York, Newcastle and Berwick Railway
The York and Berwick Railway was an English railway company formed in 1847 by the amalgamation of the York and Newcastle Railway and the Newcastle and Berwick Railway. Both companies were part of the group of business interests controlled by George Hudson, the so-called Railway King. In collaboration with the York and North Midland Railway and other lines he controlled, he planned that the YN&BR would form the major part of a continuous railway between London and Edinburgh. At this stage the London terminal was Euston Square and the route was through Normanton; this was the genesis of the East Coast Main Line, but much remained to be done before the present-day route was formed, the London terminus was altered to King's Cross. The YN&BR completed the plans of its predecessors, including building a central passenger station in Newcastle, the High Level Bridge across the River Tyne, the viaduct across the River Tweed, named the Royal Border Bridge; these were prodigious undertakings. George Hudson's business methods had always been uncompromising, serious irregularities in his financial dealings were exposed, which led to his disgrace and resignation from the chairmanship of the YN&BR in 1849.
Co-operation with other railways in the YN&BR area led to a traffic sharing agreement, to amalgamation. The abundant mineral deposits in the area of County Durham and Northumberland led early on to the construction of waggonways to convey the heavy ores to watercourses for onward transit, or to other means of reaching a point of sale. Although there appear to have been earlier waggonways from the high ground around Tanfield, the most notable line was the of 1725, from Tanfield Moor to Dunston, on the Tyne; this line had several rope-worked inclines, with more moderate gradients operated by horse traction. The rails were timber. In commercial terms it was remarkably successful; the Stanhope and Tyne Railroad Company was formed in 1832 as a partnership to build a railway between limestone quarries near Stanhope and the coal mines near Medomsley, to connect to quays at South Shields. The line was opened in 1834. There were several rope-worked inclines on the route. Traffic levels did not reach expectations, some collieries on the route declining to use the line, the heavy operating costs of the inclined planes lead to poor profitability.
When it was discovered that the directors had been overstating the profitability of the concern, a financial crisis was precipitated. In 1842 it became obvious that the Stanhope and Tyne company could not continue and a new company was formed to take on the debt and operate the railway; the new company was the Pontop and South Shields Railway of 1842. The south-western part of the line from Stanhope to Carrhouse was sold to the Derwent Iron Company, which operated at Consett, it formed an alliance with the Stockton and Darlington Railway and in time a railway connection through Bishop Auckland and that section became part of the Stockton and Darlington Railway system. From 1840 passenger traffic increased when through trains from London to Gateshead ran over part of the P&SSR line, in association with the Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway, the Durham Junction Railway, the Brandling Junction Railway; the Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway acquired the Pontop and South Shields Railway on 1 January 1847 John and Robert William Brandling had extensive mining interests in the area east of Gateshead and in the Tanfield area.
They took steps to build a railway connecting their interests with quays at South Shields and Wearmouth, in 1835 formed the Brandling Junction Railway. It opened in 1839 to South Shields and Wearmouth; the company acquired the Tanfield Waggonway and modernised it. Its terminal on the Tyne at Dunston required the use of keels to convey the coal downstream to shipping berths, requiring transshipping, the Brandling Junction Railway opened a connection from the Tanfield line to Oakwellgate too, to bring the Tanfield coal to deeper water; this required the use of a short section of the Carlisle Railway near Redheugh. From 1840 passenger trains from London to Gateshead used the Brandling Junction line from Brockley Whins to Gateshead; the Brandling Junction Railway was taken over by the Newcastle and Darlington Junction Railway in 1844. The Hartlepool Dock & Railway was built to take coal from central County Durham mines to the docks at Hartlepool. A private bill was presented to Parliament seeking permission to build the railway and Royal Assent was given on 1 June 1832.
