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Dagger

A dagger is a knife with a sharp point and two sharp edges designed or capable of being used as a thrusting or stabbing weapon. Daggers have been used throughout human history for close combat confrontations, many cultures have used adorned daggers in ritual and ceremonial contexts; the distinctive shape and historic usage of the dagger have made it symbolic. A dagger in the modern sense is a weapon designed for close-proximity self-defense. Double-edged knives, play different sorts of roles in different social contexts. In some cultures, they are neither a potent symbol of manhood. A wide variety of thrusting knives have been described as daggers, including knives that feature only a single cutting edge, such as the European rondel dagger or the Persian pesh-kabz, or, in some instances, no cutting edge at all, such as the stiletto of the Renaissance. However, in the last hundred years or so, in most contexts, a dagger has certain definable characteristics, including a short blade with a tapered point, a central spine or fuller, two cutting edges sharpened the full length of the blade, or nearly so.

Most daggers feature a full crossguard to keep the hand from riding forwards onto the sharpened blade edges. Daggers are weapons, so knife legislation in many places restricts their manufacture, possession, transport, or use; the earliest daggers were made of materials such as ivory or bone in Neolithic times. Copper daggers appeared first in the early Bronze Age, in the 3rd millennium BC, copper daggers of Early Minoan III were recovered at Knossos. In ancient Egypt, daggers were made of copper or bronze, while royalty had gold weapons. At least since pre-dynastic Egypt, daggers were adorned as ceremonial objects with golden hilts and even more ornate and varied construction. One early silver dagger was recovered with midrib design; the 1924 opening of the tomb of Tutankhamun revealed two daggers, one with a gold blade, one of smelted iron. It is held. Circa B. C. 1600. As late as Mene-ptah II. of the Nineteenth Dynasty, we read it in the list of his loot, after the Prosopis battle, of bronze armour and daggers.

Iron production did not begin until 1200 BC, iron ore was not found in Egypt, making the iron dagger rare, the context suggests that the iron dagger was valued on a level equal to that of its ceremonial gold counterpart. These facts, the composition of the dagger had long suggested a meteoritic origin, evidence for its meteoritic origin was not conclusive until June 2016 when researchers using x-ray fluorescence spectrometry confirmed similar proportions of metals in a meteorite discovered in the area, deposited by an ancient meteor shower. One of the earliest objects made of smelted iron is a dagger dating to before 2000 BC, found in a context that suggests it was treated as an ornamental object of great value. Found in a Hattic royal tomb dated about 2500 BC, at Alaca Höyük in northern Anatolia, the dagger has a smelted iron blade and a gold handle; the artisans and blacksmiths of Iberia in what is now southern Spain and southwestern France produced various iron daggers and swords of high quality from the 5th to the 3rd century BC, in ornamentation and patterns influenced by Greek and Phoenician culture.

The exceptional purity of Iberian iron and the sophisticated method of forging, which included cold hammering, produced double-edged weapons of excellent quality. One can find technologically advanced designs such as folding knives rusted among the artifacts of many Second Iberian Iron Age cremation burials or in Roman Empire excavations all around Spain and the Mediterranean. Iberian infantrymen carried several types of iron daggers, most of them based on shortened versions of double-edged swords, but the true Iberian dagger had a triangular-shaped blade. Iberian daggers and swords were adopted by Hannibal and his Carthaginian armies; the Lusitanii, a pre-Celtic people dominating the lands west of Iberia held off the Roman Empire for many years with a variety of innovative tactics and light weapons, including iron-bladed short spears and daggers modeled after Iberian patterns. During the Roman Empire, legionaries were issued a pugio, a double-edged iron thrusting dagger with a blade of 7–12 inches.

The design and fabrication of the pugio was taken directly from short swords. Like the gladius, the pugio was most used as a thrusting; as an extreme close-quarter combat weapon, the pugio was the Roman soldier's last line of defense. When not in battle, the pugio served as a convenient utility knife; the term dagger appears only in the Late Middle Ages, reflecting the fact that while the dagger had been known in antiquity, it had disappeared during the Early Middle Ages, replaced by the hewing knife or seax. The dagger reappeared in the 12th century as the "knightly dagger", or more properly cross-hilt or quillon dagger, was developed into a common arm and tool for civilian use by the late medieval period; the earliest known depiction of a cross-hilt dagger is the so-called "Guido relief" inside the Grossmünster of Zürich. A number of dep

Eng-Tips Forums

Eng-Tips Forums is an English-language knowledge market website that allows users to post engineering-related questions to be answered and answer questions asked by other users. The targeted audience of Eng-Tips is engineering professionals; the website's content is composed of engineering forums. All of the content is generated by the users of the website; the forums' subjects include several areas of engineering, including aerospace and mechanical. Users of the website have the option of marking a post as helpful, flagging it as inappropriate, or doing nothing with the post. Marking a post as helpful gives stars to the person creating the post; the website is designed for professional engineers and discourages students from posting homework questions. Members of the website have the option of remaining anonymous. Users who wish to receive e-mail notification of new posts are given the option of adding their e-mail address to the website. Eng-Tips was started in 1997 by the Tecumseh Group, it earns money by selling advertising on the website and by e-mailing targeted advertisements to its members.

