click links in text for more info


Dagobah is a fictional planet and eponymous star system appearing in the Star Wars films The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, a deleted scene from Revenge of the Sith, other media. It is depicted as a world of murky swamps, steaming bayous, jungles, resembling Earth during the Carboniferous period. Dagobah is 14,410 kilometers in diameter with an orbital period of 341 days. Dagobah's climate and atmosphere consists of two seasons. Tash were a sentient species native to Dagobah; the Dagobah System lies within the Dagobah Subsector of the Sluis Sector, located in the Outer Rim Territories galactic quadrant region. The sun was called Dagobah Prime, it is noted as being a former "Sith nexus" that's strong with the Force "the Dark Side", being chosen by Jedi Yoda as the planet to go into exile on to mask his presence and avoid discovery by the Galactic Empire. Dagobah was featured in the 1980 film The Empire Strikes Back. In its first appearance, the main protagonist of the film, Luke Skywalker, is attempting to land his X-wing starfighter on the planet and is met with a dense fog causing him to crash land in a small bayou.

Shortly after his landing, the Jedi Master Yoda is introduced during his time in exile. Yoda reluctantly agrees to train Skywalker and during his training many aspects of the planet's environment are utilized. Moss-covered rocks are used for training in telekinesis, the undergrowth makes treks through the jungles more challenging, vines hanging from tall trees are used as means to get across small bodies of water and other obstacles. Skywalker is shown to sense the strength of the Force in a particular cave on the planet which Yoda tells him to go into. Inside the cave, Skywalker is met with a mental challenge the dark side of the Force developed for him; the planet is seen in Return of the Jedi to depict Yoda's death and is featured in a deleted scene from Revenge of the Sith showing Yoda's arrival on the planet. George Lucas said it was removed so the film would not have "too many endings." The scene was released under the title "Exile to Dagobah" on the film's DVD. The Clone Wars featured Dagobah in a sixth season episode, in which Yoda traveled to the planet as part of his own training to gain immortality through the Force.

In the Star Wars expanded universe, Yoda confronted a Bpfasshi Dark Jedi on Dagobah, some years before the events in The Empire Strikes Back, the cave where the Dark Jedi died became strong in the dark side of the Force. Star Wars Tales retconned this event to take place earlier, with another Jedi of Yoda's species named Minch replacing Yoda. Dagobah was visited by the main characters of the Galaxy of Fear series, where it was home for a time to a tribe of cannibals. During the events of Jedi Knight: Jedi Academy, a team of Jedi Knights from the New Jedi Order visit Dagobah, to find the cave drained of its former menace. After the events of Return of the Jedi, the New Republic founded a military base on one of the greatest mountains of the planet, named'Mount Yoda' after the Jedi Master. Looked over by the Galactic Republic, Dagobah is the only habitable planet in the system of the same name within the Sluis sector. A cloudy and swampy world of dense foliage, countless living things of all sizes, including reptiles and swarming insects, fill its environs with a hum of constant noise.

All of its creatures appear unintelligent. Larger life-forms occupy cave-like hollows formed by petrified forests. Carnivorous "gnarltrees" reproduce as spiderlike mobile creatures which metamorphosise into their rooted form; the planet is noted for being strong with the Force. List of Star Wars planets and moons Anderson, Kevin J.. The Illustrated Star Wars Universe. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-09302-9. Dagobah in the Star Wars Databank Dagobah on Wookieepedia, a Star Wars wiki

2001–02 PAOK F.C. season

The 2001–02 season was PAOK Football Club’s 76th in existence and the club’s 43rd consecutive season in the top flight of Greek football. The team will enter the Greek Football Cup in the First round and will enter in UEFA Cup starting from the First round. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Players transferred inPlayers transferred out Win Draw Loss Win Draw Loss bye PAOK won 4-0 on aggregate. PAOK won 8–3 on aggregate. PAOK lose 6-4 on aggregate; as of 8 May 2002Appearances denote players in the starting lineup, with the numbers in parentheses denoting appearances as substitute. Source: Match reports in competitive matches,,, Source: Match reports in competitive matches,,, PAOK FC official website

Kari Rueslåtten

Kari Rueslåtten is a Norwegian soprano singer and keyboardist, well known for being the former lead singer and songwriter for the now disbanded Norwegian doom metal/experimental band, The 3rd and the Mortal from 1992 to 1994. The 3rd and the Mortal was one of the early bands that used a lead female singer in the metal scene, in which inspired bands such as The Gathering, Flowing Tears and Nightwish. Rueslåtten was born in Trondheim. After taking part of some local bands, she was only 19 when she joined the cult progressive doom metal band The 3rd and the Mortal with whom she recorded the demo The 3rd and the Mortal in 1993, the EP Sorrow in 1993 and the full-length album Tears Laid in Earth in 1994 through the record label Voices of Wonder; the music was atmospheric mixing progressive and metal elements. After she left the band she joined the project Storm and recorded Nordavind before she released her first solo project Demo Recordings, both being Nordic-folk-music styled. Spindelsinn, her first official solo album came out in 1997 through Sony Norway, sung in the Norwegian language making honour to the Nordic folk music style.