The line was 14 miles long with 9 1⁄4 miles of branch line, 65 acres of land for docks. The line was not built beyond Haswell after no assurances could be obtained from the owners of Moorsley and Littletown collieries that they would use the line to send coal to Hartlepool. Services ran between Thornley pit and Castle Eden after January 1835. By the end of that year there was 14 1⁄2 miles of line operational; the Great North of England, Clarence & Hartlepool Junction Railway was a 8 1⁄2-mile extension of the HD&R from Wingate to the Great North of England Railway at Ferryhill and the Clarence Railway at Byers Green. An Act was obtained on 3 July 1837 and the line opene
Northumberland is a county in North East England. The northernmost county of England, it borders Cumbria to the west, County Durham and Tyne and Wear to the south and the Scottish Borders to the north. To the east is the North Sea coastline with a 64 miles path; the county town is Alnwick. The county of Northumberland included Newcastle upon Tyne until 1400, when the city became a county of itself. Northumberland expanded in the Tudor period, annexing Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1482, Tynedale in 1495, Tynemouth in 1536, Redesdale around 1542 and Hexhamshire in 1572. Islandshire and Norhamshire were incorporated into Northumberland in 1844. Tynemouth and other settlements in North Tyneside were transferred to Tyne and Wear in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. Lying on the Anglo-Scottish border, Northumberland has been the site of a number of battles; the county is noted for its undeveloped landscape of high moorland, now protected as the Northumberland National Park. Northumberland is the least densely populated county in England, with only 62 people per square kilometre.
Northumberland meant'the land of the people living north of the River Humber'. The present county is the core of that former land, has long been a frontier zone between England and Scotland. During Roman occupation of Britain, most of the present county lay north of Hadrian's Wall, it was controlled by Rome only for the brief period of its extension of power north to the Antonine Wall. The Roman road Dere Street crosses the county from Corbridge over high moorland west of the Cheviot Hills into present Scotland to Trimontium; as evidence of its border position through medieval times, Northumberland has more castles than any other county in England, including those at Alnwick, Dunstanburgh and Warkworth. Northumberland has a rich prehistory with many instances of rock art, hillforts such as Yeavering Bell, stone circles such as the Goatstones and Duddo Five Stones. Most of the area was occupied by the Brythonic-Celtic Votadini people, with another large tribe, the Brigantes, to the south; the region of present-day Northumberland formed the core of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia, which united with Deira to form the kingdom of Northumbria in the 7th century.
The historical boundaries of Northumbria under King Edwin stretched from the Humber in the south to the Forth in the north. After the battle of Nechtansmere its influence north of the Tweed began to decline as the Picts reclaimed the land invaded by the Saxon kingdom. In 1018 its northern part, the region between the Tweed and the Forth, was ceded to the Kingdom of Scotland. Northumberland is called the "cradle of Christianity" in England, because Christianity flourished on Lindisfarne—a tidal island north of Bamburgh called Holy Island—after King Oswald of Northumbria invited monks from Iona to come to convert the English. A monastery at Lindisfarne was the centre of production of the Lindisfarne Gospels, it became the home of St Cuthbert, buried in Durham Cathedral. Bamburgh is the historic capital of Northumberland, the royal castle from before the unification of the Kingdoms of England under the monarchs of the House of Wessex in the 10th century; the Earldom of Northumberland was held by the Scottish royal family by marriage between 1139–1157 and 1215–1217.
Scotland relinquished all claims to the region as part of the Treaty of York. The Earls of Northumberland once wielded significant power in English affairs because, as powerful and militaristic Marcher Lords, they had the task of protecting England from Scottish retaliation for English invasions. Northumberland has a history of revolt and rebellion against the government, as seen in the Rising of the North against Elizabeth I of England; these revolts were led by the Earls of Northumberland, the Percy family. Shakespeare makes one of the Percys, the dashing Harry Hotspur, the hero of his Henry IV, Part 1; the Percys were aided in conflict by other powerful Northern families, such as the Nevilles and the Patchetts. The latter were stripped of all power and titles after the English Civil War of 1642–1651. After the Restoration of 1660, the county was a centre for Roman Catholicism in England, as well as a focus of Jacobite support. Northumberland was long a wild county, where Border Reivers hid from the law.
