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Crown prince

A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. The female form of the title is crown princess, which may refer either to an heir apparent or in earlier times, to the wife of the person styled crown prince. Crown prince as a descriptive term has been used throughout history for the prince, first-in-line to a throne and is expected to succeed, barring any unforeseen future event preventing this. In certain monarchies, a more specific substantive title may be accorded and become associated with the position of heir apparent. In these monarchies, the term crown prince may be used less than the substantive title; until the late twentieth century, no modern monarchy adopted a system whereby females would be guaranteed to succeed to the throne. A crown princess would therefore be more to refer to the spouse of a crown prince, she would be styled crown princess, not by courtesy. The term crown prince is not used in monarchies wherein the hereditary sovereign holds a title below that of king/queen or emperor/empress, although it is sometimes used as a synonym for heir apparent.

In Europe, where primogeniture governed succession to all monarchies except those of the Papacy and Andorra, the eldest son or eldest child of the current monarch fills the role of crown prince or princess, depending upon whether females of the dynasty enjoy personal succession rights. Primogeniture has been abolished in Belgium, Luxembourg, Sweden, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom; the eldest living child of a monarch is sometimes not the heir apparent or crown prince, because that position can be held by a descendant of a deceased older child who, by "right of representation", inherits the same place in the line of succession that would be held by the ancestor if he or she were still living. In some monarchies, those of the Middle East for example, in which primogeniture is not the decisive factor in dynastic succession, a person may not possess the title or status of crown prince by right of birth, but may obtain it as a result of an official designation made on some other legal or traditional basis, such as former crown prince Hassan bin Talal of Jordan.

Compare heir apparent and heir presumptive. In Scandinavian kingdoms, the heir presumptive to the crown may hold a different title than the heir apparent: hereditary prince, it is the title borne by the heir apparent of Liechtenstein, as well as the heir apparent or presumptive of Monaco. In Luxembourg, the heir apparent bears the title of hereditary grand duke. Many monarchies use or did use substantive titles for their heirs apparent of historical origin: Dauphin Duke of Brabant Duke of Braganza Duke of Cornwall one of the titles of the Prince of Wales Duke of Rothesay used by the Prince of Wales in place of his Welsh title when in Scotland Grand Prince Margrave of Moravia Prince of Asturias Prince of Girona Prince Imperial Prince of Orange, whether or not the equivalent title is held by the spouse of the titleholder is decided by the Dutch parliament Prince of Piedmont once conferred by King Joseph Bonaparte Prince Royal Prince of Turnovo Prince of Viana Rex iunior, lit. Junior king as he was crowned during the life of the incumbent king Tsesarevich Some monarchies have used a territorial title for heirs apparent which, though perceived as a crown princely title, is not automatically hereditary.

It requires a specific conferral by the sovereign, which may be withheld. Current and past titles in this category include: Caesar or Kaisar in honor of Gaius Julius Caesar, distinguished from the senior Augustus Symbasileus, lit. co-emperor but still distinguished from the senior, addressed as Autocrator Aetheling and edling, lit. of the royal family Duke of Estonia and Lolland Prince of Norway.


Filipendula is a genus of 12 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Well-known species include meadowsweet and dropwort, both native to Europe, queen-of-the-forest and queen-of-the-prairie, native to North America; the species grow to between 0.5–2 m tall, with large inflorescences of small five-petalled flowers, creamy-white to pink-tinged in most species, dark pink in F. rubra. Filipendula fruit are unusual, sometimes described as an achene. Filipendula species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species: emperor moth, grey pug, grizzled skipper, Hebrew character, lime-speck pug, mottled beauty and the satellite have all been recorded on meadowsweet; the species were in the past sometimes treated in a broad view of the genus Spiraea, but genetic research has shown that they are less related than considered. The genus name Filipendula derives from the Latin words filum "thread" and pendulus "hanging", referring to the tubers of F. vulgaris, which are attached to one other by thread-like roots.

Data related to Filipendula at Wikispecies Media related to Filipendula at Wikimedia Commons

Roger Conant (colonist)

Roger Conant was an American colonist and salter credited for establishing the communities of Salem and Danvers, Massachusetts. Conant arrived at Plymouth Colony from London in 1624, where he became associated with Puritan opposition and subsequently led the settlement to outlying areas, including the site of an ancient Native American village and trading center, which would become Salem. Conant's leadership provided the stability to survive the first two years, but John Endecott, one of the new arrivals, replaced him by order of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Conant graciously was granted 200 acres of land in compensation. Conant died in Beverly, Massachusetts on November 19, 1679. Roger Conant was baptized in East Budleigh, Devonshire on April 9, 1592, he was the son of Richard Agnes. He would move to London, where he became a drysalter. Contrary to some accounts that Roger Conant and his family arrived in 1623 in the ship Anne, per Banks, only Roger's brother Christopher Conant is listed as being on the Anne in 1623.

