Red Lodge, Montana
Red Lodge is a city in and the county seat of Carbon County, United States. It is part of the Billings Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 2,125 at the United States Census, 2010. Red Lodge is located at 45°11′15″N 109°14′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.80 square miles, all of it land. On September 17, 1851, the United States government signed a treaty with the Crow Nation, ceding the area which now contains Red Lodge, MT to the Crow Indians. Rich coal deposits were found there in 1866, gold was discovered nearby in 1870. An 1880 treaty between the U. S. government and the Crow allowed the area to be settled starting April 11, 1882. The Red Lodge post office was established on Dec 1884 with Postmaster Ezra L. Benton. A rail line was constructed into town, coal shipments began in June 1889; the boundaries of the Crow Reservation were redrawn October 15, 1892, opening the whole area to settlement. From until the 1930s, coal mining defined the town.
In the late 19th century, many new settlers came to Red Lodge, MT. The majority came from Italy, Wales, Ireland, Norway, Sweden and Austria-Hungary. By the mid-1880s, migrants were still outnumbered by large numbers of Native Americans. By 1892 the population reached 1,180. In 1896, Red Lodge had twenty saloons and, as the library records show and violent living was characteristic of the town. By 1906 the population had grown to 4,000 and by 1911 this had increased to 5,000. Red Lodge suffered in the Great Depression. To offset this downturn, the manufacture of illegal bootleg liquor, labeled syrup, became an economic mainstay and was sold as far away as Chicago and San Francisco. In 1931 work began on the Beartooth Highway linking Red Lodge to Yellowstone National Park; the downtown has been redeveloped since the mid-1980s for historic and cultural tourism, as the Red Lodge Commercial Historic District. The buildings in downtown Red Lodge fell into disrepair in large part because population had dropped from its 1915 peak of 6000 people to about 2,000.
As of 2006, an estimate suggests that the population of Red Lodge may increase from about 1,200 people in the winter to over 1,800 people during the summer tourist season, arriving via the Beartooth Highway. Red Lodge is the county seat of Carbon County. Red Lodge is an incorporated city, governed via the mayor/council system. There are six members of the city council, elected from one of three wards of equal population. There are two council members from each ward; the mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Red Lodge is well known for many outdoor recreation opportunities: skiing, mountain biking, backpacking are nearby. In April it is host to a popular triathlon called the Peaks to Prairie; the Yellowstone Bighorn Research Association's Geology Field Station is located south of Red Lodge. KMXE FM 99.3 Carbon County News The Local Rag Red Lodge Pickett Red Lodge Pickett-Journal Red Lodge experiences a continental climate with cold, somewhat dry winters and warm, wetter summers. Summers are cooler than in areas of Montana further north, due to the high elevation.
Winters however, are milder than areas further to the east due to the chinook wind influence, as with most of Montana. Alice Greenough Orr, internationally renowned rodeo performer Brady Canfield, Bronze medal winner in the 2003 FIBT World Championships in skeleton racing John "Liver-Eating" Johnston was elected the first marshal in Red Lodge in 1888. Laurie Niemi, Washington Redskins offensive tackle Gary D. Robson and closed captioning innovator Kim Gillan, former Montana State Senator and 2012 candidate for the U. S. House of Representatives Emily E. Sloan, author K. Ross Toole, noted Montana historian Robert Carrington celebrity-chef, restauranteur In 1943 tragedy hit Smith Mine #3 near Bearcreek, the area's largest remaining mine. An explosion trapped and killed 74 men with only three of the workers in the mine that day escaping making it the worst coal mine disaster in Montana's history; the mine was reopened in the late 1970s. The Red Lodge cemetery contains a memorial; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,125 people, 1,082 households, 513 families residing in the city.
The population density was 758.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,675 housing units at an average density of 598.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population. There were 1,082 households of which 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 52.6% were non-families. 43.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.62. The median age in the city was 47.3 years. 16.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,177 people, 1,020 households, 528 families residing in the city.
The population density was 846.0 people per square mile. There were 1,415 housing units at an average density of 549.9 per square mile. The racial makeup o
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art. Outside North America, scholars use terms such as "carving", "engraving", or other descriptions of the technique to refer to such images. Petroglyphs are found worldwide, are associated with prehistoric peoples; the word comes from the Greek prefix petro-, from πέτρα petra meaning "stone", γλύφω glýphō meaning "to carve", was coined in French as pétroglyphe. The term petroglyph should not be confused with petrograph, an image drawn or painted on a rock face. Both types of image belong to the more general category of rock art or parietal art. Petroforms, or patterns and shapes made by many large rocks and boulders over the ground, are quite different. Inuksuit are unique, found only in the Arctic. Another form of petroglyph found in literate cultures, a rock relief or rock-cut relief is a relief sculpture carved on "living rock" such as a cliff, rather than a detached piece of stone.
