Cyrus Griffin

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Cyrus Griffin
CyrusGriffin.jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Virginia
In office
November 28, 1789 – December 14, 1810
Appointed byGeorge Washington
Preceded bySeat established by 1 Stat. 73
Succeeded byJohn Tyler Sr.
8th President of the Congress of the Confederation
In office
January 22, 1788 – November 2, 1788
Preceded byArthur St. Clair
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born
Cyrus Griffin

(1748-07-16)July 16, 1748
Farnham Parish,
Colony of Virginia,
British America
DiedDecember 14, 1810(1810-12-14) (aged 62)
Yorktown, Virginia
Resting placeBruton Parish Church
Williamsburg, Virginia
EducationUniversity of Edinburgh
Middle Temple
Signature

Cyrus Griffin (July 16, 1748 – December 14, 1810) was the final President of the Congress of the Confederation and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Virginia.

Education and career[edit]

Born on July 16, 1748, in Farnham Parish (now Farnham), Colony of Virginia, British America,[1] Griffin was sent to England to be educated,[2] he studied law at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland and at the Middle Temple in London.[2] He entered private practice in Lancaster, Colony of Virginia (State of Virginia, United States from July 4, 1776) from 1774 to 1777,[1] he was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1777 to 1778, and from 1786 to 1787.[1] He was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress (Continental Congress) from 1778 to 1780,[1] he was a Judge of the Court of Appeals in Cases of Capture from 1780 to 1787.[3][1] He was a delegate to the Ninth Congress of the Confederation from 1787 to 1788, serving as the final President of the Congress of the Confederation under the Articles of Confederation in 1788,[4][1] he was United States Commissioner to the Creek Nation in 1789.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Griffin received a recess appointment from President George Washington on November 28, 1789, to the United States District Court for the District of Virginia, to a new seat authorized by 1 Stat. 73.[1] He was nominated to the same position by President Washington on February 8, 1790,[1] he was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 10, 1790, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on December 14, 1810, due to his death in Yorktown, Virginia,[1] he was interred in Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg, Virginia.[2]

Family[edit]

Griffin was the son of Leroy Griffin and his wife Mary Ann Bertrand,[5] he married Christina Stewart, oldest daughter of John Stewart, the sixth Earl of Traquair (1699–1779).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cyrus Griffin at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c United States Congress. "Cyrus Griffin (id: G000459)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ "Journals of the Continental Congress --FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1780". memory.loc.gov.
  4. ^ Wilson, Rick K. (1994). Congressional Dynamics: Structure, Coordination, and Choice in the First American Congress, 1774–1789. Stanford: Stanford University Press. pp. 76–80. ISBN 0-8047-2293-5.
  5. ^ "The American Historical Register". Historical Register Publishing Company. July 17, 1895 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "Traquair, Earl of (S, 1633–1861)". Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2011.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur St. Clair
President of the Congress of the Confederation
1788
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 1 Stat. 73
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Virginia
1789–1810
Succeeded by
John Tyler Sr.