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Creston, British Columbia

Creston is a town of 5,306 people in the Kootenay region of southeastern British Columbia, Canada. The town is located 10 km north of the border crossing into the United States It is about a one-hour drive southwest from Cranbrook along the Crowsnest Highway. Due to its proximity to the U. S. border, many businesses in the town accept American currency. Porthill, the nearby US border town, accepts Canadian currency and sells gasoline in litres. Creston is the eastern terminus of the Salmo-Creston highway constructed in the 1960s as a shortcut to avoid the long route north to Nelson and crossing Kootenay Lake on the Kootenay Lake Ferry between Balfour and Kootenay Bay; the Salmo-Creston highway, part of the Crowsnest Highway, connected with earlier highways eastward of Creston. Creston is one of the few towns in British Columbia; the Creston Valley's economy is resource-based with agriculture and forestry. Many are employed in the service sector, tourism is prominent, while government services and education comprise a large portion of the labour force.

Since 1959, Kokanee beer has been brewed in Creston at the Columbia Brewery. The town is home to two grain elevators. Many apple, cherry orchards grow in Erickson, an unincorporated area outside of Creston, the valley is an important dairy centre; the Creston Area produces the largest cherries grown in the northern hemisphere and exports them globally. A primary market is Europe. A number of growers sell the same product; the Skimmerhorn Winery is now producing award-winning wines, the valley includes other growers cultivating vines. Creston is home to CIDO-FM, a volunteer-run, locally based, community radio station, which broadcasts in town, in the Creston Valley at 97.7 FM. Creston's climate is modified by air masses of the Pacific Ocean origin in winter. Daily maximum temperatures are above freezing in January except when air masses of Arctic origin move over the area; the worst cold outbreaks may send temperatures below −30 °C on rare occasions. Spring comes early by Canadian standards. A clear summer day is to have a daily maximum near or above 25 °C.

The first fall frost holds off until October where air drainage is good. The mean annual precipitation is 662.4 mm in mid-town, but the area has a rather steep precipitation gradient, reflected in regional ecosystems. The moisture-loving western hemlock grows near the town's northern boundary; the sun-loving ponderosa pine forms a larger proportion of the vegetation near Creston's southern boundary. Douglas fir is the most common native tree throughout. Large pines other than the ponderosa are seen in town, but are common in some of the woods nearby; the only native deciduous tree which matches the conifers in size is the black cottonwood. White birch and trembling aspen grow to medium size. Prominent among the non-native trees are blue spruce, Norway maple, silver maple, several species of walnut, including the butternut. There are occasional examples of catalpa, London plane, tulip tree. Large mammals at Creston include cougar, beaver, deer, moose and river otter. More than 265 bird species occur in the Creston Valley, in a migration corridor for waterfowl such as goose and swan.

The Creston area hosts British Columbia's only remaining population of northern leopard frog. The mountain pine beetle is a threat to all local pine trees. Creston is built on rolling bench-land to the east of the Kootenay River floodplain. Beyond the bench-land to the east are the Purcell Mountains. Silt loam is the most common soil texture at Creston; the floodplain soils are dark and poorly drained for the most part. Some of the bench-land soils are brown and of good tilth; the best orchard soils are on the more drained bench-lands, such as in Erickson. The Creston Valley has been inhabited by the Kutenai people for at least 11,000 years; the Kutenai are known for their unique language, the distinctive sturgeon-nosed canoe, cultural traditions that blend a dependence on fish, small game, waterfowl with the annual bison-hunting traditions of the Plains nations. Exploration of the Creston Valley began in 1808, when David Thompson passed through the region, followed by fur traders and government surveyors.