While these relief carvings are a category of rock art, sometimes found in conjunction with rock-cut architecture, they tend to be omitted in most works on rock art, which concentrate on engravings and paintings by prehistoric or nonliterate cultures. Some of these reliefs exploit the rock's natural properties to define an image. Rock reliefs have been made in many cultures in the ancient Near East. Rock reliefs are fairly large, as they need to be to make an impact in the open air. Most have figures. Stylistically, a culture's rock relief carvings relate to other types of sculpture from period concerned. Except for Hittite and Persian examples, they are discussed as part of the culture's sculptural practice; the vertical relief is most common, but reliefs on horizontal surfaces are found. The term relief excludes relief carvings inside natural or human-made caves, that are common in India. Natural rock formations made into statues or other sculpture in the round, most famously at the Great Sphinx of Giza, are usually excluded.
Reliefs on large boulders left in their natural location, like the Hittite İmamkullu relief, are to be included, but smaller boulders described as stele or carved orthostats. Some petroglyphs might be as old as 40,000 years, petroglyph sites in Australia are estimated to date back 27,000 years. Many petroglyphs are dated to the Neolithic and late Upper Paleolithic boundary, about 10,000 to 12,000 years ago, if not earlier, such as Kamyana Mohyla. Around 7,000 to 9,000 years ago, other precursors of writing systems, such as pictographs and ideograms, began to appear. Petroglyphs were still common though, some cultures continued using them much longer until contact with Western culture was made in the 19th and 20th centuries. Petroglyphs have been found in all parts of the globe except Antarctica, with highest concentrations in parts of Africa, Siberia, southwestern North America, Australia. Many hypotheses explain the purpose of petroglyphs, depending on their location and subject matter; some many be astronomical markers and other forms of symbolic communication, including a form of proto-writing.
Petroglyph maps may show trails, symbols communicating time and distances traveled, as well as the local terrain in the form of rivers and other geographic features. A petroglyph that represents a landform or the surrounding terrain is known as a geocontourglyph, they might have been a by-product of other rituals: sites in India, for example, have been identified as musical instruments or "rock gongs". Some petroglyph images have deep cultural and religious significance for the societies that created them. Many petroglyphs are thought to represent some kind of not-yet-fully understood symbolic or ritual language. Glyphs from the Nordic Bronze Age in Scandinavia seem to refer to some form of territorial boundary between tribes, in addition to possible religious meanings. Petroglyph styles has regional "dialects" from similar or neighboring peoples. Siberian inscriptions loosely resemble an early form of runes, although no direct relationship has been established, they are not yet well understood.
Petrogylphs from different continents show similarities. While people would be inspired by their direct surroundings, it is harder to explain the common styles; this could be mere coincidence, an indication that certain groups of people migrated from some initial common area, or indication of a common origin. In 1853, George Tate presented a paper to the Berwick Naturalists' Club, at which a John Collingwood Bruce agreed that the carvings had "... a common origin, indicate a symbolic meaning, representing some popular thought." In his cataloguing of Scottish rock art, Ronald Morris summarized 104 different theories on their interpretation. More controversial explanations of similarities are grounded in Jungian psychology and the views of Mircea Eliade. According to these theories it is possible that the similarity of petroglyphs from different cultures and continents is a result of the genetically inherited structure of the human brain. Other theories suggest that petroglyphs were carved by spiritual leaders, such as shamans, in an altered state of consciousness induced by the use of natural hallucinogens.
Many of the geometric patterns which recur in petroglyphs and cave paintings have been shown by David Lewis-Williams to be hardwired into the human brain. They frequently
Carbon County, Montana
Carbon County is a county in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,078 and estimated at 10,696 as of a 2017 estimate, its county seat is Red Lodge. Carbon County is part of MT Metropolitan Statistical Area. Carbon County was named for the rich coal deposits found in the area, it was organized on March 1895, from portions of Park and Yellowstone counties. Land from Park and Yellowstone counties was used to form Carbon County on March 4, 1895. More than sixty federally designated historic sites are located in the county, including Petroglyph Canyon, one of the state's most important rock art sites; the first commercial oil well in the state was established in Elk Basin fields in 1915. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,062 square miles, of which 2,049 square miles is land and 13 square miles is water. Granite Peak, the state's highest mountain, is found in Carbon County's Beartooth Mountains; the Beartooth Highway, one of the "most spectacular alpine highways", links Red Lodge to Cooke City.