However, the frequent cross-border skirmishes and accompanying local lawlessness subsided after the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England under King James I and VI in 1603. Northumberland played a key role in the Industrial Revolution from the 18th century on. Many coal mines operated in Northumberland until the widespread closures in the 1980s. Collieries operated at Ashington, Blyth, Netherton and Pegswood; the region's coalfields fuelled industrial expansion in other areas of Britain, the need to transport the coal from the collieries to the Tyne led to the development of the first railways. Shipbuilding and armaments manufacture were other important industries before the deindustrialisation of the 1980s. Northumberland remains rural, is the least-densely populated county in England. In recent years the county has had considerable growth in tourism. Visitors are attracted both to its historical sites. Northumberland has a diverse physical geography, it is low and flat near the North Sea coast and mountainous toward the northwest.
Newcastle railway station
Newcastle railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and Wear. It is 268.633 miles down the line from London King's Cross and on the main line it is situated between Chester-le-Street to the south and Manors to the north. Its three-letter station code is NCL. Opened in 1850, it is a Grade I listed building and is located in the city centre at the southern edge of Grainger Town and to the west of the Castle Keep, it is a nationally important transport hub, being both a terminus and through-station on the main line between London and Edinburgh, the Durham Coast Line to Middlesbrough and Nunthorpe the Tyne Valley Line to Carlisle via Hexham. It is served by the adjoining Central Station on the Tyne and Wear Metro; as of September 2017, the main line station is managed by London North Eastern Railway. All London North Eastern Railway services between London and Edinburgh stop at Newcastle. CrossCountry supplements services to Scotland, operates trains southbound to the South West and South Coast of England via Birmingham and the wider Midlands region.
The station is a terminus for TransPennine Express, which connects Newcastle to Liverpool Lime Street, via Leeds and Manchester Victoria, with some services running to Manchester Airport. Northern variously combines three routes out of Newcastle in order to provide both terminating and through services. To the west, trains connect the city to the MetroCentre shopping centre and Carlisle with intermittent extensions to Whitehaven, north to Morpeth on the main line, with extensions to Chathill. To the south east, the Durham Coast Line connects to Sunderland via Heworth and County Durham and Teesside. Important stops include Hartlepool, Stockton and Nunthorpe the line is shared with the Tyne and Wear Metro to Sunderland. Additionally and Abellio ScotRail jointly operate a limited service to Glasgow Central via Carlisle. Together with the Tyne and Wear Metro and numerous local bus routes, the complex is one of the most important transport hubs in the North East. There are two Metro and 12 main line platforms seeing 13 million passengers annually, in light of increasing patronage the main line station has undergone a major refurbishment to increase retail space and enhance the station environment including the controversial pedestrianisation of the portico.
In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins, the station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars. A scheme for a central station was proposed by Richard Grainger and Thomas Sopwith in 1836 but was not built; the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway had agreed to relinquish their insistence on using their Redheugh terminus on the south bank of the River Tyne. They agreed with George Hudson near the Spital. Instead of crossing the Tyne by a low level bridge and climbing to the Spital by a rope-worked incline, they would build an extension crossing at Scotswood and approaching on the north bank, they opened this line and a temporary station at Forth, passenger trains started using that on 1 March 1847. Hudson, known as the "Railway King" was concentrating on connecting his portfolio of railways so as to join Edinburgh with the English network, his Newcastle and Berwick Railway obtained its authorising Act of Parliament in 1845, but for the time being it was to use the Newcastle and North Shields Railway's station at Carliol Square.
Building a crossing of the Tyne was going to be a lengthy process, so that he gave the construction of the general station a low priority. The Tyne crossing became the High Level Bridge. In February 1846 the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway exerted pressure for the general station to be built, the architect John Dobson was appointed by Hudson to design it, in association with the engineer T E Harrison, Robert Stephenson. By now the general alignment of Hudson's railways was becoming clear: a main line from the south via Gateshead would approach over the High Level Bridge and enter the general station from the east. Newcastle and Carlisle Railway trains would of course enter from the west. Dobson produced general plans for the station, now being referred to as the Central station, on a broad curve to front Neville Street so as to accommodate the alignment of the approaching railways at east and west, it was to a "Romano-Italien design with ornamental work of the Doric order". Two through platform lines were shown, with two at the east end.
