Kevin Norwood Bacon is an American actor and musician. His films include musical-drama film Footloose, the controversial historical conspiracy legal thriller JFK, the legal drama A Few Good Men, the historical docudrama Apollo 13, the mystery drama Mystic River. Bacon is known for taking on darker roles such as that of a sadistic guard in Sleepers and troubled former child abuser in a critically acclaimed performance in The Woodsman, he is prolific on television, having starred in the Fox drama series The Following. For the HBO original film Taking Chance, Bacon won a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award receiving a Primetime Emmy Award nomination; the Guardian named him one of the best actors never to have received an Academy Award nomination. In 2003, Bacon received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the motion pictures industry. Bacon has become associated with the concept of interconnectedness, having been popularized by the game "Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon".
In 2007, he created a charitable foundation. Bacon, the youngest of six children, was raised in a close-knit family in Philadelphia, his mother, Ruth Hilda, taught at an elementary school and was a liberal activist, while his father, Edmund Norwood Bacon, was a well-respected architect and a prominent Philadelphian, Executive Director of the Philadelphia City Planning Commission for many years. At age 16, in 1975, Bacon won a full scholarship to and attended the Pennsylvania Governor's School for the Arts at Bucknell University, a state-funded five-week arts program at which he studied theater under Dr. Glory Van Scott; the experience solidified Bacon's passion for the arts. Bacon left home at age 17 to pursue a theater career in New York City, where he appeared in a production at the Circle in the Square Theater School. "I wanted life, the real thing", he recalled to Nancy Mills of Cosmopolitan. "The message I got was'The arts are it. Business is the devil's work. Art and creative expression are next to godliness.'
Combine that with an immense ego and you wind up with an actor." Bacon's debut in the fraternity comedy National Lampoon's Animal House did not lead to the fame he had sought, Bacon returned to waiting tables and auditioning for small roles in theater. He worked on the television soap operas Search for Tomorrow and Guiding Light in New York. In 1980, he had a prominent role in the slasher film Friday the 13th; some of his early stage work included Getting Out, performed at New York's Phoenix Theater, Flux, at Second Stage Theatre during their 1981–1982 season. In 1982, he won an Obie Award for his role in Forty Deuce, soon afterward he made his Broadway debut in Slab Boys, with then-unknowns Sean Penn and Val Kilmer. However, it was not until he portrayed Timothy Fenwick that same year in Barry Levinson's film Diner – costarring Steve Guttenberg, Daniel Stern, Mickey Rourke, Tim Daly, Ellen Barkin – that he made an indelible impression on film critics and moviegoers alike. Bolstered by the attention garnered by his performance in Diner, Bacon starred in the box-office smash Footloose.
Richard Corliss of TIME likened Footloose to the James Dean classic Rebel Without a Cause and the old Mickey Rooney/Judy Garland musicals, commenting that the film includes "motifs on book burning, mid-life crisis, AWOL parents, fatal car crashes, drug enforcement, Bible Belt vigilantism." To prepare for the role, Bacon enrolled at a high school as a transfer student named "Ren McCormick" and studied teenagers before leaving in the middle of the day. Bacon earned strong reviews for Footloose, he appeared on the cover of People magazine soon after its release. Bacon's critical and box office success led to a period of typecasting in roles similar to the two he portrayed in Diner and Footloose, he had difficulty shaking this on-screen image. For the next several years he chose films that cast him against either type and experienced, by his own estimation, a career slump. In 1988, he starred in John Hughes' comedy She's Having a Baby, the following year he was in another comedy called The Big Picture.
In 1990, Bacon had two successful roles. He played a character who saved his town from under-the-earth "graboid" monsters in the comedy/horror film Tremors, he portrayed an earnest medical student experimenting with death in Joel Schumacher's Flatliners. In Bacon's next project he starred opposite Elizabeth Perkins in He Said, She Said. Despite lukewarm reviews and low audience turnout, He Said, She Said. Required to play a character with sexist attitudes, he admitted that the role was not that large a stretch for him. By 1991, Bacon began to give up the idea of playing leading men in big-budget films and to remake himself as a character actor. "The only way I was going to be able to work on'A' projects with really'A' directors was if I wasn't the guy, starring", he confided to The New York Times writer Trip Gabriel. "You can't afford to set up a $40 million movie if you don't have your star." He performed that year as gay prostitute Willie O'Keefe in Oliver Stone's JFK and went on to play a prosecuting attorney in the military courtroom drama A Few Good Men.
