Cyberpunk is a subgenre of science fiction in a dystopian futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of low-life and high tech" featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order. Much of cyberpunk is rooted in the New Wave science fiction movement of the 1960s and 1970s, when writers like Philip K. Dick, Roger Zelazny, John Brunner, J. G. Ballard, Philip José Farmer and Harlan Ellison examined the impact of drug culture and the sexual revolution while avoiding the utopian tendencies of earlier science fiction. Comics exploring cyberpunk themes began appearing as early as Judge Dredd, first published in 1977. Released in 1984, William Gibson's influential debut novel Neuromancer would help solidify cyberpunk as a genre, drawing influence from punk subculture and early hacker culture. Other influential cyberpunk writers included Rudy Rucker; the Japanese cyberpunk subgenre began in 1982 with the debut of Katsuhiro Otomo's manga series Akira, with its 1988 anime film adaptation popularizing the subgenre.
Early films in the genre include Ridley Scott's 1982 film Blade Runner, one of several of Philip K. Dick's works that have been adapted into films; the films Johnny Mnemonic and New Rose Hotel, both based upon short stories by William Gibson, flopped commercially and critically. The Matrix trilogy were some of the most successful cyberpunk films. More recent additions to this genre include Blade Runner 2049, a sequel to the original 1982 film, as well as Upgrade, Alita: Battle Angel based on the 1990s Japanese manga Battle Angel Alita, the 2018 Netflix TV series Altered Carbon. Lawrence Person has attempted to define the content and ethos of the cyberpunk literary movement stating: Classic cyberpunk characters were marginalized, alienated loners who lived on the edge of society in dystopic futures where daily life was impacted by rapid technological change, an ubiquitous datasphere of computerized information, invasive modification of the human body. Cyberpunk plots center on conflict among artificial intelligences and megacorporations, tend to be set in a near-future Earth, rather than in the far-future settings or galactic vistas found in novels such as Isaac Asimov's Foundation or Frank Herbert's Dune.
The settings are post-industrial dystopias but tend to feature extraordinary cultural ferment and the use of technology in ways never anticipated by its original inventors. Much of the genre's atmosphere echoes film noir, written works in the genre use techniques from detective fiction. There are sources who view that cyberpunk has shifted from a literary movement to a mode of science fiction due to the limited number of writers and its transition to a more generalized cultural formation; the origins of cyberpunk are rooted in the New Wave science fiction movement of the 1960s and 70s, where New Worlds, under the editorship of Michael Moorcock, began inviting and encouraging stories that examined new writing styles and archetypes. Reacting to conventional storytelling, New Wave authors attempted to present a world where society coped with a constant upheaval of new technology and culture with dystopian outcomes. Writers like Roger Zelazny, J. G. Ballard, Philip Jose Farmer, Harlan Ellison examined the impact of drug culture and the sexual revolution with an avant-garde style influenced by the Beat Generation and their own ideas.
Ballard attacked the idea that stories should follow the "archetypes" popular since the time of Ancient Greece, the assumption that these would somehow be the same ones that would call to modern readers, as Joseph Campbell argued in The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Instead, Ballard wanted to write a new myth for the modern reader, a style with "more psycho-literary ideas, more meta-biological and meta-chemical concepts, private time systems, synthetic psychologies and space-times, more of the sombre half-worlds one glimpses in the paintings of schizophrenics."This had a profound influence on a new generation of writers, some of whom would come to call their movement "Cyberpunk". One, Bruce Sterling said: In the circle of American science fiction writers of my generation — cyberpunks and humanists and so forth — was a towering figure. We used to have bitter struggles over, more Ballardian than whom. We knew we were not fit to polish the man’s boots, we were scarcely able to understand how we could get to a position to do work which he might respect or stand, but at least we were able to see the peak of achievement that he had reached.
