Daft Punk is a French electronic music duo formed in Paris in 1993 by Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter. They achieved popularity in the late 1990s as part of the French house movement, they have worn ornate helmets and gloves to assume robot personas in most public appearances since 1999 and grant interviews or appear on television. The duo were managed from 1996 to 2008 by the head of Ed Banger Records. After Bangalter and Homem-Christo's indie rock band Darlin' disbanded, they began experimenting with drum machines and synthesisers, their debut studio album Homework was released by Virgin Records in 1997 to positive reviews, backed by singles "Around the World" and "Da Funk". Their second album, had further success, supported by hit singles "One More Time", "Digital Love" and "Harder, Faster, Stronger". In March 2005, Daft Punk released their third album, Human After All, to mixed reviews, though the singles "Robot Rock" and "Technologic" achieved success in the United Kingdom.
Daft Punk toured throughout 2006 and 2007 and released the live album Alive 2007, which won a Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album. They composed the score for the film Tron: Legacy, released in 2010 alongside its soundtrack album. In 2013, Daft Punk left Virgin for Columbia Records, released their fourth album, Random Access Memories, to acclaim. Random Access Memories won five Grammy Awards in 2014, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year for "Get Lucky". In 2016, Daft Punk gained their first number one on the Billboard Hot 100 with the song "Starboy", a collaboration with The Weeknd; as of 2015, Daft Punk had sold over 12 million albums worldwide. Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter met in 1987 while attending the Lycée Carnot secondary school in Paris; the two recorded demos with others from the school. This led to the formation of a guitar-based group called Darlin' with Laurent Brancowitz in 1992. Bangalter and Homem-Christo played bass and guitar while Brancowitz was brought on board after the two sought an additional guitarist.
The trio had branded themselves after The Beach Boys song of the same name, which they covered along with an original composition. Both tracks were released on a multi-artist EP under Duophonic Records, a label owned by the London-based band Stereolab, who invited the trio to open for stage shows in the United Kingdom. Bangalter felt that "The rock n' roll thing we did was pretty average, I think, it was so brief, maybe six months, four songs and two gigs and, it." A negative review in Melody Maker by Dave Jennings subsequently dubbed the music "a daft punky thrash." Instead of dismissing the review, they found it amusing. As Homem-Christo stated, "We struggled so long to find Darlin', this happened so quickly." Darlin' soon disbanded. Bangalter and Homem-Christo experimented with drum machines and synthesisers. In September 1993, Daft Punk attended a rave at EuroDisney, where they met Stuart Macmillan of Slam, co-founder of the label Soma Quality Recordings; the demo tape given to Macmillan at the rave formed the basis for Daft Punk's debut single, "The New Wave", a limited release in 1994.
The single contained the final mix of "The New Wave" called "Alive", to be featured on Daft Punk's first album. Daft Punk returned to the studio in May 1995 to record "Da Funk", it became the duo's first commercially successful single the same year. After the success of "Da Funk", Daft Punk looked to find a manager; the duo settled on Pedro Winter, who promoted them and other artists at his Hype night clubs. The band signed with Virgin Records in September 1996 and made a deal through which the duo licensed its tracks to the major label through its production company, Daft Trax. Bangalter stated that while the duo received numerous offers from record labels, they wanted to wait and ensure that Daft Punk did not lose creative control, he considered the deal with Virgin to be more akin to a partnership. In the mid-to-late nineties, Daft Punk performed live without costumes in many places including the United States. In 1996, the duo were featured at an Even Furthur event in Wisconsin, their first public performance in the U.
S. In addition to live original performances, they performed in various clubs using vinyl records from their collection, they were known for incorporating various styles of music into their DJ sets at that time."Da Funk" and "Alive" were included on Daft Punk's 1997 debut album Homework. In February of that year, the UK dance magazine Muzik published a Daft Punk cover feature and described Homework as "one of the most hyped debut albums in a long long time." According to The Village Voice, the album revived house music and departed from the Eurodance formula. As noted by critic Alex Rayner, Homework brought together established club styles and the "burgeoning eclecticism" of big beat. In 1997 Daft Punk launched their Daftendirektour to promote Homework in several cities throughout the world. For this tour the duo used their home studio equipment for the live stage; as Bangalter stated, "Everything was synched up -- the bass lines. The sequencer was just controlling the beats and bars. On top of this structure we built all these layers of samples and various parts that we could bring in whenever we wanted to."