The Pryor Mountains are in the east of the county, along with the Big Horn River. Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Custer National Forest Gallatin National Forest Carbon County has voted Republican in every presidential election since 1968; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,552 people, 4,065 households, 2,707 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 5,494 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.07% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.65% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.8% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.2% Irish, 8.9% Norwegian, 5.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry. There were 4,065 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.40% were non-families.
28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.86. The county population contained 24.00% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,139, the median income for a family was $38,405. Males had a median income of $30,226 versus $19,945 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,204. About 8.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,078 people, 4,571 households, 2,884 families residing in the county; the population density was 4.9 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 6,441 housing units at an average density of 3.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.3% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 14.5% were English, 12.6% were American, 6.6% were Norwegian. Of the 4,571 households, 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families, 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age was 48.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $49,010 and the median income for a family was $59,823. Males had a median income of $41,241 versus $26,150 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,983.
About 8.1% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over. During the early history of Carbon County, coal mining was the predominant industry; the current economy relies on agriculture and tourism. In 2009 the top employers were Beartooth Hospital & Health Center, Red Lodge Mountain, the Red Lodge Pizza Company. In December 2014, construction began on a large windfarm, Mud Springs Wind Ranch, with 120 wind turbines, 12 miles southeast of Bridger. Red Lodge List of cemeteries in Carbon County, Montana List of lakes in Carbon County, Montana List of mountains in Carbon County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Carbon County, Montana County government website Homepage of the Carbon County News Carbon County Sheriff's Office
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal regions of the Earth. Spruces are large trees, from about 20–60 m tall when mature, have whorled branches and conical form, they can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needles, which are four-sided and attached singly to small persistent peg-like structures on the branches, by their cones, which hang downwards after they are pollinated. The needles are shed. In other similar genera, the branches are smooth. Spruce are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, such as the eastern spruce budworm, they are used by the larvae of gall adelgids. In the mountains of western Sweden, scientists have found a Norway spruce, nicknamed Old Tjikko, which by reproducing through layering, has reached an age of 9,550 years and is claimed to be the world's oldest known living tree; the word spruce comes from a Middle English adjective spruse which meant from Prussia.
The adjective comes from an unknown alteration of an Old French form of Prussia - Pruce, which itself comes from New Latin, which adapted it from Old Prussian. Spruce and Sprws seem to have been generic terms for commodities brought to England by Hanseatic merchants, the tree thus was believed to be particular to Prussia, which for a time was figurative in England as a land of luxuries. DNA analyses have shown that traditional classifications based on the morphology of needle and cone are artificial. A recent study found that P. breweriana had a basal position, followed by P. sitchensis, the other species were further divided into three clades, suggesting that Picea originated in North America. Spruce has been found in the fossil record from the early Cretaceous, 136 million years ago. Thirty-five named species of spruce exist in the world; the Plant List has 59 accepted spruce names. Basal species: Picea breweriana – Brewer's spruce, Klamath Mountains, North America. Beyond that, determination can become more difficult.
Intensive sampling in the Smithers/Hazelton/Houston area of British Columbia showed Douglas, according to Coates et al. that cone scale morphology was the feature most useful in differentiating species of spruce. Daubenmire, after range-wide sampling, had recognized the importance of the 2 latter characters. Taylor had noted that the most obvious morphological difference
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus of the family Pinaceae. Pinus is the sole genus in the subfamily Pinoideae; the Plant List compiled by the Royal Botanic Gardens and Missouri Botanical Garden accepts 126 species names of pines as current, together with 35 unresolved species and many more synonyms. The modern English name "pine" derives from Latin pinus, which some have traced to the Indo-European base *pīt- ‘resin’. Before the 19th century, pines were referred to as firs. In some European languages, Germanic cognates of the Old Norse name are still in use for pines—in Danish fyr, in Norwegian fura/fure/furu, Swedish fura/furu, Dutch vuren, German Föhre—but in modern English, fir is now restricted to fir and Douglas fir. Pine trees are evergreen, coniferous resinous trees growing 3–80 m tall, with the majority of species reaching 15–45 m tall; the smallest are Siberian dwarf pine and Potosi pinyon, the tallest is an 81.79 m tall ponderosa pine located in southern Oregon's Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest.