That year he returned to the theater to play in Spike Heels, directed by Michael Greif. In 1994, Bacon earned a Golden Globe nomination for his role in The River Wild, opposite Meryl Streep, he described the film to Chase in Cosmopolitan as a "grueling shoot", in which "every one of us fell out of the boat at one point or another and had to be saved". His next film, Murder in the First, earned him the Broadc
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World is a 2003 American epic period war-drama film co-written and directed by Peter Weir, set in the Napoleonic Wars. The film's plot and characters are adapted from three novels in author Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey–Maturin series, which includes 20 completed novels of Jack Aubrey's naval career; the film stars Russell Crowe as Jack Aubrey, captain in the Royal Navy, Paul Bettany as Dr. Stephen Maturin, the ship's surgeon; the film, which cost $150 million to make, was a co-production of 20th Century Fox, Miramax Films, Universal Pictures, Samuel Goldwyn Films, released on November 14, 2003. The film grossed $212 million worldwide; the film was critically well received. At the 76th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for 10 Oscars, including Best Picture, it won in two categories, Best Cinematography and Best Sound Editing and lost in all other categories to The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. During the Napoleonic Wars, Captain Jack Aubrey of HMS Surprise is ordered to fight the French privateer Acheron.
Acheron ambushes Surprise, causing heavy damage, while remaining undamaged by the British guns. The ship's boats tow Surprise into a fog bank to evade pursuit. Aubrey's officers tell him that Surprise is no match for Acheron, that they should abandon the chase. Aubrey points out, he orders the Surprise refitted rather than returning to port for repairs. Shortly afterwards, Acheron again ambushes Surprise, but Aubrey slips away in the night by using a decoy raft and ship's lamps. Following the privateer south, Surprise rounds Cape Horn and heads to the Galapagos Islands, where Aubrey is convinced that Acheron will prey on Britain's whaling fleet; the ship's doctor, Maturin, is interested in the islands' unique flora and fauna, Aubrey promises his friend several days' exploration time. When Surprise reaches the Galapagos, they recover the survivors of a whaling ship destroyed by Acheron. Aubrey hastily pursues the privateer, dashing Maturin's expectation of more time to explore. Surprise is becalmed for several days.
The crew becomes disorderly. Midshipman Hollom unpopular with the crew, is named a "Jonah" by the sailors; as the tension rises, crew member Nagle refuses to salute Hollom on the deck, is flogged for insubordination. That night, Hollom commits suicide by jumping overboard with a cannonball; the next morning, Aubrey holds a service for Hollom. The wind picks up again, Surprise resumes the chase; the next day, Marine officer Captain Howard attempts to shoot an albatross but accidentally hits Maturin instead. The surgeon's mate informs Aubrey that the bullet and a piece of cloth it took with it must be removed soon, otherwise they will fester, he recommends the delicate operation be performed on land. Despite closing on Acheron, Aubrey takes the doctor back to the Galapagos. Maturin performs surgery on himself using a mirror. Giving up the pursuit of the privateer, Aubrey grants Maturin the chance to explore the Galapagos islands and gather specimens before they head for home. While looking for a species of flightless cormorant, the doctor discovers Acheron on the other side of the island.
Maturin abandons most of his hurries to warn Aubrey. Surprise readies for battle once more. Due to Acheron's stronger hull, Surprise must be at close quarters to damage her. After observing the camouflage ability of one of Maturin's specimens, Aubrey disguises Surprise as a whaling ship; the Acheron falls for the Surprise launches her attack. With the back wheels of the cannons taken off, the cannons are able to fire upon the Acheron's mainmast while Captain Howard's Marine sharpshooters pick off the crew of the Acheron from above; the Acheron is disabled when the mainmast falls into the sea. Aubrey leads boarding parties, engaging in fierce hand-to-hand combat. Upon capturing the ship, Aubrey is informed by the ship's doctor that the French captain is dead and is given the Captain's sword. Acheron and Surprise are repaired; as Acheron sails away, Maturin mentions. Realising the French captain deceived him by pretending to be the ship's doctor, Aubrey gives the order to change course to intercept the Acheron and escort her to Valparaíso, for the crew to assume battle stations.
