D (New York City Subway service)

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"D" train symbol
Sixth Avenue Express
NYCSubway2590.jpg
Manhattan and Bronx-bound D train of R68s at Bay Parkway.
Map of the "D" train
Northern end Norwood–205th Street
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations 36
41 (late night service)
Rolling stock 216 to 232 R68s (27 to 29 trains)[1]
Depot Concourse Yard
Started service December 15, 1940; 77 years ago (1940-12-15)
Route map

Down arrow  D 
Norwood–205th Street
Down arrow  B  (rush hours)
Bedford Park Boulevard
Bronx express during rush peak
local at all other times
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
182nd–183rd Streets
Tremont Avenue
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street–Yankee Stadium
155th Street
Down arrow  B  (weekdays)
145th Street
Bronx express during rush peak
local at all other times
bypassed local section
125th Street
bypassed local section
86th Street (fall 2018)
72nd Street (fall 2018)
59th Street–Columbus Circle
7th Avenue–53rd Street
47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center
42nd Street–Bryant Park
34th Street–Herald Square
bypassed local section
23rd Street (December 2018)
West Fourth Street–Washington Square
Broadway–Lafayette Street
Grand Street
switches to local
during late nights
DeKalb Avenue
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Union Street
Ninth Street
Prospect Avenue
25th Street
36th Street
switches to local
during late nights
Ninth Avenue
Fort Hamilton Parkway
50th Street
55th Street
62nd Street
71st Street
79th Street
18th Avenue
20th Avenue
Bay Parkway
25th Avenue
Bay 50th Street
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Up arrow  D 
 F   N   Q 
Legend

Lines used by the "D" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "D" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 D 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The D Sixth Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored orange since it uses the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The D operates at all times between 205th Street in Norwood, Bronx, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn. Daytime service operates local in the Bronx and express in Manhattan and in Brooklyn (between Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center and 36th Street, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). During rush hours in the peak direction, service operates express between Fordham Road in the Bronx and 145th Street in Manhattan. Late night service operates local in the Bronx and Brooklyn (stopping at DeKalb Avenue) and express in Manhattan.

In its early years, the D ran to World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan via the lower IND Eighth Avenue Line. From the 1954 to 1967, the D used the IND Culver Line and from 1967 to 2001, BMT Brighton Line. A short-lived yellow D service ran via the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan to the Brighton Line in Brooklyn, while orange D service used the Sixth Avenue, Central Park West, and Concourse Lines in Manhattan and the Bronx.

History[edit]

Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940
A poster showing the temporary DD service that resulted from a water main break.

D service began on December 15, 1940 when the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. It ran from 205th Street, the Bronx to World Trade Center (at that time called Hudson Terminal) on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, switching between the IND Sixth Avenue to the Eighth Avenue Lines just south of West Fourth Street – Washington Square.[4]

D service was increased on October 24, 1949 in order to offset the loss of CC service.[5]

On December 29, 1951, peak direction express service in the Bronx was discontinued.

On October 30, 1954, a connection between the IND South Brooklyn Line and BMT Culver Line opened. D service was rerouted via these two lines to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue with limited rush hour trains to Church Avenue.[6]

Between 1957 and 1959, limited rush hour trains ran express and/or local to Euclid Avenue.

From December 4 to 27, 1962, a special service labeled DD was provided due to a water main break. It ran local from 205th Street, Bronx to 59th Street–Columbus Circle, then continued as a local down the Eighth Avenue Line to West Fourth Street, where it switched to the Sixth Avenue Line and continued on its normal route to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue via the Culver Line.[7]

D Train (1967-1979).svg
1967-1979 bullet

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened, adding express service on the Sixth Avenue Line and connecting it with the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge. D service was switched over to BMT Brighton Line via this new connector, running express on weekdays to Brighton Beach and local to Stillwell Avenue at all other times. In Manhattan, it ran express from West 4th Street to 34th Street rush hours only (the B used the express tracks to relay when it terminated at West 4th Street at other times).[8] It would become the full-time Sixth Avenue Express when non-rush hours B service was extended to 57th Street – Sixth Avenue.

NYCS-bull-trans-D yellow.svg
1986-1988 Yellow D bullet, serving the BMT Broadway Line.

