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Crocus

Crocus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms. Many are cultivated for their flowers appearing in winter, or spring; the spice saffron is obtained from the stigmas of an autumn-blooming species. Crocuses are native to woodland and meadows from sea level to alpine tundra in North Africa and the Middle East and southern Europe, in particular Krokos, Greece, on the islands of the Aegean, across Central Asia to Xinjiang Province in western China; the name of the genus is derived from the Greek κρόκος. This, in turn, is a loan word from a Semitic language, related to Hebrew כרכום karkōm, Aramaic ܟܟܘܪܟܟܡܡܐ kurkama, Arabic كركم kurkum, which mean "saffron", "saffron yellow" or turmeric; the word traces back to the Sanskrit kunkumam for "saffron". The English name is a learned 16th-century adoption from the Latin, but Old English had croh "saffron". Cultivation and harvesting of Crocus sativus for saffron was first documented in the Mediterranean, notably on the island of Crete.

Frescos showing them are found at the Knossos site on Crete, as well as from the comparably aged Akrotiri site on Santorini. The first crocus seen in the Netherlands, where crocus species are not native, were from corms brought back in the 1560s from Constantinople by the Holy Roman Emperor's ambassador to the Sublime Porte, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. A few corms were forwarded to Carolus Clusius at the botanical garden in Leiden. By 1620, the approximate date of Ambrosius Bosschaert's painting, new garden varieties had been developed, such as the cream-colored crocus feathered with bronze at the base of the bouquet, similar to varieties still on the market. Bosschaert, working from a preparatory drawing to paint his composed piece spanning the whole of spring, exaggerated the crocus so that it passes for a tulip, but its narrow, grass-like leaves give it away; the cup-shaped, salverform flower tapers off into a narrow tube. Their colors vary enormously, although lilac, mauve and white are predominant.

The grass-like, ensiform leaf shows a white central stripe along the leaf axis. The leaf margin is entire. A crocus has three stamens, while a similar-looking toxic plant, sometimes popularly referred to as "autumn crocus", has six stamens. In addition, crocus have one style. Crocuses are distributed across central and southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia to western China; the taxonomic classification proposed by Brian Mathew in 1982 was based on three character states: the presence or absence of a prophyll. The seven species discovered since have been integrated into this classification. Molecular analysis carried out at the University of Copenhagen suggests this classification should be reviewed. In particular, the DNA data suggest there are no grounds for isolating C. banaticus in its own subgenus Crociris, though it is a unique species in the genus. Because it has a prophyll at the base of the pedicel, it therefore would fall within section Crocus, although its exact relationship to the rest of the subgenus remains unclear.

Another anomalous species, C. baytopiorum, should now be placed in a series of its own, series Baytopi. C. gargaricus subsp. Herbertii has been raised as C. herbertii. Most autumn-flowering C. longiflorus, the type species of series Longiflori, now seems to lie within series Verni. In addition, the position of C. malyi is unclear. DNA analysis and morphological studies suggest further that series Reticulati and Speciosi are "probably inseparable". C. adanensis and C. caspius should be removed from Biflori. The study shows "no support for a system of sections as defined", despite the many inconsistencies between Mathew's 1982 classification and the current hypothesis, "the main assignment of species to the sections and series of that system is supported"; the authors state, "further studies are required before any firm decisions about a hierarchical system of classification can be considered" and conclude "future re-classification is to involve all infrageneric levels, subgenera and series". Below is the classification proposed by Brian Mathew in 1982, adapted in accordance with the above findings: A.

Section Crocus: species with a basal prophyllSeries Verni: corms with reticulated fibers, spring-flowering, flowers for the most part without conspicuous outer striping, bracts absent Crocus etruscus Parl. Crocus ilvensis Carta Crocus kosaninii Pulevic Crocus longiflorus Raf. – Italian crocus Crocus tommasinianus Herb. – Woodland crocus, Tommasini's crocus Crocus vernus Hill – Spring crocus, Dutch crocus Crocus vernus subsp. Albiflorus Asch. & Graebn. Crocus vernus subsp. VernusSeries Baytopi: corms with reticulated fibers. Series Versicolores: spring-flowering, corms with tunics, which for the most part have parallel fibers, flowers with conspicuous exterior striping Crocus cam

Charlie Maxwell

Charles Richard Maxwell, nicknamed "Smokey," "Paw Paw,", "Sunday Punch" and "Sunday Charlie," is a former professional baseball outfielder. He played 15 seasons in Major League Baseball with the Boston Red Sox, Baltimore Orioles, Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox. Maxwell was an agile left fielder who led all American League outfielders in fielding percentage in 1957 and 1960, he had only one error in both years. He was one of the top power hitters in baseball during his peak years with the Detroit Tigers from 1956 to 1960, finishing four times among the league leaders in home runs. Maxwell was elected to the American League All-Star team in 1956 and 1957, he threw left-handed. Maxwell's nicknames included "Paw Paw,", "Smokey," "Sunday Charlie", "the Sabbath Smasher," the latter two given in recognition of his propensity for hitting home runs on Sundays. Born in Lawton, Michigan in 1927, Maxwell played baseball for Western Michigan University in 1945 before being drafted into the U. S. Army. After two years in the military, Maxwell played parts of seven seasons in the minor leagues before reaching the majors on a full-time basis.

