Guadalupe County, Texas
Guadalupe County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 131,533; the county seat is Seguin. The county is named after Guadalupe River. Guadalupe County is part of the San Antonio, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Indigenous paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers were the first inhabitants of the area, thousands of years before European colonization. Historic Indian tribes settled in the area, including Tonkawa, Kickapoo, Lipan Apache, Comanche. In 1689, Alonso de Leon named the Guadalupe River for Spain in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe. In 1806, French army officer José de la Baume, who joined the Spanish army, was rewarded for his services to Spain with title to 27,000 acres of Texas land, the original El Capote Ranch; the grant was reaffirmed by the Republic of Mexico. Following Mexico's independence from Spain, Anglo-Americans from the United States settled in Texas in 1821 and claimed Mexican citizenship. In 1825, Guadalupe County was part of Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas, approved by the Mexican government.
From 1827 to 1835, twenty-two families settled the area as part of DeWitt's colony. Following Texas' gaining independence from Mexico, 33 Gonzales Rangers and Republic veterans established Seguin. Founded as Walnut Springs in 1838, the settlement's name was changed to Seguin the next year to honor Juan Nepomuceno Seguín, who had fought for independence. In 1840, the Virginian Michael Erskine acquired the El Capote Ranch for use as a cattle ranch. In 1842, the Republic of Texas organized Guadalupe County as a judicial county; the Texas Supreme Court declared judicial counties to be unconstitutional. In 1845, Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secured title to 1,265 acres of the Veramendi grant in the northern part of the former judicial county. Following the annexation of Texas by the United States, the Prussian immigrant August Wilhelm Schumann arrived on the Texas coast aboard the SS Franziska in 1846 and purchased 188 acres in Guadalupe County. Shortly thereafter, the state legislature established the present county from parts of Bexar and Gonzales counties.
In 1846, during the war between the United States and Mexico, a wagon train of German immigrant settlers bought Guadalupe land from August Schumann. The following year the town of Schumannsville was established by German immigrants and named after him. Numerous German immigrants entered Texas at Galveston following the revolutions of 1848 in German states, settling in Guadalupe County and central Texas. After their own struggles, they tended to oppose slavery; the last Indian raid into the area was made by the Kickapoo in 1855. By 1860, there were 1,748 slaves of African descent in the county brought in from the South by slaveholder migrants. In 1861, the people of the county voted 314–22 in favor of secession from the Union. Guadalupe County sent several troops to fight for the Confederate States Army. Following the end of the Civil War and the emancipation of the slaves, a Freedmen's Bureau office opened in 1866 in Seguin to supervise work contracts between former slaves and area farmers. Together, German Americans and African Americans joined the Republican Party, leading Guadalupe County to be a reliably Republican one into the 20th century after the state disfranchisement of African Americans in 1901 by imposition of a poll tax.
By 1876, the Galveston and San Antonio Railway reached Seguin. It was completed as far as San Antonio the following year. By 1880, ethnic Germans accounted for 40 percent of the county population. Tenant farming and sharecropping accounted for the operation of 25 percent of the county's farms. By 1910, immigrants from Mexico accounted for 11½ percent of the country’s population. In 1929, oil was discovered at the Darst Creek oilfield. By 1930, tenant farming and sharecropping comprised 64 percent of the county's farms. Over the next five decades, the economy changed markedly as the area became more urbanized and less dependent on agriculture. By 1982, professional and related services and wholesale and retail trade involved nearly 60 percent of the work force in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles, of which 711 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. Interstate 10 Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 90 U. S. Highway 90 Alternate State Highway 46 State Highway 123 State Highway 130 Hays County Caldwell County Gonzales County Wilson County Bexar County Comal County As of the census of 2000, there were 89,023 people, 30,900 households, 23,823 families residing in the county.