In Bradford's history, in addition to letters to him by the London Adventurers, mention is made of an unnamed master or journeyman salter who may have arrived in Plymouth in the Charity in March 1623/24. It is thought that Bradford may have been describing Conant, that he arrived in Plymouth in 1624. In 1625, Bradford learned of the death of John Robinson, the long-time minister of their exiled congregation in Leiden, Netherlands. Robinson had been the driving force behind all their efforts to find a better place than England to live their lives and it was he who cared for the many left at the Leiden congregation after the Mayflower's departure. After the dispiriting news of Robinson's death, those in Plymouth began to lose the fervor that helped them survive the grim early years there and began to fear that all they had gained might be destroyed; these dark thoughts turned into mean-spirited fanaticism. At about that time, John Lyford, a minister, sent over by the London Adventurers, was expelled from Plymouth for secretly meeting with settlers who wished to return to the type of worship that they had back in England.

One of Lyford's supporters, John Oldham, was forced to run a gauntlet while Pilgrims beat him with the butt-ends of their muskets. This punishment received the approval of Pilgrim leader Edward Winslow; the Adventurers were quite displeased over what had happened to one of their men and criticized the Pilgrims as “contentious and hard hearted, among your neighbors…”. Bradford in his writings wrote that he thought that Lyford and Oldham deserved their punishments; these actions against the rebellion of Lyford and Oldham were the reason Roger Conant left Plymouth for other locations where he would continue to be in association with them against the Plymouth authorities. In the years prior to and after John Robinson's death, Plymouth Colony had lost about a quarter of its residents, they had gone back to England, or to Virginia. Some, such as salter Roger Conant, found a place to work and worship peacefully in the fishing and trading outposts along the New England coast at Nantasket and Cape Ann.

Per Hubbard's General History, about 1624 Conant moved to Nantasket with his family and about a year or so relocated to Cape Ann, at the north end of Massachusetts Bay. In another case of the new Pilgrim vindictiveness, in 1625 Roger Conant was involved in a violent situation between Plymouth Colony military Captain Myles Standish and some fishermen on Cape Ann. Conant was so shocked by the violence the Plymouth captain displayed that Conant reported the incident in detail for Pilgrim historian William Hubbard. In restating John Robinson's earlier concerns about the way the colony was turning to fanaticism and violence, Hubbard wrote, "Captain Standish…never entered the school of our Savior Christ…or, if he was there, had forgot his first lessons, to offer violence to no man." Hubbard wrote about Standish. Conant built the first Salem house opposite the Town Market. In 1630 he was chosen as voting stockholder of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Conant was one of the first two Salem representatives to the colony's general court or legislature, was elected a selectman by the people of Salem.

When the legislature granted communities the right to establish district courts, Roger Conant served on numerous Salem quarterly juries for sixteen years. He was involved in civic activities over the years such as establishing town boundaries and laying out land grants. Roger Conant was active in the affairs of Salem throughout his life. In 1639, his signature was one of the first ones on the contract for enlarging the meeting house in Town Square for the First Church in Salem; this document remains a part of the town records at City Hall. During his long lifetime Conant had a number of family tragedies, including the death of his wife Sarah, of sons Caleb, Lot and Joshua. Only his son Exercise and several daughters succeeded him. Roger Conant and Sarah Horton married at St. Ann Blackfriars, London on November 11, 1618 and had nine or ten children, she was alive in November 1660 and may have died before March 1677/78 as she was not named in her father's will. Her burial place is unknown. Children of Roger and Sarah Conant: Sarah was baptized at St. Lawrence Jewry, London on September 19, 1619 an

Hilton Head Island High School

Hilton Head Island High School is a public high school within the Beaufort County School District, located in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, United States. The high school serves students on the island in addition to some students living in Bluffton through the Beaufort County School District "school choice program"; the school served 1,161 students in the 2011–2012 school year. The school has had a long-standing relationship with the International Baccalaureate Programme. According to data released by the South Carolina Department of Education, Hilton Head Island High School earned a "B" letter grade for the 2012–2013 school year, exceeding academic expectations put forth by the state in standardized testing and graduation accomplishment; the school earned a "C" for the 2011–2012 school year. Hilton Head Island High School received "excellent" scores on the Absolute Rating and Growth Rating metrics on its 2012 state report card. In 2012, 94.7% of students passed the state-mandated High School Assessment Program.