Maturin is once again denied the chance to explore the Galapagos, but Aubrey wryly notes that since the bird he seeks is flightless, "it's not going anywhere", the two play Musica notturna delle strade di Madrid by Luigi Boccherini as the Surprise turns in pursuit of the Acheron once more. In Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World, all cast members are male, putting it in a group of about 120 films made since 1934 with an all-male cast. There are a few female extras in one scene but none of these are listed as cast members; the film is drawn from the Aubrey-Maturin novels by Patrick O'Brian, but matches the events in no one novel. The author drew from real events in the Napoleonic Wars, as he describes in the introduction to the first novel and Commander. Many have speculated on; the author claims. The Royal Navy Museum considers Captain Lord Cochrane as the inspiration for the character in the first novel and Commander. Taylor, author of a biography of Pellew, puts forth Captain Sir Edward Pellew as one of the inspirations for Aubrey's fictional career and tra
John Forbes Nash Jr.
John Forbes Nash Jr. was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, the study of partial differential equations. Nash's work has provided insight into the factors that govern chance and decision-making inside complex systems found in everyday life, his theories are used in economics. Serving as a Senior Research Mathematician at Princeton University during the part of his life, he shared the 1994 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with game theorists Reinhard Selten and John Harsanyi. In 2015, he shared the Abel Prize with Louis Nirenberg for his work on nonlinear partial differential equations. John Nash is the only person to be awarded both the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and the Abel Prize. In 1959, Nash began showing clear signs of mental illness, spent several years at psychiatric hospitals being treated for paranoid schizophrenia. After 1970, his condition improved, allowing him to return to academic work by the mid-1980s.
His struggles with his illness and his recovery became the basis for Sylvia Nasar's biography, A Beautiful Mind, as well as a film of the same name starring Russell Crowe as Nash. On May 23, 2015, Nash and his wife Alicia were killed in a car crash while riding in a taxi on the New Jersey Turnpike, he is survived by John Charles Martin Nash and John Stier. Nash was born on June 1928, in Bluefield, West Virginia, his father, John Forbes Nash, was an electrical engineer for the Appalachian Electric Power Company. His mother, Margaret Virginia Nash, had been a schoolteacher, he was baptized in the Episcopal Church. He had Martha. Nash attended kindergarten and public school, he learned from books provided by his parents and grandparents. Nash's parents pursued opportunities to supplement their son's education, arranged for him to take advanced mathematics courses at a local community college during his final year of high school, he attended Carnegie Institute of Technology through a full benefit of the George Westinghouse Scholarship majoring in chemical engineering.
He switched to a chemistry major and at the advice of his teacher John Lighton Synge, to mathematics. After graduating in 1948 with both a B. S. and M. S. in mathematics, Nash accepted a scholarship to Princeton University, where he pursued further graduate studies in mathematics. Nash's adviser and former Carnegie professor Richard Duffin wrote a letter of recommendation for Nash's entrance to Princeton stating, "He is a mathematical genius." Nash was accepted at Harvard University. However, the chairman of the mathematics department at Princeton, Solomon Lefschetz, offered him the John S. Kennedy fellowship, convincing Nash that Princeton valued him more. Further, he considered Princeton more favorably because of its proximity to his family in Bluefield. At Princeton, he began work on his equilibrium theory known as the Nash equilibrium. Nash earned a Ph. D. degree in 1950 with a 28-page dissertation on non-cooperative games. The thesis, written under the supervision of doctoral advisor Albert W. Tucker, contained the definition and properties of the Nash equilibrium, a crucial concept in non-cooperative games.
