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Crafers, South Australia

The town of Crafers is in the Adelaide Hills to the south-east of Adelaide, South Australia. Although technically considered to be an outer suburb of Adelaide, with many residents commuting to the city to work, locals consider Crafers to be more a suburb of the nearby township of Stirling. Crafers was moved to the area. With his wife he established an inn, the Sawyers Arms, in 1839 three years after the colony of South Australia was created, he built the Norfolk Arms on 16 acres in 1840 with banquet seating for 150. He moved to Adelaide and sold the Norfolk Arms in 1842, at which point it was known as The Crafers Inn. A new hotel was built on the site in 1880, remaining into the 21st century as The Crafers Inn, but the original building was burned down in 1926. At the time the area at the foot of nearby Mount Lofty was known as the Tiers, infamous for being the haunt of numerous Tiersmen and woodcutters on the run from authorities in Adelaide; the historic Crafers Primary School was first established in the area in 1865 by Mr Edward Smith.

The school was located in small premises in Atkinson Road, moved to its present location in Piccadilly Road in 1928. The historic stone and brick building was opened on 31 August of that year; the late 1970s saw extensive upgrading of the school facilities under Principal Allan Stanley-Smith, including construction of the Ruth Beare Hall in 1976 named after Ruth Beare who taught at the school from 1937 to 1944 and 1947 to 1975. The Church of the Epiphany, Epiphany Place, Crafers has played a prominent role in the life of the district since it was built in 1878 on land donated by Henry Scott, it has a splendid music tradition, a lively choir and one of the finest pipe-organs in South Australia. The Church of the Epiphany is a favourite church for many couples for their marriage service. For many years Crafers was well known for being the start point of the South Eastern Freeway linking Adelaide with the town of Murray Bridge, to the Princes Highway leading to Melbourne, it wasn't until 2000 that the Heysen Tunnels project was completed to extend the freeway to Glen Osmond on the outskirts of Adelaide.

Prior to the tunnel opening, the winding road from Adelaide to Glen Osmond via Eagle On The Hill was the scene of horrific vehicle accidents involving semi-trailers. The Mount Lofty Botanic Garden is nestled in the hills behind Crafers; the gardens, opened in 1977, include an extensive mix of European and Australian native plants and are at their finest in the spring months. On 16 February 1983, Crafers was hard hit by the Ash Wednesday bushfires. Many homes adjacent to bushland on the western side of the suburb were destroyed as the fire came roaring out of Cleland Conservation Park, the devastation would have been much worse if a change in weather had not occurred right when the township of Crafers itself was being threatened. A memorial on Mount Lofty Summit is dedicated to those in the Adelaide Hills who lost their lives that day. Crafers is under the administration of the Adelaide Hills Council, is in the state electoral district of Bragg and the federal electorate of Mayo. Crafers West is in the state electoral district of Heysen.

Crafers is well served by Adelaide Metro bus services throughout every day. Routes that operate through Crafers are: 830F, T840, 841F, T842, 860F, 863, 863F, T863, 864, 864F & 865 connect Crafers with the City. Route 830F continues to Lobethal, routes T840, T842, 860F, 864 & 864F continue to Mount Barker, routes 841F & T842 continue to Nairne. Routes 863, 863F, T863 & 865 continue to Aldgate. Routes that commence and terminate in Crafers are: 823, 865S, 866, 893 & 894. Route 823 continues to Cleland Wildlife Park. Routes 865S & 866 operate to Stirling and routes 893 & 894 operate to Blackwood interchange via Upper Sturt. Eurilla Conservation Park Adelaide Hills Council town history

Review and Herald Publishing Association

The Review and Herald Publishing Association is one of two major Seventh-day Adventist publishing houses in North America and was the oldest institution of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The organization published books, study guides, CDs, videos and games for Adventist churches and individual subscribers, it printed and distributed the Adventist Review magazine. In 2014 the Review and Herald Publishing Association was absorbed by its sister publisher, Pacific Press Publishing Association but maintains its board and administrators; the Maryland publishing house closed and some of its personnel and assets relocated to PPPA, in Nampa, Idaho. The roots of the Review and Herald Publishing Association go back to 1849 when James White produced The Present Truth and, in 1850, The Advent Review. From there the publication house moved to Battle Creek, Michigan. A major fire on December 30, 1902 destroyed the offices; the headquarters was moved to Takoma Park, Maryland. In the 1950s, the association developed The Bible Story by Arthur S. Maxwell.

