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A DIMM or dual in-line memory module comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits. These modules are mounted on a printed circuit board and designed for use in personal computers and servers. DIMMs began to replace SIMMs as the predominant type of memory module as Intel P5-based Pentium processors began to gain market share. While the contacts on SIMMs on both sides are redundant, DIMMs have separate electrical contacts on each side of the module. Another difference is that standard SIMMs have a 32-bit data path, while standard DIMMs have a 64-bit data path. Since Intel's Pentium, many processors have a 64-bit bus width, requiring SIMMs installed in matched pairs in order to populate the data bus; the processor would access the two SIMMs in parallel. DIMMs were introduced to eliminate this disadvantage. Variants of DIMM slots support DDR, DDR2, DDR3 and DDR4 RAM. Common types of DIMMs include the following: 70 to 200 pins 72-pin SO-DIMM, used for FPM DRAM and EDO DRAM 100-pin DIMM, used for printer SDRAM 144-pin SO-DIMM, used for SDR SDRAM 168-pin DIMM, used for SDR SDRAM 172-pin MicroDIMM, used for DDR SDRAM 184-pin DIMM, used for DDR SDRAM 200-pin SO-DIMM, used for DDR SDRAM and DDR2 SDRAM 200-pin DIMM, used for FPM/EDO DRAM in some Sun workstations and servers.201 to 300 pins 204-pin SO-DIMM, used for DDR3 SDRAM 214-pin MicroDIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM 240-pin DIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM and FB-DIMM DRAM 244-pin MiniDIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM 260-pin SO-DIMM, used for DDR4 SDRAM 260-pin SO-DIMM, with different notch position than on DDR4 SO-DIMMs, used for UniDIMMs that can carry either DDR3 or DDR4 SDRAM 278-pin DIMM, used for HP high density SDRAM.

288-pin DIMM, used for DDR4 SDRAM On the bottom edge of 168-pin DIMMs there are two notches, the location of each notch determines a particular feature of the module. The first notch is the DRAM key position, which represents RFU, unbuffered DIMM types; the second notch is the voltage key position, which represents 5.0 V, 3.3 V, RFU DIMM types. DDR, DDR2, DDR3 and DDR4 all have different pin counts, different notch positions; as of August, 2014, DDR4 SDRAM is a modern emerging type of dynamic random access memory with a high-bandwidth interface, has been in use since 2013. It is the higher-speed successor to DDR, DDR2 and DDR3. DDR4 SDRAM is neither forward nor backward compatible with any earlier type of random access memory because of different signalling voltages, timings, as well as other differing factors between the technologies and their implementation. A DIMM's capacity and other operational parameters may be identified with serial presence detect, an additional chip which contains information about the module type and timing for the memory controller to be configured correctly.

The SPD EEPROM connects to the System Management Bus and may contain thermal sensors. ECC DIMMs are those that have extra data bits which can be used by the system memory controller to detect and correct errors. There are numerous ECC schemes, but the most common is Single Error Correct, Double Error Detect which uses an extra byte per 64-bit word. ECC modules carry a multiple of 9 instead of a multiple of 8 chips. Sometimes memory modules are designed with two or more independent sets of DRAM chips connected to the same address and data buses. Ranks that share the same slot, only one rank may be accessed at any given time; the other ranks on the module are deactivated for the duration of the operation by having their corresponding CS signals deactivated. DIMMs are being manufactured with up to four ranks per module. Consumer DIMM vendors have begun to distinguish between single and dual ranked DIMMs. After a memory word is fetched, the memory is inaccessible for an extended period of time while the sense amplifiers are charged for access of the next cell.

By interleaving the memory, sequential memory accesses can be performed more because sense amplifiers have 3 cycles of idle time for recharging, between accesses. DIMMs are referred to as "single-sided" or "double-sided" to describe whether the DRAM chips are located on one or both sides of the module's printed circuit board. However, these terms may cause confusion, as the physical layout of the chips does not relate to how they are logically organized or accessed. JEDEC decided that the terms "dual-sided", "double-sided", or "dual-banked" were not correct when applied to registered DIMMs. Most DIMMs are built" × 8" memory chips with nine chips per side. In the case of "×4" registered DIMMs, the data width per side is 36 bits. In this case, the two-sided module is single-ranked. For "×8" registered DIMMs, each side is 72 bits wide, so the memory controller only addresses one side at a time; the above example applies to ECC memory that stores 72 bits instead of the more common 64. There would be one extra chip per group of eight, not counted.

