Cue sports known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill played with a cue stick, used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as cushions. The umbrella term was billiards. While that familiar name is still employed by some as a generic label for all such games, the word's usage has splintered into more exclusive competing meanings in various parts of the world. For example, in British and Australian English, billiards refers to the game of English billiards, while in American and Canadian English it is sometimes used to refer to a particular game or class of games, or to all cue games in general, depending upon dialect and context. In colloquial usage, the term billiards may be used colloquially to refer to pocket billiards games, such as pool, snooker, or Russian pyramid. There are 3 major subdivisions of games within cue sports: Carom billiards, referring to games played on tables without pockets 10 feet in length, including balkline and straight rail, cushion caroms, three-cushion billiards, artistic billiards and four-ball Pool, covering numerous pocket billiards games played on six-pocket tables of 7-, 8-, or 9-foot length, including among others eight-ball, nine-ball, ten-ball, straight pool, one-pocket, bank pool Snooker, English billiards and Russian pyramid, games played on a billiards table with six pockets called a snooker table, all of which are classified separately from pool based on a separate historical development, as well as a separate culture and terminology that characterize their play.
There are other variants that make use of obstacles and targets, table-top games played with disks instead of balls. Billiards has a long and rich history stretching from its inception in the 15th century, to the wrapping of the body of Mary, Queen of Scots, in her billiard table cover in 1586, through its many mentions in the works of Shakespeare, including the famous line "let's to billiards" in Antony and Cleopatra, through the many famous enthusiasts of the sport such as: Mozart, Louis XIV of France, Marie Antoinette, Immanuel Kant, Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, George Washington, French president Jules Grévy, Charles Dickens, George Armstrong Custer, Theodore Roosevelt, Lewis Carroll, W. C. Fields, Babe Ruth, Bob Hope, Jackie Gleason. All cue sports are regarded to have evolved into indoor games from outdoor stick-and-ball lawn games, as such to be related to the historical games jeu de mail and palle-malle, modern trucco and golf, more distantly to the stickless bocce and bowls; the word billiard may have evolved from the French word billart or billette, meaning'stick', in reference to the mace, an implement similar to a golf club, the forerunner to the modern cue.
The modern term cue sports can be used to encompass the ancestral mace games, the modern cueless variants, such as finger billiards, for historical reasons. Cue itself came from queue, the French word for a tail; this refers to the early practice of using the tail of the mace to strike the ball when it lay against a rail cushion. A recognizable form of billiards was played outdoors in the 1340s, was reminiscent of croquet. King Louis XI of France had the first known indoor billiard table. Louis XIV further refined and popularized the game, it swiftly spread among the French nobility. While the game had long been played on the ground, this version appears to have died out in the 17th century, in favor of croquet and bowling games, while table billiards had grown in popularity as an indoor activity. Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed that her "table de billiard" had been taken away by those who became her executioners. Billiards grew to the extent that by 1727, it was being played in every Paris café.
In England, the game was developing into a popular activity for members of the gentry. By 1670, the thin butt end of the mace began to be used not only for shots under the cushion, but players preferred it for other shots as well; the cue as it is known today was developed by about 1800. The mace was used to push the balls, rather than strike them; the newly developed striking cue provided a new challenge. Cushions began to be stuffed with substances to allow the balls to rebound, in order to enhance the appeal of the game. After a transitional period where only the better players would use cues, the cue came to be the first choice of equipment; the demand for tables and other equipment was met in Europe by John Thurston and other furniture makers of the era. The early balls were made from wood and clay. Early billiard games involved various pieces of additional equipment, including the "arch", "port" and "king" in the 1770s, but other game variants, relying on the cushions, were being formed that would go on to play fundamental roles in the development of modern billiards.
The early croquet-like games led to the development of the carom or carambole billiards category – what most non-Commonwealth and non-US speakers mean by the word billiards. These games, which
Port Lympne, at Lympne, Kent is an early 20th-century country house built for Sir Philip Sassoon by Herbert Baker and Philip Tilden. Completed after the First World War. Following Sassoon's death in 1939 it was bequeathed with its contents, including cars and planes, to Hannah Gubbay, his cousin, it was abandoned after the Second World War. In 1973, it was purchased by John Aspinall as part of an expansion of his Port Lympne Zoo; the house is a Grade II* listed building as of 29 December 1966. Philip Sassoon, 3rd Baronet, GBE, CMG, purchased the estate in 1913 with the proceeds of the sale of his parents' home, Shorncliffe Lodge, in Sandgate, Kent." Scion of a family of wealthy Iraqi merchants. As the MP for Hythe Philip Sassoon commissioned Sir Herbert Baker to design the house in the Cape Dutch architecture style, it was built for him around 1913/4 "on a superb site looking across Romney Marsh to the sea." Named Belcaire, it was renamed Port Lympne after the First World War, echoing Portus Lemanis, a Roman port, situated nearby.
