click links in text for more info

Czesław Dźwigaj

Czesław Dźwigaj is a Polish artist and professor. Creator of numerous monuments, he is most associated with monuments of Pope John Paul II 50 of which have left his workshop. A student of Antoni Hajdecki, Dźwigaj completed his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków in the years 1972-77, where he now directs the studio of Ceramic Sculpture in addition to lecturing on sacred art at the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków, he began his artistic career working with the Roman Catholic Church. In the 1980s he completed a series of bronze casts for the cathedral in Poland; this work established his reputation, he became known and popular as an artist of sacred art in other areas of Poland. He has designed numerous church interiors along with monumental bas-relief doors. Professor Dźwigaj is the laureate of many prestigious awards from exhibitions and art competitions such as the Gold medal at the Biennale in Ravenna; the Monument to the Victims of December 1970 in Szczecin. Unveiled on 28 August 2005 on plac Solidarności on the 25th anniversary of the founding of Solidarity, this 11-metre-tall and nearly 9-and-a-half-ton bronze monument commemorates the tragic events of December 1970, following workers’ demonstrations on the streets of Szczecin, 16 people were killed.

The monument is of an angel standing on a ship, breaking through the concrete slabs of the ground to rise above the earth. Commemorative plaques bear the names of the victims. A landmark sculpture of Christ the King in front of St. Mary of Częstochowa in Cicero, a Neogothic church built in the so-called'Polish Cathedral' style along with the monumental bronze doors at St. Hyacinth's Basilica in Chicago, as well as monuments of Pope John Paul II in both Wyandotte and Chicago; the Tolerance Monument unveiled in Jerusalem in collaboration with sculptor Michal Kubiak. It is situated on a hill marking the divide between Jewish Armon HaNetziv and Arab Jabel Mukaber, standing opposite the United Nations headquarters in Jerusalem in a park near Goldman Promenade. A monumental bas-relief of the Tree of Jesse incorporated into the Church of the Nativity brought by Pope Benedict XVI during his trip to the Holy Land offered as a gift to the people of Bethlehem. Measuring in at 3 and a quarter meters wide and 4 meters in height, its corpus represents an olive tree figuring as the Tree of Jesse displaying Christ's lineage from Abraham through St. Joseph along with other biblical motifs.

Situated along the passage used by pilgrims making their way to the Grotto of the Nativity, the bas relief incorporates symbolism from the Old Testament. The upper portion is dominated by a crowned figure of Christ the King in an open-armed pose blessing the Earth. Chicago Wyandotte, Michigan Rome, Italy Hanover, Germany Šiluva, Lithuania Fátima, Portugal Posadas, Argentina San Cristóbal de La Laguna, España Further reading:, Papież na placu Sapera, "Gazeta Współczesna" 2000, nr 61. + Annusiewicz Małgorzata, Trzy pytania do prof. Czesława Dźwigaja, "Głos Szczeciński" 2005, nr 12. Bogacz Jerzy, Rozmowa o pomniku z jego twórcą prof. Czesławem Dźwigajem, "Echo Limanowskie" 1998, nr 54. Czesław Dźwigaj, red. Krzysztof Kozłowski, Kraków 2004. Dańko Ireneusz, Pamięć, która dzieli, "Gazeta Wyborcza Kraków" 2005, nr 59. Jankowski Stanisław M. W soli jeszcze nie pracowałem... - rozm. Z Czesławem Dźwigajem, "AWS" 1999, nr 26. Ochwat Renata, O pomnikach profesora Czesława Dźwigaja, "Gazeta Zachodnia" 2002, nr 146.

Ożóg Kazimierz S. Rzeźba jest trudna. O najciekawszych pomnikach Jana Pawła II, "Ethos" 2004, nr 3, s. 299-314, fot. Ożóg Kazimierz S. Pomniki Jana Pawła II – kilka problemów zjawiska, Prolegomena. Materiały Spotkania Doktorantów Historyków Sztuki, Kraków 13-15 X 2003, Kraków 2005, s. 183-192, fot. Ożóg Kazimierz S. Opowieści rzeźby, "Nawias" 2006, s. 98-107. Ożóg Kazimierz S. Jan Paweł II jak krasnal. Pomniki na rozdrożu, "Orońsko" 2005, nr 4, s. 52-55, fot. Satała Marian, Papieski rzeźbiarz, "Gazeta Krakowska" 2005, nr 83. Starzak Grażyna, Papież wśród królów - rozm. Z Czesławem Dźwigajem, "Dziennik Polski" 2000, nr 63. Trybowski Ignacy, Czesław Dźwigaj, "Krak" 1985, nr 25. Wątróbski Leszek, Pomnik Papieża Jana Pawła II w Policach, rozm. Z Czesławem Dźwigajem, "Kurier Szczeciński" 1999, nr 100. Wątróbski Leszek, Siedem rzeźb i pomników, "Nasz Dziennik" 1999, nr 83. Wątróbski Leszek, Ten, który rzeźbi papieża, rozm. z. Czesławem Dźwigajem, "Nowy Dziennik" 1999, nr z dnia 1 VI. Polish Cathedral style Roman Catholicism in Poland Tolerance Monument

