click links in text for more info

Cyril M. Kornbluth

Cyril M. Kornbluth was an American science fiction author and a member of the Futurians, he used a variety of pen-names, including Cecil Corwin, S. D. Gottesman, Edward J. Bellin, Kenneth Falconer, Walter C. Davies, Simon Eisner, Jordan Park, Arthur Cooke, Paul Dennis Lavond, Scott Mariner; the "M" in Kornbluth's name may have been in tribute to Mary Byers. Kornbluth grew up in the uptown Manhattan neighborhood of Inwood, in New York City, he was of the son of a "second-generation Jew" who ran his own tailor shop. According to his widow, Kornbluth was a "precocious child", learning to read by the age of three and writing his own stories by the time he was seven, he graduated from high school at thirteen, received a CCNY scholarship at fourteen, was "thrown out for leading a student strike" without graduating. As a teenager, he became a member of the Futurians, an influential group of science fiction fans and writers. While a member of the Futurians, he met and became friends with Frederik Pohl, Donald A. Wollheim, Robert A. W. Lowndes, his future wife Mary Byers.

He participated in the Fantasy Amateur Press Association. Kornbluth served in the US Army during World War II, he received a Bronze Star for his service in the Battle of the Bulge, where he served as a member of a heavy machine gun crew. Upon his discharge, he returned to finish his education at the University of Chicago under the G. I. Bill. While living in Chicago he worked at Trans-Radio Press, a news wire service. In 1951 he started writing full-time, returning to the East Coast where he collaborated on novels with his old Futurian friends Frederik Pohl and Judith Merril. Kornbluth began writing at 15, his first solo story, "The Rocket of 1955", was published in Richard Wilson's fanzine Escape. His other short fiction includes "The Little Black Bag", "The Marching Morons", "The Altar at Midnight", "MS. Found in a Chinese Fortune Cookie", "Gomez" and "The Advent on Channel 12". "The Little Black Bag" was first adapted for television live on the television show Tales of Tomorrow on May 30, 1952.

It was adapted for television by the BBC in 1969 for its Out of the Unknown series. In 1970, the same story was adapted by Rod Serling for an episode of his Night Gallery series; this dramatization starred Burgess Meredith as the alcoholic Dr. William Fall, who had long lost his doctor's license and become a homeless alcoholic, he finds a bag containing advanced medical technology from the future, after an unsuccessful attempt to pawn it, he uses benevolently. "The Marching Morons" is a look at a far future in which the world's population consists of five billion idiots and a few million geniuses – the precarious minority of the "elite" working to keep things running behind the scenes. In his introduction to The Best of C. M. Kornbluth, Pohl states that "The Marching Morons" is a direct sequel to "The Little Black Bag": it is easy to miss this, as "Bag" is set in the contemporary present while "Morons" takes place several centuries from now, there is no character who appears in both stories; the titular black bag in the first story is an artifact from the time period of "The Marching Morons": a medical kit filled with self-driven instruments enabling a far-future moron to "play doctor".

A future Earth similar to "The Marching Morons" – a civilisation of morons protected by a small minority of hidden geniuses – is used again in the final stages of Kornbluth & Pohl's Search the Sky."MS. Found in a Chinese Fortune Cookie" is written by Kornbluth using notes by "Cecil Corwin", declared insane and incarcerated, who smuggles out in fortune cookies the ultimate secret of life; this fate is said to be Kornbluth's response to the unauthorized publication of "Mask of Demeter" in Wollheim's anthology Prize Science Fiction in 1953. Biographer Mark Rich describes the 1958 story "Two Dooms" as one of several stories which are "concern with the ethics of theoretical science" and which "explore moral quandaries of the atomic age": "Two Dooms" follows atomic physicist Edward Royland on his accidental journey into an alternative universe where the Nazis and Japanese rule a divided United States. In his own world, Royland debated whether to delay progress at the Los Alamos nuclear research site or to help the atomic bomb achieve its terrifying result.

Encountering both a slave village and a concentration camp in the alternative America, he comes to grips with the idea of life under bondage. Many of Kornbluth's novels were written as collaborations: either with Judith Merril, or with Frederik Pohl; these include The Space Merchants. The Space Merchants contributed to the maturing and to the wider academic respectability of the science fiction genre, not only in America but in Europe. Kornbluth wrote several novels under his own name, including The Syndic and Not This August. Kornbluth died at age 34 in New York. Scheduled to meet with Bob Mills in New York City to interview for the position of editor of The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Kornbluth had to shovel snow from his driveway, which delayed him. Running to meet his train, he suffered a fatal heart attack on the platform of the station. A number of short stories remained unfinished at Kornbluth's death.