The population density was 125 people per square mile. There were 33,585 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.65% White, 5.01% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.76% from other races, 3.07% from two or more races. 33.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 30,900 households out of which 38.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.60% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.90% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.23. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65
New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels is a city in Comal and Guadalupe counties in the U. S. state of Texas, located in the northeastern part of Greater San Antonio. It is 32 miles from Downtown San Antonio; the city covers 44.9 square miles and has a 2017 estimated population of 79,152. New Braunfels was established in 1845 by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, Commissioner General of the Adelsverein known as the Noblemen's Society. Prince Solms named the settlement in honor of his home of Germany; the Adelsverein organized hundreds of people in Germany to settle in Texas. Immigrants from Germany began arriving at Galveston in July 1844. Most traveled by ship to Indianola in December 1844, began the overland journey to the Fisher-Miller land grant purchased by Prince Solms. At the urging of John Coffee Hays, who realized the settlers would not have time to build homes and plant crops further inland before winter, as the German settlers were traveling inland along the Guadalupe River, they stopped near the Comal Springs.
Prince Solms bought two leagues of land from Rafael Garza and Maria Antonio Veramendi Garza for $1,111.00. The land was located northeast of San Antonio on El Camino Real de los Tejas and had the strong freshwater Comal Springs, known as Las Fontanas, when the Germans arrived, it was the lower portions of the Fisher-Miller land grant. The first settlers forded the Guadalupe River on Good Friday, March 21, 1845, near the present-day Faust Street bridge; as the spring of 1845 progressed, the settlers built the "Zinkenburg", a fort named for Adelsverein civil engineer Nicolaus Zink, divided the land, began building homes and planting crops. Prince Solms would lay the cornerstone for the Sophienburg, a permanent fort and center for the immigrant association. In 1844, Prince Solms was so disillusioned with the logistics of the colonization that he asked the Vereins to remove him as commissioner-general and appoint a successor; when John O. Meusebach arrived, the finances were in disarray, due in part to Prince Solms' lack of business experience and his refusal to keep financial records.
To a larger degree, the financial situation happened because the Adelsverein was an organization of noblemen with no practical backgrounds at running businesses. They were on the other side of the world and did not witness the situation with which both Prince Solms and Meusebach were dealing. Henry Francis Fisher had not supplied transport and supplies for which the Verein advanced money to him. Meusebach found Prince Solms in Galveston trying to return to Germany, detained by authorities for unpaid bills. Meusebach made good on the debts, so Prince Solms could depart. Meusebach discovered that Prince Solms' choice of the inadequate Carlshafen as a port of entry, as well as the isolated route to New Braunfels, was deliberately chosen to keep the Germans from interacting with any Americans. According to Nicolaus Zink, Prince Solms had planned to establish a German feudal state by secretly bringing in immigrants and placing them in military fortresses. Meusebach, who had renounced his own title of nobility, took a different approach and invited Americans to settle in the Vereins territory.
Prince Solms, being an officer of the Imperial Army of Austria, had kept a uniformed military unit at the ready in Indianola. Meusebach converted the military unit to a more needed work detail. A finance and business structure for the colony was put in place by Meusebach, he provided for adequate food and shelter for the colonists. On August 11, 1845, Hermann Friedrich Seele became the first teacher for the German-English school in New Braunfels. Meusebach established friendly relations with a local tribe of Waco Indians. Upon seeing his reddish-blonde hair, they called him Ma-be-quo-si-to-mu, "Chief with the burning hair of the head". In May 1846, Meusebach received a letter from Count Castell informing him 4,304 emigrants were on their way to Texas. With no funds and no new settlements, the mass of emigrants was stalled at Carlshafen. Meusebach's requests to the Verein for more money, his warnings of pending bankruptcy for the Verein, brought no results; as a last resort, Meusebach instructed D.
H. Klaener to publish the plight in the German news media. Embarrassed by the publicity, the Verein established a $60,000 letter of credit; the amount was not adequate for sustaining the total number of German emigrants in Texas, but Castell sent Philip Cappes as special commissioner to observe the situation. Cappes had been instructed by Castell to observe Meusebach and to secretly report back every detail. By the time Cappes departed in March 1847, he recommended another $200,000 be advanced. Cappes invited Henry Francis Fisher to New Braunfels, in spite of Fisher not being trustworthy to the Verein; as of February 11, 1845, Fisher had been involved in coercing newly arrived immigrants to sign documents stating their intent to depart from the Verein and align with Fisher's friend Dr. Friedrich Schubbert known as Friedrich Strubberg. Cappes was not in town when Meusebach was breakfast host to Fisher on December 31, 1846. Posters had mysteriously appeared about town maligning Meusebach, saying "Curses upon Meusebach the slave driver", inciting colonists to free themselves from his "tyranny".