It is owned by the Tecumseh Group based in Michigan. Since 2001, it has partnered with PDHOnline.org, an organization that develops education programs for engineers. Eng-Tips has about 761,000 members. 17,000 questions are posted every month. Official website

White British

White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census. In the 2011 census, the White British population was 81.9 % of the UK total population. For the 2011 census, in England and Wales, the White British self-classification option included the subcategories of White English, White Welsh, White Scottish and White Northern Irish. In Scotland, the White British category was broken down into two different categories: White Scottish and Other White British. In Northern Ireland, the White British classification did not appear, the only choice being'White'; the 2011 census for England and Scotland included additional White ethnic classifications of White Irish, Irish Traveller and White Other. There were calls for the 2011 national census in England and Wales to include an extra subcategory so people could identify their ethnic group as Cornish; the White British census classification have their ages more evenly distributed in their population pyramid and have the highest per cent female population of all ethnic-based classifications.

The following numbers were based on the 2011 census conducted in each country. In England and Wales, about 64 per cent of the White British classification are between the ages of 16 and 64 while about 18 per cent are under 16 and 19 per cent are over 64. All other census classifications have a higher percentage of their population under 16 and a lower percentage over 64. Of those aged 65 or over, White British are 8 per cent male and 10 per cent female, making them have the lowest per cent male population among all census classifications defined as "ethnic" in the census. In Scotland, about 65 per cent of the White British classification are between the ages of 16 and 24 while about 17 per cent are under 16 and 18 per cent are over 64. Of those aged 65 or over, White British are 8 per cent male and 10 per cent female, the same percentages as in England and Wales. In Northern Ireland, about 13 per cent of the White classification are between the ages of 16 and 24 while about 21 per cent are under 16 and 65 per cent are over 24.

Of those aged 25 or over, white people are 34 per cent female. According to the 2011 UK Census results, White British people make up the largest percentage of the population in rural areas, such as Allerdale and Copeland in Cumbria, Ryedale in North Yorkshire, North Norfolk and North Devon. Cities across the UK regions with high White British populations include Swansea, Plymouth, England, Norwich, Chelmsford and Lichfield, England. Within London, Havering has the highest White British percentage with 83.3%, followed by Bromley with 77.4%, Bexley with 77.3% and Richmond upon Thames with 71.4%. Since the 2011 UK Census was returned, London contains by far the lowest percentage of English and other White British people of all the UK regions, where they make up less than half of the population in 24 of the 32 boroughs, including: Newham, Ealing, Tower Hamlets and Hackney; the city with the lowest White British population as a percentage is Leicester. The unitary authority with the lowest White British percentage is Slough, followed by Luton..

According to official UK Government figures from 2016, the employment rate for White British people stood at 75%, with the overall employment rate in the UK standing at 74%. UK Government figures demonstrate that 31% of White British people work in professional and managerial occupations, higher than the Mixed, Pakistani/Bangladeshi and Black groups, but lower than the Indian ethnic group. At GCSE level, official UK Government statistics state that 63% of White British pupils attained A* to C grades in English and Mathematics in the 2015–16 academic year, higher than Black Caribbean and Pakistani pupils, but lower than Bangladeshi and Chinese pupils. According to a report by the Sutton Trust, "White working class pupils achieve the lowest grades at GCSE of any main ethnic group, with just a quarter of boys and a third of girls achieving 5 good GCSEs."At A-Level, in the 2015–16 academic year, 11% of White British pupils achieved at least 3'A' grades at A-Level. Statistically, White British are more to be Christian than other ethnic-based classifications.

According to the 2011 UK Census, White British are 64% Christian in England and Wales Anglican in England, while the percentage for all groups is about 59%. The percentage of White British who are Christians is lower in Scotland, at 55%, whereas at least 54% of all Scots are Christian; the British country with the highest percentage is Northern Ireland, where white people are 94% Christian, while 93% of all usual residents are. About 27% of the White British population in England and Wales and 36% in Scotland reported having "no religion". In Northern Ireland, the lowest percentage of white people who reported "

Kosmos 1661

Kosmos 1661 is a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite, launched in 1985 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors. Kosmos 1661 was launched from Site 16/2 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR. A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 00:40 UTC on 18 June 1985; the launch placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, the international designator 1985-049A; the United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 15827. Podvig says that it moved from its orbital position after launch, was never functional. List of Kosmos satellites List of R-7 launches 1985 in spaceflight List of Oko satellites

Conus kermadecensis

Conus kermadecensis, common name the Kermadec cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. The size of the shell varies between 60 mm; this marine species is endemic to New Zealand, occurring off the Kermadec Islands. Iredale, T.. New generic names and new species of marine Mollusca. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London. 10: 217-228, pl. 9 page: 227, pl. 9 figs 15-16 Tucker J. K. & Tenorio M. J. Illustrated catalog of the living cone shells. 517 pp. Wellington, Florida: MdM Publishing. Puillandre N. Duda T. F. Meyer C. Olivera B. M. & Bouchet P.. One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23 The Conus Biodiversity website Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Calamiconus lischkeanus kermadecensis". Gastropods.com.

Retrieved 16 January 2019

Whitty Street

Whitty Street is a street in Shek Tong Tsui, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. Named after R. C. Whitty, the first manager of Hong Kong and China Gas Company, the street is well known as one of seven terminals of the Hong Kong Tramway; the road starts from Queen's Road West, crossing Des Voeux Road West and ends in Connaught Road West. In the 1970s, there was a plan for an MTR station to be built beneath the street for the residents of Shek Tong Tsui. Space is reserved for the exit of the future station. Nonetheless, the plan has never come to fruition. A new plan suggests that a station would be built near the private housing estate The Belcher's instead of on Whitty Street. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong About the name Whitty