Coyoacán is a municipality of Mexico City and the former village, now the borough’s “historic center.” The name comes from Nahuatl and most means “place of coyotes,” when the Aztecs named a pre-Hispanic village on the southern shore of Lake Texcoco, dominated by the Tepanec people. Against Aztec domination, these people welcomed Hernán Cortés and the Spanish, who used the area as a headquarters during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire and made it the first capital of New Spain between 1521 and 1523; the village municipality, of Coyoacan remained independent of Mexico City through the colonial period into the 19th century. In 1857, the area was incorporated into the Federal District. In 1928, the borough was created; the urban sprawl of Mexico City reached the borough in the mid 20th century, turning farms, former lakes and forests into developed areas, but many of the former villages have kept their original layouts and narrow streets and have conserved structures built from the 16th to the early 20th centuries.
This has made the borough of Coyoacan its historic center, a popular place to visit on weekends. To distinguish it from the rest of Coyoacán borough, the former independent community is referred to as Villa Coyoacán or the historic center of the borough. Consisting now of 29 blocks, it is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Mexico City, located 10 km south of the Zocalo of Mexico City; this area is filled with narrow cobblestone streets and small plazas, which were laid out during the colonial period, today give the area a distinct and bohemian identity. The area is filled with single family homes, which were former mansions and country homes built between the colonial period to the mid 20th century; the Project for Public Spaces ranked the neighborhood as one of the best urban spaces to live in North America in 2005 and is the only Mexican neighborhood on the list. This area was designated as a "Barrio Mágico" by the city in 2011; the center of Coyoacán is peaceful during the week, but it becomes crowded and festive on weekends and holidays.
After the Zocalo, the most-visited place in Mexico City is this historic center the twin plazas in its center. According to the borough, the area receives about 70,000 people each weekend; the area is a stop for both the Turibus and Tranvia Turistico tour bus routes, on their routes though San Ángel, Ciudad Universitaria and other locations in the south of Mexico City. People come to enjoy the still somewhat rural atmosphere of the area as well as the large number of restaurants, cantinas, museums and other cultural attractions; some of these businesses have been around for a century. In the two main plazas and in smaller ones such as the one in the neighboring Santa Catarina neighborhood. Mimes, musicians and indigenous dancers and other street performers can be found entertaining crowds. Vendors sell street food such as ice cream, homemade fruit drinks and corn-on-the-cob served with mayonnaise, chili pepper and grated cheese, amaranth bars, various candies. In the evening, food vendors tend to sell more hot items such as quesadillas, tortas, tostadas and more.
One known food vendor goes by the name of Rogelio. He is known for making pancakes in the shape of humans; these are eaten as a snack with jam and other toppings. The tourism has been a mixed blessing for the historic center as commercial establishments open, helping the economy, but push residents out. In the historic center, there are over 860 retail businesses restaurants, about 200 of which were established in the last five years. Residents attribute the growth to Mexico City's promotion of the area tourism in general as well as the opening of commercial centers in the borough. While the growing business helps the economy, resident groups fear that the area will lose its current character, as many businesses are opening in residential buildings, with questionable legal basis. Most of the borough in historic center, is residential with older adults. Property prices are high, leading to sales not to new families but rather to larger commercial interests, squeezing out smaller businesses along with residents.
Neighborhood groups have formed to preserve the historic value of the area. Another serious problem for the area is the traffic jams and serious lack of parking in the historic center; the quantity of cars and the lack of traffic patrols have meant the proliferation of “franeleros” or people who illegally take possession of public areas such as streets to charge for parking. The historic area is centered on two large plazas filled with Indian laurel trees called the Jardin del Centenario and the Jardín Hidalgo; these plazas cover an area of 24,000m2, which were renovated, along with the areas around them in 2008. The green areas were rehabilitated, areas were paved with red and black volcanic stone. Renovation of the two plazas and the streets around them cost 88.3 million pesos. For over twenty five years, these plazas Plaza Hidalgo, the streets around them were filled with vendors; when renovation efforts began, 150 vendors were removed from the plazas proper with about 500 total including the surrounding streets.