A group led by Rudolph Iwonski pushed their way into Meusebach's home, colonist C. Herber brandished a whip. Herber was an alleged counterfeiter. Meusebach and Herber shared a dislike of one another; the colonists' list of demands included Meusebach resigning as commissioner-general and turning the colonization over to Fisher. Meusebach kept his composure, but the group became so heated
Greater San Antonio
San Antonio–New Braunfels is an eight-county metropolitan area in the U. S. state of Texas defined by the Office of Budget. Colloquially referred to as Greater San Antonio, the metropolitan area straddles South Texas and Central Texas and is on the southwestern corner of the Texas Triangle; the official 2017 U. S. Census estimate showed the metropolitan area's population at 2,473,974—up from a reported 1,711,103 in 2000—making it the 24th largest metropolitan area in the United States. Austin–Round Rock lies about 80 miles northeast of Greater San Antonio. San Antonio–New Braunfels is the third-largest metro area in Texas, after Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington and Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land. There are eight counties; the central county is Bexar. The MSA covers a total of 7,387 sq. mi. 7,340 sq. mi. is land and 47 sq. mi. is water. Greater San Antonio has a number of communities spread out across several regions, it is centered around the City of San Antonio, the second largest city in Texas and the seventh largest city in the USA, with 1.5 million residents spread across 500 square miles.
Other regions include the surrounding counties. San Antonio New Braunfels Cibolo Schertz Seguin Timberwood Park San Antonio–New Braunfels is home to seven Fortune 1000 companies. Valero Energy Corp, Tesoro Petroleum Corp, Clear Channel Communications, USAA, NuStar Energy and CST Brands Inc are located in San Antonio. Rush Enterprises is located in New Braunfels; the San Antonio International Airport is located in Uptown San Antonio eight miles north of Downtown. It has two terminals and is served by 21 airlines serving 44 destinations including six in Mexico and one in Canada. VIA Metropolitan Transit is the metropolitan area's public transportation authority, serving the entire City of San Antonio and many of its suburbs throughout Bexar County. San Antonio Station serves as the area's Amtrak train station. Interstate Highways Interstate 10- West to El Paso, east to Houston Interstate 35- North to Austin and the Dallas/Fort Worth area, south to Laredo Interstate 37- South to Corpus Christi Interstate 410- Inner loop around San Antonio passes through the following municipalities: Castle Hills, Balcones Heights, Leon ValleyOther major highways U.
S. Highway 87- South to Victoria, north to San Angelo U. S. Highway 90- West to Uvalde U. S. Highway 181- South to Beeville U. S. Highway 281- North to Wichita Falls, south to McAllen Loop 1604- Outer loop around San Antonio The City of San Antonio is home to many public institutions; the San Antonio area's largest university is the University of Texas at San Antonio. Other public institutions include the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas A&M University–San Antonio, the five colleges of the Alamo Community College District; the city has many private institutions as well, such as Our Lady of the Lake University and St. Mary's University on the inner west side. Trinity University and the University of the Incarnate Word are in Midtown; the Culinary Institute of America maintains its third campus in Downtown. Texas Lutheran University in Seguin and Howard Payne University at New Braunfels, now offering classes at a local high school but will soon have a true campus in the Veramendi Development, are the only higher education institutions in the area outside of San Antonio city limits.