The set was notable for its size—including 411 stories from the Bible—and for having color illustrations on each page opening—an extravagant expense for a book publisher at that time. In 1983, under the leadership of Elder Bud Otis, the organization moved to a new, $14 million facility in Hagerstown, Maryland on a 127-acre campus. Edson White established the Gospel Herald Publishing Company in Nashville, renamed to Southern Publishing Association in 1901, it merged with the Review and Herald in 1980. List of Seventh-day Adventist periodicals Pacific Press Publishing Association Seventh-day Adventist Church Clear Word Bible Review and Herald Publishing Association Official website

Electronic design automation

Electronic design automation referred to as electronic computer-aided design, is a category of software tools for designing electronic systems such as integrated circuits and printed circuit boards. The tools work together in a design flow that chip designers use to design and analyze entire semiconductor chips. Since a modern semiconductor chip can have billions of components, EDA tools are essential for their design; this article describes EDA with respect to integrated circuits. Before EDA, integrated circuits were designed by hand, manually laid out; some advanced shops used geometric software to generate the tapes for the Gerber photoplotter, but those copied digital recordings of mechanically drawn components. The process was fundamentally graphic, with the translation from electronics to graphics done manually; the best known company from this era was Calma. By the mid-1970s, developers started to automate the design along with the drafting; the first placement and routing tools were developed.

The proceedings of the Design Automation Conference cover much of this era. The next era began about the time of the publication of "Introduction to VLSI Systems" by Carver Mead and Lynn Conway in 1980; this ground breaking text advocated chip design with programming languages. The immediate result was a considerable increase in the complexity of the chips that could be designed, with improved access to design verification tools that used logic simulation; the chips were easier to lay out and more to function since their designs could be simulated more prior to construction. Although the languages and tools have evolved, this general approach of specifying the desired behavior in a textual programming language and letting the tools derive the detailed physical design remains the basis of digital IC design today; the earliest EDA tools were produced academically. One of the most famous was the "Berkeley VLSI Tools Tarball", a set of UNIX utilities used to design early VLSI systems. Still used are the Espresso heuristic logic minimizer and Magic.

Another crucial development was the formation of MOSIS, a consortium of universities and fabricators that developed an inexpensive way to train student chip designers by producing real integrated circuits. The basic concept was to use reliable, low-cost low-technology IC processes, pack a large number of projects per wafer, with just a few copies of each projects' chips. Cooperating fabricators either donated the processed wafers, or sold them at cost, seeing the program as helpful to their own long-term growth. 1981 marks the beginning of EDA as an industry. For many years, the larger electronic companies, such as Hewlett Packard and Intel, had pursued EDA internally. In 1981, managers and developers spun out of these companies to concentrate on EDA as a business. Daisy Systems, Mentor Graphics, Valid Logic Systems were all founded around this time, collectively referred to as DMV. Within a few years there were many companies specializing in EDA, each with a different emphasis; the first trade show for EDA was held at the Design Automation Conference in 1984.

In 1981, the U. S. Department of Defense began funding of VHDL as a hardware description language. In 1986, another popular high-level design language, was first introduced as a hardware description language by Gateway Design Automation. Simulators followed these introductions, permitting direct simulation of chip designs: executable specifications. In a few more years, back-ends were developed to perform logic synthesis. Current digital flows are modular; the front ends produce standardized design descriptions that compile into invocations of "cells,", without regard to the cell technology. Cells implement logic or other electronic functions using a particular integrated circuit technology. Fabricators provide libraries of components for their production processes, with simulation models that fit standard simulation tools. Analog EDA tools are far less modular, since many more functions are required, they interact more and the components are less ideal. EDA for electronics has increased in importance with the continuous scaling of semiconductor technology.

Some users are foundry operators, who operate the semiconductor fabrication facilities, or "fabs", design-service companies who use EDA software to evaluate an incoming design for manufacturing readiness. EDA tools are used for programming design functionality into FPGAs. High-level synthesis – high-level design description is converted into RTL. Logic synthesis – translation of RTL design description into a discrete netlist of logic gates. Schematic capture – For standard cell digital, analog, RF-like Capture CIS in Orcad by Cadence and ISIS in Proteus Layout – schematic-driven layout, like Layout in Orcad by Cadence, ARES in Proteus Transistor simulation – low-level transistor-simulation of a schematic/layout's behavior, accurate at device-level. Logic simulation – digital-simulation of an RTL or gate-netlist's digital behavior, accurate at boolean-level. Behavioral simulation – high-level simulation of a design's architectural operation, accurate at cycle-level or interface-level. Hardware emulation – Use of special purpose hardware to emulate the logic of a proposed design.