Marc Rotenberg is President and Executive Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, an independent, public interest research center in Washington, DC. He teaches privacy law at Georgetown Law, litigates open government and privacy cases, studies emerging privacy and civil liberties issues, testifies before Congress, speaks at judicial conferences, he testified before the 9-11 Commission on "Security and Liberty: Protecting Privacy, Preventing Terrorism." Marc is a guest on Bloomberg TV, CNN, C-SPAN, MSNBC, FoxNews, National Public Radio, contributes to Techonomy, The Economist, The New York Times, USA Today. EPIC is involved with wide range of civil liberties, consumer protection, human rights issues. EPIC has pursued several successful consumer privacy complaints with the US Federal Trade Commission, concerning Uber, WhatsApp, Google and Choicepoint. EPIC has prevailed in significant Freedom of Information Act cases against the CIA, the DHS, the Dept. of Education, the FBI, the NSA, the ODNI, the TSA.
EPIC has filed many "friend of the court" briefs on law and technology, including Riley v. California, litigated important privacy cases, including EPIC v. DHS, which led to the removal of the x-ray body scanners in US airports, EPIC v. NSA, which led to the release of the NSA's secret cybersecurity authority. EPIC challenged the NSA's domestic surveillance program in a petition to the US Supreme Court. In re EPIC, after the release of the "Verizon Order" in June 2013. One of EPIC's current cases concerns the obligation of the Federal Aviation Administration to establish privacy regulations prior to the deployment of commercial drones in the United States. EPIC v. FAA. In 2017, EPIC launched a new project on Democracy and Cybersecurity to determine the extent of Russian interference with the 2016 Presidential election and to prevent future attacks on democratic institutions. EPIC is pursuing four Freedom of Information Act lawsuits. In EPIC v. ODNI, EPIC is seeking the public release of the report of the Intelligence Community on the Russian interference with the 2016 election.
In EPIC v. FBI, EPIC is seeking records concerning the Bureau's response to an attack by a foreign government on the political institutions of the United States. In EPIC v. IRS, EPIC is seeking the release of Donald Trump's tax returns. In EPIC v. DHS, EPIC is trying to determine the role of DHS in election integrity. At the 2017 EPIC Champion of Freedom Awards Dinner in Washington, DC, EPIC honored former world chess champion and human rights advocate Garry Kasparov UPDATE -- In EPIC blocked a Presidential Commission from obtaining state voter. EPIC charged that the Commission had failed to undertake a privacy impact assessment, required by law. Six months after EPIC filed suit, the Commission was disbanded; the White House is now subject to a court order to delete the voter data, wrongfully obtained. Rotenberg has served on many national and international advisory panels, including the expert panels on Cryptography Policy and Computer Security for the OECD, the Legal Experts on Cyberspace Law for UNESCO, the Countering Spam program of the ITU.
He is on panels for the National Academies of Sciences, the OECD, the Aspen Institute. He is a former Chair of the ABA Committee on Privacy and Information Protection and a founding board member and former Chair of the Public Interest Registry, which established and manages the. ORG domain, he is a member of the International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications. Marc has helped establish several organizations that promote public understanding of computer technology and encourage civil society participation in decisions concerning the future of the Internet; these include the Public Interest Computer Association, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, the conference on Computers and Privacy, the Public Voice Coalition, the Public Interest Registry, the Civil Society Information Society Advisory Council to the OECD, the EPIC Public Voice Fund. Marc Rotenberg is coauthor, with Professor Anita L. Allen, of Privacy Law and Society, a leading casebook on privacy law, co-editor of Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions, a collection of articles on the future of privacy.
Other books include Privacy Law Sourcebook: United States Law, International Law, Recent Developments and Human Rights: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments, Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws, Information Privacy Law and "Privacy and Technology: The New Frontier". Marc has published articles and commentaries in legal and popular journals, including the ACS Supreme Court Review, Communications of the ACM, Computers & Society, CNN, Costco Connect, the Duke Law Journal, the Economist, the European Data Protection Review, The Financial Times, the Indiana Law Review, the Harvard Business Review, the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, the Harvard International Review, the Japan Economic Forum, the Minnesota Law Review, Scientific American, the Stanford Technology Law Review, USA Today, among others. Marc
Avex Group Holdings Inc. is an entertainment conglomerate led by founder Max Matsuura and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Avex manages J-pop talents like internet sensation PikoTaro, it has shifted into other business domains like anime, video games and live music events like partnering with Ultra Music Festival and hosting the annual A-nation. The company is a member of the Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group keiretsu. Avex is an acronym of the English words Audio Visual Expert. Since its foundation, its corporate name was Avex D. D. Incorporated, ten years it was changed to Avex, Incorporated; the current name, Avex Group Holdings, was adopted in 2004 as part of reconstruction process after Tom Yoda's resignation. Avex Group Holdings, Incorporated was used for the main subsidiaries, while the old name was for entertainment components of the Group. In 2005, Incorporated became Avex Entertainment and stayed on as part of the Group. Avex was registered June 1, 1973 as Avex D. D. Incorporated, although it did not become established until 1988.
