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Dacians

The Dacians were a Thracian people who were the ancient inhabitants of the cultural region of Dacia, located in the area near the Carpathian Mountains and west of the Black Sea. This area includes the present-day countries of Romania and Moldova, as well as parts of Ukraine, Eastern Serbia, Northern Bulgaria, Slovakia and Southern Poland; the Dacians spoke the Dacian language, a sub-group of Thracian, but were somewhat culturally influenced by the neighbouring Scythians and by the Celtic invaders of the 4th century BC. The Dacians were known as Geta in Ancient Greek writings, as Dacus or Getae in Roman documents, but as Dagae and Gaete as depicted on the late Roman map Tabula Peutingeriana, it was Herodotus. In Greek and Latin, in the writings of Julius Caesar and Pliny the Elder, the people became known as'the Dacians'. Getae and Dacians were used with some confusion by the Greeks. Latin poets used the name Getae. Vergil called them Getae four times, Daci once, Lucian Getae three times and Daci twice, Horace named them Getae twice and Daci five times, while Juvenal one time Getae and two times Daci.

In AD 113, Hadrian used the poetic term Getae for the Dacians. Modern historians prefer to use the name Geto-Dacians. Strabo describes the Dacians as distinct but cognate tribes; this distinction refers to the regions. Strabo and Pliny the Elder state that Getae and Dacians spoke the same language. By contrast, the name of Dacians, whatever the origin of the name, was used by the more western tribes who adjoined the Pannonians and therefore first became known to the Romans. According to Strabo's Geographica, the original name of the Dacians was Δάοι "Daoi"; the name Daoi was adopted by foreign observers to designate all the inhabitants of the countries north of Danube that had not yet been conquered by Greece or Rome. The ethnographic name Daci is found under various forms within ancient sources. Greeks used the forms Δάκοι "Dakoi" and Δάοι "Daoi"; the form Δάοι "Daoi" was used according to Stephan of Byzantium. Latins used the forms Davus, a derived form Dacisci. There are similarities between the ethnonyms of the Dacians and those of Dahae, an Indo-European people located east of the Caspian Sea, until the 1st millennium BC.

Scholars have suggested. The historian David Gordon White has, stated that the "Dacians... appear to be related to the Dahae". By the end of the first century AD, all the inhabitants of the lands which now form Romania were known to the Romans as Daci, with the exception of some Celtic and Germanic tribes who infiltrated from the west, Sarmatian and related people from the east; the name Daci, or "Dacians" is a collective ethnonym. Dio Cassius reported that the Dacians themselves used that name, the Romans so called them, while the Greeks called them Getae. Opinions on the origins of the name Daci are divided; some scholars consider it to originate in the Indo-European *dha-k-, with the stem *dhe- "to put, to place", while others think that the name Daci originates in *daca – "knife, dagger" or in a word similar to daos, meaning "wolf" in the related language of the Phrygians. One hypothesis is that the name Getae originates in the Indo-European *guet-'to utter, to talk'. Another hypothesis is that "Getae" and "Daci" are Iranian names of two Iranian-speaking Scythian groups, assimilated into the larger Thracian-speaking population of the "Dacia".

They might be related to Masagetae and Dahae people who used to live in central Asia in 6th century BC. In the 1st century AD, Strabo suggested that its stem formed a name borne by slaves: Greek Daos, Latin Davus. In the 18th century, Grimm proposed the Gothic dags or "day" that would give the meaning of "light, brilliant", yet dags belongs to the Sanskrit word-root dah-, a derivation from Dah to Δάσαι "Daci" is difficult. In the 19th century, Tomaschek proposed the form "Dak", meaning those who understand and can speak, by considering "Dak" as a derivation of the root da. Tomaschek proposed the form "Davus", meaning "members of the clan/countryman" cf. Bactrian daqyu, danhu "canton". Since the 19th century, many scholars have proposed an etymological link between the endonym of the Dacians and wolves. A possible connection with the Phrygians was proposed by Dimitar Dechev; the Phrygian language word daos meant "wolf", Daos was a Phrygian deity. In times, Roman auxiliaries recruited from the Dacian area were known as Phrygi.

Such a connection was supported by material from Hesychius of Alexandria, as well as the 20th century historian Mircea Eliade. The German linguist Paul Kretschmer linked daos to wolves via the root dhau, meaning to press, to gather, or to strangle – i.e. it was believed that wolves would use a neck bite to kill their prey. Endonyms linked to wolves have been demonstrated or proposed for other Indo-European tribes, including the Luvians, Lucanians, Hyrcanians and, in particular, the Dahae, who were known in Old Persian as Daos. Scholars such a

14 Compositions (Traditional) 1996

14 Compositions 1996 is a live album by composer and saxophonist Anthony Braxton with multi-instrumentalist Stewart Gillmor, recorded at Wesleyan University in 1994 and released on the Leo label. The Allmusic review by Steve Loewy stated:... this recording of fourteen tunes from the first half of the century is a major addition to Braxton's remarkable discography. Here, he takes old standards, songs like "Ja Da," "Star Dust," and "Rosetta," and gives them new twists; the variety is astonishing, as Braxton and Gillmor try every variation imaginable.... The melodies and solos are true to the era, though there are enough surprises to make this an entertaining and fascinating collection. "Rosetta" – 4:20 "Kansas City Man Blues" – 5:18 "Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?" – 3:30 "Blue, Turning Grey Over You" – 3:50 "Skylark" – 6:15 "Battle Cry" – 0:59 "Ain't Gonna Give Nobody None of This Jelly Roll" – 4:12 "In a Sentimental Mood" – 4:11 "I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter" – 4:29 "Stardust" – 6:18 "The Memphis Blues" – 5:24 "Some Day You'll Be Sorry" – 6:19 "Blues My Naughty Sweetie Give to Me" – 6:57 "Ja-Da" – 1:56 Anthony Braxton – soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, bass saxophone, clarinet, contrabass clarinet Stewart Gillmor – piano, valve trombone, double bell euphonium, sousaphone

Drowning Love

Drowning Love is a Japanese slice of life romance shōjo manga series written and illustrated by George Asakura and published by Kodansha. The chapters were serialized on Bessatsu Friend from October 13, 2004 to December 13, 2013 and compiled into 17 tankōbon volumes, it was published in French by Delcourt. A live action film adaptation of the same name is scheduled for release on November 5, 2016. Kodansha USA will release it in a digital-only format. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Volume 8 reached the 4th place on the Oricon weekly manga charts, selling 32,037 copies as of August 16, 2009. Drowning Love at Anime News Network's encyclopedia