North Royalton, Ohio
North Royalton is a city in Cuyahoga County, United States. It is a suburb of Cleveland; the population was 30,444 at the United States Census 2010. Incorporated as a village in 1927, it achieved the status of city in 1961. North Royalton was founded in 1818. Knight Sprague, an early settler, had the township named after his native town in Royalton. Sometime between 1880 and 1890, the name of Royalton was changed to North Royalton because of another town in Ohio bearing the same name. On April 4, 1927, the township became the Village of North Royalton, the first mayor, E. C. McCombs, was elected. North Royalton is located at 41°19′20″N 81°44′47″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.32 square miles, of which 21.31 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 28,647 people, 11,250 households, 7,695 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,345.9 people per square mile. There were 11,754 housing units at an average density of 552.2 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the city was 96.18% White, 0.71% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.99% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population. There were 11,250 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11. The average house cost about $210,000.00. In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $57,398, the median income for a family was $69,983. Males had a median income of $46,764.00 versus $31,173.00 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,610. About 1.2% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 32.9% hold a bachelor's degree or higher. 96.3% spoke English, 1.5% German, 1.3% Polish, 0.9% Italian in their house. As of the census of 2010, there were 30,444 people, 12,944 households, 8,220 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,428.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,710 housing units at an average density of 643.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population. There were 12,944 households of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.5% were non-families.
31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 43.5 years. 20.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. Mayor – Robert A. StefanikCouncil, Ward 2 – Gary Petrusky Council, Ward 3 – Dan Langshaw Council, Ward 4 – Paul F. Marnecheck II Council, Ward 5 – Cheryl Hannan Council, Ward 6 – Dan Kasaris The North Royalton School District serves 4700 students in the communities of North Royalton and Broadview Hts. Albion Elementary Royal View Elementary Valley Vista Elementary North Royalton Middle School North Royalton High School Parochial schools St. Albert the Great School Royal Redeemer Lutheran School North Royalton's public library is a branch of the Cuyahoga County Public Library, the busiest per-capita system in the country. A new building to which all functions have been transferred opened in August 2013, is located two miles north of the city center at 5071 Wallings Road, North Royalton and under the direction of Viceroy Tyler Frantz.
It was located at 14600 State Road with North Royalton's Memorial Park adjacent to Route 82. Its website is part of the CCPL's website; the existing library structure was converted into a new city hall facility, which opened to the public in 2015. Michael Nanchoff – footballer Chris Broussard – Former resident, ESPN NBA analyst George White – Canadian football player Dan France – Professional football player Matthew Ahn – World record holder, lawyer Omari Spellman - Basketball player for Atlanta Hawks Maria E. Cross - Radio/Television Personality, Author Children's Books - If Only I Could Ignore you and the Adventures of Slipster and Squeaker. North Royalton is bordered by Parma and Middleburg Heights to the north, Broadview Heights to the east, Hinckley to the south, Strongsville to the west. City website Population estimates
North Olmsted, Ohio
North Olmsted is a city in Cuyahoga County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 32,718. North Olmsted is a west side suburb of Cleveland, is the 8th most populated city within Cuyahoga County. After the discovery of the New World, the land that became North Olmsted was part of the French colony of Canada, ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795. In 1806, the vast tract of land comprising present-day North Olmsted, Olmsted Falls and Olmsted Township was purchased for $30,000 by Aaron Olmsted, a wealthy sea captain. In 1815, David Johnson Stearns of Vermont was followed by other pioneers from New England who established a settlement in the wilderness. Earliest records show. In 1823 the people organized into a township called Lenox. In 1826, Aaron Olmsted's son, Charles Hyde Olmsted, offered to donate books from his father's personal collection in Connecticut, if the residents of Lenox agreed to change the name of the area to Olmstead to honor his father.
