The Arkansas Delta is one of the six natural regions of the state of Arkansas. Willard B. Gatewood Jr. author of The Arkansas Delta: Land of Paradox, says that rich cotton lands of the Arkansas Delta make that area "The Deepest of the Deep South."The region runs along the Mississippi River from Eudora north to Blytheville and as far west as Little Rock. It is part of the Mississippi embayment, itself part of the Mississippi River Alluvial Plain; the flat plain is bisected by Crowley's Ridge, a narrow band of rolling hills rising 250 to 500 feet above the flat delta plains. Several towns and cities have been developed along Crowley's Ridge, including Jonesboro; the region's lower western border follows the Arkansas River just outside Little Rock down through Pine Bluff. There the border shifts to Bayou Bartholomew. While the Arkansas Delta shares many geographic similarities with the Mississippi Delta, it is distinguished by its five unique sub-regions: the St. Francis Basin, Crowley's Ridge, the White River Lowlands, the Grand Prairie and the Arkansas River Lowlands.
Much of the region is within the Mississippi lowland forests ecoregion. The Arkansas Delta includes the entire territories of 15 counties: Arkansas, Clay, Crittenden, Desha, Greene, Mississippi, Phillips, St. Francis, it includes portions of another 10 counties: Jackson, Prairie, White, Lincoln, Jefferson and Woodruff counties. The Delta is subdivided into five unique sub-regions, including the St. Francis Basin, Crowley's Ridge, the White River Lowlands, the Grand Prairie, the Arkansas River Lowlands; the underlying impermeable clay layer in the Stuttgart soil series that allowed the region to be a flat grassland plain appeared to stunt the region's growth relative to the rest of the Delta. But in 1897, William Fuller began cultivating rice, a crop that requires inundation, with great success. Rice cultivation still features prominently in the region's culture today. Riceland Foods, the world's largest rice miller and marketer, is based in Stuttgart, Arkansas on the Grand Prairie. In the earth's history, after the Gulf of Mexico withdrew from what was Missouri, many floods occurred in the Mississippi River Delta, building up alluvial deposits.
In some places the deposits measure 100 feet deep. The region was occupied by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years; some cultures built major earthwork mounds, with evidence of mound-building cultures dating back more than 12,000 years. These mounds have been preserved in three main locations: the Nodena Site, Parkin Archaeological State Park, Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park. French explorers and colonists encountered the historic Quapaw people in this region, who lived along the Arkansas River and its tributaries; the first European settlement in what became the state was Arkansas Post. The post was founded by Henri de Tonti while searching for Robert de La Salle in 1686; the commerce in the area was based on fishing and wild game. The fur trade and lumber were critical to the economy. Early European-American settlers crossed the Mississippi and settled among the swamps and bayous of east Arkansas. Frontier Arkansas was a lawless place infamous for violence and criminals.
Settlers, who were French and Spanish colonists engaged in a mutually beneficial give-and-take trading relationship with the Native Americans. French trappers married Quapaw women and lived in their villages, increasing their alliances for trade. Around 1800 United States settlers entered this area. In 1803 the US acquired the territory from France by the Louisiana Purchase; as settlers began to acquire and clear land, they encroached on Quapaw territory and traditional hunting and fishing practices. The two cultures had divergent views of property. Relations deteriorated further after the 1812 New Madrid earthquake, felt throughout the region and taken as a portent; some Native Americans considered the earthquake to be a sign of punishment for trading with the European settlers. The beginning point of all subsequent surveys of the Louisiana Purchase was placed in the Arkansas Delta near Blackton. In 1993 this site was named a National Historic Landmark and preserved as Louisiana Purchase State Park.
A granite marker, accessible via a boardwalk through a swamp, marks the starting point of the survey. During the antebellum era, American settlers used enslaved African Americans as laborers to drain swamps and clear forests along the river to cultivate the rich alluvial plain, they began to develop cotton plantations. After achieving territorial status in 1819, Arkansas reneged on an 1818 treaty with the Quapaw. Territory officials began removing the Quapaw from their fertile homeland in the Arkansas delta; the Quapaw had inhabited lands along the Arkansas River and near its mouth at the Mississippi River for centuries. The invention of the cotton gin had made short-staple cotton profitable, the Deep South was developed for cotton cultivation, it grew well in fertile delta soils. Settlers took these fertile lands for agriculture and pushed the Quapaw south to Louisiana in 1825-1826; the Quapaw returned to southeast Arkansas by 1830, but were permanently relocated to Oklahoma in 1833 under the Indian Removal Act passed by Congress.
