Crown of Princess Blanche

The Crown of Princess Blanche called the Palatine Crown or Bohemian Crown, is the oldest surviving royal crown known to have been in England, dates to 1370–80. It is made of gold with diamonds, emeralds, sapphires and pearls, its height and diameter are both 18 centimetres. The crown has been a property of the House of Wittelsbach since 1402, when it came with Princess Blanche of England, daughter of King Henry IV of England, on her marriage to Louis III, Elector Palatine. After the junior Bavarian branch of the house became extinct in the male line in 1777, the senior Palatine branch replaced the former as the country's rulers. Today, the crown is displayed in the treasury of the Munich Residenz, where it has been kept since 1782, it has been described as "one of the finest achievements of the Gothic goldsmith". The crown is made up of 12 hexagonal rosettes on the base each supporting a gold stem topped by a lily; the lilies alternate in size and height. They are jewelled versions of the fleur de lys, popular for medieval crowns.

In the middle of the hexagons, which have enamelled white flowers overlaid onto a translucent blue or red background, is a pale blue sapphire, 11 of which are oval and 1 is hexagonal. Each point is decorated with alternating rubies and clusters of four pearls that have a small diamond at the centre. In addition to diamonds and sapphires, the lilies are decorated with emeralds; some of the original pearls may have been replaced when the crown was restored in 1925. The lily stems are detachable, it is possible to fold the crown's base so that it can be transported more easily; each rosette is numbered 1 -- 12. The crown is 18 centimetres in both diameter; the nuptial crown is first documented in the inventory of King Richard II of England as having 12 fleurons, but a rosette was missing. At the time, it was decorated with 91 pearls, 63 balas rubies, 47 sapphires, 33 diamonds, 5 emeralds. An additional 7 pearls and 1 emerald had been taken off the fleurons; the crown weighed 5 marks 7 oz, or just under 1 kilogram, was valued at £246 13s 4d.

It was recorded again in a 1399 list of royal jewels being moved across London, owned by the deposed Richard II and others. Therefore, the crown had most belonged to Queen Anne of Bohemia, the wife of Richard II, whom she married in 1382, it may have been produced in Bohemia, but elements such as beading on the stems suggest Paris, though the maker might have been a French or French-trained goldsmith working in Prague. Venice has been suggested as the crown's place of origin; the crown came to the Palatine line of the House of Wittelsbach as dowry of Blanche of England, daughter of King Henry IV of England. After his accession to the English throne, Henry wanted to make important alliances in order to maintain and legitimize his rule. One ally whose support he hoped to gain was the Wittelsbach King Rupert of Germany, who took the German throne after the deposition of King Wenceslaus. A marriage between Rupert's eldest surviving son and Henry IV's eldest daughter, was soon arranged. On 7 March 1401, the marriage contract was signed in London, the bride's dowry was fixed at 40,000 nobles.

In 1402, prior to the wedding of Blanche and Louis III, it was restored by a London goldsmith, who added a twelfth rosette and replaced the missing emerald and pearls on the fleurons. The new rosette contained 12 pearls, 3 diamonds, 3 balas rubies, 1 sapphire. In total, 1 6⁄8 ounces of gold were added to the crown. Blanche wore the crown at her wedding, which took place on 6 July 1402 at Cologne Cathedral in Germany. In 1421, it was pawned to Maulbronn Monastery, by that time several gems and pearls had been taken out. In 1988, the crown featured in the Age of Chivalry exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts in London – the first time it had returned to England since 1401. Harper, Elizabeth. "Pearl in the Context and Fourteenth-Century Gift Economies". The Chaucer Review. 44: 451–439. Doi:10.1353/cr.0.0044. Crown of an English queen at the Bavarian Palace Department website

Reborn (novel)