There were to be three trainshed roofs with spans of 60 feet. Extensive offices as well as refreshment facilities were shown, there was to be a covered carriage drive on the Neville Street side extending from the porte-cochère at each end. On 7 August 1847 a contract was let for the main part of the work to Mackay and Blackstock, for £92,000. A considerable amount of groundworks was necessary on the large site prior to the actual building work; the work did not progress speedily, in 1849 Hudson's collection of railway companies suffered a financial shock. At a time of more difficult trading and a tighter money market, Hudson's personal dealings were exposed as shady; the York and Berwick Railway had been formed by merger of the previous smaller companies, the YN&BR wished to reduce the financial commitment to the Central Station substantially. One of the through platforms was removed f
London King's Cross railway station
King's Cross railway station known as London King's Cross, is a passenger railway terminus in the London Borough of Camden, on the edge of Central London. It is in the London station group, one of the busiest stations in the United Kingdom and the southern terminus of the East Coast Main Line to North East England and Scotland. Adjacent to King's Cross station is St Pancras International, the London terminus for Eurostar services to continental Europe. Beneath both main line stations is King's Cross St. Pancras tube station on the London Underground; the station was opened in Kings Cross in 1852 by the Great Northern Railway on the northern edge of Central London to accommodate the East Coast Main Line. It grew to cater for suburban lines and was expanded several times in the 19th century, it came under the ownership of the London and North Eastern Railway as part of the Big Four grouping in 1923, who introduced famous services such as the Flying Scotsman and locomotives such as Mallard. The station complex was redeveloped in the 1970s, simplifying the layout and providing electric suburban services, it became a major terminus for the high-speed InterCity 125.
As of 2018, long-distance trains from King's Cross are run by London North Eastern Railway to Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central via York and Newcastle. In addition, Great Northern runs suburban commuter trains around north London. In the late 20th century, the area around the station became known for its seedy and downmarket character, was used as a backdrop for several films as a result. A major redevelopment was undertaken in the 21st century, including restoration of the original roof, the station became well known for its association with the Harry Potter books and films the fictional Platform 9¾; the station stands on the London Inner Ring Road at the eastern end of Euston Road, next to the junction with Pentonville Road, Gray's Inn Road and York Way, in what is now the London Borough of Camden. To the west, at the other side of Pancras Road, is St Pancras railway station. Several London bus routes, including 10, 30, 59, 73, 91, 205, 390, 476 pass in front of or to the side of the station.
King's Cross is spelled both without an apostrophe. King's Cross is used in signage at the Network Rail and London Underground stations, on the Tube map and on the official Network Rail webpage, it featured on early Underground maps, but has been used on them since 1951. Kings X, Kings + and London KX are abbreviations used in space-limited contexts; the National Rail station code is KGX. The area of King's Cross was a village known as Battle Bridge, an ancient crossing of the River Fleet known as Broad Ford Bradford Bridge; the river flowed along what is now the west side of Pancras Road until it was rerouted underground in 1825. The name "Battle Bridge" is linked to tradition that this was the site of a major battle between the Romans and the Celtic British Iceni tribe led by Boudica. According to folklore, King's Cross is the site of Boudica's final battle and some sources say she is buried under one of the platforms. Platforms 9 and 10 have been suggested as possible sites. Boudica's ghost is reported to haunt passages under the station, around platforms 8–10.
King's Cross station was built in 1851–52 as the London terminus of the Great Northern Railway, was the fifth London terminal to be constructed. It replaced a temporary station next to Maiden Lane, constructed with the line's arrival in London in 1850; the station took its name from the King's Cross building, a monument to King George IV that stood in the area and was demolished in 1845. Construction was on the site of a smallpox hospital and it replaced a temporary terminus at Maiden Lane that had opened on 7 August 1850. Plans for the station were made in December 1848 under the direction of George Turnbull, resident engineer for constructing the first 20 miles of the Great Northern Railway out of London; the station's detailed design was by Lewis Cubitt, the brother of Thomas Cubitt, Sir William Cubitt. The design comprised two great arched train sheds, with a brick structure at the south end designed to reflect the arches behind, its main feature was a 112-foot high clock tower that held treble and bass bells, the latter weighing 1 ton 9 cwt.