Signed by the Boston Red Sox, Maxwell spent three years playing for the Red Sox minor league team in Roanoke, Virginia. In 1949, Maxwell won the Triple crown in the Class B Piedmont League, with a.345 batting average, 29 home runs, 112 RBIs. On May 25, 1949, Maxwell capped a comeback from 13–4 deficit with a two-out, three-run homer in the ninth inning. In 1950, Maxwell hit.320 with 25 home runs for Birmingham in the Double-A Southern Association. After hitting four home runs in the post-season for Birmingham, Maxwell was called up to the big leagues for the last week of the 1950 season. Maxwell went hitless in nine plate appearances for the Red Sox in 1950. In 1951, Maxwell remained with the Red Sox but saw limited playing time as the backup left fielder for Ted Williams, his batting average in 1951 was.188. Things went from bad to worse in 1952. In 1953, Maxwell turned things around, playing the full season for Louisville of the Triple-A American Association, finishing the year with a.305 batting average, 23 home runs and 107 RBIs.

Maxwell's strong performance in Louisville and Williams' broken collarbone resulted in Maxwell being the Red Sox starting left fielder at the start of the 1954 season. In mid-May, Williams returned to the lineup, Maxwell, to the bench. In the off-season, the Red Sox sold Maxwell to the Baltimore Orioles, but Maxwell had only four at-bats for the Orioles before being sold to the Detroit Tigers on May 9, 1955. Maxwell remained with the Tigers from 1955 to 1962, serving as the teams' regular left fielder from 1956 to 1960. After being platooned in Detroit's outfield in 1955, the 1956 season was Maxwell's first as an every-day player, his performance won him a spot on the 1956 American League All-Star team. Maxwell played 141 games for the Tigers in 1956 and finished among the American League leaders in most batting categories with a.534 slugging percentage. Maxwell excelled in the field in 1956, with a.987 fielding percentage. He gave a pregame show for the fans on Saturdays when the Tigers hosted kids from the "Knothole Gang."

"Shagging fungoes in left field, Maxwell would grin, clown around, catch the ball behind his back or between his legs." At age 30, Maxwell followed up with another strong season in 1957, winning a spot on the American League All-Star team for the second straight year. Having committed only four errors in 1956, Maxwell improved his performance in 1957, committing only one error in over 300 chances, he led all AL outfielders with a.997 fielding percentage. And his 2.36 Range factor in left field was 0.39 points above the average for all outfielders. Maxwell continued his strong hitting in 1957. Though his batting average dipped by 50 points to.276, he finished with a.377 on-base percentage.482 slugging percentage, 24 home runs. "I was a tougher clutch hitter late in the game," Maxwell recalled. "Sportswriter Hal Middlesworth told me that I led the team in game-winning hits in 1956 and 1957 though other guys hit for higher averages." After a less than stellar performance in 1958, the Tigers signed Larry Doby to replace Maxwell for the 1959 season.

Doby fizzled with the Tigers and was traded on May 13, leaving the left field spot open for Maxwell to reclaim. Maxwell posted career-highs in 1959 with 95 RBIs. Maxwell hit home runs in four consecutive at-bats during a Sunday afternoon doubleheader in May and hit 12 of his 31 home runs in 1959 on Sundays—leading fans and broadcasters to refer to him as "Sunday Charlie" and "the Sabbath Smasher." In 1960, Maxwell's batting average dropped to.237, though he still hit 24 home runs and batted in 84 runs. Maxwell's defensive performance remained strong in 1960, as he led all American League outfielders in fielding percentage for the second time in his career, he committed only one error in over 1,000 innings for a. 996 fielding percentage. In 1961, slugger Rocky Colavito took over Maxwell's spot in left field. Colavito hit 45 home runs and 140 RBIs, Maxwell was relegat

Ski Idlewild

Ski Idlewild was a small ski area located in Hideaway Park, Colorado. It began operation in 1961 opened by Dwight and Jean Miller with a blue Pomagalski double chair with shield. In 1967 a platter lift was installed, yielding better access to the north ski runs and giving first-time skiers an easier way to access the slopes. At the base of Ski Idlewild was, Idlewild Guest Ranch, a hotel built three years before the ski area opened; the Idlewild Lodge hotel, not to be confused with the Ski Idlewild base lodge, was a part of the Idlewild Guest Ranch and featured tennis courts, a swimming pool, a disc golf course, cross country ski trails, the Idlewild Barn, an ice skating rink. After many years of providing novice skiers with fun and affordable skiing, Ski Idlewild closed on March 20, 1986. In 1986, the left sheave train of the chairlift fell to the ground. There were no deaths or injuries, but four people had to be evacuated from the lift by the ski patrol. Ski Idlewild could not pay the $550 inspection fee to the Colorado Passenger Tramway Safety Board, the ski area was abandoned.