The San Antonio area has many public elementary and secondary schools sorted into the following independent school districts: As of the census of 2000, there were 1,711,703 people, 601,265 households, 432,131 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 71.4% White, 7.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 16.6% from other races, 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.4% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $40,764 and the median income for a family was $46,686. Males had a median income of $32,143 versus $24,007 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $18,713. List of cities in Texas Texas census statistical areas List of Texas metropolitan areas Texas Triangle
A mascot is any person, animal, or object thought to bring luck, or anything used to represent a group with a common public identity, such as a school, professional sports team, military unit, or brand name. Mascots are used as fictional, representative spokespeople for consumer products, such as the rabbit used in advertising and marketing for the General Mills brand of breakfast cereal, Trix. In the world of sports, mascots are used for merchandising. Team mascots are related to their respective team nicknames; this is true when the team's nickname is something, a living animal and/or can be made to have humanlike characteristics. For more abstract nicknames, the team may opt to have an unrelated character serve as the mascot. For example, the athletic teams of the University of Alabama are nicknamed the Crimson Tide, while their mascot is an elephant named Big Al. Team mascots may take the form of a logo, live animal, inanimate object, or a costumed character, appear at team matches and other related events, sports mascots are used as marketing tools for their teams to children.
Since the mid-20th century, costumed characters have provided teams with an opportunity to choose a fantasy creature as their mascot, as is the case with the Philadelphia Phillies' mascot, the Phillie Phanatic, the Philadelphia Flyers' mascot, Gritty. Costumed mascots are commonplace, are used as goodwill ambassadors in the community for their team, company, or organization such as the U. S. Forest Service's Smokey Bear, it was organisations that first thought of using animals as a form of mascot to bring entertainment and excitement for their spectators. Before mascots were fictional icons or people in suits, animals were used in order to bring a somewhat different feel to the game and to strike fear upon the rivalry teams; as the new era was changing and time went on, mascots evolved from predatory animals, to two-dimensional fantasy mascots, to what we know today, three-dimensional mascots. Stylistic changes in American puppetry in the mid-20th century, including the work of Jim Henson and Sid and Marty Krofft, soon were adapted to sports mascots.
It allowed people to not only have visual enjoyment but interact physically with the mascots. Marketers realized the great potential in three-dimensional mascots and took on board the costumed puppet idea; this change encouraged other companies to start creating their own mascots, resulting in mascots being a necessity amongst not only the sporting industry but for other organisations The word'mascot' originates from the French term'mascotte' which means lucky charm. This was used to describe anything; the word was first recorded in 1867 and popularised by a French composer Edmond Audran who wrote the opera La mascotte, performed in December 1880. The word entered the English language in 1881. However, before this, the terms were familiar to the people of France as a slang word used by gamblers; the term is a derivative of the word'masco' meaning sorceress or witch. Before the 19th century, the word'mascot' was associated with inanimate objects that would be seen such as a lock of hair or a figurehead on a sailing ship.
But from on until the present day, the term was seen to be associated with good luck animals, objects etc. The choice of mascot reflects the desired quality. Mascots may symbolize a local or regional trait, such as the Nebraska Cornhuskers' mascot, Herbie Husker: a stylized version of a farmer, owing to the agricultural traditions of the area in which the university is located. Pittsburg State University uses Gus the Gorilla as its mascot, "gorilla" being an old colloquial term for coal miners in the Southeast Kansas area in which the university was established. In the United States, controversy surrounds some mascot choices those using human likenesses. Mascots based on Native American tribes are contentious, as many argue that they constitute offensive exploitations of an oppressed culture. However, several Indian tribes have come out in support of keeping the names. For example, the Utah Utes and the Central Michigan Chippewas are sanctioned by local tribes, the Florida State Seminoles are supported by the Seminole Tribe of Florida in their use of Osceola and Renegade as symbols.
FSU chooses not to refer to them as mascots because of the offensive connotation. This has not, prevented fans from engaging in "Redface"—dressing up in stereotypical, Plains Indian outfits during games, or creating offensive banners saying "Scalp'em" as was seen at the 2014 Rose Bowl; some sports teams have "unofficial" mascots: individual supporters or fans that have become identified with the team. The New York Yankees have such an individual in fan Freddy Sez. Former Toronto Blue Jays mascot BJ Birdie was a costumed character created by a Blue Jays fan hired by the team to perform at their home games. USC Trojans mascot is Tommy Trojan. See also: Lists of sports mascots: Australian sports, Brazilian football, MLB, NBA, NFL, NHL, Olympics and Paralympics, U. S. colleges See also: Native American mascot controversy, List of sports team names and mascots derived from indigenous peoples Many sports teams in the United States have official mascots, sometimes enacted by costumed humans or live animals.
