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Czech lands

The Czech lands or the Bohemian lands are the three historical regions of Bohemia and Czech Silesia. Together the three have formed the Czech part of Czechoslovakia since 1918 and the Czech Republic since 1 January 1969, which became independent on 1 January 1993. In a historical context, Czech texts use the term to refer to any territory ruled by the Kings of Bohemia, i.e. the lands of the Bohemian Crown as established by Emperor Charles IV in the 14th century. This would include territories like the Lusatias and the whole of Silesia, all ruled from Prague Castle at that time. After the conquest of Silesia by the Prussian king Frederick the Great in 1742, the remaining lands of the Bohemian Crown—Bohemia and Austrian Silesia—have been more or less co-extensive with the territory of the modern-day Czech Republic; the term Czech lands has been used to describe different things by different people. While the Czech name of Bohemia proper is Čechy, the adjective český refers to both "Bohemian" and "Czech".

The non-auxiliary term for the present-day Czech lands is Česko, documented as early as 1704. During the period of the First and Second Czechoslovak Republic the Czech lands were referred to as Historical lands in particular when mentioned together with Slovakia; the Bohemian lands had been settled by Celts from 5th BC until 2nd AD by various Germanic tribes until they moved on to the west during the Migration Period. At the beginning of the 5th century the population decreased vigorously and, according to mythology led by a chieftain Čech, the first Western Slavs came in the second half of the 6th century. In the course of the decline of the Great Moravian realm during the Hungarian invasions of Europe in the 9th and 10th century, the Czech Přemyslid dynasty established the Duchy of Bohemia. Backed by the East Frankish kings, they prevailed against the reluctant Bohemian nobility and extended their rule eastwards over the adjacent Moravian lands. In 1198 Duke Ottokar I of Bohemia received the royal title by the German anti-king Philip of Swabia.

Attached to his Kingdom of Bohemia was the Margraviate of Moravia established in 1182 and Kłodzko Land, the County of Kladsko. From the second part of the 13th century onwards, German colonists settled in the mountainous border area on the basis of the kings' invitation during the Ostsiedlung and lived alongside the Slavs; the Silesian lands north of the Sudetes mountain range had been ruled by the Polish Piast dynasty from the 10th century onwards. While Bohemia rose to a kingdom, the Silesian Piasts alienated from the fragmenting Kingdom of Poland. After in 1310 the Bohemian crown had passed to the mighty House of Luxembourg, nearly all Silesian dukes pledged allegiance to King John the Blind and in 1335 the Polish king Casimir III the Great renounced Silesia by the Treaty of Trentschin. King John had acquired the lands of Bautzen and Görlitz in 1319 and 1329, his son and successor Charles IV King of the Romans since 1346, incorporated the Silesian and Lusatian estates into the Bohemian Crown and upon his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor confirmed their indivisibility and affiliation with the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1367 Emperor Charles IV purchased the former March of Lusatia in the northwest. However, during the Thirty Years' War both Lusatias passed to the Electorate of Saxony by the Peace of Prague. After the Bohemian Crown passed to the House of Habsburg in 1526, the Bohemian crown lands together with the Kingdom of Hungary and the Austrian "hereditary lands" became part of the larger Habsburg Monarchy. In 1742 the Habsburg queen Maria Theresa lost the bulk of Silesia to Prussia upon the First Silesian War, part of the War of the Austrian Succession; the coat of arms of the Czech Republic incorporates those of the three integral Czech lands: Bohemia proper and Czech Silesia. The arms of Bohemia originated with the Bohemian kingdom, like those of Moravia with the Moravian margraviate; the arms of Czech Silesia originated as those of all of the historical region of Silesia, much of, now in Poland. Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Pánek, Jaroslav. A History of the Czech lands. Prague: Karolinum. ISBN 978-80-246-1645-2

