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1988 Ballon d'Or

The 1988 Ballon d'Or, given to the best football player in Europe as judged by a panel of sports journalists from UEFA member countries, was awarded to Marco van Basten on 27 December 1988. There were 27 voters, from Albania, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Finland, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Scotland, Soviet Union, Sweden, Turkey, West Germany and Yugoslavia. Van Basten was the third Dutch national to win the award after Johan Cruyff and Ruud Gullit

Father, Son, and Holy War

Father and Holy War is a 1995 film by Indian documentary filmmaker Anand Patwardhan. The film is shot in two parts, with the first examining the link between the violence of the Hindu nationalist movement, such as the demolition of the Babri Masjid, sexual violence against women; the second part looks at the nature of masculinity in contemporary urban India, its role in encouraging sexual violence. As with other films of his, Patwardhan had to fight multiple court battles in order to force the national carrier Doordarshan to screen the film, a screening which occurred on the orders of the Supreme court; the film received numerous national and international awards, was seen positively by critics. The title of the first section is a reference to the ordeal that the Hindu god-king Rama used to test the fidelity of his wife after rescuing her from the demon king Ravana; the segment describes the various interconnected instances of communal violence in India in the years prior to the film. The film opens with the aftermath of the anti-Muslim riots in Bombay that followed the demolition of the Babri Masjid in December 1992.

Several Hindu youth are heard speaking to the cameraman, saying that they had enjoyed the killing and looting, that a list of Muslim individuals had been prepared beforehand, that some authority figures knew of the plans to target Muslims. The film describes a connection between the Indian nationalist movement and violent masculinity. In a voice-over, Patwardhan states that as a result of the British Raj stereotypes of "effeminate" Hindus and "martial" non-Hindu communities, the nationalist movement turned to militant symbols like Shivaji and Rama; this led to an identification of Hinduism with the traditions of communities with more militant traditions, such as the Rajputs and the Marathas, which included practices like sati. This leads to a description of the murder of Roop Kanwar in Deorala, Rajasthan, in 1987. Kanwar was forced to immolate herself on the funeral pyre of her husband in keeping with the tradition of sati, a practice, illegal since 1830; the documentary goes on to describe how the identification of Hinduism with militant traditions resulted in all opponents of Hindutva, including secular leaders and Muslims, as weak and effeminate.

The film depicts several public rallies and speeches in which Hindu leaders use misogynistic language while criticizing Muslims. Instances of misogyny and intolerance in other religious groups is depicted, with footage of Sikhs demonstrating in favor of Khalistan, the Fatwa issues against Salman Rushdie; the second segment of the documentary depicts common icons of masculinity, explores their connection to misogyny and sexuality. The film focuses on symbols of masculinity that are phallic in nature. Many political leaders are heard linking secularism to weakness and impotency. A religious leader campaigning for the Shiv Sena in Gujarat is seen asking Hindu women to have eight children apiece, as a means of combating the perceived menace of Muslims; the film shows the visits of several western cultural icons to Mumbai, the hero-worshiping reactions they generated among male youth from different backgrounds. The film looks at aggressive and violent depictions of masculinity on television, both in Bollywood movies and in WWE wrestling, at reasons for their popularity.

Examples of young children from different class backgrounds are shown exhibiting behavior that idolizes violence. Upper class children are shown mobbing professional wrestler Randy Savage, more known by his stage name of "Macho Man", while young male members of the Shiv Sena, from less wealthy backgrounds, are shown engaged in street-fighting. Several young men are heard off-screen describing how watching rape in movies was "fun", discussing the possibility of gang-raping a woman that they are not acquainted with; the film was completed in 1994, released the next year. It won multiple international awards in the years that followed. In 2004, the European DOX magazine listed it as one of the 50 most memorable documentaries of all time; as with previous films produced by Patwardhan, the national television channel Doordarshan refused to screen the film. Patwardhan challenged this decision in the Bombay High Court, which ruled in his favor in 2001, ordering Doordarshan to telecast the film; the carrier challenged this decision in the Indian Supreme Court, which ruled in Patwardhan's favor in 2006, ordering that the film be screened without any cuts within eight weeks.