When work recommenced after the end of the War, Sassoon employed Philip Tilden, who worked for Sassoon's political friends and colleagues, David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill. "Tilden's job was to enlarge Port Lympne and to make it, in his words, "no more of the modest week-end home, but rather the epitome of all things conductive to luxurious relaxation after the strenuousness of war. It was to be a challenge to the world, telling people that a new culture had risen up from the sick-bed of the old, with new aspirations, eyes upon a new aspect, mind turned to a new burst of imagination."Tilden's additions and alterations during the early 1920s included doorcases, the east forecourt, the terraces and the amazing external staircase leading to the pool. Internally the ground floor of the passageway, from east to west is decorated with patterned black and white marble in varying concentric curves with a barrel-vaulted ceiling; the staircase is flanked by blue marble columns and pink on the first floor.
The iron balustrade to the stairs was copied from the principal stair at Scotland. Sir Philip Sassoon thought it a moderate house, yet it had 4 reception rooms, 2 libraries, 13 principal bedrooms, eight bathrooms as well as 17 staff bedrooms with a further 5 bathrooms. Although complete before the First World War the grand finishing touches the grounds were executed after 1918 under the guidance of Philip Tilden; the Italian style terraced garden was designed and executed under the guidance of Philip Tilden, these works started after 1918. Tilden added a bachelor's wing with Moorish courtyard, which Lady Honor Channon, unkindly described as a Spanish brothel to accommodate young airmen from nearby Romney Marsh flying field – among his other enthusiasms, Sir Philip was himself an aviator – and Tilden's twin swimming pools and monumentally classical garden staircase, a grand flight of steps, crowned with temples, led up the cliff at the side of the house were in much the same theatrical spirit.
Philip Sassoon thought enough of Tilden to recommend him to Churchill to work on his country house Chartwell in Kent. Cut out of the old sea cliffs. William Bainbridge Reynolds, who had designed the metal work for the Law Courts, undertook all of the wrought-ironwork in and around the Mansion; the garden planting was designed by Norah Lindsay, who recreated the feel of Italy by setting herbaceous plants against the dark background created by the terraced hedges. Norah advised Philip on his Trent Park garden, thirteen miles from the center of London in New Barnet; when John Aspinall purchased the house in 1973 he began a ten-year renovation project. The great border, 135 yards in all was dug over twice by hand and piled with 200 tons of Elephant dung and were redesigned and replanted with 2,500 herbs and shrubs with the advice of Russell Page; the water used for the gardens comes from natural springs. A ram system pumps the water 300 ft. up to a storage reservoir holding 15,000 gallons. Three hydraulic rams work together, driven by water pressure.
The system is designed to ensure there is natural fresh water for the gardens throughout the summer during a long drought. The main drive to the Mansion was from the east gate so visitors could enjoy views towards the Romney Marsh. Rex Whistler decorated the Tent Room, still as painted in the 1920s. "Rex now hit on the right treatment. He would turn the room into a blue-and-white striped tent, it would seem to have been put up between two doorcases of stone, be looked into by windows at the back. These would have real curtains of the same stripes matching the painted material stretched in wrinkled tromp-l'oeil across the curvy ceiling." "On the main wall real tent poles should be topped with real cords and tassels of gold braid Every chance of a trick should be taken, in this game between the real and the imagined." "Also he would lift the whole room, or tent, as it to the first-floor level of the pictured scene outside, so that we look down between the tent poles on a town with several favorite buildings – a Palladian Bridge, A Stowe pavilion, St Martin-in-the-Fields.
There are no spiders, there being no children. The lady's country house, far off, is Faringdon, the little boy waiting for the paddle steamer has a coroneted B on his trunk, for Berners, the eternal schoolboy. M. Stulik, the proprietor, stands at the door of "La
"Minor Earth Major Sky" is a song by A-ha, the second single from their album of the same name. The single was sent out to many European radio stations around 5 June 2000 and was released to the shops in Norway and Germany on 10 July; the song reached No. 1 in 3 European nations. The German made Norwegian release features 7 different versions of "Minor Earth Major Sky"; these include: "niven's radio edit" - remixed by Niven Garland "black dog mix" - additional production and remix by R. A. S. & Island Brothers "millenia nova remix" - additional production and remix by Millenia Nova "ian pooley's deep mix" - additional production and remix by Ian Pooley. Directed by Philipp Stölzl This video was filmed in an abandoned mine in Prague, Czech Republic; the suits worn by A-ha in this video were reproductions of real lunar suits. They had been used in the movie "Apollo 13." The theme of this video is based in reality. In this video they thought. For the "Minor Earth | Major Tour" this was the first song on the setlist.