Maryland Route 758

Maryland Route 758 is a state highway located in Hanover in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The route runs 1.02 miles from an intersection with Stoney Run Road and New Ridge Road north to a roundabout at Ridge Road. The road provides access to the Maryland Department of Transportation headquarters building; the state took over maintenance of Corporate Center Drive in 2012. MD 758 begins at an intersection with Stoney Run Road and New Ridge Road in Hanover, Anne Arundel County a short distance to the west of Baltimore–Washington International Airport. From here, the route heads northeast on a four-lane divided highway; the road passes through wooded areas, becoming a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane and curving to the north. MD 758 turns passes by the Maryland Department of Transportation headquarters; the route passes by an office building before it reaches its northern terminus at a roundabout with Ridge Road. MD 758 was assigned to Corporate Center Drive in 2012 when the state took over maintenance of the road following a donation.

The entire route is in Anne Arundel County. Maryland Roads portal

Gladys Chesir Kiptagelai

Gladys Chesir Kiptagelai is a Kenyan female long-distance runner who competes over distances from 3000 metres up to the marathon. She was a gold medallist at the Youth Olympics and a silver medallist at the African Games in 2015. Chesir won her first international medal at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics, where she topped the podium in the 3000 m; this was Kenya's first medal at the new competition. She began to make her mark as a senior around late 2014 in road running events, having top three finishes at the Zevenheuvelenloop, Egmond Half Marathon and World 10K Bangalore, she set a personal best in the half marathon in Yangzhou. After a third place finish at the Kenyan Athletics Championships, she was chosen for the 10,000 metres at the 2015 African Games and ultaimtely won a silver medal on her senior international debut, behind compatriot Alice Aprot Nawowuna, her ability was further proved with a win at the Grand 10 Berlin, where she moved up to ninth on the all-time 10K run lists with a time of 30:41 minutes.

Chesir continued to improve with a time of 68:36 minutes for third at the Delhi Half Marathon 66:57 minutes for fifth at the RAK Half Marathon. This led to her selection for the 2016 IAAF World Half Marathon Championships, where she was sixth in a time of 68:46, but outside of the team rankings behind compatriots Peres Jechirchir, Cynthia Jerotich, Mary Wacera Ngugi, who swept the top three positions, she placed third in the 10,000 m at the 2016 Athletics Kenya Olympic Trials, but did not get added to the Kenyan team as she had not achieved the required qualification time. She continued on the roads, with top five finishes in Delhi and Prague before winning the Lille Half Marathon with her second fastest time at that point with 67:49 minutes. Chesir had her marathon debut in October 2017, gave a strong performance with 2:24:51 hours for the runner-up spot at the top level marathon behind Ethiopian Tadelech Bekele. 1500 metres – 4:28.1 min 3000 metres – 8:52.63 min 5000 metres – 15:19.93 min 10,000 metres – 31:36.87 min 10K run – 30:41 min Half marathon – 66:57 min Marathon – 2:24:51 min List of 2010 Summer Youth Olympics medal winners Gladys Chesir Kiptagelai at World Athletics


PrankStars is a 2011 American six-episode reality television series that aired monthly and employed the use of a hidden camera. The series premiered on Disney Channel on July 15, 2011, was hosted by Pair of Kings and Hannah Montana star, Mitchel Musso; the television program portrayed scenarios in which children and teenagers met their favorite stars in "unpredictable and humorous" settings, engineered by their friends and family. The show was Disney Channel's first reality series since the Totally in Tune show. In Canada, Family Channel aired two episodes of PrankStars on September 30, 2011, a total of four episodes were supposed to broadcast before the series was withdrawn; the fourth episode aired a day before Musso's mid-October 2011 arrest on a charge of driving while intoxicated, the remaining two episodes premiered in Europe and Latin America. Punk'd Code: 9 Walk the Prank Official website PrankStars on IMDb PrankStars at TV Guide