The judges observed that "This documentary film showcases a real picture of crime and violence against women and members of various religious groups perpetrated by politically motivated leaders for political and personal gains." The film was screened following the ruling. The film has a rating of 8.7 on the Internet Movie Database. History professor Vinay Lal, writing in the European art journal Third Text, stated that Father and Holy War was a nuanced and daring film, that examined the "nexus between communalism, the changing culture of the contemporary Hindi film, violence towards women in many domains of Indian society, vernacular forms of masculinity, other aspects of Indian society and culture." However, he said that film made a crude distinction between patriarchy and matriarchy, had a simplistic view of historical matriarchal societies. At the same time, Lal referred to Patwardhan as the most astute and sensitive documentary makers in his portrayals of Hindu communalism and the sexual aspects of its ideology.

Gail Minault, reviewing the film for the Journal of South Asian Studies, wrote that the film was "powerful"

2004 Dubai World Cup

The 2004 Dubai World Cup was a horse race held at Nad Al Sheba Racecourse on Saturday 27 March 2004. It was the 9th running of the Dubai World Cup; the winner was Diamond A Racing Corporation's Pleasantly Perfect, a six-year-old brown horse trained in the United States by Richard Mandella and ridden by Alex Solis. Pleasantly Perfect's victory was the first in the race for his owner and jockey. Pleasantly Perfect had been one of the leading dirt performers in the United States in 2003 when his wins included the Breeders' Cup Classic. Before being shipped to Dubai he won the San Antonio Handicap on 31 January. In the 2004 Dubai World Cup he started the 5/2 second favourite and won by three quarters of a length from the 2/1 favourite Medaglia d'Oro with the South African challenger Victory Moon five length back in third place. Sponsor: none Purse: £3,351,955.

Gus Arriola

Gustavo "Gus" Arriola was a Mexican-American comic strip cartoonist and animator known for the comic strip Gordo, which ran from 1941 through 1985. Gus Arriola was born in Florence, the youngest of nine children. Arriola's father, Aquiles Arriola, had been born on a hacienda in Mexico. Gus's mother died when he was a baby, he was raised by an older sister in a Spanish-speaking household, he learned English by reading the Sunday comics. His family moved to Los Angeles, when he was eight years old, he first studied art formally in Manual Arts High School in California. After high school he spent a year working on Krazy Kat for Screen Gems three years animating Tom and Jerry and Lonesome Stranger for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a "sketch man", before leaving to start his own comic strip. During World War II, he directed training films for the United States Army while continuing to produce Sunday Gordo cartoons. Although Arriola did not visit Mexico until 1961, he used the human and animal characters of his strip to introduce Mexican culture to readers throughout the world.

Gordo was designed to be a Mexican version of Li'l Abner, with a caricatured style and a lazy overweight title character who spoke in accented English and took naps under a tree wearing a sombrero. The character reflected popular conceptions of Mexicans at the time Leo Carrillo's portrayal of The Cisco Kid's sidekick, Pancho, on television and film. After his early strips were criticized for Hollywood-style cultural stereotypes, Arriola realized that his was the only periodical work in American mass media that depicted life in Mexico and modified the strip to be more sympathetic. A much thinner and contemplative Gordo became a flirtatious tour guide, whom Arriola described as an "accidental ambassador" for Mexican culture; the strip introduced America to such now-popular words and phrases as "hasta la vista," "amigo," "piñata," "compadre," "muchacho" and "hasta mañana," as well as Mayan and Mexican customs and folklore. Arriola periodically included traditional Mexican recipes in Gordo that proved popular, telling one interviewer, "In 1948 we ran Gordo's recipe for beans and cheese—which got me into 60 extra papers, by the way."Arriola did all of the writing and production of Gordo himself, creating strips every day for 45 years.