Jacob Myron Price

Jacob "Jack" Myron Price, FBA, FRHS, was a historian known for his detailed studies of the early modern Atlantic economy. He was associated with the Institute of Historical Research of London University. Reading for Life. Developing the college student's life-time reading interest. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1959; the tobacco adventure to Russia. Enterprise and diplomacy in the quest for a northern market for English colonial tobacco, 1676-1722. Philadelphia, 1961; the dimensions of the past. Materials and opportunities for quantitative work in history. American Historical Association. Committee on Quantitative Data. Yale University Press, New Haven, 1972. France and the Chesapeake. A history of the French tobacco monopoly, 1674-1791, of its relationship to the British and American tobacco trades, etc. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1973. ISBN 047208738X Joshua Johnson's letterbook, 1771-1774: Letters from a merchant in London to his partners in Maryland. London Record Society, London, 1979.

ISBN 0900952156 Capital and credit in British overseas trade: The view from the Chesapeake, 1700-1776. Harvard University Press, Mass. 1980. ISBN 0674094808 Perry of London: A family and a firm on the seaborne frontier, 1615-1753. Harvard University Press, Mass. 1992. ISBN 0674663063 Tobacco in Atlantic trade: The Chesapeake and Glasgow 1675-1775. Variorum, Aldershot, 1995. ISBN 0860785483 Overseas trade and traders: Essays on some commercial and political challenges facing British Atlantic merchants, 1660-1775. Variorum, Aldershot, 1996. ISBN 0860785912 The Atlantic frontier of the thirteen American colonies and states: Essays in eighteenth century commercial and social history. Variorum, Aldershot, 1996. ISBN 0860785866

Order of Saint Luke

The Order of Saint Luke is a religious order begun within the Methodist Church in the United States, dedicated to sacramental and liturgical scholarship and practice. As a Christian religious order, it is a dispersed community of women and men and clergy, from many different denominations, seeking to live the sacramental life. "Membership in The Order is open to persons of all Christian denominations who seek to live the sacramental life in accordance with our Rule of Life and Service, in community with and acceptance of their brothers and sisters in the Order." The Order gathers annually in mid-October for several days of worship and administration. The Order proclaims itself as Wesleyan and Lukan in its spirituality, Methodist in its origins, sacramental in its practice, ecumenical in its outlook; the Order of St Luke was founded in 1946 in the former Methodist Church and, until 2012, held the status of Affiliate Organization with the Section on Worship of the General Board of Discipleship of the United Methodist Church.

The Order was formed under the leadership of the Rev. R. P. Marshall, a former editor of the Christian Advocate, it was dedicated to the cause of liturgical renewal, led the way in a serious liturgical awakening across the Methodist Church and much of post-war Protestantism. It was inspired by the existence of the Methodist Sacramental Fellowship, which serves a similar purpose in relation to the Methodist Church of Great Britain. A maturing comprehension of liturgical renewal in an ecumenical era has become the guiding vision of members within the Order, just as it has become a dawning concern in the minds of many persons in the Church presently outside the Order. Recent evidence of this emerging vision may be seen in the design of the official worship books of many denominations; the additional emphasis of directed spiritual formation, adopted in 1980, sets the direction in which the Order believes itself called. While it will shun doctrinaire positions, the Order is dedicated to the task of breaking down the barriers of historical ignorance, theological sectarianism and liturgical illiteracy in the Church.

The Order has no special revelation about the future of the emerging ecumenical consensus, but will do what it can to encourage the people called Christian to look outward and work toward the greater Church which God is gathering for Christ' s sake from a broken Christendom. A major ministry of the Order of Saint Luke is OSL Publications; this ministry specializes in providing printed resources for those who lead worship and scholarly resources for those interested in liturgical matters. Publications include resources on liturgy, church architecture, theology, spirituality and music. OSL publishes three periodicals: Doxology - This is the annual journal with contributions from writers in the areas of liturgical and sacramental scholarship, it is a "juried" or "refereed" journal which offers a service to the academic world as well as those who are involved in the active practice of ministry in its many contexts. It is published in late Summer/early Fall. Sacramental Life - This journal is published four times a year.

