Cromer is a coastal town and civil parish on the north coast of the English county of Norfolk. It is 23 miles north of the county city of Norwich, 116 miles north-northeast of London and 4 miles east of Sheringham on the North Sea coastline; the local government authority is North Norfolk District Council, whose headquarters is on Holt Road in the town. The civil parish has an area of 4.66 km2 and at the 2011 census had a population of 7,683. The town is notable as a traditional tourist resort and for the Cromer crab, which forms the major source of income for local fishermen; the motto Gem of the Norfolk Coast is highlighted on the town's road signs. The town has given its name to the Cromerian Stage or Cromerian Complex called the Cromerian, a stage in the Pleistocene glacial history of north-western Europe. Cromer is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086; the place-name'Cromer' is first found in a will of 1262 and could mean'Crows' mere or lake'. There are other contenders for the derivation, a north-country word'cromer' meaning'a gap in the cliffs' or less a direct transfer from a Danish placename.
It is reasonable to assume that the present site of Cromer, around the parish church of Saints Peter and Paul, is what was in 1337 called Shipden-juxta-Felbrigg, by the end of the 14th century known as Cromer. A reference to a place called Crowemere Shipden can be seen in a legal record, dated 1422, the home of John Gees; the other Shipden is now about a quarter of a mile to the north east of the end of Cromer Pier, under the sea. Its site is marked by Church Rock, now no longer visible at a low spring tide. In 1888 a small pleasure steamer called Victoria struck the remains of the church tower, the rock was subsequently blown up for safety. In the present day, members of Great Yarmouth sub-aqua club dived at the site, salvaged artefacts from both the medieval church and the wreck of Victoria. Cromer became a resort in the early 19th century, with some of the rich Norwich banking families making it their summer home. Visitors included the future King Edward VII; the resort's facilities included the late-Victorian Cromer Pier, home to the Pavilion Theatre.
In 1883 the London journalist Clement Scott began to write about the area. He named the stretch of coastline the Overstrand and Sidestrand area, "Poppyland", the combination of the railway and his writing in the national press brought many visitors; the name "Poppyland" referred to the numerous poppies which grew in meadows. Cromer suffered several bombing raids during the Second World War. Shortly after one raid, Cromer featured as the location for an episode of An American In England, written by Norman Corwin with the narrator staying in the Red Lion Hotel and retelling several local accounts of life in the town at wartime; the radio play first aired in the United States on 1 December 1942 on the CBS/Columbia Workshop programme starring Joe Julian. The account mentions some of the effects of the war on local people and businesses and the fact that the town adopted a Bangor-class minesweeper, HMS Cromer. On 5 December 2013 the town was affected by a storm surge which caused significant damage to the town's pier and seafront.
In 2016, the Cromer shoal chalk beds, thought to be Europe's largest chalk reef, were designated as a Marine Conservation Zone. Traditionally Cromer was a fishing town; the town is famous for the Cromer crab, which has formed the major source of income for the local fishermen. By 2018, experienced crabmen were having difficulty attracting young people to the business because the many hours of work required each week during the season. Lobster trapping was continuing; the town had grown up as a fishing station over the centuries and became a year-round fishery, with crabs and lobsters in the summer, drifting for longshore herring in the autumn and long-lining for cod, in the winter, when weather permitted. The pattern of fishing has changed over the last thirty years, it is now completely focused on crabs and lobsters. At the end of the 19th century, the beaches to the east and west of the pier were crowded with fishing boats. In 2016, about ten boats plied their trade from the foot of the gangway on the east beach, with shops in the town selling fresh crab, whenever the boats go to sea.
Tourism developed in the town during the Victorian period and is now an important part of the local economy. The town is a popular resort and acts as a touring base for the surrounding area; the coastal location means that beach holidays and fishing are important, with the beach and pier being major draws. Visitor attractions within the town include the Pavilion Theatre on the pier. Close to the town's pier the RNLI Henry Blogg Museum is housed inside the early 21st century Rocket House; the museum has the Cromer Lifeboat H F Bailey III as its centrepiece and illustrates the history of the town's lifeboats and lifeboatman Henry Blogg's most famous rescues. The South American themed Amazona zoo park opened to the public in 2006 and is to the south of the town; the park covers 10 acres of former brick kilns and woodland on the outskirts of the town and includes animals including jaguar and puma. For one week in August the town celebrates its Carnival Week; the event's 40th anniversary was held in 2009.