It won Nash the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1994. Publications authored by Nash relating to the concept are in the following papers: Nash, John Forbes. "Equilibrium Points in N-person Games". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 36: 48–49. Doi:10.1073/pnas.36.1.48. MR 0031701. PMC 1063129. PMID 16588946. Nash, John Forbes. "The Bargaining Problem". Econometrica. Basel, Switzerland: MDPI. 18: 155–62. Doi:10.2307/1907266. JSTOR 1907266. MR 0035977. Nash, John Forbes. "Non-cooperative Games". Annals of Mathematics. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University. 54: 286–95. Doi:10.2307/1969529. JSTOR 1969529. MR 0043432. Nash, John Forbes. "Two-person Cooperative Games". Econometrica. Basel, Switzerland: MDPI. 21: 128–40. Doi:10.2307/1906951. MR 0053471. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2017. Nash did groundbreaking work in the area of real algebraic geometry: John Forbes. "Real algebraic manifolds". Annals of Mathematics. 56: 405–21.
Doi:10.2307/1969649. JSTOR 1969649. MR 0050928. See "Proc. Internat. Congr. Math". AMS. 1952: 516–17. His work in mathematics includes the Nash embedding theorem, which shows that every abstract Riemannian manifold can be isometrically realized as a submanifold of Euclidean space, he made significant contributions to the theory of nonlinear parabolic partial differential equations and to singularity theory. Mikhail Leonidovich Gromov writes about Nash's work: Nash was solving classical mathematical problems, difficult problems, something that nobody else was able to do, not to imagine how to do it.... But what Nash discovered in the course of his constructions of isometric embeddings is far from'classical' — it is something that brings about a dramatic alteration of our understanding of the basic logic of analysis and differential geometry. Judging from the classical perspective, what Nash has achieved in his papers is as impossible as the story of his life... is work on isometric immersions... opened a new world of mathematics that stretches in front of our eyes in yet unknown directions and still waits to be explored.
John Milnor gives a list of 21 publications. In the Nash biography A Beautiful Mind, author Sylvia Nasar explains that Nash was working on proving Hilbert's nineteenth problem, a theorem involving elliptic partial differential equ
Sean Justin Penn is an American actor and filmmaker. He has won two Academy Awards, for his roles in the biopic Milk. Penn began his acting career in television, with a brief appearance in episode 112 of Little House on the Prairie, December 4, 1974, directed by his father Leo Penn. Following his film debut in the drama Taps, a diverse range of film roles in the 1980s, including Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Penn garnered critical attention for his roles in the crime dramas At Close Range, State of Grace, Carlito's Way, he became known as a prominent leading actor with the drama Dead Man Walking, for which he earned his first Academy Award nomination and the Best Actor Award at the Berlin Film Festival. Penn received another two Oscar nominations for Woody Allen's comedy-drama Sweet and Lowdown and the drama I Am Sam, before winning his first Academy Award for Best Actor in 2003 for Mystic River and a second one in 2008 for Milk, he has won a Best Actor Award at the Cannes Film Festival for the Nick Cassavetes-directed She's So Lovely, two Best Actor Awards at the Venice Film Festival for the indie film Hurlyburly and the drama 21 Grams.
Penn made his feature film directorial debut with The Indian Runner, followed by the drama film The Crossing Guard and the mystery film The Pledge. Penn directed one of the 11 segments of 11'09"01 September 11, a compilation film made in response to the September 11 attacks, his fourth feature film, the biographical drama survival movie Into the Wild, garnered critical acclaim and two Academy Award nominations. In addition to his film work, Penn engages in political and social activism, including his criticism of the George W. Bush administration, his contact with the Presidents of Cuba and Venezuela, his humanitarian work in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Penn was born in Santa Monica, California, to actor and director Leo Penn, actress Eileen Ryan, his older brother is musician Michael Penn. His younger brother, actor Chris Penn, died in 2006, his paternal grandparents were Ashkenazi Jewish emigrants from Lithuania and Russia, while his mother is a Catholic of Irish and Italian descent.