White settlement began in the early 1880s, two railways, the Canadian Pacific Railway and Great Northern Railroad, built into the valley in the last years of the century. When the CPR purchased land from Fred Little for construction of the railway in 1897-8, he made it a condition of the sale that the town be named after his home town in IowaAgriculture and forestry were the primary industries of the new community. Mining attracted many people, like many other communities around the Kootenays, the mineral deposits of the Creston Valley were not large enough to support a significant mining industry here. Small fruits and tree fruits

Mary Briscoe Baldwin

Mary Briscoe Baldwin was a 19th-century American missionary educator to Greece and Joppa. She was the "first unmarried woman sent out by the Foreign Committee of the Protestant Episcopal church's Mission Board". During the Crimean War, Baldwin assisted Florence Nightingale in hospitals, they became friends. Mary Briscoe Baldwin was born at Belle Grove, Frederick County, May 20, 1811, in a mansion in the Shenandoah Valley, it was the home of her grandfather. Her father was Dr. Cornelius Baldwin, of Virginia, her mother was Nelly Conway Hite. Nelly was a niece of James Madison, fourth President of the United States. Mary was the second daughter in a family of twelve —including Eleanor Conway Baldwin, Isaac Hite Baldwin, Ann Maury Baldwin, James Madison Baldwin, Robert Stuart Baldwin; the family home was at Cedar Grove, near Belle Grove. All of the children in the family received their education from private tutors. On every subject which she studied, she formed her own opinions. Bishop William Meade, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was a relative who influenced and helped her in her religious life.

Her Christian character was put to a great test by the death of her parents, the breaking up of the family home, the separation of the children. When about twenty years of age and her sister Eleanor went to visit relatives in Staunton, Virginia. Spending about a year there, she said:—"I grew weary of fashionable life. For some years, I had felt a great desire to be directly engaged in some Christian work in extending the knowledge of the Gospel among my fellow-creatures, such as is the privilege of clergymen to do, being a woman, I could not enter the ministry. Next to this, my thoughts turned to the life of a missionary, this seemed a position far too high and heavenly for me to attain and enjoy." Recognizing that her education was incomplete, she enrolled in Miss Sheffy's boarding school at Staunton. After two terms, she was offered the position of assistant teacher at the institution, which she accepted, but continued her regular studies at the school. While there, she inquired if there were an opportunity for a single woman to do foreign missionary work.

The Protestant Episcopal Society received a letter from Mrs. Hill, of Athens, stating her pressing need of assistance, urgently requesting that some one be sent to aid her in the schools she had established; as Baldwin had some acquaintance with Mrs. Hill, she was interested in that work, after a long consideration of the matter she wrote,—"I rose up with a firm and steady purpose of heart and said,'I will go.'" Baldwin was one of the first unmarried missionaries to go out from America. Her decision was a surprise to her friends, but none of these things moved her. After her decision was made, she at once commenced her preparations — visited her old home, traveled over the country visiting many points of interest, she entered the service not for worldly gain. Arriving in Greece, in mid-summer 1835, she realized with great delight that her life was to be passed in a land full of stirring memories; the worship of the poorer and unlearned classes consisted in the adoration of pictures and sacred symbols, or in chanting prayers in the olden tongue.

Many years of cruel oppression and taxation had impoverished them, so that the missionary had to minister to their bodily wants as well as to their soul needs, Miss Baldwin, comprehending the situation, fulfilled her highest conception of duty in ministering to their every need. Dr. and Mrs. Hill, American missionaries who had established a school and found the project developing on their hands, sought the assistance of Baldwin, who took charge of the sewing department, she soon was appreciated by the girls and the esteem of the parents, who valued the art which enabled their girls to maintain themselves. After the acknowledgment of Greek independence, the court was removed to Athens. Milliners and dressmakers followed in the train, wanted girls who could use their needles; the great benefit thus conferred on impoverished families was such that Baldwin became known among the native population as "Good Lady Mary," and when she appeared on the streets, the people were ready to do her homage. This prepared the way for Christian teaching.