For various technologies, there are certain bus and device clock frequencies that are standa


RNA polymerase II associated protein 2 known as RPAP2, is a human gene. Model organisms have been used in the study of RPAP2 function. A conditional knockout mouse line, called Rpap2tm1aWtsi was generated as part of the International Knockout Mouse Consortium program — a high-throughput mutagenesis project to generate and distribute animal models of disease to interested scientists. Male and female animals underwent a standardized phenotypic screen to determine the effects of deletion. Twenty five tests were carried out on mutant mice and two significant abnormalities were observed. No homozygous mutant embryos were identified during gestation, therefore none survived until weaning; the remaining tests were carried out on heterozygous mutant adult mice.

Kwame Baah (footballer)

Kwame Baah is a Ghanaian footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Asante Kotoko in the Ghanaian Premier League. Kwame Baah made his debut in Ghanaian professional football during the 2015 season with Heart of Lions F. C. in the Ghanaian Division One. He was picked up by Inter Allies FC from Heart of Lions by the end of the 2015 season, having signed a three-year deal with the Premier League side. Baah made, he was named vice-captain of the team ahead of their 2017 season and sealed his place as their main goalkeeper. In the summer 2019, Baah joined Asante Kotoko. Baah featured for Ghana U20 at the 2015 U20 African Cup of Nations, playing an important role in the match for the 3rd/4th place by stopping a penalty. Baah subsequently received a call up for the 2015 FIFA U-20 World Cup, assuming the role of reserve goalkeeper forGhana U20. Kwame featured in all four qualifier games played by Ghana U20 in the qualifiers for 2017 U20 African Cup of Nations. Baah is part of the Ghana B-team, composed of local players, holding training camps ahead the 2017 WAFU Nations Cup and doubleheader in the 2018 African Nations Championship qualifiers.

Last update: July 8, 2017 Football in Ghana

Mehdi Khalil

Mehdi Salim Khalil is a Lebanese professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Iranian club Zob Ahan, on loan from Ahed, the Lebanon national team. Khalil is known as "the Mountain" due to his height: indeed, he was the fifth tallest goalkeeper at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. Khalil started his senior career in Sierra Leone at Johansen, before moving to Sweden in 2011, first at Koping FF and at Djurgårdens. In 2013 he moved to Lebanon at Safa. After spending four seasons at the club, Khalil moved to Lebanese Premier League reigning champions Ahed in 2017, he won the 2019 AFC Cup with the side, the first in Lebanese history, as the competition's Most Valuable Player. In 2020, Khalil moved to Iranian side Zob Ahan on a six-month loan. Khalil represented Lebanon at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup as their main goalkeeper, playing in all three group stage games. On November 2019, Khalil became Lebanon's all time most-capped goalkeeper, surpassing Ziad Al-Samad's record of 39 caps. Born in Sierra Leone, Khalil began his career at Johansen before moving to Sweden in 2011 at Koping FF.

After one season, he moved for Allsveskan side Djurgårdens's academy, where he stayed one year and a half. In January 2013, he moved to Safa in Lebanon establishing himself as a first team player, he won one FA Cup and one Super Cup during his stay. In 2017, Khalil moved to Lebanese champions Ahed. On 4 November 2019, after beating April 25 in the final, he won the 2019 AFC Cup as the competition's Most Valuable Player. Conceding just three goals in 11 matches, Khalil kept nine clean sheets as Ahed went unbeaten throughout the whole tournament. On 7 January 2019, Khalil joined Persian Gulf Pro League side Zob Ahan on a six-month loan, would be reunited with former Lebanon national team coach Miodrag Radulović; the player stated the conditions of his country and the ambiguity surrounding the resumption of sports activity as the reasons for the transfer. Khalil became the fourth Lebanese player to play for the Iranian side, after Walid Ismail, Ali Hamam and Rabih Ataya. Khalil made his debut for Lebanon in a 0–0 draw against Bahrain on 17 March 2013.