Penn attended Santa Monica High School. He began making short films with some of his childhood friends, including actors Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen, who lived near his home. Penn appeared in a 1974 episode of the Little House on the Prairie television series as an extra when his father, directed some of the episodes. Penn launched his film career with the action-drama Taps, where he played a military high school cadet. A year he appeared in the hit comedy Fast Times at Ridgemont High, in the role of surfer-stoner Jeff Spicoli. Next, Penn appeared as a troubled youth, in the drama Bad Boys; the role jump-started his career as a serious actor. Penn played Andrew Daulton Lee in the film The Falcon and the Snowman, which followed an actual criminal case. Lee was a former drug dealer by trade, convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union and sentenced to life in prison, but was paroled in 1998. Penn hired Lee as his personal assistant because he wanted to reward Lee for allowing him to play Lee in the film.
Penn starred in the drama At Close Range. He stopped acting for a few years in the early 1990s, having been dissatisfied with the industry, focused on making his directing debut; the Academy Awards first recognized his work in nominating him for playing a racist murderer on death row in the drama film Dead Man Walking. He was nominated again for his comedic performance as an egotistical jazz guitarist in the film Sweet and Lowdown, he received his third nomination after portraying a mentally handicapped father in I am Sam. Penn won for his role in the Boston crime-drama Mystic River. In 2004, Penn played Samuel Bicke, a character based on Samuel Byck, who in 1974 attempted and failed to assassinate President Richard Nixon, in The Assassination of Richard Nixon; the same year, he was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Next, Penn portrayed governor Willie Stark in an adaptation of Robert Penn Warren's classic 1946 American novel All the King's Men; the film was a critical and commercial failure, named by a 2010 Forbes article as the biggest flop in the last five years.
In November 2008, Penn earned positive reviews for his portrayal of real-life gay-rights icon and politician Harvey Milk in the biopic Milk, was nominated for best actor for the 2008 Independent Spirit Awards. The film earned Penn his fifth nomination and second win for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Penn starred as Joseph C. Wilson in a film adaptation of Valerie Plame's 2007 memoir, he co-starred in the drama The Tree of Life, which won the Palme d'Or at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival. In 2015, Penn starred in The Gunman, a French-American action thriller based on the novel The Prone Gunman, by Jean-Patrick Manchette. Jasmine Trinca, Idris Elba, Ray Winstone, Mark Rylance and fellow Oscar-winner Javier Bardem appear in supporting roles. Penn plays Jim Terrier, a sniper on a mercenary assassination team who kills the minister of mines of the Congo. Penn made his directorial debut with The Indian Ru
William James Murray is an American actor and writer. He first gained exposure on Saturday Night Live, a series of performances that earned him his first Emmy Award, starred in comedy films—including Meatballs, Stripes, Ghostbusters, Ghostbusters II, What About Bob?, Groundhog Day. He co-directed Quick Change. Murray garnered additional critical acclaim in his career, starring in Lost in Translation, which earned him a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award for Best Actor, as well as an Oscar nomination for Best Actor, for collaborating with director Wes Anderson, he received Golden Globe nominations for his roles in Ghostbusters, Hyde Park on Hudson, St. Vincent, the HBO miniseries Olive Kitteridge, for which he won his second Primetime Emmy Award. Murray received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor in 2016, his comedy is known for its deadpan delivery. Murray was born on September 21, 1950, in Evanston, Illinois, to Lucille, a mail-room clerk, Edward Joseph Murray II, a lumber salesman, he was raised in a northern suburb of Chicago.
Murray and his eight siblings were raised in a Roman Catholic Irish-American family. Three of his siblings, John Murray, Joel Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, are actors. A sister, Nancy, is an Adrian Dominican nun in Michigan, who has traveled the United States in a one-woman program, portraying St. Catherine of Siena, their father died in 1967 at the age of 46 from complications of diabetes when Bill was 17 years old. As a youth, Murray read children's biographies of American heroes like Kit Carson, Wild Bill Hickok, Davy Crockett, he attended Loyola Academy. During his teen years, he worked as a golf caddy to fund his education at the Jesuit high school. One of his sisters had polio and his mother suffered several miscarriages. During his teen years he was the lead singer of a rock band called the Dutch Masters and took part in high school and community theater. After graduating, Murray attended Regis University in Denver, taking pre-medical courses, he dropped out, returning to Illinois. Decades in 2007, Regis awarded him an honorary Doctor of Humanities degree.