These books became known as the Ox Cart Library. On March 1, 1931, the village of North Olmsted started the historical North Olmsted Municipal Bus Line, one of the first, as well as one of the oldest, municipal transit systems in the United States, in operation for over 74 years until March 20, 2005, when it was absorbed into the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. On March 24, 1966, the Great Northern Theatre opened at Great Northern Shopping Center in North Olmsted; this was one of the first and few Cinerama Theatres in Ohio and had a gold colored curtain in front of the long 90 foot screen in a large auditorium with 1,346 seats. It was closed in 2000 due to new cinemas; the Unitarian Universalist Church in North Olmsted was once part of the underground railroad. Escaped slaves would hide in the belfry to escape to Canada; the church was mentioned in the paper "How the fellowship came to be what it is" written by Alice Russell in August of 1982. North Olmsted is located at 41°24′54″N 81°54′52″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.67 square miles, all land. 90.6% spoke English, 2.3% Arabic, 1.5% Spanish, 0.9% German, in their households. As of the census of 2010, there were 32,718 people, 13,645 households, 8,893 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,803.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 14,500 housing units at an average density of 1,242.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.6% White, 2.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.9% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population. There were 13,645 households of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.8% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 43.5 years. 20.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.7 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 34,113 people, 13,517 households, 9,367 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,932.9 people per square mile. There were 14,059 housing units at an average density of 1,208.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.97% White, 1.01% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.74% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population. There were 13,517 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $52,542, the median income for a family was $62,422. Males had a median income of $45,908 versus $30,600 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,329. About 2.8% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Moen Incorporated, a fixture and faucet company, is headquartered in North Olmsted. CommutAir, a regional airline flying on behalf of United Express, is headquartered in North Olmsted. Great Northern Mall, a 1.2 million ft² shopping mall, is in North Olmsted.
The mall has over 130 stores and is anchored by Macy's, Dillard's, Sears and J. C. Penney. North Olmsted Towne Centre is located on Brookpark Road near Great Northern Blvd. North Olmsted has three exits on I-480 within its city limits; these include the Cl
Cleveland Public Library
Cleveland Public Library, located in Cleveland, Ohio operates the Main Library on Superior Avenue in downtown Cleveland, 27 branches throughout the city, a mobile library, a Public Administration Library in City Hall, the Ohio Library for the Blind and Physically Disabled. The library replaced the State Library of Ohio as the location for the Ohio Center for the Book in 2003. In 1811, the idea behind the Cleveland Public Library came "out of small beginnings" when sixteen of Cleveland's sixty-four residents subscribed to its first library, established to distribute the rare printed book; the members read books such as the history of Rome, Lives of the English Poets, Goldsmith's Greece, Don Quixote. In 1867, the Cleveland and Dayton Boards of Education petitioned the Ohio General Assembly for authority to levy a tax for the maintenance of free public libraries, permitting boards of education with populations over 20,000 to levy a tax of one-tenth of a mill for each dollar evaluation of their taxable property.
Cleveland Superintendent, the Reverend Anson Smyth, doubtfully called the "father of the Cleveland Public Library," supported this law in his Superintendent position, helping in the laws' development. The new law provided for a Cleveland library, part of the school system, controlled by the Cleveland Board of Education throughout the first decade of the library's existence, except for the years 1871-1873; the Cleveland Public Library opened on February 17, 1869 on the third floor of the Northup and Harrington Block on West Superior Avenue, The library room was adjacent to the Cleveland Board of Education, opened with 5,800 books. Luther Melville Oviatt was the first librarian at Cleveland Public Library from 1869 to 1875. During his first year, patrons borrowed 65,000 books. Forwarding thinking in his views, Oviatt wanted to provide books that would interest both children and adults, the mechanic and scholar, he had open shelves because, "without a catalog, the only way potential borrowers could ascertain what books were available was to look at them."
Oviatt resigned in June, 1875, the victim of governing boards or their subsidiaries, who micromanaged daily operations of the library. Librarian William Howard Brett opened the library's first stand-alone children's room on February 22, 1898. Effie Louise Power was appointed Cleveland's first children's librarian. In 1915, the Cleveland architectural firm of Walker and Weeks won a competition to design a new library building. Construction of their classical Renaissance design, delayed by the First World War, began in 1923 under Linda Anne Eastman. Eastman was the first woman to head a major U. S. city library system and a pioneer in the modern library system. She opened bookshelves to patrons, replacing the New York Public Library system in which a librarian fetched the books; the Main Library consists of two buildings. The older wing, completed on May 6, 1925 and renovated between 1997 and 1999, has five stories, each as high as two stories in most buildings; the renovations included the restoration of a large mural painted by Ora Coltman in 1934 for the Federal Arts Project.
The work was done by the Intermuseum Conservation Association. In 1957, the library purchased the six-story Plain Dealer Building at 710 Superior Avenue; the library won passage in November 1957 of a $3 million bond levy to pay for the purchase of the building. The structure was purchased on December 22, 1957, the new Business and Social Sciences Annex opened on August 24, 1959; the annex was demolished in 1994 to make way for a second building, named after former Representative Louis Stokes, was dedicated on April 12, 1997. Stokes commented, "This is the most beautiful that I have seen." The $65 million structure of fritted glass panels and Georgia marble housed eight million items and two million titles on its grand opening. The two buildings are connected by underground corridor below the Eastman Reading Garden, designed by landscape architecture firm OLIN, includes sculptures by Maya Lin and Tom Otterness; the Special Collections Department was created through the work of John G. White, who served as president of the Cleveland Public Library Board of Trustees from 1884-1886 and 1913-1928.