High cotton prices encouraged many planters to concentrate on cotton as a commodity crop, the large plantations were dependent on slave labor. The plantation economy and a slave society were developed in the Arkansas Delta, with
The Oxford Electric Bell or Clarendon Dry Pile is an experimental electric bell, set up in 1840 and which has run nearly continuously since. It was one of the first pieces purchased for a collection of apparatus by clergyman and physicist Robert Walker, it is located in a corridor adjacent to the foyer of the Clarendon Laboratory at the University of Oxford, is still ringing, though inaudibly due to being behind two layers of glass. The experiment consists of two brass bells, each positioned beneath a dry pile, the pair of piles connected in series; the clapper is a metal sphere 4 mm in diameter suspended between the piles, which rings the bells alternately due to electrostatic force. As the clapper touches one bell, it is charged by one pile, electrostatically repelled, being attracted to the other bell. On hitting the other bell, the process repeats; the use of electrostatic forces means that while high voltage is required to create motion, only a tiny amount of charge is carried from one bell to the other, why the piles have been able to last since the apparatus was set up.
Its oscillation frequency is 2 hertz. The exact composition of the dry piles is unknown, but it is known that they have been coated with molten sulphur for insulation and it is thought that they may be Zamboni piles. At one point this sort of device played an important role in distinguishing between two different theories of electrical action: the theory of contact tension and the theory of chemical action; the Oxford Electric Bell does not demonstrate perpetual motion. The bell will stop when the dry piles have distributed their charges if the clapper does not wear out first; the Bell has produced 10 billion rings since 1840 and holds the Guinness World Record as "the world's most durable battery ceaseless tintinnabulation". Apart from occasional short interruptions caused by high humidity, the bell has rung continuously since 1840; the bell may have been constructed in 1825. Long-term experiment Franklin bells Beverly Clock Pitch drop experiment The Clock of the Long Now Willem Hackmann, "The Enigma of Volta's "Contact Tension" and the Development of the "Dry Pile"", appearing in Nuova Voltiana: Studies on Volta and His Times, nb Volume 3, 2000, pp. 103–119.
"Exhibit 1 - The Clarendon Dry Pile". Oxford Physics Teaching, History Archive. Retrieved 18 January 2008. Croft, A J. "The Oxford electric bell". European Journal of Physics. 5: 193–194. Bibcode:1984EJPh....5..193C. doi:10.1088/0143-0807/5/4/001. Croft, A J. "The Oxford electric bell". European Journal of Physics. 6: 128. Bibcode:1985EJPh....6..128C. doi:10.1088/0143-0807/6/2/511. Glover-Aoki, David. "Oxford Electric Bell". YouTube. Retrieved 27 December 2018
Alina Romanovna Kovaleva is a Russian curler. Her major achievement to date was winning the 2015 European Curling Championships as alternate. Kovaleva is Merited Master of Sports of Russia. Kovaleva practiced curling in the school years in her home town Slantsy, she moved to St. Petersburg to the Sports School of Olympic Reserve, No. 2. After three years of curling and her coach Alexey Tselousov became national champions and silver medalists at the 2011 World Mixed Doubles Curling Championship. Since she has been active in mixed tournaments. From 2013 to 2014, she was a member of the national junior team, winning the 2013 World Junior Curling Championships in Sochi and the 2014 World Junior Curling Championships in Flims. Kovaleva plays for Adamant in St. Petersburg as a skip; as a member of the club she won the 2013 Russian Cup and became the silver medalist at the 2015 Russian Women's Curling Championships, losing 7-4 in the final to Moskva 1. In November 2015, Kovaleva debuted as the alternate for the national team at the 2015 European Curling Championships in Esbjerg, replacing Ekaterina Galkina who took a break from curling.
The Russians won the tournament. As an alternate and her team won the 2016 and 2017 World Women's Curling Championship bronze and silver respectively, she was the alternate at the 2017 European Curling Championships, where her team finished 5th. In 2018, Kovaleva has turned to playing as skip, her first tour win as a skip came at Resorts Curling Classic. That season, she won the China Open and the Russian Curling Cup. Elsewhere, she skipped the Russian team at the 2018 European Curling Championships, finishing fourth, she skipped the Russian team at the 2019 World Women's Curling Championship, where she led her team to a 5th place finish. At the end of the season, she skipped in her first Grand Slam event at the 2019 Champions Cup, where she made the quarterfinals. In 2019, Kovaleva won, she defended her title the following year. Gratitude by the Sports Minister of the Russian Federation – for the successful appearance as a member of the national curling team at the European Curling Championships in Esbjerg.
