John Slezer was a Dutch- or German-born military engineer and artist. He arrived in the Kingdom of Scotland in 1669, was appointed Surveyor of his Majesties Stores and Magazines, which involved compiling detailed surveys of the country's fortifications, he is best known for his Theatrum Scotiae, a series of engravings of views of castles, abbeys and seats of the nobility he encountered whilst travelling throughout Scotland in his capacity as Captain of the Artillery Company. He was imprisoned in 1688 as a supporter of King James VII, following the latter's deposition in favour of William III and Mary II, but was released the following year, he published the first volume of Theatrum Scotiae in 1693, but sales were poor and he applied to the Government for a grant to proceed with a continuation of the work, to be called Scotia Ilustrata. This never materialised and increasing financial difficulties forced Slezer to spend the last years of his life in the Holyrood Abbey sanctuary to avoid debtors' prison.
"Slezer, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. "Who was John Slezer?". Slezer's Scotland. National Library of Scotland. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23. Slezer's Scotland, on-line edition of Theatrum Scotiae John Slezer, page on University of Edinburgh Library web site
Dunure Castle is located on the west coast of Scotland, in South Ayrshire, about 5 miles south of Ayr and close to the village of Dunure. Today the castle stands in ruins on a rocky promontory on the Carrick coast, overlooking the small harbour of Dunure; the site dates from the late 13th century. One tradition is that the castle was built by the Danes and another states that the Mackinnons held the castle from Alexander III, as a reward for their valour at the Battle of Largs; the castle is the point of origin of the Kennedys of Carrick, who once ruled over much of south western Scotland and were granted the lands in 1357. Sir James Balfour described Dunure as a grate and pleasand stronge housse, the most ancient habitation of the surname of Kennedy, Lairds of Dunure, now Earles of Cassiles; this family should not be confused with the renowned American Kennedy family. Wexford in Ireland. In August 1563, Queen of Scots, visited the castle for three days during her third progress round the west of the country.
The Celtic name Dunure or Dunoure is said to derive from the "hill" or "fort of the yew tree". In 1570, a dispute arose between Gilbert Kennedy, 4th Earl of Cassilis, Allan Stewart, the succeeding lay Commendator of Crossraguel Abbey over the ownership of some of the abbey lands and their rental income; the Earl's uncle was the last true abbot of Crossraguel. It was Quintin. Gilbert had expected to secure the Commendatorship, however Allan obtained it through the influence of his relative, Captain James Stewart of Cardonald. Gilbert, with sixteen men, caught Allan Stewart unawares in Crossraguel Woods whilst a guest of the Laird of Bargany, tricked him into journeying to Dunure. At the castle he was guarded by six of the Earl's men. For two days Gilbert left the commendator to consider his fate and because he was obstinate and refused to sign over the lands and rentals he tortured him twice and basting his feet and body over a brazier in the Black Vault of the castle, aided bizarrely by his cook and pantrymen.
As a result of the torture sessions of the first and seventh days of September 1570, the lands were signed over to Gilbert. The Commendator was rescued from his confinement by the Laird of Bargany, Allan's brother in law, who arrived with a body of men; the rights to the abbey lands were settled by the Earl providing Allen Stewart with sufficient funds to allow him to live'comfortably' for the rest of his life. In the meantime he had been taken to the Cross of Ayr; the Earl however was never brought to book for his actions by the Privy Council and Allen Stewart never walked again. The castle and estate of Dunure, together with Dalquharran, were purchased by Sir Thomas Kennedy of Kirkhill in the late 17th century; the castle consisted of two distinct parts. The keep walls are about five feet thick and the vaults on the basement are well preserved, however most of the superstructure is demolished; the keep represents the original castle, much altered. The central portion of the castle may be 15th century and was intended to form a defence to the access into the keep.
The additional buildings are of a date and contain two kitchens on the ground level, one for the castle and the other for the retainers. To the north-east stands a detached wall which may have led to a gateway. A drawbridge may have stood nearby and the chapel may have been located against the thick wall of the central part of the castle. A moat or fosse protected the approach and a wall may have existed. In the 1990s excavations showed that a hall house was built across the 13th century court in the 14th century. Beneath the castle is a cavern, called the Browney's Cave which may have been a sally-port. In 1429 a meeting took place at Dunure between James Campbell, representing King James I of Scotland and John Mor MacDonald, representing the Lord of the Isles. Violence broke out and MacDonald was killed. James I's efforts to contain the outrage of the Lords of the Isles by executing Campbell did not prevent a subsequent uprising by them. For three days from 4 August 1563, Queen of Scots, stayed at Dunure Castle on her Royal tour down the west coast to Glenluce Abbey on to Whithorn Priory.