In size, it was inspired by the 200 yards long Moscow Riding Academy of 1825, leading to its built length of 268 yards. The station, the biggest in England, opened on 14 October 1852, it had one arrival and one departure platform, the space between was used for carriage sidings. The platforms have been reconfigured several times, they have been numbered 1 to 8 since 1972. Suburban traffic grew with the opening of stations at Hornsey in 1850, Holloway Road in 1856, Wood Green in 1859 and Seven Sisters Road in 1861. Midland Railway services to Leicester via Hitchin and Bedford began running from King's Cross on 1 February 1858. More platforms were added in 1862. In 1866, a connection was made via the Metropolitan Railway to the London and Dover Railway at Farringdon, with goods and passenger services to South London via Herne Hill. A separate suburban station to the west of the main building, housing platforms 9–11 as of 1972 and known initi
Northern (train operating company)
Northern is a train operating company in Northern England. A subsidiary of Arriva UK Trains, it began operating the Northern franchise on 1 April 2016 and inherited units from the previous operator Northern Rail. Central to franchise commitments will be the introduction of 101 new-built units – the Class 195 and 331; these will be the first new-build trains for the Northern franchise since the introduction of the Class 333 in 2000 and the new rolling stock will enable all 102 Pacer trains in service with Northern to be retired by the end of 2019. Additionally, it is planned that a franchise sub-brand, known as Northern Connect, will provide inter-urban services between major cities and towns in Northern England, as well as serving a number of major commuting stations; however since the franchise began in April 2016, it has been beset by falling punctuality, poor customer service, regular industrial action by staff and delays in introducing new rolling stock due to issues encountered during testing.
Despite passenger growth at the vast majority of train operating companies in the United Kingdom and the Northern franchise operating more services, the number of passengers carried since the franchise commenced in 2016 has declined and has been attributed to worsening performance. The franchise will run to 2025 with an option for an additional year, dependent on performance. In August 2014, the Department for Transport announced that Abellio and Govia had been shortlisted to bid for the next Northern franchise; the franchise was awarded to Arriva in December 2015. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority launched an investigation into the transport department's decision to award the Northern network to Arriva. Arriva operated the CrossCountry franchise and owned many bus companies in the Northern trains operating area in which'a significant overlap occurs without competition from other service providers.'In April 2018, a penalty fare scheme under the Railways Regulations 2018 commenced to encourage passengers to purchase a ticket before boarding trains.
Although this scheme is not wholly enforced across the Northern network, passengers are liable to paying a £20 penalty fare if they are deemed to have travelled without a valid ticket and had the ability to purchase a ticket prior to boarding the train at the station of origin. Customers who need to purchase a ticket at the station of origin with cash may do so by collecting a'Promise to Pay' notice prior to boarding from a ticket machine as these are not capable of accepting cash; these notices can be exchanged with the on-board conductor or with a member of railway staff at the destination station for a paid ticket. Section 6 of the Railways Regulations 2018 covers a number of scenarios that prohibit penalty fares being issued such'no facilities in operation for the sale of a travel ticket for that passenger’s journey'; the franchise was criticised for implementing a new timetable in May 2018 which resulted in widespread delays and cancellations. Network Rail and Northern announced an independent inquiry to learn lessons and identify route alterations in readiness for the next timetable change in December 2018.
In an attempt to counter operational problems, Northern implemented an emergency timetable on 4 June 2018 – it stemmed some delays and cancellations but was still problematic compared with performance before the timetable change. Punctuality was bad in the North West due to the delay in the Blackpool-Preston electrification scheme and the number of trains per hour through Manchester increased with more services utilising the Ordsall Chord which became operational in December 2017. Network Rail only informed train operating companies in January 2018 that the electrification scheme would be delayed until November – Northern had planned for the scheme to be complete as scheduled by May and had trained drivers to operate new routes with electric rolling stock. An alternative timetable had to be drafted up and many train drivers were not sufficiently trained to drive the existing diesel rolling stock which resulted in widespread cancellations. Furthermore, the additional services through the Manchester corridor resulted in increased congestion and which had a knock-on effect.