They began as a CD wholesaler based in Tokyo. In September 1990, they created Avex Trax as a music label. In the same year, they created "Musique Folio Inc.", a music publishing company, which became "Prime Direction Inc." During their early years, Avex operated as an indies label, but had an close relationship with the Sanwa keiretsu. In 1993, they transferred to Aoyama and created a U. S. branch, called "AV Experience America Inc." The year marked the first of Avex's yearly events. It was held in Tokyo Dome under the name "avex rave'93" and attracted 50,000 attendees; this led to the creation of the Cutting Edge label. In 1994, they formed two UK subsidiaries, "Rhythm Republic Limited" and "Avex U. K. Limited." That year, they opened a disco, claimed on their website to be "the world's largest scale disco", named Velfarre. In 1997, they opened. In early 1999, they signed an agreement with Walt Disney Records and Hollywood Records to handle the companies' Japanese CD releases; that year "Avex Mode", an animation company, was established.
In December, the company was listed on the 1st section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol 7860. In 2001, Avex opened the "avex artists academy" music school. In 2002, they released the "CCCD", a type of copy-protected CD, opened their building in Aoyama, paid for by Sumitomo Life and worth 205 billion yen. In 2003, they opened a classical music business. In January 2004, they began selling Japanese music CDs in South Korea. In December of that same year, President Max Matsuura "spotted" former idol Ami Suzuki performing live at the annual festival of their school, Nihon University, he subsequently signed her to the Avex label. In 2005, Avex acquired distribution rights for Aozora Records' catalogue including all future Hitomi Yaida releases. In early 2008, Avex partnered with Victor JVC to create the label D-topia Entertainment as a business partnership between the labels and its founder, Terukado Onishi, with the sales promotion handled by Victor while the area promotion handled by Avex.
As part of the Avex Group's 20th anniversary celebration, a big project occurred with avex trax's "produced by avex trax" artists. Avex Group launched BeeTV, May 2009 in partnership with NTT DoCoMo. In August 2004, a feud between Max Matsuura and co-founder Tom Yoda affected the group, it started because of Yoda's ambition to expand Avex into other entertainment-related ventures producing movies. In addition, he accused Ryuhei Chiba, the company's executive director and president of Avex Inc. of pursuing personal profit from a few big artists. July 30: In a board meeting, Yoda introduced a resolution calling on Chiba to resign because of an alleged conflict of interest. A source says the disagreement arose because Chiba had signed an artist managed by a member of his family; the board backed Yoda's resolution in a 6-1 vote. However, Matsuura — described by insiders as a close ally of Chiba — introduced a second resolution demanding that Yoda step down due to "a difference of opinion in management principles".
Matsuura's motion was defeated 5-2. He and Chiba resigned the next day. August 2: Matsuura and Chiba announced their resignations in a meeting with employees of Avex. Chiba denied any fault, while Matsuura complained that Avex had lost its love of music and said he wanted to start over, they had the support of many staff who said they would quit. More the label's top star, Ayumi Hamasaki, said she would leave; as a result, Avex's stocks in the TSE fell by 16 percent that day. August 3: Due to pressure by employees and artists and to save the company from bankruptcy, Yoda resigned and was replaced by Toshio Kobayashi. AGHD is listed at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and Börse München of Germany under the ticker symbol AX8. More K-pop artists from other agencies continued to sign with Avex such as SM Entertainment's TVXQ, YG Entertainment's 2NE1, S-plus Entertainment's SS501 member Kim Hyung Jun, Pledis Entertainment's After School, NH Media's U-KISS and Yejeon Media's Shu-I. On July 21, 2011, it was announced that Avex had paired with Korean management label YG Entertainment to form YGEX Entertainment.