2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság III

The 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság III is Hungary's third-level football competition. On 20 June 2017, the play-offs finished and the full tables were formed. On 26 June 2017, it was announced that the Hungarian Football Federation did not accept the of Szigetszentmiklósi TK. On 12 July 2017, the Hungarian Football Federation issued the three groups of the 2017–18 season. On 28 March 2018, the STC Salgótarján announced its withdrawal from the 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság III season; the results for STC Salgótarján were deleted for the entire season due to their withdrawal. Updated to games played on 3 June 2018 Promoted: Taksony, Méhkeréki SE and Sényő qualified on slots; the following champions did not assume the Nemzeti Bajnokság III, although they won their county championships: Tolna, Algyő and Pécsvárad 2017–18 Magyar Kupa 2018 Magyar Kupa Final 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság I 2017–18 Nemzeti Bajnokság II 2017–18 Megyei Bajnokság I Official website Official website


KTDO, virtual channel 48, is a Telemundo owned-and-operated television station serving El Paso, United States, licensed to Las Cruces, New Mexico. The station is owned by the Telemundo Station Group subsidiary of NBCUniversal. KTDO's studios are located on North Mesa Street/Highway 20 in northwest El Paso, its transmitter is located atop the Franklin Mountains on the El Paso city limits; the station first signed on the air November 18, 1984 as KASK-TV. The TV station was an outgrowth of KASK-FM 103.1. KASK-TV went off the air in October 1987. Bayport was approved to relocate the tower to a new site near Anthony, New Mexico, increase power from 74,000 watts to the maximum 5 million. Channel 48 was sold to Robert Muñoz and reemerged on June 13, 1990 as KZIA; the station was added to the El Paso cable system in 1991. Lee Enterprises bought the station in 1993 for $440,000, after a separate $900,000 sale fell through the year prior. "Z48" became a charter affiliate of the United Paramount Network upon the network's launch on January 16, 1995.

In 1997, the station's calls were changed to KMAZ ahead of a January 16, 1998 change to Telemundo and Spanish-language programming. The change was made to improve the station's financial position and because management felt the market was ready for a second Spanish-language station on the United States side of the border. In 2001, the station's call letters were changed to KTYO. In 2004, the station was purchased by the Arlington, Virginia-based ZGS Group for $11.8 million. As a result of the switch, UPN did not have a full-time affiliate in the El Paso market for the remainder of the network's run, with its programming being relegated to a secondary affiliation on KKWB until it switched to TeleFutura in January 2002. On December 4, 2017, NBCUniversal's Telemundo Station Group announced its purchase of ZGS' television stations, including KTDO; the sale was completed on February 1, 2018. The station's digital signal is multiplexed: KTDO shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 48, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate.

The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 47. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 48. KTDO's main channel was seen in analog in El Paso proper via low-power translator KTDO-LP on channel 48 to allow viewers in El Paso and on the Mexican side of the market to continue to watch the station over-the-air. With the sale to NBCUniversal and Mexico's digital transition having been completed, the license for KTDO-LP was returned to the Federal Communications Commission on November 30, 2018, was formally canceled on December 21. KTDO presently broadcasts 12 hours of locally produced newscasts each week. On November 16, 2010, KTDO launched a news department, with half-hour Spanish-language newscasts airing at 5:00 and 10:00 p.m. under the title Telenoticias El Paso. On June 11, 2018, the station launched newscasts at 4 and 4:30 p.m. adding to the established 5 p.m. newscast. With this expansion, KTDO has more hours of local news than any other Spanish-language station in El Paso.

KASK-TV had launched with a local news operation, airing a 5-minute news brief at 7 p.m. and a main news at 10 p.m. As KZIA-TV, the station carried a 9 p.m. local newscast, "Newswatch 48", hosted by former KDBC-TV anchor Bill Mitchell, a replay of KDBC's 6 p.m. newscast at 9:30 p.m. In 1991, channel 48 began carrying by microwave link all of KOB-TV's local newscasts live from Albuquerque in a first-of-its-kind arrangement; when Lee Enterprises—owner of KRQE-TV—bought the station in 1993, the station shifted to carrying that station's news, though Lee planned to begin local newscasts in Las Cruces. Official website Query the FCC's TV station database for KTDO BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KTDO-TV