One of the earliest was a taxidermy mount for the Chicago Cubs, in 1908, a live animal used in 1916 by the same team. They abandoned the concept shortly thereafter and remained with
Bandera County, Texas
Bandera County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 20,485, its county seat is Bandera. The county was formed in 1856 from Uvalde counties; the county and its seat are named for Bandera Pass. Bandera County is part of TX Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county is recognized as the "Cowboy Capital of the World" by the Texas Legislature. 8000 to 4000 BC Earliest human habitation. In the 17th century Native Americans settled including Lipan Apache and Comanche. 1841 or 1843 – Battle of Bandera Pass, John Coffee Hays and a troupe of Texas Rangers defeat a large party of Comanche warriors. 1853 John James and Charles S. DeMontel plan the town of Bandera. A. M. Milstead, Thomas Odem, P. D. Saner, their families camp along the river and begin making cypress shingles. James and Company build a horse-powered sawmill and open a store. 1855 Sixteen Polish families arrive in Bandera to work in DeMontel's sawmill. August Klappenbach opens the first post office.
1856 The legislature marks off Bandera County from portions of Bexar County, the county is formally organized. 1860 Population 399, including 12 slaves. 1880 Sheep and Angora goats become more profitable for Bandera than farming. 1920 Cora and Ed Buck began beginning the tourist trade in Bandera. 1933 Frontier Times Museum opens to the public. 1979 Lost Maples State Natural Area opens to the public. 1982 Eighty-two percent of the land in the county is in ranches. 1984 Hill Country State Natural Area opens to the public. 2000 The Nature Conservancy purchases 1,400 acres of Love Creek Ranch from Baxter and Carol Adams, creating the Love Creek Preserve. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 798 square miles, of which 791 square miles is land and 6.7 square miles is water. Kerr County Kendall County Bexar County Medina County Uvalde County Real County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,485 people residing in the county. 92.8% were White, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 3.8% of some other race and 1.8% of two or more races.
16.7% were Hispanic or Latino. 17.6 % were of 13.7 % English, 10.2 % Irish and 10.1 % American ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,645 people, 7,010 households, 5,061 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 9,503 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.02% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.90% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.55% from other races, 1.86% from two or more races. 13.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,010 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.80% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,013, the median income for a family was $45,906. Males had a median income of $31,733 versus $24,451 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 7.70% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over. The following school districts serve Bandera County: Bandera Independent School District Medina Independent School District Northside Independent School District Utopia Independent School District Bandera Lake Medina Shores Lakehills Bandera Falls Medina Pipe Creek Tarpley Vanderpool List of museums in Central Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Bandera County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bandera County Official website Bandera County Chamber of Commerce Bandera County Convention and Visitor Bureau Bandera County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Bandera County from the Texas Almanac Bandera County from the TXGenWeb Project Pioneer history of Bandera County: seventy-five years of intrepid history, published 1922, hosted by The Portal to Texas History
Helotes is a city in Bexar County, United States, located on the far northwest side of San Antonio. It is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 7,341 at the 2010 census. According to anthropologists, the area was occupied seasonally from about 5,000 B. C. by small bands of nomadic Native American tribes in search of food and game. The Lipan Apache moved into the area in the late 17th century and occupied it throughout the 18th century. However, the Lipan were forced from the area in the early 1820s by the Comanche Indians. A small farming and ranching community began to develop in the area shortly after the Texas Revolution in the late 1830s; the ranches suffered occasional attacks by the Comanches until the late 1870s. In 1858, a Scottish immigrant, Dr. George Marnoch, purchased the land that would become the site of the town. Marnoch's home at one time served as a stagecoach stop and a post office for cowboys driving their cattle from Bandera to auction in San Antonio.