When the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge closed on April 13, 1986 due to construction, the D service was divided and ran in two sections, one between Norwood–205th Street in the Bronx and 34th Street–Herald Square (the Orange D) while the other ran from 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on the BMT Broadway Line, then express along the Broadway Line to Canal Street, then over the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge into Brooklyn, and then along the Brighton Line to Stillwell Avenue (the Yellow D). At this time, the tracks on the BMT Brighton Line also underwent reconstruction, necessitating the suspension of express service. As a substitute, the D and Q ran skip-stop service between Newkirk Avenue and Sheepshead Bay on weekdays. D trains served Neck Road, Avenue M and Avenue H; the Q skipped those stops, serving Avenue U and Avenue J, while both trains served Kings Highway.[9] By 1987, as reconstruction on the Brighton Line progressed, the weekday skip-stop pattern expanded to Prospect Park, with D trains serving Beverley Road while Q trains served Cortelyou Road and Parkside Avenue, with Church Avenue as a mutual station.[10]

On December 11, 1988, the north tracks of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the two sections of the D joined together running via Sixth Avenue Express. The D now ran as the full-time Brighton Local to Stillwell Avenue.[11]

From April 30 to November 12, 1995, the Bridge's north tracks closed during middays and weekends and during these hours, D service was cut south of 34th Street-Herald Square. In its place, the Q ran local in Brooklyn to Stillwell Avenue.[12][13] On July 22, 2001, the north tracks were closed at all times and the southern (Broadway Line) tracks reopened. D service was again cut below 34th Street-Herald Square. In Brooklyn, D service was replaced by Q local service.[14]

After September 11, 2001, C service was suspended. On weekends, the D ran local on the Eighth Avenue Line north of 59th Street to fill in the gap in service caused by the suspension until September 21.

On February 22, 2004, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was restored and D trains were extended via the north tracks of the bridge to Brooklyn, replacing the W as the Fourth Avenue Express (late nights local) and West End Local to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue.[15][16][17] The D was moved to the West End Line instead of returning to the Brighton Line, which it had run on since 1967, to provide 24-hour service to both the Concourse Line and West End Line and avoid running two separate (B and D) shortened services outside of weekdays. This eliminated the need to run late-night and/or weekend shuttles on the West End Line as done prior to 2002.[18]

From May 24, 2004 to Fall 2004, construction on the IND Concourse Line required the suspension of D express service in the Bronx.[19]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Bob Dylan's 1966 song "Visions of Johanna" includes the lyric "In the empty lot where the ladies play blindman's bluff with the keychain/And the all-night girls, they whisper of escapades out on the D train." At the time, the D used the IND Culver Line to Coney Island.
  • Biz Markie's song "Pickin' Boogers" from his debut album Goin' Off features the line "I was chillin one day/with my partner Kane/headed up to the rooftop/ridin' the D train."
  • The opening track on Yoko Ono's 2009 album Between My Head and the Sky is titled "Waiting for the D Train". The D passes through 72nd Street (opposite her apartment in the Dakota Building) but never stops there, as it is a local station.
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s, numerous Top 10 Lists on Late Night with David Letterman contained references to the D train.
  • The service is mentioned in the song "Boogie Down "by Man Parrish Ft. Freeze Force (MC John Ski) raps the following line: "You take the D to 205th Then go see me 'cause I got the gift And I'm the cool MC with the vicious sounds I'm not from the Bronx, but I still Boogie Down".
  • The service is mentioned in the song "3 The Hard Way" by Beastie Boys. Adam Yauch raps the following line: "Used to ride the D to beat the morning bell at Edward R. Murrow out on Avenue L..." (Referring to Edward R. Murrow High School, where the D served the station closest to the school, Avenue M, until 2001, when it was replaced by the Q).
  • The service is mentioned twice in the song "Stop That Train" by the Beastie Boys. Mike D and Adrock rap the following line: "Same faces every day, but you don't know their names, party people going places on the D train". Adam Yauch raps the following line: "Groggy-eyed and fried, and I'm headed for the station, D train ride to Coney Island vacation."
  • The eponymous character of Seinfeld uses the D train to go to Coney Island in the episode "The Subway".
  • The 1980s folk-pop trio The Washington Squares includes a song titled "D Train" on their eponymous 1987 debut album.
  • Type O Negative refer to the D train as the chosen transport to Brighton Beach, where lead singer Peter Steele will kill his girlfriend in their songs "Xero Tolerance," "Hey Pete", and "Kill You Tonight".
  • It is also mentioned in an episode of The Penguins of Madagascar called "Gone In A Flash" where the penguins go to rescue Maurice and have to travel through the subway system. Also, in episode "Dr. Blowhole's Revenge", when Julien is kidnapped by the lobsters, Mort starts his travel to save him by using the metro until Coney Island.
  • Man Against Crime episode "Third Rail" (S4E19) starring Ralph Bellamy was filmed on the D train and at the 207th Street Yard in 1953.
  • Jean-Michel Basquiat generated much interest in his graffiti art, which took the form of spray-painted aphorisms that were targeted at the D train.[20]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the D, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[21]