Ballard and the rest of New Wave was seen by the subsequent generation as delivering more "realism" to science fiction, they attempted to build on this. Influential, cited as proto-cyberpunk, is the Philip K. Dick novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, first published in 1968. Presenting the general feeling of dystopian post-economic-apocalyptic future as Gibson and Sterling deliver, it examines ethical and moral problems with cybernetic, artificial intelligence in a way more "realist" than the Isaac Asimov Robot series that laid its philosophical foundation. Dick's protege and friend K. W. Jeter wrote a dark and imaginative novel called Dr. Adder in 1972 that, Dick lamented, might have been more influential in the field had it been able to find a publisher at that time, it was not published until 1984, after which Jeter made it the first book in a trilogy, followed by The Glass Hammer and Death Arms
Jack F. Curry is an analyst on the Yankees' pre and postgame shows on the YES Network, where he has worked since 2010, he was part of YES's Emmy Award-winning Yankee coverage in 2011. He is a columnist for Yesnetwork.com. Until 2009, he was a national baseball correspondent for The New York Times. Before taking over that position, he was the beat writer covering the Yankees for the Times, he worked at The Times for 22 years. In 2000, Curry co-wrote a book with Derek Jeter titled The Life You Imagine: Life Lessons for Achieving Your Dreams; the book was a N. Y. Times sold more than 150,000 copies. In 2019, Curry co-wrote a book with David Cone titled “Full Count: The Education of a Pitcher”. Before joining YES, Curry was guest on local New York sports programs such as WFAN's "Mike and the Mad Dog" radio program, he has been seen nationally on networks such as ESPN and MSNBC. Curry works for the YES Network. Curry graduated in 1982 from Hudson Catholic Regional High School in Jersey City. Curry was invited to a Hudson Catholic event on May 12 as a guest speaker.
On April 23, Curry was inducted into the school's hall of fame. Curry earned a bachelor's degree in Communications from Fordham University in 1986. Curry and his wife Pamela reside in New Jersey; as discussed on radio interviews and his news blog, he has competed in the New York City marathon. Jack Curry on Twitter
David Hughes, known by his bardic name of Eos Iâl, was a Welsh poet and publisher. Hughes is known as the author of the plygain carol Ar Gyfer Heddiw'r Bore. Hughes was born at "Brynllwynog", Bryneglwys near Corwen and lived, from 1824 until 1831, a few miles away in Cynwyd, in the parish Llangar, he married twice, the first time to a girl from Cynwyd, with whom he had eight children, and, buried at Llangar Church. He lived in "Nhŷ yr Ardd", a hamlet near Bryneglwys. In his youth, he was fond of drink, but came under the influence of the evangelical temperance movement and soon was one of their leaders, becoming influential in the cause, he was an active member of the Oddfellows. He was a member at the Baptist church in Cynwyd and at the Baptist church at Llansantffraid Glyn Dyfrdwy, where he is buried, he died aged 67. In 1824 he won an Eisteddfod in Corwen and remained a keen competitor until 1835. In 1839 he published a volume of verse. Bob Owen, Croesor says, of his 1839 collection: "Much of its content is of a popular appeal and of ephemeral value."
The majority of his poems criticized the moral decay he saw during his lifetime. In 1837 he built a wooden printing press at his home, acquired some moveable type from Thomas Thomas, a printer from Chester, used it to print a few books and a number of carols and ballads. "Ffrwyth y Profiad neu Waedd yn Erbyn Meddwdod" "Araith Beelsebub Tywysog y Fagddu Fawr" "Udgorn y Jubili a'r Gynadledd" William Jones Jones, Rhuthyn: R.. Eos Iâl sef Llyfr Barddonawl yn cynwys cywyddau ac englynion ar wahanol destynau. Hughes, Dafydd; the Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion. Pp. 156–179. Parti Fronheulog: Carol Plygain:'Ar Gyfer Heddiw'r Bore' "Ar gyfer heddiw'r bore" - lyrics, written by David Hughes