His heirs sold a portion of their property in 1880 to a Swiss immigrant, Arnold Gugger, who built a home and mercantile store around which the town of Helotes sprang to life. In 1908, Gugger sold his property to Bert Hileman, he was instrumental in getting old Bandera Road paved and opening the town's first filling station. He sold his property in downtown Helotes in 1919. In 1946, the manager of San Antonio's Majestic Theatre, John T. Floore, opened the landmark John T. Floore Country Store, a dance hall that draws top country music talent including Willie Nelson who still plays the venue on occasion. Floore financed the first annual Helotes Cornyval festival in the 1960s, held to celebrate the opening of a new post office. Corn played an important role in the heritage of Helotes; the local Native Americans planted corn maize, in the fertile valleys of the area, feed corn was a major crop grown in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The town name is derived from the Spanish word elote, which can mean "ear of maize", "corncob", or "corn", but how the town came to be called Helotes is still a subject of debate.
As the urban sprawl of San Antonio expanded and approached the outskirts of Helotes in the 1970s, residents determined to take their fate into their own hands. After a decade of planning and negotiation, Helotes became an incorporated city in October 1981. To this day, residents still struggle with the dilemma of maintaining the city's rugged country charm, while at the same time allowing for the development of modern suburban facilities and businesses. Helotes was the hometown of the late Texas state Senator Frank L. Madla, who died after his home on the south side of San Antonio caught fire on November 24, 2006; when Helotes incorporated in 1981, there was little in the town. Now with a population of over 7,000, Helotes is becoming one of the most desirable suburbs of San Antonio. Helotes itself includes the newly renovated Old Town Helotes. Completed in 2011, Old Town Helotes is the revitalized downtown of Helotes, which includes John T. Floore's Country Store, All That Glitters, L&M Feed and Supply, Mander Automotive Service, First Baptist Church of Helotes, Elf Hardware, HelotesTactical Firearms, Helotes Creek Winery and El Chaparral Mexican Restaurant.
Helotes is home to Oak Valley golf course, the first golf course in south Texas to be lit at night. The Morales family built the golf course on their vast acres of land acquired by Lorenzo Morales, a pillar of the community, he was influential in settling Helotes. Other shopping centers off the major thoroughfare of Bandera Road include Walmart, CVS Pharmacy, Dollar General, Dairy Queen, Bill Miller BBQ, Starbucks, BBVA Compass Bank, Broadway Bank, the Helotes Post Office. At the intersection of Loop 1604 and Bandera Road is Tiller Automotive est. 1983, the popular Bandera Trails Center and Bandera Centre Shopping Center. Both shopping centers provide a large variety of shops and entertainment including Target, Kohl's, Barnes & Noble, HEB Grocery, Lowe's, Home Depot, Gold's Gym, Santikos Silverado 16 Movie Theater, T. J. Maxx, many other stores and restaurants; the Cornyval Festival is an annual city tradition bringing in local vendors and thousands of area residents to celebrate the namesake of the town.
Helotes is located in northwestern Bexar County in the valley of Helotes Creek where it exits from the Texas Hill Country. The city is 16 miles northwest of downtown San Antonio. Texas State Highway 16 runs through leading northwest 30 miles to Bandera; the Charles W. Anderson Loop, the outer beltway around San Antonio, is 2 miles southeast of the center of Helotes. According to the United States Census Bureau, Helotes has a total area of 6.6 square miles, of which 0.004 square miles, or 0.06%, is water. As of the 2000 census, Helotes had a population of 4,285 residents; the population density was 1,014.3 people per square mile. 1,525 housing units were registered with an average density of 361.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.95% White, 26.49% Latino, 2.24% African American, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 3.03% from two or more races. Additionally, Helotes had 1,471 households of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18, 79.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% were non-families.
10.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 persons and the average family size was 3.13 persons. With regards to age, the population consisted of 26.8% under the ag
Schertz is a city in Guadalupe and Comal counties in the U. S. state of Texas, within the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan area. The population was 40,092 as of the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, up from 31,465 at the 2010 census. Schertz is the third-largest city in the San Antonio-New Braunfels metropolitan area and the largest city of the Randolph Metrocom, which consists of cities surrounding the Randolph Air Force Base; the Metrocom is located on San Antonio's far northeast side. In addition to Schertz, other Randolph Metrocom communities include Live Oak, Converse, Cibolo, Universal City, Garden Ridge, Selma; these towns are located in Comal and Guadalupe counties and combined have a total of 355,000 residents and growing rapidly. Since the late 1990s, Schertz experienced substantial growth. In five years, from 2000–2005, the city's population jumped from 18,694 to 26,463. In 2006 alone, the population rose from 26,463 to 34,000. During that same period, the city platted the growth shows no sign of slowdown.