The Idlewild Guest Ranch continued its operation as a cross-country ski area, the Ski Idlewild base lodge was closed and used for document storage. Idlewild Lodge teamed up with Devil's Thumb Ranch in Tabernash, creating a vast network of cross country ski trails connecting Tabernash and Winter Park. In 1994, the Idlewild Lodge hotel was sold and reopened for winter and summer operation until closing again in summer 1996. Up until the close of the hotel in 2002, the ski area was serviced by the Winter Park Resort shuttle, which provided free transportation to Ski Idlewild. For six years, Ski Idlewild sat boarded up, though all lifts and buildings remained, it became a frequent target of looters, as well as an occasional hangout for local kids. On July 29, 2008 it was announced that the buildings would be burned to make way for a paved road into the adjacent Rendezvous housing development and a park which will be formed on land the current owner plans to donate to the city; the next day, however, it was noted that the burning has been delayed and that no date has yet been chosen for the rescheduled destruction.

1967-1968 Ski Season Lift Tickets 1 Ride $1.00 Half Day $3.00 Full Day $4.00 3 days $10.00 1 Week $21.00 Under 18 $3.25 Ski School offered1974-1975 Ski Season Ski School 1 day $8.00 3 days $21.00 5 days $35.00 1 half day $6.00 3 half days $16.00 5 half days $26.00 Private Lesson $6.00 per hour plus $6.00 per person Lift Tickets All day $6.00 Half day $4.50 Under 12 $4.00 3 day $17.00 5 day $27.00 Over 65 half price1976-1977 Ski Season Ski School 1 day $9.00 3 days $24.00 5 days $35.00 1 half day $7.00 3 half days $19.00 5 half days $31.00 Private Lesson $6.00 per hour plus $6.00 per person Lift Tickets All day $6.50 Half day $5.00 Under 12 $4.00 3 day $18.00 5 day $29.00 Over 65 half price1984-1985 Ski Season Ski School 1 day $18.00 2 days $32.00 1 half day $12.00 Private Lesson $17.00 per hour plus $8.00 per person Lift Tickets All day $11.00 Under 12 $8.00 Over 65 half price Colorado Ski History's page on Ski Idlewild Winter Park Manifest article on the future of Ski Idlewild

Fazlul Karim (scholar)

Mohammad Fazlul Karim was a scholar, Islamist politician, founder of Islami Andolan Bangladesh. He started a residential madrassah in Barisal District, southern Bangladesh. Maulana Syed Mohammad Fazlul Karim was born in Charmanai, Barisal district. After completing his degree in Islamic Studies from Alia Madrasah, Fazlul Karim joined Jamia Qurania Arabia Lalbagh, Dhaka, he completed Dawra e Hadith from this institution in 1957. Syed Mohammad Fazlul Karim started his career as a teacher at Charmonai Madrasah. In 1987, Fazlul Karim established Islami Shashontantra Andolan, he served as the head of the movement till his death in 2006. After long suffering from diabetes and kidney disease Fazlul Karim died at the age 71 in his own home at village Charmonai in Sadar upazila of Barisal district at November 24, 2006 about 9:40 am, he had seven sons and a daughter. Pir Saheb Charmonai Islami Andolan Bangladesh Islami Shasontontro Chhattra Andolan

2012 America East Men's Basketball Tournament

The 2012 America East Men's Basketball Tournament was held from March 1–4 at Chase Arena at Reich Family Pavilion in West Hartford, with the final held March 10 between the Stony Brook Seawolves and the Vermont Catamounts. As per America East tournament regulations, the final took place at Stony Brook University Arena, on the campus of Stony Brook University, the top and highest remaining seed; the Catamounts prevailed, 52-43, earned an automatic bid to the 2012 NCAA Tournament. All games except the play-in game was televised by the ESPN family of networks, including the Championship game on ESPN2. Championship game hosted by Stony Brook America East Conference 2012 America East Tournament Central

Umling Gewog

Umling Gewog is a gewog of Sarpang District, Bhutan. Umling Geog is situated in the central Southern foothills of Sarpang Dzongkhag, bordering Assam, India in the South, Chuzagang Geog in the West, Tareythang Geog in the East and Zhemgang Dzongkhag in the North, its total geographical area is 122 km2 out of which 1480 acres is an arable land. It has undulated terrain with an elevation ranging from 190m to 400m above sea level, it has hot and rainy climatic conditions in summer. It is 33 km away from the Dungkhag headquarters and is connected with the farm road, inaccessible in the monsoon season due to heavy downpour, it has a total population of 3129 with hundred percent people dependent upon agriculture. Arecanut and ginger are grown as principal cash crop while paddy and maize are cultivated as main crop by the farmers. Beside farmers rear domestic animals like cows, goats, etc. which add to their livelihood. Until 2011 Local Government election, the Geog had eight Chiwogs, namely: Chhuborthang, Doongmin, Lingar, Rijoog and Thongjazor and was merged into five Chiwogs, namely: Daangling, Gaden and Tashithang after the first LG Election.

The Geog is administratively headed by Gelephu Dungkhag and subsequently by Sarpang Dzongkhag