Crash is a novel by English author J. G. Ballard, first published in 1973, it is a story about symphorophilia. In 1996, the novel was made into a film of the same name by David Cronenberg; the story is told through the eyes of narrator James Ballard, named after the author himself, but it centers on the sinister figure of Dr. Robert Vaughan, a "former TV-scientist, turned nightmare angel of the expressways". Ballard meets Vaughan after being involved in a car accident himself near London Airport. Gathering around Vaughan is a group of alienated people, all of them former crash victims, who follow him in his pursuit to re-enact the crashes of celebrities and experience what the narrator calls "a new sexuality, born from a perverse technology". Vaughan's ultimate fantasy is to die in a head-on collision with movie star Elizabeth Taylor; the novel received divided reviews when published. One publisher's reader returned the verdict. Do Not Publish!" A 1973 review in The New York Times was horrified: "Crash is, hands-down, the most repulsive book I've yet to come across."However, retrospective opinion now considers Crash to be one of Ballard's best and most challenging works.
Reassessing Crash in The Guardian, Zadie Smith wrote, "Crash is an existential book about how everybody uses everything. How everything uses everybody, and yet it is not a hopeless vision." On Ballard's legacy, she writes: "In Ballard's work there is always this mix of futuristic dread and excitement, a sweet spot where dystopia and utopia converge. For we cannot say we haven't got what we dreamed of, what we always wanted, so badly." The Normal's 1978 song "Warm Leatherette" was inspired by the novel as was "Miss the Girl," a 1983 single by The Creatures. The Manic Street Preachers' song "Mausoleum" from 1994's The Holy Bible contains the famous Ballard quote about his reasons for writing the book, "I wanted to rub the human face in its own vomit. I wanted to force it to look in the mirror." An unauthorized adaptation of Crash called Nightmare Angel was filmed in 1986 by Susan Emerling and Zoe Beloff. This short film bears the credit "Inspired by J. G. Ballard". Autassassinophilia The Terminal Collection: JG Ballard First Editions Crash at the British Library
Jimma Aba Buna Sport Club is an Ethiopian football club based in Jimma, Ethiopia. They play in the Ethiopian Higher League, the second division of football in Ethiopia. Jimma Aba Buna was founded in 1955 in the southwestern Ethiopian city of Jimma. During the 1960's EC the club was one of the most competitive clubs in the top league of Ethiopian Football. In 2013 the club was re-established after folding years earlier. After the 2015–16 season the club was promoted to the Ethiopian Premier League for the first time after being re-established two years earlier; the following year the club released their manager Dereje Belay mid way through the season instead hiring Gebremedhin Haile to replace him. However that season the team was relegated from the top league after only one season; the club let go of manager Dereje Belay and hired Anteneh Abera as his replacement mid way through their 2017–18 Ethiopian Higher League season. They finished second in group B of the 2017–18 Ethiopian Higher League season by virtue earning a playoff spot against runners up in Group A, Shire Endeselassie.
The main sponsor for Jimma Aba Buna as of 2016 was the locally based company Horizon Plantation, who contributes 3 million birr annually to the club's budget. The club's total budget for the 2015–16 season was 14 million birr, up from 570,000 birr just 3 years prior. During the 2017–18 season the club experienced significant financial problems. Girma Habteyohannes Gebremedhin Haile Dereje Belay Abdulraheim Abagero
Brightling Park is a country estate which lies in the parishes of Brightling and Dallington in the Rother district of East Sussex, England. It is now the home of Grissell Racing, who have operated a racehorse training facility there for more than 30 years; the 18th-century house is brick-built in two storeys with a nine window north front and stands in some 200ha of parkland. Additional wings added in 1810 were demolished in 1955. 18th-century grade II listed stables and a coach-house to the south-east of the house comprise a single long building. The house is approached by an avenue bounded by ha-has, to the side of which stands a grade II listed alcove or summerhouse; the parkland is Grade II listed. Associated with the estate are a number of follies and an observatory, all designed by architect Sir Robert Smirke for John "Mad Jack" Fuller in the early 1800s; the Alcove or Summerhouse stands to the west of the house within the park and is a semicircular alcove built of red brick with a four-centred archway entrance flanked by pairs of interlocking columns.