Performance statistics published by the Office of Rail and Road in October 2018 showed that from April to June 2018, the franchise recorded the lowest PPM – measured by train service departing within 5 minutes of its scheduled time – of any quarter since punctuality records began on the Northern franchise in 2009. Performance towards the latter half of the 2018 continued to be poor with many passengers protesting and the network beset by a reduced service on Saturdays due to industrial action. In October 2018 it was announced that Manchester Oxford Road station, the busiest station managed by Northern with over 8 million passengers, was the most delayed station in the United Kingdom in 2018 – this was attributed to the chaos following the May 2018 timetable. Between 14 October and 10 November 2018, Northern recorded the worst monthly performance on record with more trains late than on time. Less than 40% of services arrived on time and only 71.9% departed within 5 minutes of the scheduled departure time.
By November 2018, Arriva were re-evaluating their future involvement in the franchise due to a combination of declining passenger numbers as a result of the chaotic May 2018 timetable change and increasing compensation claims as a result of falling punctuality. Both have pushed the franchise into a loss-making entity and face a £282 million government subsidy shortfall, due to be passed onto the franchise. Since the franchise commenced in April 2016 and despite an increase
Carlisle railway station
Carlisle railway station, or Carlisle Citadel, is a Grade II* listed railway station serving the city of Carlisle, England. It is on the West Coast Main Line, 102 miles south east of Glasgow Central, 299 miles north north west of London Euston, it is the northern terminus of the Settle and Carlisle Line, a continuation of the Midland Main Line from Leeds and London St Pancras. In September 1847, the first services departed the station though construction was not completed until the following year, it was built in a neo-Tudor style to the designs of English architect William Tite. Carlisle Station was one of a number of stations in the city, the others were Crown Street and London Road, but it was the dominant station by 1851; the other stations were closed. Between 1875 and 1876, the station was expanded to accommodate the lines of the Midland Railway, the seventh railway company to use it; the Beeching cuts of the 1960s affected Carlisle the closure of the former North British Railway lines to Silloth, on 7 September 1964, the Waverley Line to Edinburgh via Galashiels on 6 January 1969.
The closure programme claimed neighbouring lines, including the Castle Douglas and Dumfries Railway and Portpatrick Railway in 1965, resulting in a significant mileage increase via the Glasgow South Western Line & Ayr to reach Stranraer Harbour, ferries to Northern Ireland. The station layout has undergone few changes other than the singling of the ex-NER Tyne Valley route to London Road Junction in the 1972–73 re-signalling scheme, associated with the electrification of the West Coast Main Line. Renovations to the platforms and glass roof were performed between 2015 and 2018. Close to the English border with Scotland, Carlisle became an important railway interchange in the first half of the 19th century. In 1836, Carlisle's first station opened at London Road for the Carlisle Railway. In the mid-1840s, work commenced on Carlisle Citadel on the south side of Court Square. Citadel station was built for the the Caledonian Railways. Carlisle station was designed by the architect William Tite, his design incorporated Gothic styles.
Built at a cost of £53,000, the station was constructed between 1846 and 1848. On 10 September 1847, it was opened to rail traffic though construction was incomplete and only one long through platform with a bay at each end had been finished; the main station buildings have a multi-bay sandstone facade of two storeys, capped by rows of slate roofs at differing levels. The entrance portico is supported by five pointed arches with buttresses between. Roundels are placed over three arches; as a consequence of the station accommodating the complex timetables operated by two, seven operating companies, a joint management committee was established. On 10 May 1857, the Carlisle Citadel Station Agreement was drawn up and established under the Carlisle Citadel Station Act of 22 July 1861; the committee had eight directors, four each from the boards of the Caledonian and the London and North Western Railway which had absorbed the Lancaster & Carlisle in 1859. To improve freight services the Carlisle Goods Traffic Committee was formed after the Carlisle Citadel Station Act of 1873.
The London & North Western, Midland and Glasgow & South Western each had two directors on the committee. To minimise the danger to passengers, a goods avoidance line was constructed to divert freight trains around the station; the Carlisle Citadel Station Act authorised changes, not restricted to freight, including an instruction "enlarging and improving facilities". Expansion work took place between 1873 and 1876 followed by a second phase between 1878 and 1881. While construction was taking place, the opening of the Midland Railway's Settle–Carlisle line generated more freight trains from August 1875, passenger services, started in April 1876. On 20 July 1881 improvements were completed. Carlisle station was used by seven railway companies, the London and North Western, London North Eastern, Caledonian, North British, Glasgow & South Western and Maryport & Carlisle; each companies operated its own passenger amenities with separate booking and parcels offices. Additional tracks and platforms were constructed including an island platform with two-storey buildings which increased the 400 metre-long through platforms to three.