State Route 116 is a state highway in Churchill County, United States. Known as Stillwater Road, it connects the small town of Stillwater to U. S. Route 50 east of Fallon; the road was established by 1940 as SR 42, was renumbered to SR 116 in 1976. SR 116 is a two-lane roadway that traverses through a combination of agricultural and desert terrain in the Lahontan Valley; the route begins at an intersection with US 50 4.5 miles east of downtown Fallon. From there, the road travels in a northeasterly direction, stair-stepping easterly and northerly through farm plots. For a short distance, the route forms is part of the southern boundary of the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Indian Reservation. After 10.5 miles, the road reaches the small town of Stillwater. SR 116 reaches its eastern terminus on the eastern edge of the town, but Stillwater Road continues east towards the Stillwater Point Reservoir and the Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge. A paved road approximating the current alignment of Stillwater Road was constructed by 1939.
At that time, the road had a western terminus in Fallon. By 1940, the road was assigned the designation of State Route 42 on the official state map; as of 1957, SR 42 was 14.5 miles long—its western terminus was at the intersection of Stillwater Avenue and Harrigan Road in Fallon, with the route extending eastward along the Stillwater Avenue alignment before shifting northward near Crook Road to the present-day US 50 alignment. By 1960, the western end of SR 42 was truncated to its current western terminus at present-day US 50, concurrent with the shift of US 50 to the current alignment which leaves downtown Fallon in an eastward direction; the highway did not see any further changes until the 1976 renumbering of Nevada's state highway system on July 1, 1976. In that process, SR 42 was renumbered to State Route 116; this change was first seen on the official state highway map in 1978. The route has remained unchanged since; the entire route is in Churchill County. United States portal U. S. Roads portal
The Higher Institute of Technologies and Applied Sciences is a Cuban educational institution that prepares students in the fields of nuclear and environmental sciences. It is the only institution in Cuba that provides the opportunities of studies in these topics and one of the few in Latin America, its headquarters is in Havana, inside the territory of the “Quinta de los Molinos”. The school offers the high education degree in the following programmes: B. Sc. in Nuclear Physics B. Eng in Nuclear and Energetic Technologies B. Sc. in Radiochemistry B. Sc in MeteorologyOther postgraduate programmes include the Master in Nuclear and Energetic Installations, the Master in Nuclear Physics and Master in Radiochemistry; the InSTEC is formed by two faculties. The Faculty of Nuclear Technologies and Sciences is in charge of teaching the three undergraduate programmes related to nuclear sciences as well as the master programmes in the field and is headed by three departments: the Department of Nuclear Engineering, the Department of Nuclear Physics and the Department of Radiochemistry.
The Faculty of Environmental Sciences is dedicated to impart the undergraduate degree in Meteorology and associated postgraduate courses and is supervised by two departments: the Department of Meteorology and the Department of Environment. Other departments are in charge of imparting the general sciences. In such a case is the Department of General Computing; the institute develops research in several fields of physics and engineering. Topics such as molecular dynamics, determination of heavy metals in organisms and atmosphere and computational modeling of thermo-hydraulic processes are among the main research areas, it counts with labs to develop academic work in physics and engineering: labs for mechanics, optics, nuclear physics and chemistry are focused on developing practical training in the basic sciences and other labs such as the laboratory for electrical machines and the laboratory for electronics are among the ones dedicated to specialized training in these topics. A scientific forum is celebrated every year.
This meeting allows students the possibility to present their own research and main advances in their thesis. Other events that count with many contributions from Junior Researchers and Students from InSTEC are the series of Workshops on Photodynamics and the series of Workshops on Nuclear Physics and Nuclear and Related Techniques organized by the Centre for Technological Applications and Nuclear Developments; until 2011, the institute was directly under the supervision of the Ministry of Sciences and Environment. It was the only university, not governed by the Ministry of Higher Education, it is now governed by the MES and is ruled by its laws. List of universities in Cuba Official website
Long Anap is a longhouse and settlement in the Marudi division of Sarawak, Malaysia. It lies 525.2 kilometres east-north-east of the state capital Kuching, in the upper reaches of the Baram River. The village is located on the Baram River between Long Palai and Long Julan, near the top of the area known as the Middle Baram. There is a school in the village. A logging road links the village to K10 camp; the people in this settlement belong to the Kenyah tribe. A tall structure with flags has been erected in front of the longhouse. If the Baram Dam hydroelectric project goes ahead, Long Anap will be one of the villages affected by the flooding of 389,000 hectares of jungle. Neighbouring settlements include: Long Palai 2.6 kilometres southeast Long Julan 4.1 kilometres northwest Long Apu 7.4 kilometres north Long Taan 17.5 kilometres southeast Long Selatong 18.5 kilometres north Long San 26.2 kilometres north Long Moh 27.8 kilometres east Long Akah 28.1 kilometres north