On September 21, 1970, his 20th birthday, the police arrested Murray at Chicago's O'Hare Airport for trying to smuggle 10 lb of cannabis, which he had intended to sell. The drugs were discovered after Murray joked to the passenger next to him that he had packed a bomb in his luggage. Murray was sentenced to probation. With an invitation from his older brother, Murray got his start at The Second City in Chicago, an improvisational comedy troupe, studying under Del Close. In 1974, he moved to New York City and was recruited by John Belushi as a featured player on The National Lampoon Radio Hour. In 1975, an Off-Broadway version of a Lampoon show led to his first television role as a cast member of the ABC variety show Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell; that same season, another variety show titled. Cosell's show lasted just one season, canceled in early 1976. After working in Los Angeles with the "guerrilla video" commune TVTV on several projects, Murray rose to prominence in 1976, he joined the cast of NBC's Saturday Night Live for the show's second season, following the departure of Chevy Chase.
Murray was with SNL for three seasons from 1977 to 1980. A Rutland Weekend Television sketch Eric Idle brought for his appearance on SNL developed into the 1978 mockumentary All You Need Is Cash with Murray appearing as "Bill Murray the K", a send-up of New York radio host Murray the K, in a segment of the film, a parody of the Maysles Brothers's documentary The Beatles: The First U. S. Visit. During the first few seasons of SNL, Murray engaged in a romantic relationship with fellow cast member Gilda Radner. Murray landed his first starring role with the film Meatballs in 1979, he followed. In the early 1980s, he starred in a string of box-office hits, including Caddyshack and Tootsie. Murray was the first guest on NBC's Late Night with David Letterman on February 1, 1982, he appeared on the first episode of the Late Show with David Letterman on August 30, 1993, when the show moved to CBS. On January 31, 2012 – 30 years after his first appearance with Letterman – Murray appeared again on his talk show.
He appeared as Letterman's final guest when the host retired on May 20, 2015. Murray began work on a film adaptation of the novel The Razor's Edge; the film, which Murray co-wrote, was his first starring role in a dramatic film. He agreed with Columbia Pictures to star in Ghostbusters—in a role written for John Belushi—to get financing for The Razor's Edge. Ghostbusters became the highest-grossing comedy of all-time; the Razor's Edge, filmed before Ghostbusters but not released until after, was a box-office flop. Frustrated over the failure of The Razor's Edge, Murray retired from acting for four years to study philosophy and history at Sorbonne University, frequent the Cinémathèque in Paris, spend time with his family in their Hudson River Valley home. During that time, his second son, was born. With the exception of a cameo appearance in the 1986 movie Little Shop of Horrors, he did not make any appearances in films, though he did participate in several public readings in Manhattan organized by playwright/director Timothy Mayer and in a stage production of Bertolt Brecht's A Man's a
Eric Marlon Bishop, known professionally as Jamie Foxx, is an American actor, songwriter, record producer, comedian. For his portrayal of Ray Charles in the 2004 biographical film Ray, he won an Academy Award for Best Actor, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy; that same year, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the crime film Collateral. Since spring 2017, Foxx has served as the host and executive producer of the Fox game show Beat Shazam. Other acting roles include Staff Sergeant Sykes in Jarhead, record executive Curtis Taylor, Jr. in Dreamgirls, Detective Ricardo Tubbs in the 2006 film adaptation of TV series Miami Vice, the title role in the film Django Unchained, the supervillain Electro in The Amazing Spider-Man 2, Will Stacks in Annie, gangster Bats / Leon Jefferson III in Baby Driver. Foxx starred in the sketch comedy show In Living Color and his own television sitcom The Jamie Foxx Show, in which he played Jamie King, Jr. Foxx is a Grammy Award-winning musician, producing four albums, which have charted in the top ten of the U.