Built in 1803, it is a Grade II listed building. The Temple, standing within the park 400m to the south-west of the house, is a small circular building consisting of a colonnade surmounted by a dome, it is a Grade II* listed building. The Obelisk known as Brightling Needle, stands some 500m outside the park's perimeter wall on top of Brightling Down and is a Grade II* listed building; the Observatory was built in 1818 on a high spot outside the park some 150m to the west. It is a T-shaped one storey building built of ashlar with slits for the telescopes. Now a private house, it is a Grade II* listed building; the first known house on the site,'Sheperdes', was built between 1540-1561 by Michael Martin, who sold the estate in 1582 to Thomas Isted. It passed in 1608 to John Baker and in 1652 to Edward English, who enlarged the estate before selling it in 1684 to William Peake. After Peake's death in 1685 his sister sold it in 1697 to a local industrialist; the Fuller family fortune was based on the manufacture of iron goods cannons and the like for the Royal Navy, plus a substantial income from Jamaican sugar plantations.
Thomas Fuller extended the estate to 95ha and rebuilt the house around 1699. It passed in 1703 to his nephew John Fuller who married a Jamaican heiress. Fuller added an additional 59ha to the estate, his son, John Fuller II, spent on the estate between 1745-1755, rebuilding the house and adding the west and the office wings. He further extended the estate by purchasing another 372ha and created a deer park around the new house, he planted clumps of trees and built a Chinese Temple and a keep in the grounds. After John Fuller II's death the estate descended via his brother Rose Fuller to Rose's nephew John, known as "Honest Jack" or "Mad Jack" Fuller. An MP, philanthropist and eccentric, John Fuller commissioned architect Sir Robert Smirke to extend the house around 1800 and to build a number of follies on the estate. A wall was built, at a cost of some £10,000, right round the park, which had grown to 1530ha. After John Fuller's death in 1834 the estate passed to his cousin Augustus Fuller who sold it to Percy Tew, who changed its name back to Brightling Park in 1879.
It descended in the Tew family until 1953, when it passed to Tew's daughter-in-law, Rosemary Grissell. Death duties caused part of the estate to be sold and partial demolition of the house in 1955; the remaining parkland, of some 200ha is still owned and operated as a racehorse training facility. The Brightling International Horse Trials are held there annually
HD 16754 is a binary or triple-star system in the constellation Eridanus. It has the Bayer designation s Eridani; the system is visible to the naked eye as a faint point of light with an apparent visual magnitude of +4.74. It is located at a distance of 132 light years from the Sun based on parallax, is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +18 km/s; the system is a member of the Columba association of co-moving stars. This object was flagged as an astrometric binary based on proper motion measurements made from the Hipparcos spacecraft. Zuckerman et al. consider it a multi-star system, with a bright A-type primary plus a faint M-type companion at an angular separation of 25″ to the north. The astrometric companion to the primary remains unresolved; the main component is an A-type main-sequence star with a stellar classification of A1 Vb. Based upon stellar models, it has an age estimated at 212 million years. Consistency with its membership in the Columba association suggests a much younger age of 30 million years.
Earlier measurements showed a high projected rotational velocity of 168 km/s. However, Ammler-von Eiff and Reiners found a much lower velocity of 13 km/s; the visible companion is a red dwarf star with a class in the range M2-5V. The system is a source of X-ray emission with a luminosity of 924×1020 W, most coming from this component and the unresolved companion
Allan Campbell was a South Australian politician, medical practitioner and philanthropist. Campbell was born in the Barony Parish of Glasgow in 1836, grew up in Cathcart, a village in Renfrewshire, he was educated in the parish school, studied mathematics and physical sciences in Glasgow. Some years he studied medicine, in 1867 was admitted to the Royal College of Physicians and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow, his health was never robust, which may have induced him to emigrate into South Australia, where he entered into partnership with Dr. H. Wheeler in Adelaide sometime before February 1867, they were involved in the establishment of a homoeopathic dispensary in King William Street that offered its services free to the poor. He proved to be a public-spirited citizen, joined the committee of the Society of Arts, took a seat on the Board of Education, was for a time its chairman on the committee established by the Education Act of 1875, he held a seat on the Central Board of Health.
For five years he was a member of the Adelaide University Council. He was a member of the Technical Education Board, whose report resulted in the establishment of the South Australian School of Mines and Industries, he was a member of the Franklin-street Bible Christian Church, for three years president of the South Australian Sunday-school Union. He was a member of the Caledonian Society of South Australia, its Chief 1883–1885. was president of the Literary Societies' Union, president of the Institute of Architects, chairman of the board of governors of the Museum, Public Library, Art Gallery. He was a Director of the Agency Company of South Australia Ltd.. He was, with Lady Colton, the prime mover behind the establishment of the Adelaide Children's Hospital; the Allan Campbell wing was named in recognition of his efforts. He was president of the Institute of Hygiene, an active supporter of the St. John Ambulance Society, helped found the District Trained Nurses' Association. One of his last projects was the Queen Victoria Home for Convalescent Children at Mount Lofty, opened the week he died.