She was the guest of the 4th Earl of Cassilis. The late medieval "beehive"-shaped dovecot of Dunure Castle dates from the 15th century, it would have held some 200 nesting boxes and would have supplied the castle with fresh eggs and meat. This began in the mid-17th century and by 1694 the castle is described as "wholly ruined", it is not clear whether this can be linked to the Civil War period, although local tradition suggests that Dunure had been burnt and / or blown up. A major collapse of the SE part of the keep could be linked to such activity. Recovery of building materials for the construction of the Cromwellian citadel in Ayr may account for its ruination, as at Ardrossan Castle. Much evidence exists for the systematic dismantling of the structure for recoverable building materials including the orderly removal of slates and glass; the windows were comprehensively stripped of their lead. Remains of a localised fire and associated deposits of coal suggested that smelting of the lead took place within the room.
Those dismantling the castle seem to have occupied part of the structure during their
Earl of Carrick
Earl of Carrick or Mormaer of Carrick is the title applied to the ruler of Carrick, subsequently part of the Peerage of Scotland. The position came to be associated with the Scottish crown when Robert the Bruce, who had inherited it from his maternal kin, became King of the Scots in the early 14th century. Since the 15th century the title of Earl of Carrick has automatically been held by the heir apparent to the throne, meaning Prince Charles is the current Earl; the earldom emerged in 1186, out of the old Lordship of Galloway, which had encompassed all of what is now known as Galloway as well as the southern part of Ayrshire. Though the Lords of Galloway recognised the King of Scots as their overlord, their lordship was a separate kingdom, had its own laws; the first Lord recorded is Fergus, who died in 1161 leaving two sons: Gille Brigte. As was the custom the two brothers shared the lordship and the lands between them. In 1174, they joined with King William the Lion in his invasion of Northumberland.
However, after King William was taken prisoner by the English, the Galwegians broke into rebellion. Uchtred, who remained loyal to the Scottish king, was savagely murdered by Gille Brigte's son Máel Coluim, Gille Brigte took control of the entirety of Galloway. In 1175, King William was restored to liberty, he marched an army into Galloway to bring justice upon Gille Brigte. However, he seems to have contented himself with exacting a fine, leaving Gille Brigte to go unharmed. In 1176, Gille Brigte obtained an agreement with King Henry II of England, in which he became his vassal, and gave his son Duncan as a hostage. Gille Brigte spent the next decade carrying out devastating raids on King William's territory, with the protection of the English. Gille Brigte's death in 1185 was the signal for general turmoil amongst the Galwegians. Roland, son of the murdered Uchtred, defeated the supporters of Gille Brigte in 1185, planted forts across Galloway to secure his authority; this angered King Henry, he marched a large force to Carlisle in preparation for invasion.
However, war was averted at a meeting between Roland and Henry, when it was agreed that Roland would rule the main part of Galloway, while Gille Brigte's son Duncan would rule the northern section, known as Carrick. Duncan agreed to these terms, renounced all claims to the Lordship of Galloway, becoming the first Earl of Carrick. Duncan married Avelina, daughter of Alan, High Steward of Scotland, his son or grandson Niall's eldest daughter Marjorie succeeded him, becoming Countess of Carrick in her own right. She married firstly Adam de Kilconquhar. In 1269, Adam journeyed to the Holy Land under the banners of King Louis IX of France, as part of the Eighth Crusade, he never returned, dying of disease at Acre in 1270. The next year, the widowed Countess happened to meet Robert de Brus hunting in her lands. According to legend, Marjorie imprisoned Robert, they were married at Turnberry Castle, without their families' knowledge or the requisite consent of the King. When news got out, Alexander III seized her castles and estates, but she atoned for her foolishness with a fine, Robert was recognised as her husband and Earl of Carrick jure uxoris..
