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Cuban Revolution

The Cuban Revolution was an armed revolt conducted by Fidel Castro's revolutionary 26th of July Movement and its allies against the military dictatorship of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista. The revolution began in July 1953, continued sporadically until the rebels ousted Batista on 31 December 1958, replacing his government with a revolutionary socialist state. 26 July 1953 is celebrated in Cuba as the Day of the Revolution. The 26th of July Movement reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party in October 1965; the Cuban Revolution had powerful international repercussions. In particular, it transformed Cuba's relationship with the United States, although efforts to improve diplomatic relations have gained momentum in recent years. In the immediate aftermath of the revolution, Castro's government began a program of nationalization, centralization of the press and political consolidation that transformed Cuba's economy and civil society; the revolution heralded an era of Cuban intervention in foreign military conflicts in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East.

Several rebellions occurred the six years after 1959 among the impoverished peasantry in the Escambray mountains, which were repressed by the Revolutionary government. In the decades following United States' invasion of Cuba in 1898, formal independence from the U. S. on May 20, 1902, Cuba experienced a period of significant instability, enduring a number of revolts, coups and a period of U. S. military occupation. Fulgencio Batista, a former soldier who had served as the elected president of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, became president for the second time in 1952, after seizing power in a military coup and canceling the 1952 elections. Although Batista had been progressive during his first term, in the 1950s he proved far more dictatorial and indifferent to popular concerns. While Cuba remained plagued by high unemployment and limited water infrastructure, Batista antagonized the population by forming lucrative links to organized crime and allowing American companies to dominate the Cuban economy sugar-cane plantations and other local resources.

Although the US armed and politically supported the Batista dictatorship US presidents recognized its corruption and the justifiability of removing it. During his first term as President, Batista had not been supported by the Communist Party of Cuba, during his second term he became anti-communist. Batista developed a rather weak security bridge as an attempt to silence political opponents. In the months following the March 1952 coup, Fidel Castro a young lawyer and activist, petitioned for the overthrow of Batista, whom he accused of corruption and tyranny. However, Castro's constitutional arguments were rejected by the Cuban courts. After deciding that the Cuban regime could not be replaced through legal means, Castro resolved to launch an armed revolution. To this end, he and his brother Raúl founded a paramilitary organization known as "The Movement", stockpiling weapons and recruiting around 1,200 followers from Havana's disgruntled working class by the end of 1952. Batista was known as a corrupt leader and pampered himself with exotic foods and elegant women.

Striking their first blow against the Batista government, Fidel and Raúl Castro gathered 69 Movement fighters and planned a multi-pronged attack on several military installations. On 26 July 1953, the rebels attacked the Moncada Barracks in Santiago and the barracks in Bayamo, only to be decisively defeated by government soldiers, it was hoped. After an hour of fighting the rebel leader fled to the mountains; the exact number of rebels killed in the battle is debatable. Due to the government's large number of men, Hunt revised the number to be around 60 members taking the opportunity to flee to the mountains along with Castro. Among the dead was Abel Santamaría, Castro's second-in-command, imprisoned and executed on the same day as the attack. Numerous key Movement revolutionaries, including the Castro brothers, were captured shortly afterwards. In a political trial, Fidel spoke for nearly four hours in his defense, ending with the words "Condemn me, it does not matter. History will absolve me."

Castro's defense was based on nationalism, the representation and beneficial programs for the non-elite Cubans, his patriotism and justice for the Cuban community. Fidel was sentenced to 15 years in the Presidio Modelo prison, located on Isla de Pinos, while Raúl was sentenced to 13 years. However, in 1955, under broad political pressure, the Batista government freed all political prisoners in Cuba, including the Moncada attackers. Fidel's Jesuit childhood teachers succeeded in persuading Batista to include Fidel and Raúl in the release. Soon, the Castro brothers joined with other exiles in Mexico to prepare for the overthrow of Batista, receiving training from Alberto Bayo, a leader of Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. In June 1955, Fidel met the Argentine revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara. Raul and Castro's chief advisor Ernesto aided the initiation of Batista's amnesty; the revolutionaries named themselves the "26th of July Movement", in reference to the date of their attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953.

By late 1955, student riots and demonstrations became common, unemployment became problematic as new graduates could not find jobs. These protests were dealt with increasing repression. All young people were seen as pos

1986–87 Washington Huskies men's basketball team

The 1986–87 Washington Huskies men's basketball team represented the University of Washington for the 1986–87 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. Led by second-year head coach Andy Russo, the Huskies were members of the Pacific-10 Conference and played their home games on campus at Hec Edmundson Pavilion in Seattle, Washington; the Huskies were 16–13 overall in the regular season and 10–8 in conference play, winning their final two games to tie for third in the standings. The conference tournament debuted this year and third-seeded Washington advanced to the final, but lost to host and top seed UCLA by twelve points. Washington advanced to the quarterfinals, they defeated Montana State in overtime in Bozeman Boise State in Seattle, but fell at Nebraska to end the season at 20–15. Sports Reference – Washington Huskies: 1986–87 basketball season

Château de Bruniquel

The Château de Bruniquel is a castle in the French commune of Bruniquel, in the Tarn-et-Garonne département of the Occitanie region of France. The castle is called Châteaux de Bruniquel; this is because, two centuries after its construction, the castle was shared between two branches of the Comminges house, hence "château vieux" and "château jeune". According to Gregory of Tours, the Merovingian Queen Brunehaut or Brunhilda built the first castle, "château vieux" or "castel Biel in the 6th century on the site of a Roman castrum. Of the early 12th century castle, the only remains are partial foundations, parts of walls and the keep, the so-called Tour de Brunehaut; the site has been altered at various times, notably in the 15th, 17th and 19th centuries. The "château vieux" still has its keep from the 12th century, an era when the castle was the property of the Counts of Toulouse, its residence from the 13th century, it has a Renaissance gallery. The keep; the "château jeune" dominates the confluence of the rivers Vère from a height of 80m.

It was remodelled during the baroque period. Its Renaissance gallery has six arcades. A chimney from Bruniquel was taken and installed in the 19th century in the dining room at the Château de Lastours in Réalville; the site was a location for the 1975 film Le Vieux Fusil, directed by Robert Enrico and starring Romy Schneider, Philippe Noiret and Jean Bouise. The well now seen in the centre is not original. Photographs showing the filming are displayed in the château vieux; the whole site has been classified as a historic monument since 1840 and has been restored. The castle has been owned by the commune since 1987 and is open to the public from March to mid-November. List of castles in France Ministry of Culture listing for Château de Bruniquel Ministry of Culture photo Bruniquel website