It is designed to provide theologically sound reports of developments from across the church-at-large. Rather than have a theoretical or scholarly approach, the articles and liturgical aids have been proven and have grown out of the experiences of people "in the trenches." The Font - A once every two months in-house paper helping members to keep current on what is happening with their brothers and sisters around the world. General Officers Current Abbot- Sister Elizabeth Sue Moore Former abbot - Brother Daniel T. Benedict Prior-General - Brother George Crisp Chancellor-General - Sister Jeanette Block Provincial-General - Sister Heather Josselyn-CransonAppointed Officers Chaplain-General: Sr. Alice Kay Lovelace Webscribe: Br. French Ball Pastoral Care Officer: Br. David Eichelberger Companion for Inquirers and New Members: Sr. Carol Gathagan Sacramental Life editor: Br. Jonathan Hehn Font Editor: Sr. Cynthia Astle Daily Office Revision Team leader: Br. Dwight W. Vogel Prior for Life-vowed Members: Br.

David Houdeschel Immediate Past Chancellor-General: Br. Scott Alford Saint Brigid of Kildare Methodist-Benedictine Monastery Order of Watchers, a French Protestant association of hermits. Bose Monastic Community Dusty Miller, Methodist martyr of World War II. Official site The Rule of Life and Service Customary

R. Duncan Luce

Robert Duncan Luce was an American mathematician and social scientist, one of the most preeminent figures in the field of mathematical psychology. At the end of his life, he held the position of Distinguished Research Professor of Cognitive Science at the University of California, Irvine. Luce received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1945, PhD in Mathematics from the same university in 1950 under Irvin S. Cohen with thesis On Semigroups, he began his professorial career at Columbia University in 1954, where he was an assistant professor in mathematical statistics and sociology. Following a lecturership at Harvard University from 1957 to 1959, he became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1959, was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Professorship of Psychology in 1968. After visiting the Institute for Advanced Study beginning in 1969, he joined the UC Irvine faculty in 1972, but returned to Harvard in 1976 as Alfred North Whitehead Professor of Psychology and later as Victor S. Thomas Professor of Psychology.

In 1988 Luce rejoined the UC Irvine faculty as Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Sciences and director of UCI's Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences. Luce was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1972 for his work on fundamental measurement, utility theory, global psychophysics, mathematical behavioral sciences, he received the 2003 National Medal of Science in behavioral and social science for his contributions to the field of mathematical psychology. Contributions for which Luce is known include formulating Luce's choice axiom formalizing the principle that additional options should not affect the probability of selecting one item over another, defining semiorders, introducing graph-theoretic methods into the social sciences, coining the term "clique" for a complete subgraph in graph theory. Luce, R. Duncan. Games and decisions: introduction and critical survey. New York: Wiley. MR 0087572. Paperback reprint, New York Luce, R. Duncan. Individual choice behavior: a theoretical analysis.

New York: Wiley. Luce, R. Duncan, "Response latencies and probabilities", in Arrow, Kenneth J.. Luce, R. Duncan. Response times: their role in inferring elementary mental organization. New York: Oxford. Guide to the R. Duncan Luce Papers. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, California. Luce's web page with publications. Science journal's summary of his work. Biography of R. Duncan Luce from the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

José Ruíz Matos

José "Cheíto" Ruíz Matos was a Puerto Rican boxer. Born and raised in the municipality of Trujillo Alto, he was signed as a professional when he was 17 years old. Ruíz made his debut July 1984, competing in the super flyweight division, he gathered a record of 9-2 during the first three years of his career, which featured a trilogy against eventual contender, Pedro Jose Feliciano. Seeking to improve his standing in the world rankings, Ruíz challenged and defeated former World Boxing Council and Colombian champion, Prudencio Cardona and Chilean titlist Bernardo Manuel Mendoza. On April 29, 1989, he received his first opportunity for a world championship, defeating Sugar "Baby" Rojas for the title of the newly created World Boxing Organization. Ruíz had four successful defenses, defeating Juan Carazo, Ángel Rosario, Wilfredo Vargas and Armando Velasco. On February 22, 1992, Ruíz lost the title to José Quirino by unanimous decision. Five months he participated in the last fight of his career, losing a close majority decision to the International Boxing Federation's champion, Robert Quiroga.