Marjorie and Robert were succeeded by their eldest son. When the old House of Dunkeld became extinct, this Robert, known as "the Bruce", became a principal candidate for the throne as the great-great-great-great grandson of David I, he was crowned at Scone in 1306. Around 1313, King Robert made his younger brother Edward the Earl of Carrick. Edward had no issue, save a natural son he had by Lady Isabella Strathbogie, daughter of John, Earl of Atholl; the title therefore became extinct on his death at the Battle of Faughart in 1318. After being held by Robert's son David prior to his accession to the throne, the title was granted in 1332 to Alexander, Edward's bastard. However, Alexander was killed the next year at the Battle of Halidon Hill and the title again became extinct. In 1368, King David created his great-nephew John Stewart the Earl of Carrick. David died unexpectedly in 1371, he had no children, meaning he was succeeded by his nephew Robert Stewart, John's father. After Robert's death in 1390, John succeeded him, taking the regnal name Robert III.
The title was next held by Robert III's son David, created Duke of Rothesay and Earl of Atholl. David died childless in 1402, the Earldom was regranted to his brother James. James acceded to the throne in 1406, his titles merged with the Crown. In 1469, the Scottish Parliament passed an Act declaring that the eldest son of the King and heir to the throne would automatically hold the Earldom, along with the Dukedom of Rothesay. After the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England, the Dukedom and Earldom have been held by the eldest son and heir apparent of the kings and queens of Great Britain, thus Prince Charles is the current Duke of Earl of Carrick. In 1628, King Charles I created John Stewart the Earl of Carrick, he had been made Lord Kincleven in 1607 in the Peerage of Scotland. Stewart was a younger son of Robert, Earl of Orkney, bastard son of King James V; this title was deemed not to conflict with the Earldom of Ca
Straiton is a village on the River Girvan in South Ayrshire in Scotland built in the 18th century, but with some recent housing. It was the main location for the film The Match, where two rival pubs played against each other in an annual football match as a challenge. However, since the village has only one pub, a house was used as a pub for filming, it lies in the hills between Kirkmichael, Dalmellington and Maybole. Local attractions include: Blairquhan Castle, open to visitors in spring and summer, a location for the filming of The Queen starring Helen Mirren, Channel 4's Beauty and the Geek and the Monument, which overlooks the village. Tairlaw Linn a local waterfall The village's public toilets were closed by South Ayrshire Council in 2008 and subsequently re-opened under the management of the village community. Donations are invited to cover the £3500 annual running costs
Dailly is a village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is located on the Water of Girvan, 5 miles south of Maybole, 3.1 miles east of Old Dailly. "New Dailly", as it was known, was laid out in the 1760s as a coal-mining village. In 1849 a fire broke out in Maxwell Colliery, one of the nearby mines, continued to burn for 50 years. Thomas Thomson FRSE antiquary and friend of Walter Scott Thomas's younger brother, John Thomson of Duddingston FRSE minister at Dailly 1800-1805 and artist Hew Ainslie, poet Anne Hepburn, missionary was born here in 1925 Tommy Lawrence, footballer Ross McCrorie, footballer who plays with Rangers Robby McCrorie footballer who plays with Rangers "Dailly". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2008-07-04. Media related to Dailly at Wikimedia Commons
Patna, East Ayrshire
Patna is a village in East Ayrshire, straddling the traditional districts of Carrick and Kyle. It was established in 1802 by William Fullarton to provide housing for workers on the coalfields of his estate. Fullarton's father had worked as an employee of the British East India Company, the town is named after the city of Patna in India. Patna lies southeast of Ayr on the A713 to Castle Douglas at its junction with the road to Kirkmichael just north of Dalmellington. Patna lies between the villages of Polnessan and Waterside, the River Doon flows through it. Patna Primary School is a non-denominational school. St Xavier's Primary School, a Catholic primary school, was in Waterside but has been moved into Patna Primary School, is attended by pupils from Dalmellington and Maybole. A secondary school, Doon Academy, is located in the nearby village of Dalmellington. Patna has a small library, a doctor's surgery, some shops, a football field, access to numerous country walks, an orange lodge and a golf club.
The River Doon is popular with local anglers. There are two bridges within the village, used as vehicle and pedestrian crossing points over the River Doon; these bridges are known locally as the'ol brig' and'new brig'. The village was served until 1964 by Patna railway station, the railway however remains open for coal freight traffic; the platforms have been demolished and nothing remains of the station. Sir David Campbell MC FRSE was raised in Patna. A tale of two Patnas, thousands of miles apart, BBC News
Lendalfoot is a small village located on Carleton Bay, parish of Colmonell in the old district of Carrick, now South Ayrshire, about 6 miles south of Girvan, Scotland. This is a farming district, lacking in woodland, with a low population density; the village sits astride the A77 that runs north to Girvan and south to Stranraer. Carleton Hill rises to 520 feet or 158 metres from the road and is the site near its summit of earth banks, an ancient fort; the Lendal Water rises from Loch Lochton and runs around four miles before reaching the village and the sea at Carleton Bay. The village once had a post office and a school that now serves as the community centre. A row of old farm workers cottages stands on the side of the road with back walls facing the sea. Carleton Terrace lies to the south of the village centre and dates from around 1933 when the Hamilton Estates made land available for what were holiday homes built from wood at first on many were rebuilt in stone; the village has no church of its own however, as stated, it is part of the Colmonell Parish.