Henderson, Texas

Henderson is a city and the county seat of Rusk County, northeast Texas, United States. The population was 13,712 at the 2010 census. Henderson is named for the first governor of Texas; the city has functioned as a major crossroads in Northeast Texas over the last two centuries. Several major highways pass through the business district of the town, including U. S. Route 259, Texas State Highway 64, U. S. Route 79, Texas State Highway 43, Texas State Highway 42 and Texas State Highway 64. Annual events in the city of Henderson include the Heritage Syrup Festival in November, celebrating the east Texas tradition of syrup making, the East Texas Sacred Harp Convention in August featuring shape note music; the city has a vibrant downtown historic district, with many buildings dating to before the American Civil War. The city has 19 historical markers, including homes dating from the 1880s, colleges. Downtown Henderson is one of the most charming downtowns in the East Texas area. Colorful, canvas awnings highlight the ornate buildings which house Henderson's downtown merchants and offer shade to downtown shoppers visiting the various antiques stores, clothing stores, restaurants lining the Main Streets.

The city of Henderson was established by European Americans. It was developed on land donated by W. B. Ochiltree and James Smith; the First Methodist and First Baptist churches were established in 1845, respectively. The first courthouse, made of wood, was completed in 1849. After the Civil War, the International and Great Northern Railroad crossed through Rusk County but bypassed Henderson. In 1874, the Henderson and Overton Branch Railroad Company built a stretch of railroad connecting Henderson to the tracks running through Overton; this stretch of railroad was sold to the Missouri Pacific Railroad and remains in use to this day. In 1878, a small fire destroyed the courthouse, a brick courthouse was built in its place; this encouraged the construction of several other brick buildings, including the Howard Dickinson House, now a historical site. In 1930, C. M. "Dad" Joiner brought in the Daisy Bradford #3 Discovery Well six miles northwest of Henderson. The discovery of oil in October 1930 created a booming economy in the area, with the population of Henderson increasing from 2,000 to over 10,000 in a few months.

The oil fields in and surrounding Henderson, part of the hugely producing five-county East Texas Oil Field, continue to provide a large part of the wealth of the town and region. During World War II, airmen cadets from the Royal Air Force, flying from their training base at Terrell, Texas flew to Henderson on training flights; the community served as a stand-in for the British for Dunkirk, France, the same distance from London, England as Henderson is from Terrell. On August 5, 1860, a fire burned most of the booming town of Henderson. Forty-three buildings, including two hotels, were destroyed in the fire, for a loss of $220,000. According to the Depot Museum, a man named John Crow recalled the fire as follows: I was about eight years old when Henderson burned. I went to town with my father the day after the fire, it burned every house as well as I recollect, except the Flanagan Brick Building. I remember I was careful not to burn my feet. My father said at the time they thought a fellow named Green Herndon, a union man, had hired a negro woman to burn Henderson.

Herndon was a pronounced opponent of secession. On the negro woman's testimony, a mob gathered, threw a loop around his neck, tied it to a saddle horse which went around the public square dragging Herndon to death, they hung the body to a tree and shot it full of holes... War was in preparation and people were in fits of anger; when the war broke out, the men got all the files they could find and went to the blacksmith shops and made knives and swords. There was much laughter and I remember they said, "We'll whip those damn Yankees with axes and butcher knives. Everyone was anxious to go."John Crow was John Stephen Crow, born in Henderson, TX on 5 Mar 1852 and died there on 19 Oct 1952. He is buried at Maple Grove Cemetery, his father, Moses Melton Crow, was part of a large group of family and neighbors who left the area of Henry and Clayton Co, GA and were early settlers in Rusk Co. The surnames of these early settlers include Burks, Crow and others. On Memorial Day, May 25, 2015, an EF-2 rated.