Pines are long lived and reach ages of 100–1,000 years, some more. The longest-lived is Pinus longaeva. One individual of this species, dubbed "Methuselah", is one of the world's oldest living organisms at around 4,600 years old; this tree can be found in the White Mountains of California. An older tree, now cut down, was dated at 4,900 years old, it was discovered in a grove beneath Wheeler Peak and it is now known as "Prometheus" after the Greek immortal. The bark of most pines is thick and scaly; the branches are produced in regular "pseudo whorls" a tight spiral but appearing like a ring of branches arising from the same point. Many pines are uninodal, producing just one such whorl of branches each year, from buds at the tip of the year's new shoot, but others are multinodal, producing two or more whorls of branches per year; the spiral growth of branches and cone scales may be arranged in Fibonacci number ratios. The new spring shoots are sometimes called "candles"; these "candles" offer foresters a means to evaluate fertility of the vigour of the trees.
Pines have four types of leaf: Seed leaves on seedlings are borne in a whorl of 4–24. Juvenile leaves, which follow on seedlings and young plants, are 2–6 cm long, green or blue-green, arranged spirally on the shoot; these are produced for six months to five years longer. Scale leaves, similar to bud scales, are small and not photosynthetic, arranged spirally like the juvenile leaves. Needles, the adult leaves, are green and bundled in clusters called fascicles; the needles can number from one to seven per fascicle, but number from two to five. Each fascicle is produced from a small bud on a dwarf shoot in the axil of a scale leaf; these bud scales remain on the fascicle as a basal sheath. The needles persist depending on species. If a shoot is damaged, the needle fascicles just below the damage will generate a bud which can replace the lost leaves. Pines are monoecious, having the male and female cones on the same tree, though a few species are sub-dioecious, with individuals predominantly, but not wholly, single-sex.
The male cones are small 1–5 cm long, only present for a short period, falling as soon as they have shed their pollen. The female cones take 1.5–3 years to mature after pollination, with actual fertilization delayed one year. At maturity the female cones are 3–60 cm long; each cone has numerous spirally. The seeds are small and winged, are anemophilous, but some are larger and have only a vestigial wing, are bird-dispersed. At maturity, the cones open to release the seeds, but in some of the bird-dispersed species, the seeds are only released by the bird breaking the cones open. In others, the seeds are stored in closed cones for many years until an environmental cue triggers the cones to open, releasing the seeds; the most common form of serotiny is pyriscence, in which a resin binds the cones shut until melted by a forest fire. Pines are gymnosperms; the genus is divided into two subgenera, which can be distinguished by cone and leaf characters: Pinus subg. Pinus, the yellow, or hard pine group with harder wood and two or three needles per fascicle Pinus subg.
Strobus, the white, or soft pine group with softer wood and five needles per fascicle Pines are native to the Northern Hemisphere, in a few parts of the tropics in the Southern Hemisphere. Most regions of the Northern Hemisphere host some native species of pines. One species crosses the equator in Sumatra to 2°S. In North America, various species occur in regions at latitudes from as far north as 66°N to as far south as 12°N. Pines may be found in a large variety of environments, ranging from semi-arid desert to rainforests, from sea level up to 5,200 metres, from the coldest to the hottest environments on Earth, they occur in mountainous areas with favorable soils and at least some water. Various species have been introduced to temperate and subtropical regions of both hemisp
The mountain goat known as the Rocky Mountain goat, is a hoofed mammal endemic to North America. A subalpine to alpine species, it is a sure-footed climber seen on cliffs and ice. Despite its vernacular name, it is not a member of Capra, the genus that includes all other goats, such as the wild goat, Capra aegagrus, from which the domestic goat is derived; the mountain goat is an even-toed ungulate of the order Artiodactyla and the family Bovidae that includes antelopes and cattle. It belongs to the subfamily Caprinae, along with true goats, wild sheep, the chamois, the muskox and other species. Notably, the takins of the Himalayan region, while not a sister lineage of the mountain goat, are nonetheless closely related and coeval. Other members of this group are the true goats and the Himalayan tahr; the chamois and true sheep lineages are very related, while the muskox lineage is somewhat more distant. The mountain goats diverged from their relatives in the late Tortonian, some 7.5 to 8 million years ago.
