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Coyote

The coyote is a canine native to North America. It is smaller than its close relative, the gray wolf, smaller than the related eastern wolf and red wolf, it fills much of the same ecological niche as the golden jackal does in Eurasia, though it is larger and more predatory, is sometimes called the American jackal by zoologists. Other names for the species historical, include prairie wolf and brush wolf; the coyote is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature due to its wide distribution and abundance throughout North America, southwards through Mexico, into Central America. The species is able to adapt to and expand into environments modified by humans, it is enlarging its range, with coyotes moving into urban areas in the Eastern U. S. and was sighted in eastern Panama for the first time in 2013. 19 coyote subspecies are recognized. The average male weighs the average female 7 to 18 kg, their fur color is predominantly light gray and red or fulvous interspersed with black and white, though it varies somewhat with geography.

It is flexible in social organization, living either in a family unit or in loosely knit packs of unrelated individuals. Carnivorous, its diet consists of deer, hares, birds, amphibians and invertebrates, though it may eat fruits and vegetables on occasion, its characteristic vocalization is a howl made by solitary individuals. Humans are the coyote's greatest threat, followed by gray wolves. In spite of this, coyotes sometimes mate with gray, eastern, or red wolves, producing "coywolf" hybrids. In the northeastern regions of North America, the eastern coyote is the result of various historical and recent matings with various types of wolves. Genetic studies show that most North American wolves contain some level of coyote DNA; the coyote is a prominent character in Native American folklore in Aridoamerica depicted as a trickster that alternately assumes the form of an actual coyote or a man. As with other trickster figures, the coyote uses deception and humor to rebel against social conventions.

The animal was respected in Mesoamerican cosmology as a symbol of military might. After the European colonization of the Americas, it was seen in Anglo-American culture as a cowardly and untrustworthy animal. Unlike wolves, which have undergone an improvement of their public image, attitudes towards the coyote remain negative. Coyote males average 8 to 20 kg in weight, while females average 7 to 18 kg, though size varies geographically. Northern subspecies, which average 18 kg, tend to grow larger than the southern subspecies of Mexico, which average 11.5 kg. Body length ranges on average from 1.0 to 1.35 m, tail length 40 cm, with females being shorter in both body length and height. The largest coyote on record was a male killed near Afton, Wyoming, on November 19, 1937, which measured 1.5 m from nose to tail, weighed 34 kg. Scent glands are a bluish-black color; the color and texture of the coyote's fur varies somewhat geographically. The hair's predominant color is light gray and red or fulvous, interspersed around the body with black and white.

Coyotes living at high elevations tend to have more black and gray shades than their desert-dwelling counterparts, which are more fulvous or whitish-gray. The coyote's fur consists of soft underfur and long, coarse guard hairs; the fur of northern subspecies is longer and denser than in southern forms, with the fur of some Mexican and Central American forms being hispid. Adult coyotes have a sable coat color, dark neonatal coat color, bushy tail with an active supracaudal gland, a white facial mask. Albinism is rare in coyotes; the coyote is smaller than the gray wolf, but has longer ears and a larger braincase, as well as a thinner frame and muzzle. The scent glands are the same color, its fur color variation is much less varied than that of a wolf. The coyote carries its tail downwards when running or walking, rather than horizontally as the wolf does. Coyote tracks can be distinguished from those of dogs by less rounded shape. Unlike dogs, the upper canines of coyotes extend past the mental foramina.

At the time of the European colonization of the Americas, coyotes were confined to open plains and arid regions of the western half of the continent. In early post-Columbian historical records, distinguishing between coyotes and wolves is difficult. One record from 1750 in Kaskaskia, written by a local priest, noted that the "wolves" encountered there were smaller and less daring than European wolves. Another account from the early 1800s in Edwards County mentioned wolves howling at night, though these were coyotes; this species was encountered several times during the Lewis and Clark Expedition, though it was well known to European traders on the upper Missouri. Lewis, writing on 5 May 1805, in northeastern Montana, described the coyote in these terms: The small wolf or burrowing dog of the prairies are the inhabitants invariably of the open plains.

Geronima Pecson

Geronima Josefa Tomelden Pecson was the first woman senator of the Philippines. She was elected in the 1947 Senatorial elections. Apart from being a senator, Pecson was a suffragette, an educator, a social worker, a leader in nation-building. Pecson was the "first Filipino and first woman elected to the executive board of the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization" in 1950. Pecson was born in Barrio Libsong in Lingayen, Pangasinan as the second offspring of Victor Tomelden and Maria Paz Palisoc, she was baptized three days on December 22, 1895. Her husband was Potenciano Pecson. Pecson gained her elementary education from Lingayen's public schools, she obtained her college education from the University of the Philippines, where she graduated with degrees in Bachelor of Science and Master of Arts. Before becoming a senator, Pecson served as the private secretary of President José P. Laurel. Afterwards, Pecson became the Assistant Executive Secretary of President Manuel Roxas in 1946.

Pecson participated as a candidate for the Philippines Senate in 1947. During Pecson's tenure as a senator, she headed the Senate Committee on Education, the Senate Committee on Health and Public Welfare, the Joint Congressional Committee on Education. Apart from being a member of Philippines Commission on Appointments and of the Senate Electoral Tribunal, Pecson pioneered Philippines laws that included the 1953 Free and Compulsory Education Act, the Vocational Education Act, laws related to establishing training facilities for instructors of arts and trades in certain national schools, laws that upgraded the University of the Philippines' School of Forestry into a College of Forestry. Pecson received the numerous awards during her lifetime; these awards included the Press Association's Legion of Honor Award from the President of the Philippines, the Pro Patria Presidential Award, the 1964 Outstanding Award because of her "excellent service in Philippines education". She had been bestowed Presidential medals and citations because of "educational statesmanship through legislation" and for "being the first Filipino and first woman elected to the executive board of UNESCO"

Sunny Brae, New Brunswick

Sunny Brae is a neighbourhood in Moncton, New Brunswick. In 1867, farm land with only one two houses existed in the area. One of the earliest settlers in Sunny Brae was Alexander Wright who came from Scotland and it was suggested that he gave it the name "Sunny Brae". In the 1870s, Rev. Stephen Humphrey owned most of the farmland and it was subdivided into lots known as the Russell survey; the lots were taken up by settlers. In 1904, Sunny Brae was a community with a post office, two stores and a population of 200. Sunny Brae was an incorporated as a township from 1915 to 1954, when it amalgamated with the city of Moncton; the neighborhood is served by the bus line 61 Elmwood of Codiac Transpo. Sunny Brae North, New Brunswick