That day, multiple tornadoes had struck other areas in Texas and Oklahoma. The tornado took a path that uprooted trees, damaged buildings, caused minor damage to areas such as downtown. No severe damage was recorded. Henderson is located at 32°9′14″N 94°48′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles, of which, 11.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. State Highway 64 State Highway 42 State Highway 43 Highway 259 Highway 79 As of the census of 2000, there were 11,273 people, 4,350 households, 2,971 families residing in the city; the population density was 947.6 people per square mile. There were 4,831 housing units at an average density of 406.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.98% White, 22.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.80% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.80% of the population. There were 4,350 households out of which 32.6% had children unde

Joint Control Commission for Georgian–Ossetian Conflict Resolution

Joint Control Commission for Georgian–Ossetian Conflict Resolution is a peacekeeping organization, operating in South Ossetia and overseeing the joint peacekeeping forces in the region. Created in 1992 after the South Ossetian War, the Commission consisted of four members with equal representation: Georgia, North Ossetia and South Ossetia. Georgia declared wish to withdrew from the JCC in March 2008, demanding a new 2+2+2 formula, including the EU, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia on the place of North Ossetia; the command of the Georgian peacekeepers was transferred from the JCC to the Georgian Defense Ministry. The Commission was created by an agreement signed by the Head of Parliament of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, the President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin. Shevardnadze succeeded Zviad Gamsakhurdia as the President of Georgia The Joined Peacekeeping Force created by the agreement consisted of three members with equal representation: Georgian and South Ossetian contingents.

By September, 2008, Georgia left the JKPF. At 8:00 am on 1 August, a Georgian police lorry was blown up by an improvised explosive device on the road near Tskhinvali, injuring five Georgian policemen. In response, Georgian snipers assaulted some of the South Ossetian border checkpoints, killing four Ossetians and injuring seven. According to majority of reports, the South Ossetians were responsible for instigating the bomb explosion which marked the opening of hostilities; the Russian deputy defence minister, Nikolay Pankov, had a secret meeting with the separatist authorities in Tskhinvali on 3 August. An evacuation of Ossetian women and children to Russia began on the same day. According to researcher Andrey Illarionov, the South Ossetian separatists evacuated more than 20,000 civilians, which represented more than 90 percent of the civilian population of the future combat zone. Mortar and artillery exchange between the South Ossetian and Georgian forces erupted in the afternoon of 6 August along the entire line of contact, which lasted until the dawn of 7 August.

Exchanges resumed following a brief gap in the morning. South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoity announced that the South Ossetian armed forces were ready to go on the offensive in the next few hours. At 14:00 on 7 August, two Georgian peacekeepers were killed in Avnevi as a result of Ossetian shelling. At about 14:30, Georgian tanks, 122 mm howitzers and 203 mm self-propelled artillery began heading towards South Ossetia to dissuade separatists from additional attacks. During the afternoon, OSCE monitors recorded Georgian military traffic, including artillery, on roads near Gori. In the afternoon, Georgian personnel left the Joint Peacekeeping Force headquarters in Tskhinvali. According to Gia Karkarashvili, ex-minister of defense of Georgia, Georgian servicemen of the JPKF were ordered by the Georgian command to leave their posts on August 7, at 3:00 p.m. This was one hour before the Georgian army received an order to move to the borders of South Ossetia. Karkarashvili claimed Georgian JPKF servicemen did not take part in the attack on the city they vowed to protect.

However, Sergey Lavrov, minister of foreign affairs of Russia accused Georgian JPKF servicemen of taking part in the Georgian onslaught, of "firing at their comrades-in-arms ". Shortly before midnight of August 7, Mamuka Kurashvili a commander of the Georgian JPKF battalion, claimed Georgia started an operation to "reinstate constitutional order", "cleanse the Georgian territory of criminal elements". Kurashvili took part in the attack on Tskhinvali. According to Russian government, Russian peacekeeping battalion played a major role in the defense of Tskhinvali during the Georgian onslaught. Russian government reported ten peacekeepers from the Russian JPKF force were killed during the Georgian attacks on the base of Russian JPKF peacekeepers in Tskhinvali. According to Russian government: though vastly outnumbered, 250 Russian peacekeepers present in the cantonment repelled five Georgian attacks, destroyed six tanks, four armored vehicles of the Georgian army; the peacekeepers were offering resistance for three days, until, on August 10, with Russian army units coming over from Northern Ossetia, Georgian army had to retreat from Tskhinvali.