Given that all major caprine lineages emerged in the Late Miocene and contain at least one but several species from the eastern Himalayan region, their most place of origin is between today's Tibet and Mongolia or nearby. The mountain goat's ancestors thus crossed the Bering Strait after they split from their relatives before the Wisconsinian glaciation. No Pliocene mountain goats have been identified yet. In the Pleistocene, the small prehistoric mountain goat Oreamnos harringtoni lived in the southern Rocky Mountains. Ancient DNA studies suggest that this was the sister species of the living mountain goat, not its ancestor; the mountain goat is the only living species in the genus Oreamnos. The name Oreamnos is derived from the Greek term oros "mountain" and the word amnos "lamb". Both billy and nanny mountain goats have beards, short tails, long black horns, 15–28 cm in length, which contain yearly growth rings, they are protected from the elements by their woolly white double coats. The fine, dense wool of their undercoats is covered by an outer layer of longer, hollow hairs.
Mountain goats molt in spring by rubbing against rocks and trees, with the adult billies shedding their extra wool first and the pregnant nannies shedding last. Their coats help them to withstand winter temperatures as low as −50 °F and winds of up to 160 kilometres per hour. A billy stands about 1 m at the shoulder to the waist and can weigh more than the nanny. Male goats have longer horns and longer beards than females. Mountain goats can weigh between 45 and 140 kg, billies will weigh less than 82 kg; the head-and-body length can range from 120–179 cm, with a small tail adding 10–20 cm. The mountain goat's feet are well-suited for climbing steep, rocky slopes with pitches exceeding 60°, with inner pads that provide traction and cloven hooves that can spread apart; the tips of their feet have sharp dewclaws. They have powerful neck muscles that help propel them up steep slopes; the mountain goat inhabits the Rocky Mountains and Cascade Range and other mountain regions of the Western Cordillera of North America, from Washington and Montana through British Columbia and Alberta, into the southern Yukon and southeastern Alaska.
Its northernmost range is said to be along the northern fringe of the Chugach Mountains in southcentral Alaska. Introduced populations can be found in such areas as Idaho, Utah, Oregon, South Dakota, the Olympic Peninsula of Washington. Mountain goats are the largest mammals found in their high-altitude habitats, which can exceed elevations of 13,000 feet, they sometimes descend to sea level in coastal areas although they are an alpine and subalpine species. The animals stay above the tree line throughout the year but they will migrate seasonally to higher or lower elevations within that range. Winter migrations to low-elevation mineral licks take them several kilometers through forested areas. Daily movements by individual mountain goats are confined to areas on the same mountain face, drainage basin, or alpine opening. Daily movements reflect an individual's needs for foraging, resting and security from predators or disturbance. Seasonal movements reflect nutritional needs, reproductive needs, climatic influences.
In general, seasonal movements are to exhibit a strong elevational component, whereby lower, forested elevations are used during the spring-summer to access lower elevation mineral licks, during winter to access forage. The farthest movements are expected to be by dispersing mountain goats; such movements are to involve mountain goats crossing forested valleys as they move between mountain blocks. Mountain goats spend most of their time grazing, their diets include grasses, sedges, mosses and twigs and leaves from the low-growing shrubs and conifers of the
Stillwater County, Montana
Stillwater County is a county in the U. S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,117, its county seat is Columbus. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,805 square miles, of which 1,795 square miles is land and 9.2 square miles is water. Interstate 90 U. S. Highway 10 Montana Highway 78 Custer National Forest Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge Halfbreed Lake National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 8,195 people, 3,234 households, 2,347 families in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 3,947 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.82% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.94% from other races, 1.18% from two or more races. 2.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.7% were of German, 11.8% Norwegian, 10.8% English, 10.6% Irish and 6.8% American ancestry.
There were 3,234 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, 5.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.40% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94. The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,205, the median income for a family was $45,238. Males had a median income of $32,148 versus $19,271 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,468. About 6.20% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,117 people, 3,796 households, 2,657 families in the county. The population density was 5.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,803 housing units at an average density of 2.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.7% were German, 14.1% were Irish, 14.0% were English, 10.8% were Norwegian, 6.9% were American. Of the 3,796 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families, 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $57,227 and the median income for a family was $65,438.
Males had a median income of $51,830 versus $26,909 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,168. About 6.0% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Stillwater County voters have selected the Democratic Party nominee in only three national elections in the more than a century since its organization as a separate county. Columbus Absarokee Park City Reed Point Limestone Springtime Wheat Basin List of cemeteries in Stillwater County, Montana List of lakes in Stillwater County, Montana List of mountains in Stillwater County, Montana National Register of Historic Places listings in Stillwater County MT Hooker, Patty. Columbus and Stillwater County. Images of America. Charleston SC: Arcadia Pub. ISBN 9780738574622. Hooker, Patty. Moccasins, Mining & Montana's 34th county: A Centennial Celebration of Stillwater County. Virginia Beach VA: Donning Co. ISBN 9781578648122