Her object was to civilize and Christianize the daughters, through them, the homes of the people. Not only did she train Greek girls to be good daughters and mothers, but she educated many of the better class for teachers, who in their turn labored among the Greek and Turkish women, thus perpetuated her influence. After laboring for eleven years, it became necessary for her to seek relaxation, and, in company with friends, she took a trip through Italy. Not receiving the desired benefit, she made an excursion through Greece came to her home in the United States, they established a boarding school in connection with the day school conducted by Mrs. Hill; this school was for the higher class of girls in Athens, to this project Baldwin, devoted much of her own private fortune until it was a success, so that she became the founder of Christian female

Pete (Disney)

Pete is an anthropomorphic cartoon character created in 1925 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. He is a character of The Walt Disney Company and appears as a nemesis and the main antagonist in Mickey Mouse universe stories, he was an anthropomorphic bear but with the advent of Mickey Mouse in 1928, he was defined as a cat. Pete is the oldest continuing Disney character, having debuted three years before Mickey Mouse in the cartoon Alice Solves the Puzzle. Pete was not named in the first year of Mickey Mouse cartoon but was given the name Peg-Leg Pete in 1930. Pete appeared in 67 animated short films between 1925 and 1954, having been featured in the Alice Comedies and Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoons, in the Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy cartoons. Pete's final appearance during this era was The Lone Chipmunks, the final installment of a three-part Chip an' Dale series, he appeared in the short films Mickey's Christmas Carol, The Prince and the Pauper, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers, Get a Horse!.

Pete has made many appearances in Disney comics, appeared as Sylvester Shyster's dimwitted sidekick in the Mickey Mouse comic strip. In the Italian comic production he has come to be the central character in comics from time to time. Pete made several appearances in television, most extensively in Goof Troop where he was given more continuity, having a family and a regular job as a used car salesman and is a friend to Goofy, he reprises this incarnation in 1999's Mickey's Once Upon a Christmas. Pete appears in House of Mouse as the greedy property owner, always trying to exploit devious ways and loopholes to get the club shut down. Although Pete is typecast as a villain, he has shown great versatility within the role, playing everything from a hardened criminal to a legitimate authority figure, from a menacing trouble maker to a victim of mischief himself. On some occasions, Pete has played a sympathetic character, all the while maintaining his underlying menacing nature, he seems to have lost much of his antagonistic demeanor in his appearances in the animated TV series Mickey Mouse Clubhouse, aimed at preschoolers, is a friendly character in that series, although his antics can prove an annoyance.

Pete first appeared in the Walt Disney-produced 1920s Alice Comedies short subject series. He first appeared in Alice Solves the Puzzle as Bootleg Pete, his nickname was a reference to his career of bootlegging alcoholic beverages during Prohibition in the United States. In the cartoon, Pete's activities bring him to a beach in time to see Alice working on a crossword puzzle. Pete happens to be a collector of crossword puzzles, identifies Alice's puzzle being a rare one missing from his collection; the rest of the short focuses on his antagonizing Alice and her drunk-on-moonshine cat Julius in order to steal it. The menacing, peg-legged bear villain commanded quite a presence on the screen and was destined to return. In various Alice Comedies, the character again battled and competed with Alice and Julius under the aliases Putrid Pete and Pegleg Pete. Disney needed a villain to place against his new star Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Pete was introduced to his new adversary in the sixth Oswald short The Ocean Hop.

Inspired by Charles Lindbergh, the two enter an aeroplane race across the Atlantic Ocean. By the time producer Charles Mintz moved production of the Oswald series to his own studio, Pete had been established as the most appearing supporting character to Oswald, the character continued to appear in that role in the Oswald films directed and produced by Walter Lantz until 1937, making him the only cartoon character at the time to appear in shorts produced by two rival animation studios, his most notable non-Disney appearance was arguably as a captain in Permanent Wave. After leaving the Oswald series and his team created a cat villain for their new protagonist Mickey Mouse. Unnamed in the cartoons and called "Terrible Tom" in the comic strip, the villain was called Pegleg Pete by 1930, formalizing him as a new incarnation of the pre-Mickey bad guy. Animator Norm Ferguson, known for developing Pluto developed Pete's character in several shorts and he was made to resemble actor Wallace Beery. Pete appeared as Mickey's enemy beginning with the 1928 cartoons The Gallopin' Gaucho and Steamboat Willie.

