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Cricket World Cup

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council, every four years, with first qualification rounds leading up to a semifinals and finals tournament; the tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC. The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years earlier. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia and South Africa; the first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.

The World Cup is open to all members of the International Cricket Council, although the highest-ranking teams receive automatic qualification. The remaining teams are determined via the ICC World Cup Qualifier. A total of twenty teams have competed in the eleven editions of the tournament, with fourteen teams competing in 2015. Australia has won the tournament five times and West Indies twice each, while Pakistan, Sri Lanka and England have won it once each; the best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament. England are the current champions after winning the 2019 edition; the next tournament will be held in India in 2023. The first international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844. However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, the two teams competed for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889. Representative cricket teams were selected resulting in bilateral competition.

Cricket was included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal. This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics; the first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England and South Africa. The event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, crowd attendances were poor, attributed to a "surfeit of cricket". Since international Test cricket has been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999; the number of nations playing Test cricket increased over time, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969; the first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over game with eight balls per over. In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket competition, it introduced many of the now commonplace features of One Day International cricket, including coloured uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, on-screen graphics.

The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organising a Cricket World Cup; the inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at the time. The 1975 tournament started on 7 June; the first three events were held in England and known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc. The matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during the daytime in traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls. Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, India, New Zealand and the West Indies, together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa.

One notable omission was South Africa. The tournament was won by the West Indies. Roy Fredricks of West Indies was the first batsmen who got hit-wicket in ODI during the 1975 World Cup final; the 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing team

Sparkle (soundtrack)

Music from the Warner Bros. Picture "Sparkle" is a soundtrack album by American singer Aretha Franklin and produced by Curtis Mayfield. Released on May 27, 1976, the disc is the soundtrack album for the 1976 Warner Bros. motion picture Sparkle, starring Irene Cara. The songs on the soundtrack feature the instrumental tracks and backing vocals from the film versions, with Franklin's voice taking the place of the original lead vocalists; this album returned Aretha to gold status after two low-selling albums. The first single release, "Something He Can Feel", was a #1 R&B hit for her and reached #28 on the Billboard Hot 100. However, it was Aretha's only Pop Top 40 hit during the second half of the 1970s; the album itself reached the Top 20 of Billboard's main album chart and was certified Gold for US sales of over 500,000 copies. In 2009, it was reissued on Rhino Records' budget Flashback Records label; the songs "Something He Can Feel" and "Hooked on Your Love" were covered by En Vogue on their 1992 multi-platinum hit album Funky Divas.

All songs written by Curtis Mayfield. "Sparkle" "Something He Can Feel" "Hooked on Your Love" "Look into Your Heart" "I Get High" "Jump" "Loving You Baby" "Rock with Me" Singles List of number-one R&B albums of 1976

Doi Luang District

Doi Luang is a district in the northern part of Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand. The area of Doi Luang was separated from Mae Chan District and established as a minor district on 15 July 1996. On 15 May 2007, all 81 minor districts were upgraded to full districts. With publication in the Royal Gazette on 24 August, the upgrade became official. Neighboring districts are Chiang Saen, Chiang Khong, Wiang Chiang Rung, Mae Chan; the district is divided into three subdistricts. There are no municipal areas. There are three tambon administrative organizations. Chiang Rai Province travel guide from Wikivoyage amphoe.com