The four-year graduation rate was 81.8% in 2012, an increase from 73.7% in 2011. The teacher retention rate was 86.8%. Based on 2011 financial data, 8,051 dollars were spent per student. In 2012, the average student–teacher ratio in core subjects was 29.0 students for every 1 teacher. In total, 77.2% of students were enrolled in Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate courses and 74.5% of students were enrolled in career/technology courses. Hilton Head Island High School is accredited with the Southern Association of Schools. In 2016, Hilton Head Island High School's composite 2016 ACT average was 19.5, down from 22 in 2015 and 21.7 in 2014. Hilton Head Island High School competes at the Class AAAA level in the South Carolina High School League; the school fields teams for boys in football, basketball, cross country, track & field, lacrosse and golf. The Seahawks have won the S. C. Athletic Administrator Association's Carlisle Cup for eight consecutive years. Ryan Kelly, baseball player Wayne Simmons, football player Poona Ford, NFL football player Sean O'Haire, former professional wrestler and mixed martial artist Beaufort County School District School website 2012 school report card by S.

C. Department of Education

Mychal Ammons

Mychal Lemar Ammons is an American professional basketball player who last played for the NorthPort Batang Pier of the Philippine Basketball Association. He played college basketball for South Alabama. Ammons attended Vicksburgh High School where he averaged 21.8 points, 8.9 rebounds and 2.1 blocks as a senior and led the Gators to the 6A state championship game. This earned him the MVP award of the Mississippi State tournament and was named First Team All-State by After graduating, Ammons attended South Alabama where he, as a junior, was third in scoring and second in rebounds while playing an average of 27.9 minutes a game, shooting 43.9 percent from the floor, 37.1 percent from 3-point range and 64.4 percent at the free throw line. On April 16, 2014, he decided to forgo his senior season to play overseas. After applying for early entry to the 2014 NBA draft, Ammons signed a contract with Feni Industries of Macedonia on May 12, 2014. After averaging 9.4 points, 7.2 rebounds, 1.8 assists and 1.3 blocks per game, Ammons parted ways with Feni Industries on July 1, 2015.

On November 1, 2015, Ammons was acquired by the Idaho Stampede of the NBA Development League following a successful tryout with the team. However, he was waived on November 11 before the start of the season. On November 26, he was acquired by Estudiantes Concordia of Argentina. On January 23, 2016, he returned to Idaho, making his debut that night in a 108–101 loss to the Texas Legends, recording two points and four rebounds in seven minutes. On May 20, 2016, Ammons signed with the Tijuana Zonkeys of the Mexican Circuito de Baloncesto de la Costa del Pacífico; that day, he made his debut for the Zonkeys in a 92–87 loss to the Garra Cañera de Navolato, recording nine points, four rebounds, two assists and one steal in 15 minutes off the bench. On August 12, 2016, Ammons signed with TNT Katropa of the PBA to replace Mario Little as their import for the 2016 PBA Governors' Cup. In his first career PBA game, Ammons recorded a double-double of 18 points and 18 rebounds as TNT won the game, 109-89, against the Blackwater Elite.

The son of Tony and Katie Ammons, he is the youngest of three children. His sister, Taylor Ammons, is a former member of South Alabama's women's basketball team, he majored in interdisciplinary studies. South Alabama Jaguars bio RealGM profile ESPN profile Feni Industries profile

2012 Hong Kong–Macau Interport

The 68th Hong Kong–Macau Interport was an association football match held in Macau on 16 June 2012. Macau were the defending champions. Hong Kong was represented by its under-22 national team. Head Coach: Ernie Merrick Coaches: Poon Man Tik, Szeto Man Chun, Fan Chun Yip Technical Director: Steve O'ConnorNote: Leung Kwun Chung was original selected in the main squad. However, he resigned due to injury. Wong Yim Kwan and Lo Kong Wai were selected to the squad. Chief Manager: Victor Cheung Lup Kwan Manager: Chong Coc Veng, Sin Chi Yiu, Chang Chin Nam Head Coach: Leung Sui Wing Coaches: Ku Chan Kuong, Iong Cho Ieng, Chu Hon Ming Physio: Lao Chi Leong