The serra antwren is a species of small insectivorous bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is endemic to the states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais in southeastern Brazil; the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed this bird's conservation status as being of "least concern." There are three subspecies: F. s. serrana – east Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo F. s. interposita Gonzaga & Pacheco, 1990 – southeast Minas Gerais and northwest Rio de Janeiro F. s. littoralis Gonzaga & Pacheco, 1990 – coastal Rio de Janeiro The restinga antwren has sometimes been treated as a separate species. Antwrens in the genus Formicivora have comparatively long tails, the males are unusual in having underparts that are darker than the upperparts; the serra antwren weighs about 12 g. In the northern part of the range, the male bird resembles the black-bellied antwren, but the crown and upper parts are a richer, more chestnut colour and the edgings to the tertial feathers are rufous rather than white.
It shows less white on the flanks. In the southern part of the range, the crown and upper parts are dark brown, with an indistinct superciliary streak and less white on the wing coverts; the females of both races are similar to the black-bellied female but have blacker cheeks and buff underparts. The song is a swiftly uttered series of up to twenty "cha" notes; this antwren is endemic to inland parts of southeastern Brazil, where its range includes the states of Minas Gerais, adjacent parts of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. Its range was extended northwards in 2011 during an ornithological survey, by it being recorded at two sites some 200 km further north than its previous known range; the precise distribution of many bird species in this area is poorly known and whether these birds were a separate population or whether they were part of a continuous distribution wherever suitable habitat existed is unclear. Typical habitat for this species is scrub and cleared land where natural vegetation is regenerating, at altitudes of up to about 1,300 m.
These antwrens forage in pairs, hopping purposefully and gleaning among the foliage in thick shrubby vegetation. Like other antwrens, the diet consists of arthropods; the population is thought to be in slow decline because of habitat loss but no specific threats have been recognised, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of "least concern"
Hans Eduard Suess was an Austrian born American physical chemist and nuclear physicist. He was a grandson of the Austrian geologist Eduard Suess. Suess earned his Ph. D. in chemistry from the University of Vienna in 1935 under the supervision of Philipp Gross. During World War II, he was part of a team of German scientists studying nuclear power and was advisor to the production of heavy water in a Norwegian plant. After the war, he collaborated on the shell model of the atomic nucleus with future Nobel Prize winner Hans Jensen. In 1950, Suess emigrated to the United States, he did research in the field of cosmochemistry, investigating the abundance of certain elements in meteorites with Harold Urey at the University of Chicago. In 1955, Suess was recruited for the faculty of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, in 1958 he became one of the four founding faculty members of the University of California, San Diego, he remained at UCSD as Professor as Emeritus Professor thereafter. He established a laboratory at UCSD for carbon-14 determinations, where he trained students including Ellen R.
M. Druffel, now the Fred Kavli Professor of Earth System Science at University of California, Irvine. Suess's most recent research was focused on the distribution of carbon-14 and tritium in the oceans and atmosphere. On basis of radiocarbon analyses of annual growth-rings of trees he contributed to the calibration of the radiocarbon dating scale, the study of the magnitude of the dilution of atmospheric radiocarbon by carbon dioxide from fossil fuels burned since the industrial revolution; this dilution is known as the Suess effect. The mineral suessite, a Fe, Ni-silicide in Enstatit-Chondrites, is named after him. On September 20, 1993, Suess died in a La Jolla retirement home. Suess was confused—by the US Postal Service among others—with a contemporary, the famed children's writer Dr. Seuss, when both men resided in La Jolla, California; the two names have been posthumously linked as well: both men's personal papers are housed in the Geisel Library at the University of California, San Diego.
Suess, Hans. "Abundances of the Elements". Reviews of Modern Physics. 28: 53–74. Bibcode:1956RvMP...28...53S. Doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.28.53. A Biographical Memoir, from the National Academy Press A Biographical Memoir, from the National Academy Press Genesis Mission page Suess-effect Murdin, Paul. "Suess, Hans Eduard". The Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Doi:10.1888/0333750888/4039. ISBN 0-333-75088-8. Arnold, J. R.. "Hans Suess". Meteoritics. 29: 289. Bibcode:1994Metic..29..289A. Doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.1994.tb00683.x. "Hans Suess". Robert Jungk in Brighter Than a Thousand Suns, quotes Suess about the production of heavy water by the Vemork plant. From page 110: "... Jomar Brun, a former technical manager of the heavy water works at Rjukan in Norway stated that he had been told by Hans Suess, the German atomic expert employed there, that production could not attain the dimensions important for war production in much less than five years." Jomar Brun fled to Sweden after the occupation by German troops in 1940.