S. Billboard 200: Unpredictable, which topped the chart, Best Night of My Life, Hollywood: A Story of a Dozen Roses. Eric Marlon Bishop was born in Terrell, Texas on December 13, 1967, he is the son of Darrell Bishop, who sometimes worked as a stockbroker, Louise Annette Talley Dixon. Shortly after his birth, Foxx was adopted and raised by his mother's adoptive parents, Esther Marie, a domestic worker and nursery operator, Mark Talley, a yard worker, he has had little contact with his birth parents. Foxx was raised in the black quarter of Terrell, which at the time was a racially segregated community, he has acknowledged his grandmother's influence in his life as one of the greatest reasons for his success. Foxx began playing the piano, he had a strict Baptist upbringing, as a teenager he was a part-time pianist and choir leader in Terrell's New Hope Baptist Church. His natural talent for telling jokes was in evidence as a third grader, when his teacher would use him as a reward: if the class behaved, Foxx would tell them jokes.
Foxx attended Terrell High School, where he played basketball and football. His ambition was to play for the Dallas Cowboys, he was the first player in the school's history to pass for more than 1,000 yards, he sang in a band called Leather and Lace. After completing high school, Foxx received a scholarship to United States International University, where he studied musical and performing arts composition. Foxx first told jokes at a comedy club's open mic night in 1989, after accepting a girlfriend's dare; when he found that female comedians were called first to perform, he changed his name to Jamie Foxx, feeling that it was a name ambiguous enough to disallow any biases. He chose his surname as a tribute to the black comedian Redd Foxx. Foxx joined the cast of In Living Color in 1991, where his recurrent character Wanda shared a name with Redd's friend and co-worker, LaWanda Page. Following a recurring role in the comedy-drama sitcom Roc, Foxx went on to star in his own sitcom The Jamie Foxx Show, from 1996 to 2001.
Foxx made his film debut in the 1992 comedy Toys. His first dramatic role came in Oliver Stone's 1999 film Any Given Sunday, where he was cast as a hard-partying American football player because of his own football background. In 2001, Foxx starred opposite Will Smith in Michael Mann's biographical drama Ali. Three years Foxx played taxi driver Max Durocher in the film Collateral alongside Tom Cruise, for which he received outstanding reviews and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1994, Foxx released an album entitled Peep This, not commercially successful. In 2003, Foxx made a cameo in Benzino's music video for "Would You", which features LisaRaye McCoy and Mario Winans. In 2003, Foxx featured on the rapper Twista's song, "Slow Jamz", together with Kanye West, which reached #1 on the US Billboard Hot 100 singles chart and #3 on the UK Singles chart, his second collaboration with Kanye West, "Gold Digger," in which Foxx sang the Ray Charles-influenced "I Got a Woman" hook went straight to #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, remaining there for 10 weeks.
In 2005, Foxx featured on the single "Georgia" by Atlanta rappers Ludacris and Field Mob, which sampled Ray Charles' hit "Georgia on My Mind". Foxx would portray Ray Charles in the biographical film Ray, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. Foxx is the third male in history to receive two acting Oscar nominations in the same year for two different movies and Ray. In 2005, Foxx was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Foxx released his second studio album, Unpredictable, in December 2005, it debuted at #2, selling 598,000 copies in its first week, rising to #1 the following week and selling an additional 200,000 copies. To date, the album has sold 1.98 million copies in the United States, was certified double Platinum by the RIAA. The album charted on the UK Albums Chart, where it peaked at #9. Foxx became the fourth artist to have both won an Academy Award for an acting role and to have achieved a #1 album in the U.
S, joining Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby and Barbra Streisand. Foxx's first single from the album, the title track "Unpredictable" (f
Christian Charles Philip Bale is an English-American actor, known for his intense method acting style transforming his body drastically for his roles. Bale is the recipient of many awards, including an Academy Award and two Golden Globes, was featured in the Time 100 list of 2011. Born in Haverfordwest, Wales, to English parents, Bale had his first starring role at age 13 in Steven Spielberg's war film Empire of the Sun. Following a decade of leading and supporting roles, including in Little Women, he gained wider recognition for portraying the serial killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho. In 2004, he lost 63 pounds for his role in the psychological thriller The Machinist. Within six months, he gained 100 pounds to star as Batman in Christopher Nolan's superhero film Batman Begins, he reprised his role in the sequels The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises. Bale continued to take on starring roles, including in Nolan's period drama The Prestige, the western 3:10 to Yuma, the science fiction film Terminator Salvation, the crime drama Public Enemies.