Oak Ridge High School is a public secondary school in Orlando, established in 1959. The school had been rated a D or F institution by the state starting in 2000. In 2012, the school was awarded a C grade. In 2013, the school further was awarded a B grade; the Campus has been expanded/remodeled since the founding of the school. During the summer of 2010, demolition began on the northern side of campus as the 600 building and "Fish Farm", the Tech Ed building, was torn down to make room for the new school; the students are scheduled to move into the new building on a staggered schedule during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 school year. Activities available to Oak Ridge students include Athletic Training, AVID, Beta Club, JA Academy, Computer Programming and Gaming Club, Floetry Club, National Honor Society, AP Club, Robotics, SAFE Ambassadors, Science National Honor Society, Student Government, Courage Now, Youth 4 Change and Science Olympiad; the Oak Ridge Pioneer Marching Band is known as the Marching Pioneers.
In the 2009 marching season, the band made state semi-finals in FMBC with their show "Spanish Fantasy", got straight superiors in FBA. They have marched in parades including the Universal Studios Christmas Parade, the Downtown Christmas Parade and the Martin Luther King Jr. Day Parade. Former tuba player Arik Denmark II is a known innovator in the community and lead the way for the advancement of the program; the Oak Ridge Pioneers compete in interscholastic competition in Football, Girls Flag Football, Track & Field, Baseball, Basketball, Cross Country and Tennis Oak Ridge is a charter member of the Orlando Metro Conference, in which they have competed since 1962. During that time, the Pioneers have gone on to win a total of 79 Metro Championships: Boys Basketball: 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1998, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Girls Basketball: 1975 Boys Cross Country: 1983, 1987, 1993, 1994 Girls Cross Country: 1975, 2005 Girls Flag Football: 2014, 2015 Football: 1970, 1974, 1975, 1977, 2014, 2015 Boys Golf: 1964 Boys Soccer: 1981, 1982, 2016 Softball: 1980, 1991, 1992, 1993 Boys Swimming: 1971, 1973 Boys Tennis: 1979, 1986 Boys Track: 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996 Girls Track: 1976, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2016 Girls Volleyball: 1975, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993Oak Ridge Track and Field Website FHSAA State Championships Boys Basketball: 2018 Softball: 1991 Boys Track and Field: 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982 Girls Track and Field: 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1988, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008 The Oak Ridge High School Athletic Hall of Fame was created in the Spring of 2013 when 18 athletes and 2 coaches were recognized by the school at an afternoon student assembly, in their honor banners of each individual were hung in the gymnasium hallway.
In the spring of 2014, an additional 10 individuals including 7 athletes, 2 contributors and 1 coach were inducted and honored at a school assembly followed by a banquet that evening. The inductees received a commemorative medallion and a Hall of Fame logo polo shirt. At the beginning of the 2014-15 school year, several individuals including past coaches and former athletes became involved with the school's administration; as a result, a Hall of Fame Board of Directors was established and began preparing for the 2015 Hall of Fame Induction. In 2016, the Board of Directors received 501c3 status, it was at this point that the Board redefined the eligibility criteria and established a nomination, screening and selection process. In addition, the decision was made to create a permanent display honoring the Hall of Fame members. In addition, the decision was made to create a permanent display honoring the Hall of Fame members and to locate it in the hallway of William Spoone Gymnasium. In 2016, the Hall of Fame added a Members’ Brunch to honor the new inductees and unveiled the permanent Hall of Fame display.
The brunch and the unveiling of the permanent display for the new inductees has been add to the Hall of Fame Alumni Weekend list of events. One other additional event will be the naming of the Hall of Fame Student-Athlete Award recipient who will be recognized and honored at the Brunch, School Assembly and at the Induction Banquet. More information of the Hall of Fame can be found here. Oak Ridge is home to three district-wide magnet programs: Aviation and Aerospace Engineering, Digital Media and Gaming, Hospitality Management. In the spring of 2011 Oak Ridge became a certified Project Lead The Way school. Arik Denmark II Craig Crawford, political commentator Glenda Hood, Mayor of Orlando, Florida Secretary of State of Florida Barbara Pierre Joe Joseph Michelle Finn-Burrell James Rolle Vernice Smith Cady Lalanne, professional basketball player for the NBA's San Antonio Spurs Neil Brown Jr. actor Antonio Blakeney, professional basketball player Terry Reese Lavera Morris Corey Palmer, Chief Executive Officer for CreateTheSite Inc Lexus Walker, Professional Sims Player Deeb lutfi, indoor men's cycling In 2013, Oak Ridge brought in City Year, a national non-profit and AmeriCorps organization aimed at reducing the dropout crisis in high-needs urban schools.