Brun's letters, archived in Hans Suess Papers:Series 2, Correspondence:b4/f29, contain a discussion of secret war operations and Brun's role in the production of heavy water. Hitler's Sunken Secret, a NOVA production airing in November 2005 undertakes a forensics approach to evaluate the heavy water threat. Brun, Jomar. Brennpunkt Vemork 1940-1945. ISBN 82-00-06864-1, 119 pages, Universitetsforlaget. Arnold, J. R.. "Memorial for Hans E. Suess". Meteoritics. 29: 289. Bibcode:1994Metic..29..289A. Doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.1994.tb00683.x
Club Atlético Independiente is a football club based in Avellaneda that competes in the Superliga Argentina. The club was founded in 1904 in Buenos Aires by the initiative of a group of teenagers who were members of Maipú FC and were not allowed to play in the team because of being minors, decided to build their own team. Independiente joined the Argentine leagues in 1907 after getting his stadium approved, since 1912 competes in Argentina's top level national league with the exception of the 2013–14 season, when they got relegated for the first time from the top division; the team has success at the Argentine football level, but they are known for their international titles and appearances, being nicknamed Rey de Copas by the media and his fans. The first international cup they took part was the 1917 Tie Cup, which they lost to Uruguayan team Montevideo Wanderers. Independiente is the most successful club in the Americas alongside fellow Argentine team Boca Juniors, with 18 official international titles recognized by FIFA and CONMEBOL.
Among those international titles Independiente has a record 7 Copa Libertadores, 2 Intercontinental Cups, 2 Copa Sudamericana and one Recopa Sudamericana. Independiente is alongside River Plate and Brazil's Internacional the only teams to win all four of the current CONMEBOL competitions. Although being far behind Boca Juniors and River Plate in terms of popularity, Independiente was voted by the IFFHS as the 2nd best club in South America in the 20th century, best team in Argentina. Before the creation of the first CONMEBOL football competitions in 1960, several trophies were organized between the Argentine Football Association and the Uruguayan Football Association to be contested by those countries' league and cup champions. South America's premier football club competition. Independiente is the most successful team in the competition with 7 titles, with 4 of them in a row between 1972 and 1975. A total of 7 finals were played by Independiente. El Rojo was the first Argentine team to win the competition.
Defunct competition contested by the winners of the CONCACAF Champions' Cup. Independiente is the most successful team in the competition, with 3 titles out of 3 appearances. Annual competition organized by the Hong Kong Football Association since 1908, with a local team hosting the competition. Known as the Supercopa. Defunct competition contested by all of the past winners of the Copa Libertadores. Independiente is, together with Brazil's Cruzeiro, the only team to win it twice; the 1992 Supercopa Sudamericana round of 16 featured the only Avellaneda derby played at international stage. Defunct competition contested by the traditional big teams from Argentina, Chile and Uruguay; this is the only competition never won by Independiente among those. Competition contested by the winners of the Copa Libertadores and the Copa Sudamericana, equivalent to the UEFA Super Cup. South America's secondary football club competition, equivalent to the UEFA Europa League. Independiente is, together with the only team to win it twice.
Competition contested by the winners of the Copa Sudamericana and the Japanese J. League Cup, played at a single match final with the latter team hosting the match. Defunct competition contested by the winners of the Copa Libertadores and the UEFA Champions League to determine the best team in the world; the competition was discontinued in 2005 to make room for the FIFA Club World Cup. Below is a list of all. Vs. Nacional, 5−0 vs. Deportivo Táchira, 5−0 vs. Pepeganga Margarita, 6−0 vs. Pepeganga Margarita, 9−0 vs. Montevideo Wanderers, 0−4 vs. Peñarol, 0−4 vs. Flamengo, 0−4 vs. Flamengo, 0−4 vs. River Plate, 0−4 vs. River Plate, 1−8 vs. Universidad de Chile, 6−2 vs. Nacional, 1−0 vs. Internazionale, 0−0 vs. Flamengo, 0−1 Intercontinental Cup: 1973, 1984 Copa Libertadores: 1964, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1984 Copa Sudamericana: 2010, 2017 Recopa Sudamericana: 1995 Suruga Bank Championship: 2018 Copa Interamericana: 1973, 1974, 1975 Lunar New Year Cup: 1975 Supercopa Sudamericana: 1994, 1995 Copa Dr. Ricardo Aldao: 1938, 1939 Copa de Oro Rioplatense: 1936 Copa Intendente Municipal: 1941 Copa Fraternidad: 1941 Copa Ministerio de Hacienda: 1941 Copa Presidente Prado: 1941 Copa Fajer: 1948 Lisbon Quadrangular: 1953 Torneo Internacional de Chile: 1964 Festa d'Elx Trophy: 1967 Trofeo Montilla Moriles: 1967 Copa de Oro - Mar del Plata: 1980, 1981 Trofeo Villa de Madrid: 1981 Toyota Cup: 1984 Miami International: 1986 Copa de las Instituciones: 1993Notes List of CONMEBOL club competition winnersList of Copa Libertadores finalsList of world champion football clubs