The Georgian army failed to take the cantonment of the Russian peacekeeping battalion. Konstantin Timerman, acting commander of the Russian JPKF unit, was awarded the Star of Hero of Russia, the highest award in the Russian military, several servicemen of the unit were awarded the Order of Courage and the Cross of St. George for military heroism. Sochi agreement

John Denver Trending

John Denver Trending is a 2019 Filipino independent drama film directed and written by Arden Rod Condez, starring Jansen Magpusao and Meryll Soriano. This budget-limited film was shot in the Municipality of Pandan, in Antique, Philippines. John Denver Trending won the Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Screenplay in Filipino; the movie is slated to compete at the 24th Busan International Film Festival alongside other films from Kyrgyzstan, Iran, India, South Korea, Japan, will be part of the BIFF's New Currents section to be held from October 3 to 12 October 2019 at the Busan Cinema Center. Set in a Philippine coastal town of Pandan, the film centers on the character of a poor 14-year old Grade 8 high school student, John Denver Cabungcal of Sta. Ines Catholic High School, falsely accused of stealing his classmate’s iPad, he is caught on video brawling with this classmate, because he’s not a popular kid—and having committed some misdemeanors in the past—this video turns viciously viral in the worst ways.

Jansen Magpusao as John Denver Cabungcal Meryll Soriano as Marites Cabungcal Glenn Sevilla Mas as Mando Sunshine Teodoro as Evelina Pascual Vince Philip Alegre as Makoy Pascual Sammy Rubido as Senior Police Officer Corpus Luz Venus as School Principal Jofranz Ambubuyog Christian Alarcon Zandro Leo Canlog Andy Yuarata Ricky Perez Elmer Yuarata as Municipal Mayor Estela Patino as Dolores Renato Sagot as Tay Bining Bert Briones as School Teacher Shan Estoya as School Teacher Enrique Sanchez Eldin Labris Joerlyn Samulde Akia Buenaflor Jinalyn Tandoy The film has received critical acclaim in the Philippines. Based on the review of Fred Hawson published in ABS-CBN News, "This film was indeed a powerful and timely statement against bullying -- physically and verbally in person, or online, it talked about the dangerous power of social media in shaping public perception and opinion with biased news or worse, fake news, its unrelenting negative consequences for the victim involved. New director Arden Rod Condez approached the topic with utmost severity of focus.

Several prior scenes may have been foreshadowing the ending, but it will still knock your breath away. Oggs Cruz of Rappler writes, "Arden Rod Condez’s John Denver Trending will most be beloved not just for its currency but for its unsubtle messaging. In a world, drastically made smaller by social media, a film that puts at the center of its concerns the glaring dangers of the conveniences of virtual connections is not just pertinent, but important."While, Wanggo Gallage of ClickTheCity critics the film favorably citing that, "‘John Denver Trending’ captures a real situation in today’s world of online witch hunts and slander. The film manages to impress upon us the importance of its setting by including an actual witch hunt that serves to remind us that there is no difference between the dark age practice with what is happening in the contemporary act of witch hunts online. ‘John Denver Trending’ is as painful as it is sobering and illuminates the horrors of mob mentality and blindly believing on hearsay.

This is a powerful film that, through fine craftsmanship, manages to maximize the rawness of its players and filmmaking style to create a moving piece, both relevant and resonant to these trying times."CNN Philippines via film reviewers Gil Perez and Don Jaucian writes, "what’s most harrowing about “John Denver Trending” is how it is not preachy at all. For a subject as rife as fake news, online toxicity, cyberbullying, director Arden Rod Condez does not hit his audience over the head with heavy-handed commentary. Rather, the film’s sequence of events feels organic. It’s the natural cascade we are well-aware of in real life but do not see up close; this nonchalant presentation makes the film all the more powerful, making audiences silently confront their own complicity and culpability."For Stephanie Mayo of Tribune she notes that, "John Denver Trending, this year’s Cinemalaya Best Feature Film, is mandatory viewing. It’s a provocative film, sharpened by Rommel Sales’ exquisite cinematography.