Charles Schulz described it as "probably the most beautifully drawn strip in the history of the business." Arriola received the National Cartoonist Society's Humor Comic Strip Award in 1957 and 1965. Although not overtly political, Gordo was one of the first pop culture works that raised environmentalist concerns; the last Gordo strip was published on March 2, 1985. While working on Gordo Arriola lived in La Jolla, Phoenix and Carmel-by-the-Sea, where he ran a shop selling Mexican arts and artifacts from 1961 to 1963. Arriola met his wife, Mary Frances, at MGM in 1939, they remained married until his death. He died in Carmel on 2 February 2008. Shortly before his death he received a lifetime achievement award from the Arts Council for Monterey, California, he had suffered from Parkinson's disease. On February 20, 2008, the comic strip Baldo noted, "In memory of our amigo Gus Arriola, 1917-2008." The March 21, 2008, version of the comic strip La Cucaracha, by Lalo Alcaraz, was a tribute to Arriola.

1957 and 1965 – National Cartoonists Society Humor Comic Strip Award 2007 – Arts Council for Monterey, California Lifetime Achievement Award Sam Klemke's video interview with Gus Arriola NCS Awards Gus Arriola Interview Obituary in the Monterey Herald

Reverend King (Nigerian pastor)

Chukwuemeka Ezeugo known by his sobriquet Reverend King, is a Christian preacher from Anambra State, South-east Nigeria. In 2006, he rose to nationwide recognition following the murder of Ann Uzoh, he was subsequently sentenced to death in January 2007, his conviction was upheld by the Supreme Court of Nigeria on 26 February 2016. Ezeugo was born in Umulekwe village in the Achina community of the Aguata local government area, Anambra State, Nigeria, he attended Premier Primary school, for his basic education, he obtained a degree in Psychology at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University. Ezeugo is the founder of the Christian Praying Assembly, a religious organization for which he served as the general overseer until September 2006. On 26 September 2016, Ezeugo was arraigned before the Lagos High Court on 6 charges of murder and attempted murder, he was arrested and charged to court due to the murder of Ann Uzo, one of his members, to which he pled'not guilty', as she was said to have died as a result of Ezeugo setting her on fire, with eye witnesses saying he did it because he caught the victim in the act of fornication.

In whole, a total of 10 witnesses came forward. The lawyer defending Ezeugo debunked the statements of the 10 witnesses, pointing out the discrepancies in their statements, which however was true, the witnesses made some contradicting statements to their earlier statements; these errors were however too little to prove anything substantial as the presiding judge, Justice Joseph Oyewole, of The Lagos High Court Ikeja, on 11 January 2007 found him guilty of the murder of Ann Uzoh and sentenced him to death by hanging, plus 20 years for attempted murder. During his trial in the Lagos High Court Ikeja, a witness, Edwin Akubue, identified as a key and notable member of Reverend King's Ministry, testified that Ezeugo was romantically involved with his wife prior to the events of the trial. Ezeugo affirmed the allegations of him molesting his church members when he made this statements in the court of law."I am a preacher. I know. If somebody is a liar, he is bewitching God. I don't condone lie. Dr. King does not condone sin.

I flog a lot. I have canes. If husband and wife mess up by having misunderstanding, I have to settle them, but the person, at fault, I must flog. If the person refuses to be flogged, I will send him out of the church." During the trial, a female student named Miss Chibuzor was brought in to testify, by the director of public persecutions named Mrs Bola Okikiolu-Ighile. On 26 February 2017, the Supreme Court of Nigeria unanimously upheld the previous guilty ruling of the Lagos Division of the Court of Appeal and the initial court that tried Ezeugo, along with the sentence of death by hanging, with Justice Ngwuta remarking that "the facts of the case could have been lifted from a horror film." Lagos State's Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice, Adeniji Kazeem, praised the final verdict. In 2018, Kazeem would state. Ezeugo was alleged to have filled the nomination form and his posters were on the streets for the office of the president in the 2019 Nigerian general election under Advanced Peoples Democratic Alliance.

Although there were campaign posters of him circulating, some sources still dispute his candidacy as false