Attractions included parade of floats and a fancy dress competition. The highlight of the week was an over-the-sea aerial display by the Red Arrows. Cromer is twinned with Nidda and Crest, France; the town has an Air Training Corps Squadron and an Army Cadet Force Platoon, based at Cromer High School
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Erie County, Ohio. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Erie County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 179 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks; the city of Sandusky is the location of 114 of these districts. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 21, 2020. List of National Historic Landmarks in Ohio National Register of Historic Places listings in Ohio
The Venomous is the seventh full-length studio album by the Greek/Swedish melodic death metal band, Nightrage. It was released by Despotz on the 31st of format CD/LP/digital; the album was recorded by Terry Nikas at Zero Gravity studios in Athens and mixed and mastered by Lawrence Mackrory at Maskinrummet studio in Uppsala, Sweden. The Venomous was released in Japan by record label Avalon/Marquee; the Bonus Track for Japanese release is an alternate version of the instrumental song "Denial of the Soul". Cover art/layout is made by Vagelis Petiklas of Revolver Design. Music videos were filmed for two of the album's tracks, "The Venomous" and "Affliction". Both videos were directed by Rawrec productions. Ronnie Nyman − vocals Marios Iliopoulos − guitars Magnus Söderman − guitars Anders Hammer - bass Lawrence Dinamarca − drums Lawrence Mackrory - Additional vocals on "Affliction" and "The Blood". Peter Sundström - String/keys arrangements on "Denial of The Soul" www.nightrage.com
The Maserati GranTurismo and GranCabrio are a series of a grand tourers produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Maserati from 2007 to 2019. They succeeded the 2-door V8 grand tourers offered by the Maserati Coupé and Spyder; the model was equipped with a 4.2-litre V8 engine developed in conjunction with Ferrari. The engine generates a maximum power output of 405 PS and is equipped with a 6-speed ZF automatic transmission; the GranTurismo platform was derived from Maserati M139 platform of Maserati Quattroporte V, with double-wishbone front and rear suspension. The grand tourer emphasizes comfort in harmony with driver-enjoyment. A total of 28,805 GranTurismos and 11,715 units of the convertible were produced; the final production example of the GranTurismo, called Zéda, was presented painted in a gradient of blue and white colours. Unveiled at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show, the GranTurismo has a drag coefficient of 0.33. The model was equipped with a 4.2-litre V8 engine developed in conjunction with Ferrari.
The engine generates a maximum power output of 405 PS and is equipped with a 6-speed ZF automatic transmission. The 2+2 body has been derived from the Maserati M139 platform shared with the Maserati Quattroporte V, with double-wishbone front suspension and a multilink rear suspension; the grand tourer emphasises comfort in harmony with driver-enjoyment. The better equipped S variant was unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show and features the enlarged 4.7-litre V8 engine shared with the Alfa Romeo 8C Competizione, rated at 440 PS at 7,000 rpm and 490 N⋅m of torque at 4,750 rpm. At the time of its introduction, it was the most powerful road; the engine is mated to the 6-speed sequential automated manual shared with the Ferrari F430 Scuderia. With the transaxle layout weight distribution improved to 53 % rear; the standard suspension set-up is fixed-setting steel dampers, with the Skyhook adaptive suspension available as an option along with a new exhaust system, upgraded Brembo brakes. The seats were offered with various leather and Alcantara trim options.
The upgrades were made to make the car more powerful and more appealing to the buyers while increasing performance, with acceleration from 0–100 km/h happening in 4.9 seconds and a maximum speed of 295 km/h. Aside from the power upgrades, the car featured new sideskirts, unique 20-inch wheels unavailable on the standard car, a small boot lip spoiler and black headlight clusters in place of the original silver; the variant was available in the North American market only for MY2009 with only 300 units offered for sale. The GranTurismo MC is the racing version of the GranTurismo S developed to compete in the FIA GT4 European Cup and is based on the Maserati MC concept; the car included a 6-point racing harness, 120 L fuel tank, 380 mm front and 326 mm rear brake discs with 6-piston callipers at the front and 4-piston callipers at the rear, 18-inch racing wheels with 305/645/18 front and 305/680/18 rear tires, carbon fibre body work and lexan windows throughout along with a race interior. All the weight saving measures lower the weight to about 3,000 lb.