He won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Dicky Eklund in the David O. Russell-directed biographical film The Fighter; this acclaim continued with his Oscar-nominated roles in Russell's black comedy American Hustle and in Adam McKay's satires The Big Short and Vice. For portraying Dick Cheney in the latter, he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. Bale's personal life and personality has been the subject of much public attention, despite his desire to keep a low profile, he is a supporter of Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and the World Wildlife Fund, obtained American citizenship in 2014. Bale has been married to Sandra Blažić since 2000. Bale was born in Haverfordwest, the son of Jenny, a circus performer, David Bale, an entrepreneur, commercial pilot and talent manager. Bale has three sisters, his mother is English and his father was born in South Africa, to English parents. Bale has remarked, "I was born in Wales but I'm not Welsh – I'm English".
He spent his childhood in Wales and Dorset in England, Portugal. Bale acknowledged, he attended Bournemouth School, but left at age 16. Bale studied the work of actor Gary Oldman, citing him as "the reason I'm acting", his first role was a commercial for the fabric softener Lenor in 1982. A year he appeared in a Pac-Man cereal commercial, playing a child rock star. In 1984, he made his stage debut in The Nerd on London's West End with Rowan Atkinson. Bale's parents divorced in 1991, his mother and sister Sharon stayed in Bournemouth, Bale moved with his father to Los Angeles, California at age seventeen. Bale made his film debut as Tsarevich Alexei Nikolaevich of Russia in the made for television film Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna in 1986, followed by leading roles in the miniseries Heart of the Country and the fantasy adventure Mio in the Land of Faraway, in which he appeared with Christopher Lee and Nick Pickard, his performance as the boy Jim Graham in Empire of the Sun earned him widespread critical praise and the first "Best Performance by a Juvenile Actor" award from the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.
The attention the press and his schoolmates lavished upon him after this took a toll on Bale, he contemplated giving up acting. But Kenneth Branagh approached him and persuaded Bale to appear in Henry V in 1989, which he found to be a good experience. In 1990, he played the role of Jim Hawkins opposite Charlton Heston in Treasure Island, a film adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson's classic book. Bale starred in the musical films Newsies and Swing Kids, the latter about teenagers who secretly listened to forbidden jazz during the rise of Nazi Germany. Bale was recommended by actress Winona Ryder to star in director Gillian Armstrong's 1994 film Little Women. Bale voiced Thomas, a young compatriot of Captain John Smith, in Disney's Pocahontas. In 1997 he played Arthur Stuart in Todd Haynes' tribute to glam rock. In 1999, Bale contributed to an all-star cast, including Kevin Kline, Michelle Pfeiffer, Stanley Tucci, Rupert Everett, portraying Demetrius in an updated version of William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
In 1999, Bale played serial killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho, director Mary Harron's adaptation of Bret Easton Ellis' novel of the same title. Bale was dropped from the project in favour of Leonardo DiCaprio, but DiCaprio dropped out to star in The Beach. Bale was again cast in the role, he researched his character by studying the novel and prepared himself physically for the role by spending months tanning and exercising in order to achieve the "Olympian physique" of the character as described in the original novel. He distanced himself from the cast and crew in order to maintain the darker side of Bateman's character. American Psycho premiered at the 2000 Sundance Film Festival to much controversy. Roger Ebert condemned the film at first, calling it pornography and "the most loathed film at Sundance." Nonetheless, he gave it a favorable review, writing that director Harron had "transformed a novel about bloodlust into a film about men's vanity." Of Bale's performance, he wrote, "Christian Bale is heroic in the way he allows the character to leap joyfully into despicability.
Bale was approached to make a cameo appearance in anothe