On February 28, 1992, Ruíz was ambushed and shot while traveling through one of San Juan's barrios, receiving six bullet wounds that fatally injured him. José Ruíz was born to José Ramón Ruíz and Rosa Matos de Jesús. By the time that Ruíz reached 17 years of age, he was married to Gloria Esther Conde. On July 5, 1984, the pugilist signed his first professional contract, being managed by Lilliamery Valentín Conde, who presented the official documentation before the Puerto Rico Boxing Commission. Ruíz's career was subsequently managed by Video Deportes, a company owned by businesswoman Ivonne Class; when he was 18 years old, Ruiz debuted as a professional. Early in his career, the boxer trained with Pedro Cobé. In his first fight, which took place on July 13, 1984, he defeated Elias Cruz by decision in a four-round fight. Less than two months after his debut, Ruíz participated in his first contest held in the capital of Puerto Rico, San Juan. There he was booked against Marcos Roldan. A month he fought in a card held at Aguadilla, a municipality located in the northwestern tip of the archipelago's main island.

In this contest, Ruíz won his third consecutive fight. On February 23, 1985, Ruíz recorded his first defeat, losing by decision to Pedro José Feliciano, debuting. Ruíz returned to action less than three months after; the following month, he was active in an event held at Hiram Bithorn Stadium, where he defeated Victor Cruz. After more than five months of inactivity, Ruíz fought in his native Trujillo Alto, scoring the first knockout victory of his career over Marcos Claudio; this was followed by a rematch against Feliciano. Ruíz the challenged contender and former Continental Americas light flyweight champion, José "Cagüitas" de Jesús, losing a unanimous decision. On August 8, 1987, Ruíz fought Feliciano in a rubber match, he closed the year performing in another major venue, Roberto Clemente Coliseum, where he defeated Angel Rosario by unanimous decision. As was common during that time, the pugilist experienced differences with the promotion managing his career, a recurrent issue among the boxing business.

Ruíz pursued legal advice before the Puerto Rico Boxing Commission, forcing the cancellation of his contract with Héctor Avilés. Regardless of the issue surrounding the promotion of his career, Ruíz gained notoriety based on his skill set. Four years after his professional debut, Ruíz began pursuing opponents featuring better standing within the world rankings, expecting to receive an opportunity for a world championship. In order to reach this goal, he studied several defensive tactics which he intended to use in combination with his physical strength to overcome his opponents. Ruíz began that year by fighting former World Boxing Council and Colombian flyweight champion, Prudencio Cardona, whom he defeated by knockout in nine rounds; the following month, he defeated Rosario by decision in Guaynabo. On November 3, 1988, Ruíz fought former Chilean super flyweight and the incumbent Chilean bantamweight champion, Bernardo Manuel Mendoza, defeating him by technical decision in five rounds. On April 29, 1989, Ruíz fought Sugar "Baby" Rojas to determine the first super flyweight champion of the newly created World Boxing Organization.

Rojas from Colombia was a former WBC champion and entered the fight with a record of 31-2. Despite his opponent's experience advantage, Ruíz began the offensive by using his speed to land body punches, gaining control of the fight's tempo. In the fourth round, Rojas was injured by several punches to the head, supporting himself against the ropes. Ruíz subsequently began changing his stance to southpaw, using this strategy to open a cut below his opponent's left eye; this style frustrated Rojas. This frustration was expressed against the referee, Stanley Christodoulou, who warned him during the fight; when the contest concluded, the judges awarded Ruíz scores of 117-114, 119-112, 117-116. This was part of a card that featured a fight between John John Molina and Juan Laporte. In his first defense, Ruíz defeated Juan "Curie" Carazo by knockout in the first round. On October 21, 1989, he defeated Ángel "Cuso" Rosario by knockout in the twelfth round. Ruíz closed the year by defeating Marcos Claudio in one round.

On May 12, 1990, he defeated Richard Picardo in a non-titular contest held in Italy. In his third title defense, Ruí

Mirny Airport

Mirny Airport is an airport in Yakutia, located 4 kilometres east of the mining town of Mirny. It supports 24-hour flight operations. Mirny airport serves as a diversion airport on Polar route 3; the airport is home base for Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise. 329,446 passengers were transited by this airport in 2017. On November 1, 2009, an Ilyushin Il-76 cargo jet of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs crashed soon after take-off from Mirny airport, killing all 11 people on board, it was on a repositioning flight to Irkutsk Airport after delivering cargo to Mirny. The Il-76 crashed into the ground near the Mir mine. Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Mirny Airport at Russian Airports Database Airport information for UERR at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006. Current weather for UERR at NOAA/NWS Historical Weather Records for Mirny Accident history for MJZ at Aviation Safety Network Airport Mirny Aviateka. Handbook