It’s a powerful reminder to everyone and inspires a moral imperative to follow the Biblical teaching of watching your words. The film inspires something else: an open communication between parent and child. A child should never hesitate to approach a parent. A parent should never be too busy to ask a child, and the life-saving importance of teaching our children hope and resilience in this cruel, cruel world."J. Neil Garcia of GMA News commends this movie writing in his review that, "A clear strength of the film is its rural and “regional” world, with its culturally simultaneous reality being succinctly captured in the depiction of communal faith healers paradoxically coexisting with smart phones, thereby suggesting not so much rupture as continuity between the regime of memory and the regime of data where the residual but determinative power of orality is concerned."Another review from Kean Planas of rated 10 out of 10 writing, "John Denver Trending is such a powerful film with an important message to tell.

Words cannot explain how affected I am by it. The ending gave. Go see it, it will change your perspective on life and the world we live in after. It’s one of Cinemalaya’s best, one of this year’s best films, even."And, blogger Nazamel Tabares of grades a 5 out 5 stars to this film citing that, "’s amazing how focused his storytelling is. How effective and how brilliant he delivers his messages through this film, and I applaud him for that

Johan Teyler

Johannes or Johan Teyler was a Dutch Golden Age painter, mathematics teacher, inventor of the color print. Teyler was born at Nijmegen, his father was a British or Scottish mercenary, who changed his name to Teyler. Johan studied Latin at the Latin school of Nijmegen and Mathematics at the Kwartierlijke Academie, where he wrote a dissertation in favor of Descartes. After the death of his father, he studied in Leiden and afterwards acquired a post as Professor of Math and Philosophy in Nijmegen in 1670, he was overlooked for promotion due to his Cartesian ideas. Through the mediation of his friend Gottfried Leibniz he attempted to acquire a professorship in Wolfenbüttel but gave up after discussions with Christiaan Huygens; the rest of his career was outside Academia. In 1676 he became Vestingbouwkundige fortication manager for Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg during the Scanian War. In 1678 he became tutor for the Elector's sons; the same year he was dismissed and returned to Nijmegen to receive backpay, still owed him there.

With the extra funds he undertook a trip to Italy, the Holy Land and Malta, sent his diary to the Elector. He wrote a popular book on fortifications in 1688 called Architectura militaris, in the same year received a patent on a color printing process that involved using colored ink instead of just black ink when printing plates. In 1695 he had a printing workshop in Rijswijk where he printed military-related works, but in 1697 he sold it and in 1698 undertook another trip to Berlin. According to Houbraken he was a friend of Jacob de Heusch and a colleague in the Bentvueghels with the nickname Speculatie, who travelled with De Heusch to Berlin in 1698, they knew each other from their time in Rome as members of the Bentvueghel club, where Teyler consorted with his former Math pupil from Nijmegen Jan van Call. According to the RKD where he is registered as a painter, he returned from Italy in 1683 and remained in Nijmegen except for his trip to Berlin. Color print from Admirandorum quadruplex spectaculum.

From the Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection at the Library of Congress

Hybrid grass

Hybrid grass or reinforced natural grass is a product created by combining natural grass with synthetic reinforcing fibres. It is used for stadium pitches and training pitches, used for association football, American football and baseball. Reinforced natural grass can be used for events and concerts; the synthetic fibres incorporated into the rootzone make the grass stronger and more resistant to damage. A first generation of hybrid grass appeared in the 1990s. Grass roots were allowed to intertwine with a mix of synthetic fibres as they grew. Three main methods exist to insert synthetic fibres in the root zone; the first is to inject fibres in the sand with a tufting machine. This is the method used to create GrassMaster; the second method is to mix fibres and sand in an automated plant and to install it afterwards on the pitch. It is the most used hybrid system in France, the system has been created with a public laboratory of biomechanics The third method is to put a mat with woven or tufted fibres on the surface, to brush in sand or sand mixes afterwards to keep the fibres in an upright position and to seed grass mixtures finally.

The natural grass stabilizes the system. Some of the older hybrid grass pitches were harder than unreinforced natural grass; this created concerns about the risk of injuries for players and maintenance for groundskeepers. Because of this, the sub base composition for hybrid systems evolved over time, it now combines the following elements: sand, the main component of the rootzone. There are multiple patented technologies that concern hybrid grass, such as the following examples: SISGrass, developed by SIS Pitches; the latter uses a specific technology to inject polyethylene fibres into the soil, AirFibr, a technology developed by Natural Grass, which uses natural cork as the softness element, Fibrelastic, developed by Mansfield Sand, which uses elastane fibres as the softness element. And GrassMaster, developed by Desso, obtained a patent on hybrid grass system based on injected fibres