While he was seen with two legs in those films, he first appeared with a peg-leg in 1930's The Cactus Kid and would speak for the first time. He would first appear in color in Moving Day. In the cartoons of the 1930s, Pete would be Mickey Mouse's nemesis, but would vary in professions, from an all-out outlaw to a brutal law-enforcer. On the other hand, in the 1942 cartoon Symphony Hour, Pete is a sympathetic impresario who sponsors Mickey's orchestra in a concert, which goes wrong but is a great success; as Mickey's popularity declined, Pete would serve as an antagonist for Donald Duck and to a lesser extent Goofy. In Disney comics, Pete is depicted as a hardened criminal, who teams up with Mickey Mouse enemies Sylvester Shyster, Eli Squinch


Esther Akoth, popularly known as Akothee, is a Kenyan philanthropist, songwriter and entrepreneur. She is the founder and CEO of Akothee Safaris, a tour company based in Kenya, Akothee Foundation and Akothee Homes, a real estate business. Akothee was born Esther Akoth on 8 April 1980 in Migori County as the first daughter of her parents, she grew up in Migori. Akothee attended Nyabisawa Girls secondary school but dropped out one year in form two before completing her high school program when she eloped with her boyfriend, in high school at the time and entered early marriage. After running away from home, her boyfriend went back to school and she was forced to start with her mother in law, for whom she worked as a house help for seven years, it was while at her mother-in-law's home in Migori that she bore her first child. She was fourteen years old at the time, she gave birth to her third children at ages fifteen and sixteen respectively. However her second child, a daughter, died in infancy following an illness because she could not raise the money needed for her treatment.

In 2000, she gave birth at seventeen years of age. The same year and her mother-in-law disagreed, she left her in-law's home to fend for herself; as result of their disagreement, Akothee moved to Kanga, where she worked as a fish hawker to raise money for upkeep. Meanwhile, her husband continued with his studies, by this time, he was in the university. In 2003, he completed his university education and the two moved in together, at which point the two decided that Akothee would go back to school while her husband took care of the kids, she went back to high school and, in 2004, at 21 years of age, completed her high school education at Gachie Mixed Secondary, finishing with a mean grade of C+. According to her result-slip, which she posted on social media, Akothee scored A in History and Government, D- in Mathematics. During this time, her husband had moved there. Akothee entered her first marriage at 14 years, she had her first three children at the age of 15, 16 and 17 years while living with her mother-in-law and her husband was in school.

Akothee returned to high school and in 2004, after finishing school, Akothee moved to Nairobi to be with her husband. They lived in poverty and got donations of cooking sticks, cooking pots and mattresses from neighbours. Soon, their lives started getting better as they became wealthier because of her husband's job. However, on 6 October 2006, Akothee's husband left her with their three children and married another woman; as a result of her divorce, she moved to Mombasa to be with her brother. She worked as a taxi driver during this time. While working as a taxi driver, Akothee carried a passenger from Zurich, who would become her boyfriend and take him with her to his home country. During her stay in Switzerland, Akothee conceived her fifth child with him. After nine months abroad, she broke up with him and moved back to Kenya with a desire to pursue music as a career, she owns houses in Migori, Kisumu and Switzerland. Akothee has released several successful songs, they include Oyoyo featuring McGalaxy, Give It To Me, featuring Flavour, Sweet Love featuring Diamond, Yuko Moyoni, New Dance featuring Oc, Nimechoka, Katika, Djele Djele, Mama Bougerie, Tucheze..

Early March 2020, Akothee sang in the Kamba language. Since Akothee is not a native speaker of the Kamba language, this was considered intriguing and popular among her fans. Akothee's career in music started in 2008 and she has since released many solo titles as well as collaborations with popular artists, including Diamond Platnumz, she has scooped several awards at home and abroad. They include African Muzik Magazine Awards, AFRIMMA – Best Female Artist 2016. African Muzik Magazine Awards, AFRIMMA – Best video. African Entertainment Awards USA – Best Female Artist. Akothee is one of the most popular music artists in Kenya. With more than one million followers, her Instagram account is the tenth most followed of East African celebrities, behind Lupita Nyong'o, Diamond Platinums, Ali Kiba, Harmonize, Eric Omondi, Huddah Monroe, Sauti Sol, Vera Sidika and Betty Kyalo; because of her popularity and stances, she is mentioned both in tabloid media and mainstream media. Mentions of her range from criticism of her dress-code and lifestyle, to praises for her music and charity work.