Reborn is the fourth volume in a series of six novels known as The Adversary Cycle written by American author F. Paul Wilson, it was first published in March 1990 by Dark Harvest. In 2009, a revised edition was published. After being slain by Glaeken in a castle keep in Romania in the Spring of 1941, Rasalom has opportunistically entered the body of a clone that grows within a woman hired by the scientist in charge of a project seeking to create a genetically enhanced super-soldier for the U. S. Army; the story begins in 1968 when Jim Stevens, an normal man, finds that he is heir to the fortune of a deceased brilliant scientist by the name of Doctor Hanley. This amazing windfall promises not only financial independence but the solution to the mystery of his life. Lovingly raised by adoptive parents, Stevens yearns to discover. Named in Hanley's will, Jim is sure. Moving into Hanley's mansion, Stevens finds the scientist's confidential journals, they reveal. When word of Jim's origins gets out, Stevens finds himself the target of "The Chosen", a group of religious fanatics convinced of the imminent arrival of The Antichrist.

The immortal man called Glaeken is now an aging mortal named Veillure. He contacts the group and confirms that some kind of unimaginably horrific being is about to enter the world. During a confrontation with The Chosen, Jim's reckless behavior leads to his gruesome death in a freak accident, his wife Carol, soon learns that she is pregnant, the unborn fetus begins proving itself to be a vessel for evil. Carol's protector is Jim's father Jonah, unknown to her, is a lifelong sociopath and an opportunistically homicidal psychopath as well. Jonah stops at nothing to ensure the baby's survival and guarantees that it will have more than a fighting chance to take over the Earth after attaining early adulthood. Glaeken is content to take a back seat to all of this as he feels he has earned his permanent retirement from the battle between the forces of Darkness and Light, he realizes that a major confrontation is inevitable but placidly aspires to count himself and his wife Magda among the dearly departed before that dark day descends with a deafening thud upon humanity's collective cranium

Hayesville, North Carolina

Hayesville is a town in Clay County, North Carolina, in the United States. The population was 311 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Clay County. Hayesville is located at 35°2′48″N 83°49′4″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles, all of it land. The Hiwassee River flows along the outskirts of Hayesville. Hayesville occupies the site of the former Cherokee town of Quanassee, which lay along the Trading Path; the road led from Quanassee west to present-day Murphy, North Carolina over the Unicoi Range at Unicoi Gap and down to the Cherokee town of Great Tellico. The town's present day name owes to Mr. George Hayes, running for representative from Cherokee County in the fall election of 1860; when campaigning in the southeastern end of the county he discovered that its residents wished to separate from Cherokee County and form their own county seat. Promising to introduce legislation to this effect won him most of the area’s votes, swinging the election in his favor, in February 1861 the legislation was introduced and passed by the North Carolina General Assembly.

The county seat was thus named in his honor, while the county itself was named in honor of Kentucky statesman Henry Clay. The town of Hayesville was incorporated on March 12, 1913; the first mayor of Hayesville was S. E. Hogsed. At the census of 2010, there were 311 people, 147 households, 84 families residing in the town; the population density was 666.6 people per square mile. There were 171 housing units at an average density of 384.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.33% White, 0.34% African American, 0.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population. There were 147 households out of which 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.9% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $20,000, the median income for a family was $30,938. Males had a median income of $21,667 versus $16,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $12,281. About 7.7% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.2% of those sixty five or over. This diagram has a radius of 30 mi Hayesville. Mark Linkous, musician of the band Sparklehorse, lived in Hayesville for a few years and operated a recording studio in the area George Washington Truett, Southern Baptist clergyman and 47-year pastor for the First Baptist Church of Dallas Duncan, Barbara R. and Riggs, Brett H. Cherokee Heritage Trails Guidebook.

University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill. ISBN 0-8078-5457-3 Moore, Carl S. Clay County Then and Now: A Written and Pictorial History. Genealogy Publishing Service: Franklin, NC. ISBN 978-1881851240 Padgett, Guy. A History of Clay County, North Carolina. Clay County Bicentennial Committee. ASIN: B0006WPT26 Official website