In addition to donating and purchasing many rare books to the Library, White underwrote the construction of the Fine Arts and Special Collections reading room and the Exhibit Corridor. The Cleveland Public Library consolidated all rare holdings from subject departments into a unified collection. Most materials are hosted on the library's online catalog, but some are only accessible through the Fine Arts and Special Collections reading room. Collection highlights include: John G. White Chess and Checkers Collections John G. White Collection of Folklore and Orientalia John F. Puskas Miniature Books Collection Tobacco Collection Schweinfurth Collection: Rare architectural publications Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards: The only American book award designed to recognize works addressing issues of racism and diversity; the Cleveland Public Library had Sub-Branches named Alliance, Alta House, Detroit, Hiram House, Lorain-Clark, South Brooklyn and Temple. During the 1890s, William Howard Brett opened four self-contained branch libraries in leased buildings.
As early as 1891, he asked Andrew Carnegie for building permanent structures, but the steel-mogul-turned-philanthropist refused the librarian's requests for 12 years. Brett persisted and in 1903 Carnegie donated $250,000 to build seven branches, including the Woodland Branch. Carnegie was so impressed with Brett's money management of the funds, he increased the amount to $507,000, which built 15 branches-the fou
Strongsville is a city in Cuyahoga County, United States, a suburb of Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 44,750; the city's nickname'Crossroads of the Nation,' originated from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad intersecting with the Southwestern Electric Line that connected Cleveland and Wooster, Ohio. As the railroad line ceased operation in 1931, the motto and city seal have been adapted to reflect the modern day intersection of Interstate 71 and the Ohio Turnpike. Strongsville became a township on February 25, 1818, a village in 1923, was designated a city in 1961. Founded by settlers arriving in the newly purchased Connecticut Western Reserve, the city was named after John Stoughton Strong, the group's leader. Many of the main streets in the city are named after other principal figures and landowners from the city's history, e.g. Howe, Shurmer, Whitney. In the mid-19th century, the Pomeroy House called The Homestead, was a stop on the underground railroad. Alanson Pomeroy, the home owner and a prominent Strongsville resident, concealed runaway slaves on his property.
From this residence in Strongsville, the runaway slaves were taken to boats on Rocky River for passage to Canada. In 1853, John D. Rockefeller's family moved to Strongsville. At the time, Rockefeller was only a child. On April 11, 1965, an F4 tornado hit Strongsville. Strongsville is located at 41°18′46″N 81°49′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.64 square miles, of which 24.63 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. The east branch of the Rocky River enters Strongsville from exits into Berea. Valley Parkway parallels the river's northwesterly course; this portion of the Cleveland Metroparks, named Mill Stream Run, includes Bonnie Park and Ranger Lake. Abutting the Rocky River, the recreation area offers visitors a pavilion, picnicking facilities, two small ponds, several sport fields. Bonnie Park serves as a hub for hiking and paved multi-purpose trails; the median income for a household in the city was $68,660, the median income for a family was $76,964.
Males had a median income of $54,988 versus $33,129 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,722. About 1.3% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 41.6 % held higher. As of the census of 2010, there were 44,750 people, 17,659 households, 12,563 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,816.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 18,476 housing units at an average density of 750.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 1.9% African American, 0.1% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 17,659 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.5% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 28.9% were non-families.
24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age in the city was 44.2 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 43,858 people, 16,209 households, 12,383 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,779.6 people per square mile. There were 16,863 housing units at an average density of 684.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.18% White, 1.26% African American, 0.05% Native American, 3.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population. There were 16,209 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.6% were non-families.
19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.13. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males. The current mayor, Thomas Perciak, was elected in November 2003 following the death of longtime mayor Walter F. Ehrnfelt on May 25, 2003. A staff of over 250 teachers at Strongsville High School serves well over 2,750 students in grades 9 through 12. Center and Albion middle schools are about 40 years old, respectively; the city's seven elementary schools serve pre-kindergarten through 6th grade: Chapman, Kinsner, Muraski and Whitney. With Strongsville's younger student population on the decline, seven elementary school and Zellers closed their doors.