The first settlers came to Schertz around 1843. Some of the families on the immediate land surrounding Schertz were the Boettigers, Schneiders, Seilers and Mergeles. Members of the Schertz family still reside in the city; the first name of Schertz was "Cibolo Pit" "Cut Off", thus named because when Cibolo Creek flooded, the settlement was cut off. The first settlers planted wheat and corn, which did not need special equipment to harvest and process. In years, cotton was planted, proved to be a productive cash crop. In 1870, the first gin was built by the Schertz family, it was powered by mules and later by steam. This gin was located; the second cotton gin built by Weyel and Kallies was between Second streets. In years, there was a corn sheller and lumber yard; the first school, built in 1890, was across Cibolo Creek. In 1917 a new two-story brick school was built torn down to make room for the O'Henry School; the land for the school was donated by Adolph Schertz. In 1876, one of the largest boosts to Schertz came when the Galveston and San Antonio Railroad was built through the town.
This gave the people a chance to travel to San Antonio by rail instead of wagon or buggy, besides goods being shipped in and out. The first post office was established in 1882. At that time Schertz was still known as Cut Off. In 1899 it became Schertz. Sebastian Schertz operated a general store when the railroad was constructed. A big and active shooting club was located on the site, now the City Park. There was an annual shooting tournament called Koenig Schiessen or "King Shoot"; this was a two-day affair with people coming from San Antonio by train. The last night, a big dance was held to close the event for that year. A piece of live coal, blown from a switch engine, carrying gravel cars to or from the rock crusher, is believed to have blown on the shingle roof of the dance hall, setting it on fire and destroying it, it was rebuilt, but the club disbanded. The rockcrusher was at one time located in Cibolo Creek across from the public utilities of the city of Schertz; this was destroyed in 1913.
The first church in Schertz is the present day United Methodist Church on First Street. One of the oldest business buildings, the red brick building on Main Street, was built by Willie Schertz, it is now a hardware store and Masonic meeting place. It was the first mercantile store. On the site of the present-day Schertz Bank, a two-story hotel, a five-room hospital and drug store complex was built in 1909; the hotel was built by Henry Ebert. Dr. Watson was the resident doctor; this doctor used two methods of transportation to see his patients, a horse-drawn hack for good roads and horseback for emergencies in bad weather and long distances. In 1917 another red brick hospital on Main Street was built by Dr. C. M. Cotham and Miss Cora Karbach, a nurse, it is now an old apartment house. The first bank was chartered in 1913, one of the first bankers was Mr. Glass, he organized the National Home Guard during World War I, which drilled at night in the second story of the building that at the present time is the Masonic Lodge meeting place.
Randolph Field was a boon to Schertz in the late 1920s. Farm land was bought as the Air Corps needed 2,000 acres for the air academy, which opened in 1930. There were three sites considered; the present site was chosen because there was less fog in the area and the fog lifted earlier in the day, which meant more flying time. All of this boosted the economy not only for Schertz and the surrounding communities but for the areas of New Braunfels and San Antonio; the V. F. W. of Schertz was chartered in 1946. The first fire protection was from the Randolph Field Fire Department. Schertz businesses and citizens organized a fire department, the first business meeting of the Schertz Fire Department was February 8, 1956. Archie Woodward was the first fire chief. A combination fire station and city hall were built, the Schertz library is now in this building. A new library has been built next to the previous library. Schertz was incorporated as a city by the state of Texas in 1958; the original center of Schertz is located in western Guadalupe County at 29°33′21″N 98°16′22″W.
City Hall, located at 1400 Schertz Parkway, is in Guadalupe County. Large tracts of the city now extend south into Bexar County. Cibolo Creek, formin