While the practice was illegal, it had been tolerated by authorities though it caused damage to the plazas and caused traffic problems. One of the main goals of the renovation work in 2008 was to remove these vendors
Jacob Getlar Smith was a painter and muralist who worked in New York City. Smith studied at the National Academy of Design in New York from 1919 to 1921. In 1929, Smith was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in the field of fine arts, for creative work in painting. Smith's paintings have been exhibited in several galleries, including the Midtown Galleries, New York. In 1930, Smith was awarded the Mr. and Mrs. Frank G. Logan Prize of seven hundred and fifty dollars for his painting, Friends, by the Committee on Painting and Sculpture of the Art Institute of Chicago, he died at Montefiore Hospital in The Bronx, New York on October 28, 1958. Paintings by Smith: The Artist's Wife, an oil painting in the collection of the Brooklyn Museum Snow Shovelers, an oil painting in the collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum Murals commissioned by the U. S. Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture for the New Deal, in the Federal Building and Post Office, Maryland: Salisbury, Stage at Byrd's Inn and Cotton Patch Murals in the Nyack, New York Post Office, 1936, commissioned by the Treasury Relief Art ProjectSmith was the author or editor of books and articles on painting, including: Editor for Jan Gordon's A step-ladder to painting Watercolor painting for the beginner The watercolors of Maurice Prendergast "Jacob Getlar Smith", John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellows "Jacob Getlar Smith papers, 1919-1966, Archives of American Art "Jacob Getlar Smith", AskART
IHG Army Hotels is a collection of private-sector hotels located on Army installations and Joint Bases throughout the U. S, it is the result of a partnership between Lend Lease Group. This partnership was formed in response to the Privatization of Army Lodging program by the United States Army; the Army’s request for qualifications sought to fulfill specific requirements that included improving the quality of on-post lodgings throughout the U. S. Alaska and Puerto Rico; this RFQ sought entities with experience in the management of room inventory and hotel service, expertise in construction, financing experience relating to the upgrades and renovations of existing on-post Army lodgings. U. S. Army awarded the PAL program to Lend Lease with a 50-year lease deal, IHG, with a 25-year management agreement with options to extend; as part of the RFP agreement, these hotels provide lodging to service members of all branches of the U. S. Armed Forces and civilian contractors, military families, veterans and retirees.
There are 76 IHG-branded hotels with about 11,600 rooms located on Army bases in the U. S. Alaska and Puerto Rico. After being awarded the PAL program in 2006, IHG Army Hotels began the first phase of the PAL takeover in 2009 with hotels on 10 posts. During this time, on-post lodgings underwent upgrades, or new builds. IHG Army Hotels transformed these lodgings to meet basic standards for guests that included improved amenities, such as complimentary breakfast and wireless Internet. Additional amenities at IHG Army Hotels were designed to cater to military travelers that include weekly barbecues, complimentary on-post shuttle services, free laundry facilities. In 2010, the first on-post Holiday Inn Express opened on Louisiana. In 2011, 11 additional posts were added under IHG Army Hotels purview as part of the PAL program; as of 2014, IHG Army Hotels operate upgraded and renovated military lodgings, Holiday Inn Express, Staybridge Suites, Candlewood Suites on 41 Army posts. IHG Army Hotels is involved with the Fisher House Foundation and Building for America's Bravest, a program of the Stephen Siller Tunnel to Towers Foundation.
Since 2010 $500,000 has been raised to support local Fisher House Foundation projects nearby IHG Army Hotels. In 2011, IHG Army Hotels proposed an initiative to train and hire wounded warriors, working with the Army and off post organizations via the IHG Academy; these initiatives, approved by the Pentagon and IHG trains former military soldiers for skills needed for success in the hospitality industry. Fort Riley and Yuma Proving Ground have the first two Candlewood Suites hotels on post in the IHG Army Hotels system, they opened in December 2013. Fort Polk has the first-ever Holiday Inn Express to open on a military installation Joint Base San Antonio: Largest Candlewood Suites opened on-post as part of the PAL program IHG Army Hotels operates the largest on-post hotel property on Fort Leonard Wood, with 1,644 guest rooms Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall has a building in the Historia Collection IHG Army Hotels Privatized Army Lodging