A private Catholic school, St. Joseph and John's, serves children through the 8th
Toledo-Lucas County Public Library
Toledo Lucas County Public Library is a public library system located in Toledo, Ohio. Founded in December 1838, it was Ohio's first public library created with tax money. There were sixty-six charter members in the association's subscription library. Members paid a annual fee of two dollars; the Ohio General Assembly granted a charter to the Young Men's Association of Toledo for a "lyceum and public library." In 1864, Republican members broke off from the Young Men's Association Library and formed the Toledo Library Association. In 1867, the two groups merged. In 1873, a free public library was organized by an act of the Ohio Legislature. On May 26, City Council passed a resolution creating The Toledo Public Library. Mrs. Anna B. Carpenter was selected as the first Librarian of the Toledo Public Library. On November 3, 1873, the Toledo Public Library opened for its first day of operation on the second floor of the King Block, a commercial building on the northeast corner of Madison Avenue and Summit Street.
In 1875, Miss Lucy Stevens succeeded Mrs. Carpenter as Librarian. In 1884, Stevens was replaced by Mrs. Frances Jermain. In 1890, Edward O. Fallis designed a new Main Library in Byzantine style. Built on the corner of Madison and Ontario Streets, it opened on June 23, 1890. An addition was built in 1914. In 1902, Jermain was replaced by Willis Fuller Sewall, he was replaced by Herbert S. Hirschberg. In 1916, the Andrew Carnegie Fund offered $125,000 to build five branches on sites to be provided by city; those branches were the David R. Locke Branch, opened on December 5, 1917. Mott Branch, on January 3, 1918. In 1923, Carl Vitz took over as Librarian, he was succeeded in 1937 by Russell Schunk, on whose watch the current Toledo Lucas County Main Library was built. It is on land, the former home of the Toledo Central High School; the building was designed by the architectural firm of Hahn and Hayes and opened on September 5, 1940. The interior of the building was modeled after the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Maryland.
The exterior was modeled on that of Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D. C; the one of the interesting features of the building are the vitrolite murals in the Central Court and the Children's Library. On November 1, 1945, Herbert M. Sewell was named taking over for Mr. Vitz; the current system was created in 1970 by the merger of the Toledo Public, Lucas County, Sylvania Public libraries. Lewis Naylor was named Director of the combined libraries. Ardath Danforth was named to replace him in 1977, she would leave in 1985, replaced that same year by Clyde Scoles. In 2019 Jason Kucsma became Interim Director. In 2001, the Main Library added 100,000 square feet to an Art Deco facility; the architectural firm of Munger Munger + Associates Architects, Inc. designed the expansion and renovation of the building The Lucas County Library opened in 1918 at the location, now known as the Maumee Branch of the Toledo Lucas County Publilc Library system. Emilie Meuser was the first Director of the Lucas County Library.
She was replaced by Dorothy Strouse who served in that role from 1929-1970 when the library systems merged. In 1937 the Lucas County Library system expanded to include bookmobile service for the first time in the county; the Sylvania Public Library was established as a separate entity from the Lucas County Library in 1926 with Amy M. Ramsey as Director. Marie Huff replaced her in 1931 and served as Director until 1943 when Lillian Miller Carroll took over. Janet Boucher became Director in 1950 and was replaced in 1956 by Helen Consear who served until the systems merged. Toledo Lucas County Public Library serves all of Lucas County, which has a population of 432,488. Customers use the discussion groups, meeting rooms, 170 free Internet-connected computers. TLCPL contains reference materials, including books, DVDs, CDs, it contains special collections such as photographs, artwork and local history resource materials, family histories, obituary index to The Blade newspaper, court records, archives from the The Blade.
The Library is a Federal Depository Library and a Patent-Trademark Depository Library. Images in Time is a collection of 154,000 photographs of the Toledo area. Digital CollectionsIn 2013 TLCPL received, along the public libraries of Cleveland and Columbus, a grant of nearly $1 million dispersed among them, funded by the Ohio Public Library Information Network and the Library Services Technology Act; the grant was for the libraries to open digitization hubs in each city in order to digitize documents and the like for local organizations. EMedia: The library offers Overdrive, RBdigital and many more online subscriptions; the Robert L. and Posy Huebner Collection brings together significant works of original art by illustrators of children’s literature. Established in 2004 from a generous bequest from Mr. Huebner and sustained by Mrs. Huebner, the collection blends their passion for art and their lifelong interest in educating children; this teaching collection has over 200 works of art, containing popular characters like Clifford the Big Red Dog, Fancy Nancy, Dr. Seuss and many regional and award winning artists.