The car shares the 4.7-litre V8 engine from the GranTurismo S but is tuned to generate a maximum power output of 450 PS along with the 6-speed sequential transmission. The vehicle was unveiled at the Paul Ricard Circuit in France, it went on sale in October, 2009 through the Maserati Corse programme with an MSRP of €135,000. 15 GranTurismo MC racecars were developed, homologated for the European Cup and National Endurance Series, one of, taken to be raced by GT motorsport organization Cool Victory in Dubai in January, 2010. Introduced in 2008, the GranTurismo MC Sport Line is a customisation programme based on the GranTurismo MC concept. Changes include front and rear carbon-fibre spoilers, carbon fibre mirror housings and door handles, 20-inch wheels, carbon fibre interior, stiffer springs, shock absorbers and anti-roll bars with custom Maserati Stability Programme software and 10 mm lower height than GranTurismo S; the programme was offered for the GranTurismo S only, with the product line expanded to all GranTurismo variants and all Maserati vehicles in 2009.
Replacing both the GranTurismo S and S Automatic, the Granturismo Sport was unveiled in March 2012 at the Geneva Motor Show. The revised 4.7L engine is rated at 460 PS. The Sport features a unique MC Stradale inspired front fascia, new headlights and new, sportier steering wheel and seats; the ZF six-speed automatic gearbox is now standard, while the six-speed sequential transaxle is available as an option. The latter has steering column mounted paddle shifters, a feature that's optional with the automatic gearbox. New redesigned front bumper and air splitter lowers drag coefficient from Cd=0.33 to 0.32. In September, 2010, Maserati announced plans to unveil a new version of the GranTurismo - the MC Stradale - at the 2010 Paris Motor Show; the two-seat MC Stradale is more powerful than the GranTurismo at 450 PS, friction reduction accounts for the increase, says Maserati, due to the strategic use of “diamond-like coating", an antifriction technology derived from Formula 1, on wear parts such as the cams and followers.
It is 110 kg lighter from the GranTurismo, more aerodynamic than any previous GranTurismo model - all with the same fuel
The Boston Ideal Opera Company The Bostonians, was a comic opera acting company based in Boston from 1879 through 1905. Effie Hinckley Ober started the group in 1879 to perform an "ideal" production of H. M. S. Pinafore in Boston, it was a great success, the company continued, toured widely. When the top actors took over the group around 1887, it became "The Bostonians." Actors in the group included Henry Clay Barnabee, Jessie Bartlett Davis, Mena Cleary, W. H. MacDonald, Eugene Cowles, Tom Karl, Marie Stone-MacDonald Geraldine Ulmar and Alice Nielsen. Other actors in the group for spells included Camille D'Arville, Bertha Waltzinger, Myron W. Whitney. Other involved with the group included Kirke La Shelle. H. M. S. Pinafore Robin Hood Prince Ananias The Serenade
Pit Schubert is a German non-fiction author and mountaineer. He is the founder and former head of the safety commission of the German Alpine Club. Schubert started climbing and mountaineering at the age of 17, he became known for both his adherence to alpine doctrines. He is a qualified engineer, worked for 15 years in the aerospace industry. In 1968, he was a founding member of the DAV Safety Group, which he chaired until retiring in 2000, he was president of the UIAA Safety Commission. He worked to standardize climbing equipment, prevented innumerable accidents, he stated that "At that time man was making the first flight to the moon a reality, but we were still using ice axes with wooden shafts – which could break on the first use on the ice – so a lot of things were waiting to be done.”. 1967: Piz Ciavazes, South Wall, Via Schubert, Dolomites 1968: Guglia di Brenta, SW-edge, Schubert / Werner, Brenta group, Dolomites 1969: First ascent of the Roc Noir, Karakorum 1975: Fleischbank, Neue Ostwand, Pohlke / Schubert, Kaisergebirge 1976: First ascent of the south flank of Annapurna IV, Annapurna Massif Modern Felstechnik, Bergverlag Rother, 1975 The application of the rope in ice and rock, Bergverlag Rother, 1998, ISBN 3-7633-6082-4 Alpine rope technique for beginners and advanced, Bergverlag Rother, 2000, ISBN 3-7633-6083-2 Kaisergebirge, Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, 2000.
ISBN 3-7633-1272-2 Via ferrata, Bergverlag Rother, 2003, ISBN 3-7633-6019-0 Safety and Risk in Rock and Ice, Bergverlag Rother, Volume 1, 7th Edition, 2004, ISBN 3-7633-6016-6.