Gary Crowley is an English broadcaster, TV presenter and DJ. While still at school in the late 1970s Gary Crowley founded the new wave fanzine "The Modern World" interviewing many of the most significant bands of the day including The Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Jam. Unknown schoolboy Crowley famously persuaded The Clash's Joe Strummer to give him an exclusive interview and spent time with the band as they rehearsed for their Complete Control tour in London's Chalk Farm studios. Crowley's ability to spot new talent has been a signature of his thirty-year broadcasting career, he remains today as one of London's most respected champions of independent music. On leaving school in 1978 Crowley took up a junior position at Decca records before joining the staff of the NME, taking over from Danny Baker as the telephone receptionist at their offices in Carnaby Street. At this time the weekly music paper was at the centre of the punk explosion under the editorship of Neil Spencer. Crowley's knowledge of music attracted the attention of broadcasters and in 1980 he was hired by London's independent commercial station Capital Radio, aged 19 became the youngest radio DJ in the UK.
Throughout the 1980s Gary Crowley became a prolific broadcaster / promoter, hosting regular club night at the Wag Club London and at Bogarts Harrow, where he showcased many prominent chart acts at early points in their career, including The Style Council, Wham! and others. TV presenting followed, as Crowley was hired to front Fun Factory ITV on Saturday mornings and game shows including Runaround spin-off Poparound which ran through the late 1980s. At this point Crowley was presenting his an acclaimed weekly radio show The Magic Box on Capital Radio. In 1983 Gary Crowley compered the first national UK tour by Wham! In 1991 Crowley signed a contract to host the music show The Beat on the ITV station Carlton TV. Where he introduced the emerging Brit Pop movement to UK TV audiences. In 1994 he conducted the first TV interview with Liam and Noel Gallagher of Oasis and brought other Britpop bands to the show including Blur and Pulp. For the next five years he interviewed acts including Björk, Manic Street Preachers, Henry Rollins, Massive Attack, David Sylvian, other TV presenting jobs followed most with Rockworld TV.
His radio show on the BBC station Greater London Radio continued to unearth new talent. In 1996 Crowley was invited to introduce Oasis on stage for their historic Knebworth concert. In 1997 Crowley left the BBC to join the London's first indie station, Chris Parry's XFM, where Steve Lamacq, Mary Anne Hobbs and Alan Freeman had broadcast in test transmissions. Crowley was given the mid-morning show but on the day before launch, Princess of Wales died, so on 1 September 1997 Crowley had to open the new radio station with the words: Crowley left XFM along with Ricky Gervais and others when the station was sold to Capital, choosing to return to the renamed BBC London 94.9, where he fronts a three-hour weekly show on Saturday evenings, including BBC Introducing in London. More Crowley makes occasional'supersub' appearances on BBC 6 Music as well as hosting regular shows for Amazing Radio, a digital station dedicated to new and emerging music. Gary Crowley has interviewed some of the UK's most influential rock names including Paul McCartney, The Small Faces, Robert Plant and others.
Gustav Mezey was an Austrian artist. In the early 1920s Hungarian-born Mezey embarked upon an artistic career that would span more than four decades, his outstanding talent and pioneering spirit made him one of Europe's most recognised commercial artists of his time. Producing advertisements for several well-known companies in Budapest, Trieste and Vienna, he soon specialised in large outdoor poster designs for the newly emerging film industry. From the early 1930s to the late 1950s, he created movie posters and large-scale portraits of movie stars in his unique paint/airbrush technique for most of the classic European and American film producers, including UFA, Tobis, Sascha, MGM and Rank Organisation. During this period Mezey refined his bold, exciting colour compositions to a trend-setting and unparalleled level, his surviving original artworks have since valued collector's items. Gewerbehaus - Vienna, 1978 Wiener Hofburg - Vienna, 1984 Ad Art Gallery - Vienna, 1984 New Art Gallery - Boston, 1997 Sydney Graphics College - Sydney, 2005 Fritsch, Sibylle.