The library boasts a collection of artwork exhibited at the Main Library and the Branches. These artworks include "Reed
Baldwin Wallace University
Baldwin Wallace University is a private Methodist liberal arts university in Berea, Ohio. The university was founded in 1845 as Baldwin Institute by Methodist settlers; the school merged with nearby German Wallace College in 1913 to become Baldwin–Wallace College. The institution offers a number of undergraduate and several graduate programs. BW has two campus sites: Berea, which serves as the main campus, BW at Corporate College East in Warrensville Heights. Today BW enrolls around 3,050 full-time undergraduate students, 800 evening and weekend adult learners, 830 graduate students. BW recruits students throughout Ohio but students from all over the United States and internationally. Baldwin Wallace's motto is "Creating contributing, compassionate citizens of an global society." Baldwin Wallace's athletic teams compete as members of NCAA Division III athletics in the Ohio Athletic Conference. BW is known for its education, business and music programs. BW is the Baldwin Wallace Conservatory of Music.
The BW Conservatory holds the title for the oldest collegiate Bach Festival in the nation. Beyond this, the college's radio station WBWC is known throughout the Cleveland area. Both the university and the town of Berea were founded by Methodist settlers from Connecticut; these settlers moved west. The region in Northern Ohio became known as the Western Reserve. Among early settlers of this area was John Baldwin. Baldwin enjoyed early success in the sandstone quarry industry, he founded Baldwin Institute in 1845. Baldwin Institute became Baldwin University in 1856. Baldwin's sense of equality led to the school accepting any student regardless of race or gender, was one of the first in the nation to do so. Moreover, Baldwin University's courses were not segregated; the surge of German workers in Baldwin's sandstone quarries led to the establishment of a German department at the Institute. The Reverend Jacob Rothweiler, a professor at Baldwin University, named his project after James Wallace, German Wallace College was founded in 1855.
Students at both institutions were free to enroll in courses at German Wallace. Baldwin and Wallace were the primary benefactors to the two Berea colleges. After their deaths, the decline of the quarry industry in Ohio, Baldwin University came close to financial ruin. Options were thin, the United Methodist Church considered merging the schools with the more successful Ohio Wesleyan University in 1874, to form the University of Cleveland; the University of Cleveland concept was abandoned for a more elegant solution. Baldwin University and German Wallace College merged in 1913 to form Baldwin–Wallace College; the college's present day campus can be much accredited to the leadership of Alfred Bryan Bonds. Bonds oversaw the construction of fifteen buildings on campus during his 26-year tenure. Neal Malicky's tenure as college president stabilized the college's finances and endowment placing Baldwin Wallace in financial security after years of financial struggle. Following Malicky's presidency, Mark Collier served as president for seven years, overseeing a campus master plan that has led to many major renovations on campus.
In recent years the college has renovated residence halls and academic buildings. In addition, the college has purchased existing buildings in the Berea community for academic and student residential use. In the fall of 2011, a task force was developed by BW President Dick Durst. On February 11, 2012, it was announced that Baldwin–Wallace College would become Baldwin Wallace University after approval by the BW Board of Trustees; the name would become effective on July 1 of 2012, with complete implementation by the end of 2012. In addition to the new university designation and logo, "B-W" would drop the hyphen in its name. In recent years, BW has been a stopping point for political candidates. During the 2008 Presidential campaign, BW hosted eventual President Barack Obama and 2008 Presidential candidate John McCain. In 2012 BW hosted vice presidential candidate Paul Ryan along with Condoleezza Rice; the last sitting President prior to Obama to visit BW was Ronald Reagan during George H. W. Bush's 1988 Presidential run.
The 2016 Presidential campaign resulted in visits from Bernie Sanders and BW hosting Ohio Governor John Kasich's Ohio Presidential Primary election night party. Baldwin Wallace offers more than 80 majors, as well as several cooperative and pre-professional programs. Evening and weekend programs include six certificate programs. For undergraduate programs, these majors lead to one of 9 degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science in Education, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in Education, Bachelor of Science in Nursing. Beyond this, BW offers 16 masters programs that lead to one of three degrees: Master of Arts in Education, Master of Business Administration degrees. BW does some courses online. BW has 80 % of which have doctorates or other terminal degrees; the College maintains 27 academic departments leading to a bachelor's degree. In addition to on-campus study, students have the opportunity to broaden their horizons through a number of off-campus study programs.