Line From To Tracks Times
non-
rush
rush
peak
late
nights
IND Concourse Line (full line) Norwood–205th Street all      
Bedford Park Boulevard 145th Street express    
local      
IND Eighth Avenue Line 135th Street 59th Street–Columbus Circle express  
IND Sixth Avenue Line Seventh Avenue Broadway–Lafayette Street
Chrystie Street Connection Grand Street all
Manhattan Bridge north
BMT Fourth Avenue Line DeKalb Avenue bypass  
bridge      
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center 36th Street express      
local      
BMT West End Line (full line) Ninth Avenue Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue    

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
D service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
Concourse Line
Stops all times Norwood–205th Street
Stops all times Bedford Park Boulevard B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. Some a.m. rush hour trips to and from Brooklyn begin or end their runs at this station[a]
Stops all times Kingsbridge Road Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times Fordham Road B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 182nd–183rd Streets B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times Tremont Avenue B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Station closed 174th–175th Streets B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until early 2019.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 170th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 167th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 161st Street–Yankee Stadium Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
Bx6 Select Bus Service
Manhattan
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 155th Street B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Stops all times 145th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all timesC all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Eighth Avenue Line
Stops all times 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nights M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 59th Street–Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m.C all except late nights
1 all times2 late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Sixth Avenue Line
Stops all times Seventh Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line)
Stops all times 47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times 42nd Street–Bryant Park Elevator access to mezzanine only B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line at Fifth Avenue)
Stops all times 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops all times West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times Broadway–Lafayette Street Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​F all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Bleecker Street)
One northbound weekday evening trip begins at this station
Chyrstie Street Branch
Stops all times Grand Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Brooklyn
Fourth Avenue Line
Stops late nights only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access N late nightsQ all timesR all times
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access N all timesR all times W limited rush hour service only
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 all times3 all except late nights4 all times5 weekdays only (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Union Street N late nightsR all times
Stops late nights only Ninth Street N late nightsR all times
F all timesG all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops late nights only Prospect Avenue N late nightsR all times
Stops late nights only 25th Street N late nightsR all times
Stops all times 36th Street N all timesR all times W limited rush hour service only
West End Line
Stops all times Ninth Avenue
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway
Stops all times 50th Street
Stops all times 55th Street
Stops all times 62nd Street N all timesW selected rush-hour trips (BMT Sea Beach Line at New Utrecht Avenue)
Stops all times 71st Street
Stops all times 79th Street
Stops all times 18th Avenue
Stops all times 20th Avenue
Stops all times Bay Parkway Handicapped/disabled access
Stops all times 25th Avenue
Stops all times Bay 50th Street
Stops all times Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access F all times (IND Culver Line)
N all times (BMT Sea Beach Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some northbound trains terminate at this station during a.m. rush hours; some southbound trains originate at this station during a.m. rush hours.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ "D Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018. 
  3. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. 
  4. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  5. ^ "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday" (PDF). New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link" (PDF). New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  7. ^ Brochure reflecting the service change
  8. ^ "New Subway Routes Brochure". www.thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. November 26, 1967. Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  9. ^ "The JoeKorNer Brochures". Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  10. ^ Mader, Stewart. "NYC Subway Maps Have a Long History of Including PATH, NJ Waterfront". stewartmader.com. Retrieved February 9, 2018. 
  11. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  12. ^ Ronald Sullivan (March 26, 1995). "Bridge Repairs to Disrupt Off-Peak Subway Service". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  13. ^ "QUEENSBRIDGE / 6TH AVE - BRIGHTON BEACH LINE (Q TRAIN)". 
  14. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20030629092241/http://mta.info/nyct/service/pdf/tdcur.pdf
  15. ^ Lower Manhattan : News | New Manhattan Bridge Subway Service
  16. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  17. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  18. ^ "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "MTA NYC Transit - Subway Service Information". October 12, 2004. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  20. ^ "MoMA". MoMA.org. 
  21. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]