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Cross County, Arkansas

Cross County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,870; the county seat is Wynne. Cross County is Arkansas's 53rd county, formed on 15 November 1862 and named for Confederate Colonel David C. Cross, a political leader in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles, of which 616 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 49 U. S. Highway 64 Highway 1 Highway 42 Highway 75 Poinsett County Crittenden County St. Francis County Woodruff County Jackson County At the 2000 census, there were 19,526 people, 7,391 household, 5,447 families residing in the county; the population density was 32 per square mile. There were 8,030 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.80% White, 23.70% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races.

0.93 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 7,391 households of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.30% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07. 27.80% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males. The median household income was $29,362 and the median family income was $34,044. Males had a median income of $27,880 and females $20,133; the per capita income for the county was $15,726. About 16.40% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.90% of those under age 18 and 17.50% of those age 65 or over.

A Democratic county, it has voted Republican by increasing margins in every election since 2004. Cherry Valley Hickory Ridge Parkin Wynne Levesque Twist Wittsburg Vanndale Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Cross County are listed below. List of lakes in Cross County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Cross County, Arkansas Cross County Historical Society

Herman B Wells

Herman B Wells, a native of Boone County, was the eleventh president of Indiana University and its first university chancellor. He was pivotal in the transformation of Indiana University from a small, locally oriented college into a world-class institution of higher learning through expanded enrollment, recruitment of new faculty, construction of new buildings, new program offerings, campus beautification projects, he remained steadfast in his support of IU's faculty and students in the areas of academic freedom and civil rights. Wells began his career in banking, but served the university in a variety of faculty and administrative capacities during his seventy-year career at IU Bloomington: instructor and assistant professor, department of economics (1930–35. Wells served in numerous other appointed positions: economic analyst for the U. S. State Department's Office of Foreign Economic Cooperation in Washington, D. C.. S. Military Government in West Germany. S. delegate to the Twelfth Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

Wells was a member and assumed a leadership role in several educational foundations, including the Education and World Affairs organization, the Carnegie Foundation, the American Council on Education, the National Commission on Humanities, among others. He was a member of presidential committees on overseas voluntary activities and U. S.-Soviet trade relations, as well as serving on several boards of directors, such as the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis and the Lilly Endowment. A recipient of numerous honors and awards, including twenty-eight honorary degrees, Wells received many tributes to his long career. IU student scholarships and student recognition awards, as well as memorials on the IU Bloomington campus and the main campus library are named in his honor. Wells was the subject of a PBS documentary film, his autobiography, Being Lucky: Reminiscences and Reflections, was published in 1980. Herman B Wells was born on June 1902, in Jamestown, Boone County, Indiana, he was the only child of Joseph Granville Wells, a bank cashier and a former teacher and elementary school principal, Anna Bernice Wells, a former teacher.

Herman was not given a middle name, only the letter "B" not followed by a period. Wells's father committed suicide in 1948. Wells grew up in Jamestown, attended a local Methodist church, played alto horn in the Jamestown Boys' Band. In 1917 the family moved to Lebanon, the seat of government for Boone County, when Joseph was appointed deputy county treasurer. After school and on Saturdays, Herman helped out at a local bank. Wells graduated from Lebanon High School in 1920 and was voted "Funniest" and "Best All-Around Boy" his senior year. Wells served as treasurer for the high school's yearbook and was involved in the school's newspaper, theater productions, various fundraisers. After graduation Wells worked at a bank in nearby Indiana, to earn money for college. Although Wells's parents were supportive of his desire to continue his education, they had limited financial resources to pay for his college tuition and other expenses. Wells enrolled at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1920, but transferred to Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana, in 1921 at the beginning of his sophomore year.

Although his father objected to the move because Illinois had a strong business school, Wells convinced his father that the transfer to IU would be a good idea since he intended to work in Indiana after graduation and had friends at IU. Wells pointed out that the connections he developed at IU would be useful to his future career. In his autobiography, Being Lucky: Reminiscences and Reflections, Wells described his early impressions of IU: "It was a simple place in those days, with not yet three thousand students, but it had great charm and appeal for me."Wells was active in campus life as an IU undergraduate, he pledged Sigma Nu fraternity, lived in its chapter house at 322 East Kirkwood, became involved in campus activities. Wells served as the fraternity chapter's treasurer and was elected as his fraternity chapter's president in his senior year, he was treasurer of IU's Union Board, a student organization established in 1909. In addition, Wells played in IU's band and visited the Book Nook, a local hangout that he described as "a remarkably fertile cultural and political breeding place in the manner of the famous English coffee houses."

