six invited international teams. Notes: Final standings over the two legs of the series: The first leg of the series was held on 5–6 January 2019. All times are in Uruguay Standard Time Source: Sudamerica Rugby Source: Sudamerica Rugby The second leg of the series was held on 12–13 January 2019.

All times are in Chile Summer Time Source: Sudamerica Rugby


Stampesletta is a multi-use stadium complex in Lillehammer, Norway. Owned and operated by Lillehammer Municipality, it consists of a track and field venue, an artificial turf football field, three natural grass football fields, a gravel field and natural grass training pitches. In addition, it features a club house, locker facilities and a grandstand between the athletics and artificial turf fields; the venue is located about 1 kilometer from the town center, serves as the home ground for the Second Division side Lillehammer FK, Lillehammer KFK, Roterud IL in football, Lillehammer IF in athletics. Construction of Stampesletta started in 1946 and the grass football field opened in 1949. A now removed equestrian exhibition area opened in 1958, in 1973 the track and field venue opened; the latter received a hard surface in 1982. During the 1994 Winter Olympics, Stampesletta itself was used for medal ceremonies, attracting crowds of up to 30,000 people; the area around Stampesletta was sometimes referred to as the Olympic Park, as it has in its immediate vicinity the ice hockey venues Håkons Hall and Eidsiva Arena, the ski jumping hill Lysgårdsbakken, Kanthaugen Freestyle Arena.

The two halls are regarded as part of Stampesletta. The arena is used as the goal are for Birkebeinerrittet and Birkebeinerløpet, from 1932 to 1992 for Birkebeinerrennet. Stampesletta hosted the Norwegian Athletics Championships in 1977, 1995 and 2009, annually hosts Norway's second-largest track and field tournament, Veidekkelekene. Stampesletta is scheduled to host the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics; the area around Stampesletta, located along the creek Mesnaelva, means "the plain beside a mill". The area, which traditionally had been called Myra, was part of the farm Lysgård, with Stampesletta being its own croft; the area was bought by Lillehammer Municipality in 1933. The hillside further up, at Kanthaugen and Lysgård, featured ski activities from the turn of the 20th century. Plans to use one of the few flat places in Lillehammer for sports was launched by the municipal planning office in 1941. However, the German occupation of Norway caused an interruption in the plans, a prisoner-of-war camp for Russians, Lager Edelweiss, was located there instead.

Construction of the grass field started in 1946, after the municipality had decided to build a multi-sport complex. The original stadium was by the contemporary capital press described as having "international proportions"; the venue was planned built in several stages, the plans called for a main football field with grass turf and a main athletics field. Additional plans called for an outdoor swimming pool, tennis courts, an indoor arena for handball and gymnastics, a club house; the grass pitch was opened by Mayor Einar Hansen in 1949, had a spectator capacity for 12,000 people. Two years a hostel, owned by the municipality and with room for 108 people, opened beside the venue. In 1958, an equestrian exhibition area was built at Stampesletta to host the state's mare exhibition, held in Lillehammer from 1887 to 1940, it was by Agricultural Director Aslak Lidtveidt as the country's most modern. The venue became home of the state's stallion display; the exhibition grounds cost NOK 190,000 and included two stables.

The show remained at Lillehammer until the opening of Biri Travbane. The track and field venue opened with a capacity for 6,000 people; the following year Lillehammer IF moved from Sportsplassen i Lillehammer to Stampesletta, with the old venue being retired in 1975. In 1977, Stampesletta hosted the Norwegian Athletics Championships, it was the last time the championships were held on gravel, this caused problems because excessive rain drowned the venue, the fire department had to pump off the water. The club started planning fixed surface on the venue in 1980, was granted a loan for NOK 500,000. On 18 August 1981, the municipal council voted to grant NOK 200,000 for the upgrade; the work was done with voluntary work, the new surface was inaugurated on 28 August 1982 with the Norwegian Relay Athletics Championship. In 1970, the plans for an indoor arena for handball, was launched again, but the cost of NOK 6 million was not able to be financed. Following the work with the Lillehammer bid for the 1992 Winter Olympics, the plans resurfaced, this time with an ice hockey rink to be the centerpiece.

In 1985, Lillehammer Municipal Council accepted an agreement with the Norwegian Confederation of Sports, which offered to finance 50% of a new multi-use arena in Lillehammer. The venue cost NOK 65 million. After Lillehammer was awarded the 1994 Winter Olympics in 1988, it became necessary to build a larger venue to hold the Olympic ice hockey matches. In June 1989, the municipal council voted to locate most of the Lillehammer venues to the Stampesletta area, to put Håkons Hall adjacent to Kristins Hall; this was controversial among the politicians, many councilors voted in support of the originally-planned decentralized plan, with the venues spread out through the municipality. Håkons Hall cost NOK 238 million and it opened on 1 February 1993. Prior to the Olympics, the power lines across the fields were dug down to give better television images; the bid for the Olympics had included using Stampesletta for the speed skating events, but with the demands for an indoor venue, it was instead decided to build Vikingskipet in Hamar.

The running track was renovated in 2003, received a new surface layer and paint job. In 2005, the club house was completed by the women's football club. In 2006, the gravel ice rink received an artificial ice machine to secure stable ice conditions t

Foreclosure rescue

Foreclosure rescue in the United States is where a mortgage, in arrears and where the lender is at the stage of foreclosing on the loan agrees to stop the foreclosure in exchange for funds received through loan modification or from a government grant. It may refer to funds that allow the homeowner to repurchase the property at or after foreclosure. Legitimate foreclosure rescue can give the homeowner a realistic opportunity to regain their ability to get out of the situation and make regular timely payments again; however the fact that homeowners are desperate at this stage has meant that foreclosure rescue has been the target for a scam known as the foreclosure rescue scheme. Homeowners have been advised to confirm any scheme is legitimate before they engage in foreclosure rescue. Foreclosure rescue came to prominence in 2007 as a result of the US subprime mortgage crisis which cause large numbers of mortgages to go into default. In response the US government unveiled a plan to provide foreclosure rescue to homeowners in 2009.

In 2009, President Barack Obama unveiled a plan to provide foreclosure rescue to homeowners. This included the ability to modify loans, lower interest rates, help homeowners before they defaulted. Key signs of legitimate foreclosure rescue include: No costs or fees until all services are rendered Home is saved *and* principal is reduced or modified No guarantee of saving home Recommends continuing communication with lender No false affiliation claims Only United States Department of Housing and Urban Development approved non-profits can claim government affiliation Clear, written contracts Doesn't offer to accept your mortgage payment for your lender Occupy Homes HUD Stop Loan Modification Scams! Loan Scam Alert - Know It.