Five terminal bay platforms were constructed and an overarching footbridge which connected the through platforms inside the train shed. Below the platforms, the undercroft contains a network of passageways, service rooms and staff accommodation. During the construction programme an iron and glass large roof was installed behind the station buildings; as built, it spanned 85 metres across the platforms and tracks to cover an area in excess of 2.6 hectares. It consisted with a transverse span and 12.2 metre centres. The girders supported a series of slender balanced cantilever half-truss hooped beams at 3.7m centres, spanning the tracks. The ornate timber end screens had Gothic-style glazing bars; the roof was glazed using shingled panels, possibl
Morpeth railway station
Morpeth railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the town of Morpeth, Northumberland. It is 285 miles 6 chains down the line from London King's Cross and is situated between Cramlington to the south and Pegswood to the north, its three-letter station code is MPT. The station is managed by Northern with services provided by Northern and LNER; the station was opened by the Newcastle and Berwick Railway on 1 March 1847. It was designed by Benjamin Green in the Scottish Baronial style and retains its original station buildings. A severe ninety degree curve in the line of the railway to the south of the station has been the site of four serious rail accidents, two of them fatal. Another station was opened by the Blyth and Tyne Railway on 1 April 1858 and closed 24 May 1880; this was a terminus station, used by North British Railway trains from the west from Scotsgap. From the opening of their line in 1862 until 1872; the B&T line to Bedlington lost its passenger trains in April 1950, but it remains in use for freight and may have its passenger trains restored in the future - the South East Northumberland Rail User Group is campaigning for this.
The current local service from Newcastle that terminates here uses the connection onto the B&T line north of the station to reverse and layover clear of the main line between trips. Passenger trains over the old NBR line from Scotsgap and Rothbury ended in September 1952 and it closed in 1966 - few traces of this route now remain. In December 2011, a self-service FastTicket machine was installed by Northern for use outside the hours of operation of the ticket office. Pre-purchased tickets can now be collected from Morpeth; the ticket office is located on the eastern side of the line in the main station building, which has a taxi office and toilets. The opposite platform has a waiting shelter and the two are linked by a subway with lifts for wheelchair and mobility impaired users. Train running information is supplied via digital display screens. A £2.4 million redevelopment of the station was approved in October 2016 and was started in October 2018 - this will see the main buildings refurbished and the portico entrance modernised to incorporate a cafeteria, expanded ticket office and upgraded toilets.
5,382 square feet of office space would be created for local small businesses. The project is being led by Greater Morpeth Development Trust and Northumberland County Council, with financial support from the Railway Heritage Trust, Network Rail and the Heritage Lottery Fund. Monday to Saturdays: There is a regular hourly service to Newcastle. Most trains start or terminate here though there are two trains per day which operate to/from Chathill in the morning and evening peaks; some trains continue onto the Tyne Valley Line. On Sundays, a two-hourly service operates to/from here to the MetroCentre with no service to/from Chathill. LNER provide a limited service: There are seven trains per day northbound to Edinburgh Waverley and seven trains per day southbound. A small number of CrossCountry services stop here as well as those of LNER - five each way on weekdays and Saturdays, plus three on Sundays in the December 2018 timetable. Southbound, these run to Birmingham New Street and onward to the south west of England.
In May 2016, the Office of Rail and Road gave the green light to a new operator called East Coast Trains which would operate services to Edinburgh Waverley via Stevenage and Morpeth. This service is projected to start operating in 2021. Transpennine Express will begin stopping at Morpeth when the existing Liverpool to Newcastle service is extended to Edinburgh from late 2019. Body, G.. PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2: Northern operating area. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0072-1. OCLC 59892452. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers.
ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Morpeth Station on navigable 1947 OS map RAILSCOT on Newcastle and Berwick Railway RAILSCOT on Wansbeck Railway RAILSCOT on Morpeth Branch Morpeth Station history page from the South East Northumberland Rail User Group