Ten City Year corps members sported red City Year bomber jackets and now serve as full-time tutors and mentors for 9th graders. In the 2012
Evan Spiliotopoulos is a Greek-American screenwriter and director, best known for writing Hercules, Tinker Bell and the Lost Treasure and Beauty and the Beast. He wrote the script for the film The Huntsman: Winter's War. Spiliotopoulos was born in Greece, graduated from high school there. Soon after, he moved to the United States and attended the University of Delaware to get an undergraduate degree in film theory. After moving to Los Angeles in 1995, his first job in the industry was in a television film Trial by Fire as an intern. In 2014, Spiliotopoulos re-wrote the screenplay for the action-adventure fantasy film Hercules written by Ryan J. Condal. Brett Ratner directed the film which released on July 2014 by Paramount Pictures. Spiliotopoulos wrote the screenplay of action-adventure fantasy film The Huntsman: Winter's War, along with Craig Mazin, rewritten by Frank Darabont. Cedric Nicolas-Troyan directed the film, released on April 22, 2016 by Universal Pictures. Spiliotopoulos and Stephen Chbosky wrote Walt Disney Pictures' live action musical romantic fantasy film Beauty and the Beast, directed by Bill Condon.
The film was released on March 17, 2017. In the 2000s, Spiliotopoulos was attached to write a prequel of to the classic animated Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs film. However, the project was cancelled when Pixar was acquired by The Walt Disney Company in 2006. In April 2009, Spiliotopoulos was set to write the screenplay for the action film Wanted 2, a sequel to the 2008 film Wanted. In June 2013, Universal acquired the remake rights to the Japanese 2007 anime film Vexille and set Spiliotopoulos to write the screenplay. In July 2014, Spiliotopoulos was hired by 20th Century Fox to write the script for the 2014 novel Seven Wonders written by Ben Mezrich. Spiliotopoulos had rewritten the script of the horror film Ouija, but his draft wasn't used in the film. On December 16, 2015, Sony hired Spiliotopoulos to write the script for the Charlie's Angels reboot film, which would be directed by Elizabeth Banks. In May 2018, Paramount Pictures began moving forward with a G. I. Joe spinoff movie featuring Snake Eyes with Spiliotopoulos in early talks to pen the script.
Evan Spiliotopoulos on IMDb Evan Spiliotopoulos Interview with Scripts & Scribes
Enefit Kaevandused is a mining company located in Jõhvi, Estonia. It is a subsidiary of an Estonian state-owned energy company; the core activity of Enefit Kaevandused is oil-shale mining. The produced oil shale is used to fuel oil shale-fired power stations in the north–east of Estonia; the company has 3,150 employees. The chief executive officer is Andres Vainola. Enefit Kaevandused were established in June 1945 as Eesti Põlevkivi known by its name in Russian Estonslanets, it was created by merging Käva II mines. In 1946, it took over Viivikonna mine. New mines were opened in Ahtme, Jõhvi, Tammiku, in the area between Käva and Sompa; the Ubja mine was given to Eesti Põlevkivi in 1957, but it was closed in 1959. After construction of large oil shale-fired power stations in Narva, demand for oil shale increased and Eesti Põlevkivi opened the underground mines Viru and Estonia along with the open-pit mines Sirgala and Oktoobri. Correspondingly, several exhausted smaller mines like Käva, No. 2, No. 4, Kiviõli were closed.
The Estonia Mine became the largest oil shale mine in the world. At the end of 1988, a fire broke out in the Estonia Mine; the largest underground fire in Estonia, it continued for 81 days and caused serious pollution of ground and surface waters. In 1998, Eesti Põlevkivi and Dynamit Nobel opened an explosives manufacturing plant in Estonia. After Dynamit Nobel sold its explosives business to Orica, the became the main shareholder in the plant. Due to a decrease in demand, the Tammiku and Sompa mines closed in 1999 and those at Kohtla and Ahtme closed in 2001. In 2000, the open-pit mines at Viivikonna and Narva were merged into the single Narva open-pit mine; the exhausted Aidu open-pit mine was closed in 2012, followed a year by the Viru underground mine. In 1999, Government of Estonia handed 51% of shares of Eesti Põlevkivi to Narva Elektrijaamad. In 2003, Government transferred remained 49% stake in Eesti Põlevkivi to Eesti Energia. Narva Elektrijaamad-owned 51% stake was transferred to Eesti Energia and Eesti Põlevkivi became a owned subsidiary of Eesti Energia.
Enefit Kaevandused operates the Narva Open-Cast Mine. In addition, it owns minority stake 35% in the manufacturer of explosives Orica Eesti OÜ, a subsidiary of Orica. Energy in Estonia