Campbell sat in the Upper House from 1878, was elected for the Northern District under the new system of election in 1888. He acted on various Parliamentary committees, including the Parliament Buildings, the Transcontinental Railway, the River Murray Waters, the Sewage Commissions, he took a great interest in the small holdings movement and, with G. W. Cotton, had much to do with its ultimate success, he married Florence Way on 30 April 1868. Florence was sister of Sir Samuel Way and Dr. Edward Willis Way, he died at North Terrace, Adelaide. They had six sons and two daughters: Neil Campbell married Kathleen Gordon on 23 May 1914. Neil served in the Boer War and was a member of the Tunnelling Corps in World War I, killed in action. Kathleen was a daughter of John Hannah Gordon MLC
The Bengali Language Movement was a political movement in former East Bengal advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an official language of the then-Dominion of Pakistan in order to allow its use in government affairs, the continuation of its use as a medium of education, its use in media and stamps, to maintain its writing in the Bengali script. When the Dominion of Pakistan was formed by the partition of India in 1947, it was composed of various ethnic and linguistic groups, with the geographically non-contiguous East Bengal province having a Bengali population. In 1948, the Government of the Dominion of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Bengal. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies; the students of the University of Dhaka and other political activists defied the law and organised a protest on 21 February 1952.
The movement reached its climax. The deaths provoked widespread civil unrest. After years of conflict, the central government relented and granted official status to the Bengali language in 1956; the Language Movement catalysed the assertion of Bengali national identity in East Bengal and East Pakistan, became a forerunner to Bengali nationalist movements, including the 6-Point Movement and subsequently the Bangladesh Liberation War and the Bengali Language Implementation Act, 1987. In Bangladesh, 21 February is observed as a national holiday; the Shaheed Minar monument was constructed near Dhaka Medical College in memory of the movement and its victims. In 1999, UNESCO declared 21 February as International Mother Language Day, in tribute to the Language Movement and the ethno-linguistic rights of people around the world; the current nations and Bangladesh, were part of an undivided India during the British colonial rule. From the mid-19th century, the Urdu language had been promoted as the lingua franca of Indian Muslims by political and religious leaders, such as Sir Khwaja Salimullah, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk and Maulvi Abdul Haq.
Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language of the Indo-Iranian branch related to Hindi and belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. It developed under Persian and Turkic influence on apabhramshas in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire. With its Perso-Arabic script, the language was considered a vital element of the Islamic culture for Indian Muslims. While the use of Urdu grew common with Muslims in northern India, the Muslims of Bengal used the Bengali language. Bengali is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language that arose from the eastern Middle Indic languages around 1000 CE and developed during the Bengal Renaissance; as early as the late 19th century, social activists such as the Muslim feminist Roquia Sakhawat Hussain were choosing to write in Bengali to reach out to the people and develop it as a modern literary language. Supporters of Bengali opposed Urdu before the partition of India, when delegates from Bengal rejected the idea of making Urdu the lingua franca of Muslim India in the 1937 Lucknow session of the Muslim League.
The Muslim League was a British Indian political party that became the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state separate from British India. After the partition of India in 1947, Bengali-speaking people in East Bengal, the non-contiguous eastern part of the Dominion of Pakistan, made up 44 million of the newly formed Dominion of Pakistan's 69 million people; the Dominion of Pakistan's government, civil services, military, were dominated by personnel from the western wing of the Dominion of Pakistan. In November 1947, a key resolution at a national education summit in Karachi advocated Urdu and English as the sole state languages. Opposition and protests arose immediately. Students from Dhaka rallied under the leadership of Abul Kashem, the secretary of Tamaddun Majlish, a Bengali Islamic cultural organisation; the meeting stipulated Bengali as an official language of the Dominion of Pakistan and as a medium of education in East Bengal. However, the Pakistan Public Service Commission removed Bengali from the list of approved subjects, as well as from currency notes and stamps.
The central education minister Fazlur Rahman made extensive preparations to make Urdu the only state language of the Dominion of Pakistan. Public outrage spread, many Bengali students met on the University of Dhaka campus on 8 December 1947 to formally demand that Bengali be made an official language. To promote their cause, Bengali students organised rallies in Dhaka. Leading Bengali scholars argued; the writer Abul Mansur Ahmed said if Urdu became the state language, the educated society of East Bengal would become'illiterate' and'ineligible' for government positions. The first Rastrabhasa Sangram Parishad, an organisation in favour of Bengali as a state language was formed towards the end of December 1947. Professor Nurul Huq Bhuiyan of the Tamaddun Majlish convened the committee. Parliament member Shamsul Huq convened a new committee to push for Bengali as a state language. Assembly member Dhirendranath Datta proposed legislation in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan to allow members to speak in B