The Kittyfrist Well stands on the old coast road from Girvan, once a reliable source of water for travellers. This inland route was replaced by the modern day coastal course made possible by'Kennedy's Pass' forced through the rocks using explosives. The'Forest of Rocks' is a term used for the numerous sea stacks along this section of the coastline. Two of the sea stacks had the appearance of human figures and were called the'Old and the young Laird'. Next to the ruins of one of several hay rees on the raised beach area near the Lendal Water stands an old sea stack, named on the OS map as the'Deafstone'. Many Cornish miners came to Scotland and in Cornwall this term referred to rock, deaf or useless. A memorial stands on the side of the road with its back to the sea, consisting of a gravestone-like carved stone surrounded by a white painted wall; this structure commemorates the wrecking of a ship on this rocky shore and the drowning of Archie Hamilton and his crew from King's Cross on Arran on 11 September 1711.
Charles Berry was an ornithologist and naturalist with a particular interest in the migratory behaviour of wheatears who lived in the area and is commemorated on a memorial standing close to the Lendal Water on a low mound. Carleton Castle is a 15th-century five-storey tower and barmakin, once held by the Cathcarts of Killochan that stands in a prominent position overlooking the village close to the Games Loup cliffs; the tower ruins still stand, apart from a collapsed section of wall, rebuilt at some stage and internal plastering suggests a use as a dwelling. At the back of the tower pigsties type ruins survive that were still roofed in the 19th century according to OS maps; the barmakin or walled courtyard existed with towers at the angles on the area between the two glens and their burns. It controlled a mountain pass as well as the road along the raised beach; the tower had one over the great hall and the second over the ground floor. A substantial earth mound, the Carleton Fort or Motte with a circular ditch and palisaded bank built some centuries prior to the stone castle stands across from Little Carleton Farm, damaged by the construction of the lane to the village.
Standing close to the castle the motte may nave served as the moot hill where the laird's barony court met. No place name evidence for a gallows hill has been noted. A legend derived from the ballad May or Mary Culzean exists in several versions in different books; the essence of the story is that Sir John Cathcart of Carleton Castle was in the habit of enriching his estate through marrying heiresses. The steep Games Loup cliffs stand close to the castle and one by one his brides met their end by accidentally falling from the path that ran along the edge. Mary Kennedy of Culzean was his ninth heiress bride and one evening whilst walking along the Games Loup her husband informed her that she was to meet her end, but that he would keep her valuable jewel and gold thread enriched clothes. Mary told her husband to act like a gentlemen and to turn his back to preserve her dignity whilst she undressed. Upon his turning she spun him around and cast him off the cliff to his death. A John Cathcart of Carleton did exist, however he lived at Killochan Castle and it is not known how the legend became attached to his name.
John's wife was Helen Wallace and he had at least two sons, John of Killochan and Robert of Nether Pinmore. On the south side of the Lendal Water stands an artificial mound, recorded as the Lousey or Lausey Knowe. A local tradition has it that the women of the district used this site to de-louse their children's hair whilst another interpretation is that the name derives from the Scots language for a fire or signal hill, linked to the security and military activities of the castle; the settlement name refers to its location at the confluence of the Lendal Water with the sea at Carleton Bay. Lendal is said to derive from the Scottish Gaelic'lean dail' meaning'marsh meadow'. Carleton may derive from'carl or churl' the serfs' dwelling, however in the Whithorn Priory records it is recorded as'Cairiltoun', the'dwelling of the Cairils' who in 1095 it is said emigrated from Antrim to Carrick. A small port was located at Carleton Port, used until the 1950s judging from old photographs, consisting once of a mast for drying nets, a concrete slip way, a winch, break waters built from stones cleared to give a sandy landing area and the'Black or Salmon hut' built onto an old sea stack, dating from at least 1938 where the fishermen kept their nets, etc.
In 1832 the Carleton Fishery was built, consisting of a row of fishermens cottages that survive as private dwellings. One of the last fish