Wells earned a Bachelor of Science degree in commerce in 1924. After college graduation Wells spent the next two years working as an assistant bank cashier at the First National Bank of Lebanon, where his father worked as a cashier, living at home with his parents, before continuing his education at IU Bloomington. Wells earned Master of Arts degree in economics from IU in 1927, his master's thesis, "Service Charges for Small or So-Called Country Banks," was published in The Hoosier Banker in 1927. Wells began doctoral studies in economics at the Univers

Khat

Khat or qat is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Khat contains the alkaloid cathinone, a stimulant, said to cause excitement, loss of appetite, euphoria. Among communities from the areas where the plant is native, khat chewing has a history as a social custom dating back thousands of years analogous to the use of coca leaves in South America and betel nut in Asia; the World Health Organization classified it in 1980 as a drug of abuse that can produce psychological dependence, although the WHO does not consider khat addiction to be problematic. The legality of khat varies by region. In many countries, khat might not be a controlled substance but may be illegal under more general laws, it is a controlled substance in some countries including Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States. By contrast, the production and consumption are legal in the nations where its use is traditional of those cultures, including Djibouti, Uganda, Ethiopia and Yemen. In Israel, which hosts a population of Yemenite Jews, only the consumption of the plant's leaves in its natural state is permitted.

The Arabic name is قات romanized as qāt. In English, the spellings qat and khat were common until about 2000, when the khat spelling became more common. Other romanizations include kat, qaad, qhat and chat, it goes by various descriptive names, such as Abyssinian Tea, Somali Tea, Arabian Tea and Kafta in its endemic regions of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. In the African Great Lakes region, where Catha edulis is in some areas cultivated, it is known as miraa and muirungi. In South Africa, the plant is known as Bushman's Tea. Other names for khat include Chat Flower of Paradise; the genus name Catha is a Latinization of the Arabic name. Khat is a slow-growing shrub or tree that attains a height of 1–5 m. However, it can reach heights of up to 10 m in equatorial areas; the plant grows in arid environments, at a temperature range of 5–35 °C. It has evergreen leaves, which are 5 -- 1 -- 4 cm broad; the shrub's flowers are produced on short axillary cymes. Each flower is small, with five white petals.

The samara fruit is an three-valved capsule, which contains one to three seeds. The khat plant is known by a variety of names, such as qat and gat in Yemen and jaad in Somalia, chat in Ethiopia, it is known as jimaa in the Oromo language and mayirungi in Luganda. Khat has been grown for use as a stimulant for centuries in the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. There, chewing khat is used in a similar social context. In Uganda it is grown in the central region in Kasenge, Butambala District, Mabira Forest, in some parts of the western region of the country. In Kenya it is grown in Meru County. Although the practice of khat-chewing is still restricted to its original area of cultivation in the Red Sea area, the khat plant has over the years found its way to Southern Africa as well as tropical areas, where it grows on rocky outcrops and in woodlands; the shrub is today scattered in the KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape and Mpumalanga provinces of South Africa, in addition to Swaziland and Mozambique.

Its fresh leaves and tops are chewed or, less dried and consumed as tea, to achieve a state of euphoria and stimulation. The leaves or the soft part of the stem can be chewed with either chewing gum or fried peanuts to make it easier to chew. In recent years, improved roads, off-road motor vehicles, air transportation have increased the global distribution of this perishable commodity, as a result, the plant has been reported in England, Rome, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United States. In the US, freshly packed khat leaves are sold on the markets of New York, Los Angeles and Dallas, where the demand is highest. Traditionally, khat is used as a socialising drug as in Yemen where khat-chewing is predominantly a male habit. Khat is so popular in Yemen that its cultivation consumes much of the country's agricultural resources. An estimated 40% of Yemen's water supply goes towards irrigating it, with production increasing by about 10% to 15% every year. One "daily bag" of khat requires an estimated 500 litres of water to produce.

Water consumption is high and groundwater levels in the Sanaa basin are diminishing, so government officials have proposed relocating large portions of the population of Sana'a to the coast of the Red Sea. One reason for khat being cultivated in Yemen so is the high income it provides for farmers; some studies done in 2001 estimated that the income from cultivating khat was about 2.5 million Yemeni rials per hectare, while fruits brought only 0.57 million rials per hectare. Between 1970 and 2000, the area on which khat was cultivated was estimated to have grown from 8,000 to 103,000 hectares. In 2000, according to a World Bank estimate, khat accounted for 30% of Yemen's economy. In other countries, outside of its core area of growth and consumption, khat is sometimes chewed at parties or social functions, it may be used by farmers and labourers for reducing physical fatigue or hunger, by drivers and students for improving attention. It takes seven to eight years for the khat plant to reach its full height.

Other than access to sun and water, khat requires little maintenance. Ground water is pumped from deep wells by diesel engines to irrigate the crops, or br

Honda RA108

The Honda RA108 was the Formula One racing car with which Honda Racing F1 contested the 2008 Formula One season. The car was unveiled at a test in Valencia on 23 January 2008, a week before the car's official launch, driven by Rubens Barrichello; the car was unveiled at the team's operational headquarters in Brackley, England. For the 2008 season, the Honda F1 team named Ross Brawn as team principal and announced a new deputy technical director in the form of former BMW Sauber chief designer Jörg Zander. For the 2008 season, the team retained their drivers from the previous two seasons, Jenson Button and Rubens Barrichello. Honda recruited Alexander Wurz from Williams, although the veteran Austrian had announced his retirement from race driving in 2007, but Wurz could not turn down the prospect of working alongside Ross Brawn. Honda confirmed that their young driver line up will include 2006 British Formula 3 Champion Mike Conway and Italian Luca Filippi; the RA108 had been a constant mid to rear end car in 2008 testing with Jenson Button saying the car lacked "driveability" as the drivers and team adapted the RA108 to new rules.