In December 2018, he was called up for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup squad. Khalil played all 90 minutes in all three group stage games. On 19 November 2019, Khalil played his 40th international game against North Korea. Known as "the Mountain" due to his height, Khalil is a goalkeeper with good reflexes and a big physical presence. Indeed, at 1.96 m tall, Khalil was the fifth tallest goalkeeper at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup. He is a fine shot stopper, has a tendency to punch balls away from crosses. Safa Lebanese Premier League: 2012–13, 2015–16 Lebanese FA Cup: 2013–14 Lebanese Super Cup: 2013Ahed Lebanese Premier League: 2017–18, 2018–19 Lebanese FA Cup: 2017–18, 2018–19 Lebanese Super Cup: 2017, 2018, 2019 AFC Cup: 2019 Awards AFC Cup Most Valuable Player: 2019 Lebanese Premier League Team of the Season: 2015–16, 2017–18, 2018–19 Mehdi Khalil at RSSSF Mehdi Khalil at Mehdi Khalil at Soccerway Mehdi Khalil at FA Lebanon Mehdi Khalil at Lebanon Football Guide

Midwinter of the Spirit

Midwinter Of The Spirit is a three-part horror drama television series. The series is based on Phil Rickman's "Merrily Watkins" series of books, of which "Midwinter of the Spirit" is the second in the series; this series follows country vicar Merrily Watkins, one of the few women priests working as an exorcist in the UK. When a grisly murder takes place in her local area, the police come calling for her assistance. Anna Maxwell Martin as Vicar Merrily Watkins David Threlfall as Huw Owen Sally Messham as Jane Watkins Nicholas Pinnock as Bishop Mick Hunter Kate Dickie as DCI Annie Howe Leila Mimmack as Rowenna Napier Siobhan Finneran as Angela Purefoy Ania Marson as Mrs. Joy David Sterne as Canon Dobbs The show was filmed in Herefordshire. Cathedral interiors were however filmed in Chester. David Threlfall consulted with an exorcist for advice on his role; the Daily Telegraph says that it's a "surprisingly faithful adaptation" while being "exceptionally creepy without venturing beyond the bounds of the credible".

The Guardian newspaper reviewed the show by saying it "is not a slow build", that "it dives straight in", it adds that "it’s still a lot of fun, just the thing to both cheer and chill as the nights close in." Midwinter of the Spirit on IMDb Midwinter of the Spirit at Midwinter of the Spirit at


The Gandhila sometimes pronounced as Gandhil and Gandola, are a Hindu caste found in North India. They have scheduled caste status in Haryana. According to the traditions of the community, they descend from a Rajput by the name of Sabal Singh, he was killed fighting in the forces of the Sultanate of Delhi, his family were driven out by his enemies. They were forced to take menial jobs, such as rearing donkeys; the word Gandhila is said to mean a donkey rearer. The Gandhila are found in Ambala District, speak Haryanvi. In Uttar Pradesh, the Gandhila are found in Meerut and Muzaffarnagar districts, they have their own dialect. In Punjab, the Gandhila are found Jalandhar and Patiala districts; the Punjab Gandhila trace their descent from two brothers, Sambal Singh and Ajit Mal, both of whom were Chauhan Rajputs. On their defeat at the hand of the Mughal Emperor Babar, the two brothers took an oath not to sleep on a bed or eat with silver utensils until the Mughals were defeated, they fled to the jungle, where the Gandhila were helped by the Bangali, another jungle nomad tribe.

The Bangalis suggested. The community thus became known as gadhewalas or donkey keepers, corrupted to Gadhila. In the Colonial period, Gandhila were listed under the Criminal Tribes Act, 1871, as being a tribe "addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences." The Gandhila are endogamous, prefer marrying close kin. They have no particular tribal deity, their customs are similar to other Hindus. The traditional occupation of the Gandhila is making brooms from palm leaves. However, a majority of the Gandhila are now day labourers, with many working in the construction industry. A small number have been given land as part of government schemes to settle the community, but these plots are small, most supplement their income by working as agricultural labourers. In Uttar Pradesh, they were victims of a system known as chautha, a form of sharecropping, where they have to hand over a fourth of their produce to the landowner. Most live in multi-caste villages working for Jat or Brahmin patrons.

They are an marganalized community, suffering from severe poverty. In Punjab, the Gandhila speak their own language called Pasto, although most speak Punjabi. Bangali Kanjar