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Cyprian

Cyprian was bishop of Carthage and a notable Early Christian writer of Berber descent, many of whose Latin works are extant. He is recognised as a saint in the Christian churches, he was born around the beginning of the 3rd century in North Africa at Carthage, where he received a classical education. Soon after converting to Christianity, he became a bishop in 249. A controversial figure during his lifetime, his strong pastoral skills, firm conduct during the Novatianist heresy and outbreak of the Plague of Cyprian, eventual martyrdom at Carthage established his reputation and proved his sanctity in the eyes of the Church, his skillful Latin rhetoric led to his being considered the pre-eminent Latin writer of Western Christianity until Jerome and Augustine. Cyprian was born into a rich, Berber, Carthage family sometime during the early third century, his original name was Thascius. Before his conversion, he was a leading member of a legal fraternity in Carthage, an orator, a "pleader in the courts", a teacher of rhetoric.

After a "dissipated youth", Cyprian was baptised when he was thirty-five years old, c. 245 AD. After his baptism, he gave away a portion of his wealth to the poor of Carthage, as befitted a man of his status. In the early days of his conversion he wrote an Epistola ad Donatum de gratia Dei and the Testimoniorum Libri III that adhere to the models of Tertullian, who influenced his style and thinking. Cyprian described his own conversion and baptism in the following words: When I was still lying in darkness and gloomy night, I used to regard it as difficult and demanding to do what God's mercy was suggesting to me... I myself was held in bonds by the innumerable errors of my previous life, from which I did not believe I could be delivered, so I was disposed to acquiesce in my clinging vices and to indulge my sins... But after that, by the help of the water of new birth, the stain of my former life was washed away, a light from above and pure, was infused into my reconciled heart... a second birth restored me to a new man.

In a wondrous manner every doubt began to fade.... I understood that what had first lived within me, enslaved by the vices of the flesh, was earthly and that what, the Holy Spirit had wrought within me was divine and heavenly. Not long after his baptism he was ordained a deacon, soon afterwards a priest; some time between July 248 and April 249 he was elected bishop of Carthage, a popular choice among the poor who remembered his patronage as demonstrating good equestrian style. However his rapid rise did not meet with the approval of senior members of the clergy in Carthage, an opposition which did not disappear during his episcopate. Not long afterward, the entire community was put to an unwanted test. Christians in North Africa had not suffered persecution for many years. Early in 250 the "Decian persecution" began; the Emperor Decius issued an edict, the text of, lost, ordering sacrifices to the gods to be made throughout the Empire. Jews were exempted from this requirement. Cyprian chose to go into hiding rather than face potential execution.

While some clergy saw this decision as a sign of cowardice, Cyprian defended himself saying he had fled in order not to leave the faithful without a shepherd during the persecution, that his decision to continue to lead them, although from a distance, was in accordance with divine will. Moreover, he pointed to the actions of the Apostles and Jesus himself: "And therefore the Lord commanded us in the persecution to depart and to flee. For as the crown is given by the condescension of God, cannot be received unless the hour comes for accepting it, whoever abiding in Christ departs for a while does not deny his faith, but waits for the time..." The persecution was severe at Carthage, according to Church sources. Many Christians fell away, were thereafter referred to as "Lapsi"; the majority had obtained signed statements certifying that they had sacrificed to the Roman gods in order to avoid persecution or confiscation of property. In some cases Christians had sacrificed, whether under torture or otherwise.

Cyprian found these libellatici cowardly, demanded that they and the rest of the lapsi undergo public penance before being re-admitted to the Church. However, in Cyprian's absence, some priests disregarded his wishes by readmitting the lapsed to communion with little or no public penance; some of the lapsi presented a second libellus purported to bear the signature of some martyr or confessor who, it was held, had the spiritual prestige to reaffirm individual Christians. This system was not limited to Carthage, but on a wider front by its charismatic nature it constituted a challenge to institutional authority in the Church, in particular to that of the bishop. Hundreds or thousands of lapsi were re-admitted this way, against the express wishes of Cyprian and the majority of the Carthaginian clergy, who insisted upon earnest repentance. A schism broke out in Carthage, as the laxist party, led by the priests who had opposed Cyprian's election, attempted to block measures taken by him during his period of absence.

After fourteen months, Cyprian returned to the diocese and in letters addressed to the other North African bishops defended having left his post. After issuing a tract, "De lapsis," he convoked a council of North African bishops at Carthage to consider

T3 Transit

T3 Transit is a Canadian public transport company operating buses throughout the capital region of Prince Edward Island, including Charlottetown and the towns of Cornwall and Stratford. Founded in 2005 as Charlottetown Transit, the 150th anniversary year of the city's incorporation, it is funded by the municipal and federal levels of government and provides service throughout the city's neighbourhoods. The province of Prince Edward Island does not provide transit subsidies toward the service; the last attempt at public transit was in the form of Charlottetown Urban Transit Systems Limited from late 1979 to 1981. The name "Charlottetown Transit" was a marketing name and not a incorporated company. All buses are owned by the City of Charlottetown but are operated under contract by owned Trius Tours Limited. In February, 2012, Charlottetown Transit changed its name to T3 Transit - Take Transit Today; the new brand offers services to Charlottetown and Stratford, as well as a Summerside and County Line Express.

Most buses are designed to have the appearance of a tram or streetcar and were constructed by Dupont Industries, as well as MCI Classic buses). The trolley buses are smaller than conventional transit bus designs and must be able to navigate the narrower streets and intersections in the city's downtown core. Current operations have 10 bus routes running from Monday to Friday with reduced routes on Saturday as follows: University Avenue Charlottetown East to West Charlottetown West to East Airport and Winsloe Collector Cornwall Stratford QEH and East Collector Community Bus Route 5 County Line - Serving points between Summerside and Charlottetown Summerside - Serving the city of Summerside In 2018, T3 Transit ran a demonstration with an electric bus, an American made New Flyer Xcelsior CHARGE; the company is considering upgrading its fleet in the future to electric buses. If government funding goes through, the buses will be delivered 2020 or 2021. T3 Transit - Official Website

North Bon Air

North Bon Air is a neighborhood within the city limits of Tampa, Florida, USA. As of the 2010 census the neighborhood had a population of 1,098; the ZIP Codes serving the area are 33607 and 33609. North Bon Air boundaries are Dale Mabry Highway to the east, Westshore Palms to the west, Kennedy Boulevard Boulevard to the south, Interstate 275 to the north. Source: Hillsborough County Atlas As of the census of 2010, there were 1,098 people and 465 households residing in the neighborhood; the population density was 4,037/mi². The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 78.0% White,11.0% African American, 0.0% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 4.0% from other races, 5.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were about 45.0% of the population. There were 465 households out of which 19% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39% were married couples living together, 16% had a female householder with no husband present, 11% non-families. 29% of all households were made up of individuals.

In the neighborhood the population was spread out with 15% under the age of 18, 23% from 18 to 34, 22% from 35 to 49, 20% from 50 to 64, 18% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. The per capita income for the neighborhood was $24,095. About 9% of the population were below the poverty line. Of those, 33% are under age 18. Neighborhoods in Tampa, Florida North Bon Air Neighborhood Association