For the 2008 season, the FIA implemented rules that required all teams to use one gearbox for four races and a standard McLaren Electronic Systems ECU that prevents the use of driving aids such as traction control and engine braking. Ross Brawn had said the team had a better chance for the 2009 Formula One season as the regulations for 2009 would be new. Button commented on how positively the team developed the RA108. At their final week of testing at the Jerez Circuit in Spain, the team added new aerodynamics, with most of the wings being revised. Head of Race and Test Engineering, Steve Clark, believed. In the testing in Paul Ricard before the Monaco Grand Prix, a second revision of the "dumbo" wings on the nose, first introduced in the Spanish Grand Prix, was introduced. Https://web.archive.org/web/20080309055139/http://www.hondaracingf1.com/loband/car_overview.php - Honda RA108 Overview http://www.f1technical.net/news/8129 - RA108 technical specifications https://web.archive.org/web/20081205044954/http://www.racecar-engineering.com/news/cars/176483/honda-ra108.html Launch story

UFC 113

UFC 113: Machida vs. Shogun 2 was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on May 8, 2010, at the Bell Centre in Montreal, Canada. UFC 113 featured the rematch between Lyoto Machida and Maurício Rua for the UFC Light Heavyweight Championship; the two first met at UFC 104, where Lyoto Machida retained his belt in a controversial unanimous decision victory. For the co-main event, a bout between former Light Heavyweight champions Rashad Evans and Quinton Jackson was linked to this event, but was subsequently moved to UFC 114 where the pairing served as the headliner. Tim Credeur was scheduled to face Tom Lawlor, but was forced from the card with an injury and replaced by Joe Doerksen. Joey Beltran was set to fight Chad Corvin, however after Corvin's paperwork was not approved by the Quebec Athletic Commission, Beltran ended up fighting Tim Hague. Nick Catone was forced out of his bout with John Salter due to a back injury. UFC veteran David Loiseau was supposed to step in as his replacement, but Loiseau was denied a license to appear on this card due to alleged ties to organized crime.

Salter ended up fighting returning UFC fighter Jason MacDonald. Loiseau would still make his return to the UFC having faced Mario Miranda at UFC 115. According to UFC President Dana White, the winner of the Josh Koscheck-Paul Daley fight would receive a title shot with Georges St-Pierre for the UFC Welterweight Championship and be the opposing coach to St. Pierre in the upcoming twelfth season of the UFC reality TV show, The Ultimate Fighter. After the bell sounded to signify the end of the final round, Koscheck walked back to his corner with a visibly upset Paul Daley following. What looked to be a gesture of good sportsmanship turned out to be a sucker punch delivered by Daley which Koscheck blocked. In the post-fight press conference, Koscheck went on "Oh yeah, it hurt, it was the best shot he landed all night." Dana White stated "He will never fight in the UFC again." Fighters were awarded $65,000 bonuses. Fight of the Night: Jeremy Stephens vs. Sam Stout Knockout of the Night: Maurício Rua Submission of the Night: Alan Belcher Ultimate Fighting Championship List of UFC champions List of UFC events 2010 in UFC

Gone in 60 Seconds (bank fraud)

Gone in 60 Seconds was a fraud scheme uncovered in 2012 involving the theft of over $1 million from Citibank using cash advance kiosks at casinos located in Southern California and Nevada. After garnering a sizable sum of money illegally, from cash-advance kiosks, the suspects went on gambling sprees at casinos; some casinos gave them free rooms after mistaking them for people who spent a lot of money legitimately. The gang also kept each individual withdrawal below $10,000, the threshold at which casinos must report the transaction to federal authorities; when Citibank noticed the discrepancies, it alerted the authorities, leading to an FBI-led investigation that resulted in the arrest of the suspects in a series of raids in southern California. Keshishyan Released from Prison mid 2017 Beginning 2018 Fifteen individuals were charged following an FBI-led investigation into the theft of over $1 million from Citibank using cash advance kiosks at casinos located in Southern California and Nevada.

FBI agents assisted by the Glendale Police Department and the Los Angeles Police Department arrested 14 of the defendants in the Los Angeles area. An alleged ringleader has been accused of 14 cases of bank fraud, each of these accusations is punishable with up to 30 years imprisonment and a $1 million fine; the other 14 group members face up to five years in prison and $250,000 in fines on charges of conspiracy to commit bank fraud and conspiracy to illegally structure financial transactions to avoid reporting requirements