Can sometimes be plugged into a system in place of a yet-to-be-built chip. Technology CAD analyze the underlying process technology. Electrical properties of devices are derive

August 1st (aerobatic team)

The August 1st or Ba Yi Aerobatics Team is the aerobatic demonstration team of the People's Liberation Army Air Force. It is named after the date of the founding of the PLA, is a part of the PLAAF Beijing Military Region; the unit was founded in 1962 and has over the years performed more than 500 times for delegations from 166 countries and regions. Its first show abroad happened in August 2013 during the Russian airshow MAKS; the August 1st aerobatic team equipped the fleet with JJ-5 fighter-trainer jets, a Chinese version of Russian made MiG-17. In years the JJ-5s were replaced by Chengdu J-7EB again was replaced by the newer J-7GB. There are about 8 aircraft in the fleet. In May 2009, the team upgraded their jets to the much more advanced Chengdu J-10 multirole fighter; the aerobatics team is based out of Yangcun Air Force Base near Tianjin, home to the 24th Fighter Division. China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition MAKS 2013 Dubai Air Show 2017 PAF & PLAAF Airshow at PAF Base Samungli Quetta Balochistan Pakistan on 20th November 2017 August1 aerobatic team of PLAAF performed aerobatic show on 23-March-2019 Pakistan Day Parade.

Singapore Airshow June 1997 – 3 aircraft crash in Tianjin during a practice session 15 September 1998 – single aircraft crashes near Chongming Island Airport near Shanghai July 14, 2009 – Number 3 wing, a J-7GB crashed at Yang Cun airbase during practicing session, while preparing for the coming National Day demonstration on October 1st. 12 November 2016 – Captain Yu Xu, first female J-10 pilot, was killed in an accident during training in Hebei province. Http://www.airliners.net/open.file/914320/M/ Squadron patch

Arnold River (Northern Territory)

The Arnold River is a river in the north of the Northern Territory of Australia. The Arnold River rises about 30 kilometres northeast of the Bullwaddy Conservation Reserve and north of the Carpentaria Highway, it flows to the town Minamia in the Aboriginal reserve Alawa and turns northwest and flows about 15 kilometres south of Hodgson Downs in the Hodgson River. The river is joined by two tributaries including the Williams and Horse creeks and flows through a series of lagoons and waterholes before reaching its river mouth; the river is named for Richard Aldous Arnold, a pastoralist and politician, who purchased a pastoral lease in the area in 1895. The lease was a part of the Hodgson Downs cattle station, he sold his interest in 1905 and continued his political career as Clerk of the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales. List of rivers of Northern Territory

Charles Rhys, 8th Baron Dynevor

Charles Arthur Uryan Rhys, 8th Baron Dynevor CBE, was a British peer and politician. He was the son of 7th Baron Dynevor. Rhys was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College and was commissioned into the Grenadier Guards. In 1919 he was awarded the Order of St. Anne of Russia, he resigned his commission as a Lieutenant in 1920. He was appointed Deputy Lieutenant for Carmarthenshire in 1925 and a Justice of the Peace in 1931. Rhys served as a Conservative Member of Parliament for Romford from 1923 until 1929, when defeated by Labour's H. T. Muggeridge, he returned to the House of Commons two years when he was elected at an unopposed by-election in 1931 as MP for Guildford, holding the seat until he stood down at the 1935 United Kingdom general election. He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Stanley Baldwin from 1927 to 1929. On 29 September 1934 he married Hope Mary Woodbine, the wife of Captain Arthur Granville Soames, OBE, of the Coldstream Guards. Rhys served as Deputy Chairman of the Sun Insurance Company and as Chairman of the Cities of London and Westminster Conservative Association from 1948 until 1960.

He was the Governor of the National Museum of Wales. From 1950 until 1962 Rhys was President of the University College of South Monmouthshire; when he died at the age of 63, death duties incurred by the 7th Baron had not been paid, placing an intolerable financial burden on the next in line of descent, his son Richard Charles Uryan Rhys, 9th Baron Dynevor. Craig, F. W. S.. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Hon. Charles Rhys