Cuxhaven is an independent town and seat of the Cuxhaven district, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The town includes the northernmost point of Lower Saxony, it is situated on the shore of the North Sea at the mouth of the Elbe River. Cuxhaven has a footprint of 14 kilometres by 7 km, its town quarters Duhnen, Döse and Sahlenburg are popular vacation spots on the North Sea and home to about 52,000 residents. Cuxhaven is home to an important fisherman's wharf and ship registration point for Hamburg as well as the Kiel Canal until 2008. Tourism is of great importance; the city and its precursor Ritzebüttel belonged to Hamburg from the 13th century until 1937. The island of Neuwerk, a Hamburg dependency, is located just northwest of Cuxhaven in the North Sea; the city's symbol, known as the Kugelbake, is a beacon once used as a lighthouse. Ritzebüttel, today a part of Cuxhaven, belonged to the Land of Hadeln, first an exclave of the younger Duchy of Saxony and after its de facto dynastic partition in 1296 of the Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, established de jure in 1260.
In 1394 the city of Hamburg conquered the fortress of Ritzebüttel and made it its stronghold to protect the estuary of the river Elbe, which connects that city with the open sea. The Hamburg America Line built a large ocean liner terminal at Cuxhaven in 1900. Connected directly to Hamburg by a dedicated railway line and station, it served as the major departure point for German and European emigrants until 1969 when ocean liner travel ceased; the ornate assembly hall and associated buildings survived wartime damage and peacetime demolition to be restored in 1998 for use as a museum and cruise ship terminal. On 15 March 1907 Cuxhaven gained city status within the state of Hamburg. In 1937 Cuxhaven became an urban district of the Stade Region within the Prussian Province of Hanover by the Greater Hamburg Act. In 1972 some municipalities of the neighboured rural district of Land of Hadeln were incorporated into the urban district of Cuxhaven. In 1977 Cuxhaven lost the status as urban district and was integrated into the new rural District of Cuxhaven, being its capital.
During the First World War Nordholz Airbase with its airship hangars, near Nordholz to the south of Cuxhaven, was one of the major German naval airship stations. On Christmas Day 1914 it was attacked by Royal Navy seaplanes in the Cuxhaven Raid. Between 1945 and 1964 various experiments in rocketry were performed near Cuxhaven; the origins of tourism go back to the year 1816. Since 1964 Cuxhaven has been a state-recognized climate seaside resort and centre of the so-called holiday region of Cuxland; the town is served by Cuxhaven station. The island of Neuwerk is situated 8 kilometres off the coast from Cuxhaven. At low tide the water recedes so far from the coast that the island can be reached either by mudflat hiking or by horse carriage. A modern landmark of Cuxhaven is the Friedrich-Clemens-Gerke Tower, a telecommunication tower built of concrete, not accessible to the public, it is not a landmark, for many cities in Germany have a similar tower. The high test peroxide submarine U 1407, was raised from where she had been scuttled in Cuxhaven after WWII and rebuilt by the British, being commissioned as HMS Meteorite.
It was the catalyst for a series of German-made Air-independent propulsion submarines such as the Type 212 submarine and Type 214 submarine. Rainer Feist, Deputy Supreme Commander of the NATO – HQ Jochen Fraatz, handball player, member of German national handball team Volker Neumüller, music manager and former DSDS jury member Carsten Niebuhr, German mathematician and explorer of the Arabian Peninsula under the service of Denmark Lena Petermann, football player Joachim Ringelnatz, German poet, cabaret artiste and painter. Since 2002 the city hosts the Joachim Ringelnatz-Museum, managed by the Joachim Ringelnatz-Foundation. Curt Rothenberger and National Socialist politician Gunnar Sauer, professional football player Stefanie Schneider, photographer/artist Anna Strohsahl, first woman city councillor in Cuxhaven Rocket experiments in the area of Cuxhaven Operation Backfire Official site Operation "Backfire" and rocket experiments at Cuxhaven Panoramic views from Cuxhaven Further Tourist Information
Hecho En España known as Hecho en Madrid is the third released live album by Mexican pop group RBD, released on October 1, 2007 in Mexico and on October 2, 2007 in Spain. The CD was recorded in Madrid, Spain on June 22, 2007; the album was recorded during RBD's concert in Madrid as part of their Tour Celestial 2007 in Spain. The show was held at the famous Spanish Vicente Calderón Stadium in front of 40,000 people enjoying the group's music. A live video of the entire concert was recorded and released on DVD on October 2, 2007; the CD itself was released in a series of special edition packs: One included gloves and a lighter and a CD/DVD bundle, while another pack included gloves and an umbrella as well as the CD and DVD. The CD/DVD packs went on pre-sale on September 27, 2007 in Mexico, slated for their October 1 release. In February 2008, 4 months after the DVD release in Brazil, the CD was released in a special limited edition, celebrating the sales of over 50,000 DVDs in the country; the live album was recorded at the Vicente Calderón Stadium in the city of Madrid, from a concert that formed part of RBD's Tour Celestial 2007 world tour.
The concert setlist consisted of songs from the group's third and fourth studio albums and Rebels. The album was released on October 1, 2007 on October 2, 2007 in Spain. In Brazil, only the accompanying live concert DVD of the same name was released; the official album release was held on October 3, 2007 to coincide with the group's'Worldwide RBD Day' celebration, which gathered 5,000 fans in an autograph signing that lasted four hours. RBD band member Anahí stated regarding the album's release in Mexico: "The truth is this is surprising, we're excited and thankful to know that our Mexican fans follow us every step of the way just like the first day and that the'Rebeldemania' instead of decreasing continues to grow and we couldn't be happier." Notes "Money Money" samples RBD's own song "Lento". Both were produced by reggaeton production duo Luny Tunes. "Bésame Sin Miedo" is the Spanish language cover version of the song "Kiss Me Like You Mean It", by American singer and actress Sara Paxton. "Tu Amor" was recorded by American singer Jon B. on his album Cool Relax.
The album did not include some songs that RBD performed during the actual live concert, such as the medley from their first studio album, Rebelde, as well as "Fuera" and "Me Voy", from their second studio album, Nuestro Amor. There are unofficial versions of the album including such songs, but in low quality and edited by fans. One of the songs is “Tal Vez Mañana” by Maite Perroni. Credits adapted from the album's liner notes. Musicians Production Hecho En España
Chvojnica is a village and municipality in Prievidza District in the Trenčín Region of western Slovakia. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1614; the municipality lies at an altitude of 493 metres and covers an area of 9.298 km². It has a population of about 235 people. List of municipalities and towns in Slovakia The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Nitra, Slovakia" Roman Catholic church records: 1679-1903 Media related to Chvojnica at Wikimedia Commons Official website https://web.archive.org/web/20071217080336/http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html Surnames of living people in Chvojnica