Liberal arts remain at the center of the academic program, but they are augmented by opportunities to explore career options and develop professional skills. BW is well known in the midwest for its education, busines
Akron-Summit County Public Library
The Akron-Summit County Public Library was founded in 1874 and is located in Akron, Ohio. It operates the Main Library on South High Street and South Main Street in downtown Akron, 18 branch libraries throughout the city of Akron and Summit County, the Akron Art Library, Mobile Services. In January 1874, the Akron City Council established an ordinance to provide a free public library for Akron. On March 1, 1874, the library, known as the Akron Public Library, started on the second floor of the Masonic Temple, located on the corner of South Howard Street and East Mill Street. In October 1898, the established public library moved from the Masonic Temple to the second floor of the Everett Building on East Market Street and North Main Street; the library grew and in August 1904, it moved to a new building funded by steel baron Andrew Carnegie who, in his retirement, provided funding for the building of 1,689 Carnegie libraries in the United States. The building, positioned at the corner of East Market Street and South High Street, is occupied by Brennan, Manna & Diamond, LLC.
The library occupied this building until 1942 when its growing collection necessitated a move to larger quarters in the former Akron Beacon Journal building located at the corner of East Market Street and Summit Street. As early as 1958, Library officials began discussions regarding the need for a new Main Library. Library Director Russell Munn felt that this new building should be located on South Main Street. In 1962, a bond issue was legislated that would provide $3 million for the construction of the new library. Ground was broken on September 15, 1965, the doors opened on March 24, 1969. In 1990, the name of the library was changed from the Akron Public Library to the Akron-Summit County Public Library. Changing technology and expanding services to a growing population necessitated an expanded Main Library. In 1996, library officials began to plan for a new building to serve our community. Discussions took place about relocating the library, but the final decision was to remain at its present location and expand.
Due to the nature of the expansion, all materials and staff were relocated to a temporary location. In May 2001, Main Library closed its doors and began the move to a former DYI store on East Tallmadge Avenue. For more than three years Main Library operated from this facility until October 10, 2004, when the newly renovated and expanded 300,000 square feet Main Library on South High Street and South Main Street reopened its doors to the community. East Branch Library, the first branch library to have its own building, was constructed in 1939. Prior to that, branch libraries were in locations as diverse as the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company’s recreational hall, a department store, a church, a local school. Most of the branch libraries were either replaced or underwent extensive renovations between 1999 and 2008 to accommodate the growing needs of current residents throughout Summit County; the library has a history of supporting local artists by acquiring and installing their works at Main Library and all branches.
As renovations took place, local artists were commissioned to create works of art that were designed and installed at Main Library and each branch. Teen Services throughout the system offer study resources, educational support and a wide range of activities for youth. Over the years, a wide variety of children’s programming has emerged throughout the system. Special attention has been paid to developing a Children’s Library at Main, with a Resources for Early Childhood Educators Center Lab. Caregivers and educators make use of a Lab and its equipment, materials geared to assist in the education of young children; the library takes a lead role with This City Reads in addressing literacy issues and providing access to technology, computer programs and electronic services while collaborating with school districts and home schooling associations throughout Summit County. The library's outreach services began with bookmobile service to rural communities. Today, the Mobile Services department continues to extend library services beyond library buildings to children and adults in a number of different settings.
Two bookmobiles visit schools, daycare centers, Head Start programs, neighborhoods during the school year and in the summer. A van serves many senior citizens’ housing facilities and apartments using carts of materials brought inside to residents. Nursing homes and other residential facilities receive monthly deliveries of library materials. Mobile Services supports two libraries at the Summit County Jail and provides regular service to other correctional facilities for both adults and children; the Library Express Delivery Service provides library materials to the homebound via U. S. Postal Service. Postage is paid both ways by the Library; the Main Library is located at 60 South High Street, Ohio, 44326 The Akron Art Library is located on the Second Floor of the Main Library at 60 South High Street, Ohio, 44326. The Akron Art Library is a project of the Akron Art Museum in partnership with the Akron-Summit County Public Library. Mobile Services is located on the Lower Floor of the Main Library at 60 South High Street, Ohio, 44326 The Akron-Summit County Public Library has 18 branch libraries located throughout the city of Akron and Summit County: The Akron-Summit County Public Library system serves Akron and most of Summit County except for Barberton, Cuyahoga Falls, Peninsula, Stow & Munroe Falls, Twinsburg which have their own library systems.
Akron-Summit County Public Library ho