AFRIMMA – Best Female Artist 2016 AFRIMMA – Best video African Entertainment Awards USA – Best Female Artist


WZPL is a radio station licensed to Greenfield and serving the Indianapolis metropolitan area. The station airs a Top 40 format. WZPL is owned by Cumulus Media, its studios are located on Meridian Street on the city's north side, with its transmitter north of the Indianapolis World Sports Park on the east side of Indianapolis. The station signed on as WSMJ on June 1, 1962 and remained as such until the spring of 1979 when WSMJ was sold to Heftel Broadcasting, they changed to a disco music format and adopted the call sign WIKS-FM "The New Rock Kiss 99 FM" on April 14, 1979. A contemporary hit radio format was adopted which, aside from a brief experiment playing classic rock in 1989, has continued to this day; the station was added to both Mediabase and Nielsen BDS Top 40/CHR reporting panels in November 2012. The station is anchored by The Smiley Morning Show, hosted by Dave Smiley. In the early 2000s the station was known as "Z 99-5." On February 13, 2019, Cumulus Media and Entercom announced an agreement in which WZPL, WNTR, WXNT would be swapped to Cumulus in exchange for WNSH in New York City and WHLL and WMAS-FM in Springfield, Massachusetts.

Under the terms of the deal, Cumulus began operating WZPL under a local marketing agreement on March 1, 2019. The swap was completed on May 13, 2019. In 2005, WZPL became one of the first Indianapolis-area radio stations to broadcast their signal in HD Radio. In 2006, they introduced a stream of All Comedy Radio, a 24-hour comedy station known as "The Laugh Button," on their alternate HD 2 digital channel, HD 3 as a simulcast of WXNT 1430 AM, CBS Sports Radio. Following the sale of Radio Disney affiliate WRDZ-FM to iHeartMedia, WZPL had picked up the Radio Disney format for a year on the HD2 channel, until Entercom's affiliation with Disney expired. Official website The Indiana Radio Archive - WZPL All Comedy Radio Query the FCC's FM station database for WZPL Radio-Locator information on WZPL Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WZPL


CKQR-FM is a Canadian radio station that broadcasts a classic rock format at 99.3 FM in Castlegar, British Columbia. The station was branded as Mountain FM and it is now called The GOAT and it is owned by the Vista Broadcast Group; the station signed on September 22, 1969 and began broadcasting at 1230 AM in the'70s moved to 760 AM in 1984 until it moved to its current frequency in 1998. CKGF moved to FM in the 1980s. In 1993, CKQR began simulcasting some of its programming on CKGF Grand Forks. On December 16 that same year, CKQR was given approval to add an FM transmitter at Nelson, operating on 103.5 MHz, with an effective radiated power of 84 watts. The rebroadcaster in Nelson signed on the following year. On February 3, 2005, the CRTC approved the application by Valley Broadcasters Ltd. for a broadcasting licence to operate an English-language FM commercial radio programming undertaking in Nelson. The new station would operate at 103.5 MHz with an average effective radiated power of 104 watts, would have a transmitter in Crawford Bay operating at 91.9 MHz with an ERP of 40 watts.

The new station in Nelson would replace CHNV-FM, a transmitter of CKQR-FM Castlegar owned by Valley. At midnight on June 11, 2010, CHNV-FM in Nelson ceased being a rebroadcaster of CKQR-FM and moved to its own programming, it continues to have its current active rock format. On June 19, 2014, Mountain FM was rebranded as The GOAT. At 1:00 pm on March 10, 2016, CKGF-FM in Grand Forks ceased being a rebroadcaster of CKQR-FM and moved to its own programming, it operates under a variety hits format. 93.3 FM in Christina Lake, 96.7 FM in Greenwood, 103.7 FM in Rock Creek flipped to rebroadcast CKGF-FM. CKGF-FM The GOAT Kootenay CKQR-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation CKQR-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC Canadian station database for CKQR-FM