She was nominated for best vocal artist in the Norwegian Grammy Awards as best female artist at the Norwegian Hit-Awards. The following year the second release Mesmerized came out. A mellower album, with more personal lyrics in which she left the folk-acoustic style in favour of exploring more modern sounds; the singing style is reminiscent in some parts of Tori Amos mixed with her own style. Tired of relying on producers to get the sounds she wanted for her songs, she decided to study production and went to London, England for a couple of years. After joining the Swedish label GMR Music Group Rueslåtten released a comeback album, the experimental Pilot which contains a lot of modern sounds, it bears some resemblance to Björk, but with the more passionate feel which has always characterized Kari's music. In January 2005, Other People's Stories was issued, showing a simpler side of her music but without losing the modern feel and passion in her performance. At the end of 2005, after performing live in support of her last album, she took a break from her artistic career.

In 2013 Kari Rueslåtten made a comeback with the remake of The 3rd and The Mortal's classic "Why So Lonely", featuring Tuomas Holopainen from Nightwish on piano and keyboards, followed up with the full-length album Time to Tell in 2014, on the Swedish label Despotz Records. On 22 October 2015, Kari Rueslåtten released her sixth full-length album To The North, fusing the acoustic work of her older releases with the darker atmospheres inspired by her home country of Norway. Singles released from this were a cover of The Byrds 1965 song "Turn, Turn" showcasing it in a darker and more melancholic way and "Battle Forevermore". Rueslåtten has been featured in a handful of drum'n' bass tracks by the Norwegian duo Rawthang, her vocals of "Hør Min Sang" is featured on a hardcore record, by Art of Fighters, called "Artwork". This track was included on Dutch Hardstyle DJ, The Prophet's Dj Mix, "Hard 3" Demo Recordings Spindelsinn Mesmerized Pilot Other People's Stories Time to Tell To the North Silence is the Only Sound Sorrow Tears Laid in Earth Nordavind Official website Norwegian Progrock Discography

Shuyukh al-Arrub

Shuyukh al-Arrub is a Palestinian village located eleven kilometers north-east of Hebron. The village is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 1,550 inhabitants in 2007; the primary health care facilities for the village are designated by the Ministry of Health as level 2. Shuyukh al-Arrub is located 11 km north of Hebron City, it is bordered by Kuziba and Irqan Turad to the east, Beit Fajjar to the north, Halhul and Sa'ir to the south and Al'Arrub Camp to the west. In 892 AH, Qansuh Al Yahyawi, a Mamluk, renewed the water supply from Ain al-Arrub. In the 1850s, people from Ash Shuyukh settled the area. In the 1883 the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Birket el'Arrub as: "one of the main reservoirs supplying the aqueduct to Jerusalem. There are two channels, one from Birket Kufin, one from'Ain Kueiziba, which join." The Jordanian census of 1961 found 242 inhabitants in Shuyukh Arrub. After the 1967 Six-day War, Shuyukh al-Arrub has been under Israeli occupation.

Survey of Western Palestine, Map 21: IAA, Wikimedia commons Shuyukh Al'Arrub village, Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem Shuyukh Al'Arrub village profile, ARIJ Shuyukh Al'Arrub village aerial photo, ARIJ The priorities and needs for development in Shuyukh al'Arrub based on the community and local authorities' assessment, ARIJ

Alternative historical interpretations of Joan of Arc

There are a number of revisionist theories about Joan of Arc which contradict the established account of her life. These include the theory; the following interpretations are sometimes advanced to the public but have not gained significant acceptance among academic historians. For avowedly fictional representations of Joan in art and popular culture see Cultural depictions of Joan of Arc. In 1819, Pierre Caze published La Vérité sur Jeanne d'Arc, which argued that Joan of Arc was the illegitimate daughter of the Queen, Isabeau of Bavaria, Duke Louis of Orléans. According to Caze's reasoning, the queen hid their daughter in the countryside with the d'Arc family; when Joan of Arc met the future King Charles VII she would have given him a private sign that she was his half-sister. It has been theorized that the coat of arms he granted her included a sword as a baton of bastardy. Although this would provide an explanation for how she gained the trust of Charles VII in early 1429, this hypothesis has too many other difficulties to be taken seriously.

Foremost among them is that the duke of Orleans died on November 23, 1407. Isabeau of Bavaria delivered a son on November 10, 1407; the likelihood of conceiving a daughter in the interim is exceedingly small. Assuming Joan of Arc was born the following year, she would have been 23 years old at her trial in 1431, she estimated her own age at 19 and all but one of the 115 witnesses at the trial of rehabilitation concurred with that age. Furthermore, if the sword in Joan of Arc's coat of arms represented a baton of bastardy it would be unique in heraldry, it would mean that Joan of Arc and several witnesses perjured themselves about her birth. In the words of Regine Pernoud and Marie-Veronique Clin, "Yet amateur historians still insist that all these people – as well as Charles VII, the duke of Alençon, Bertrand de Poulengy – carried out an intricate plot to disguise Joan's authentic royal parents; this thesis lacks credible documentation." Several impostors claimed to be Joan of Arc after the execution date.

The most successful was Jeanne des Armoises. Claude des Armoises married the knight Robert des Armoises and claimed to be Joan of Arc in 1436, she gained the support of Joan of Arc's brothers. She carried on the charade until 1440, gaining subsidies. One chronicle states, "In this year there came a young girl who said she was the Maid of France and played her role so well that many were duped by her, the greatest nobles." Claude confessed she was a fraud after Charles VII asked her to repeat the secret which the real Joan had revealed to him when they first met at Chinon in March 1429, which Claude could not do. Some modern authors attempt to revive this claim by asserting that some other victim was substituted for Joan of Arc at the stake; the likelihood of this is thin, since the trial of nullification records sworn testimony from numerous witnesses who were present at the execution and confirmed her identity. Dr. Cobham Brewer wrote in his nineteenth century volume Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable: M. Octave Delepierre has published a pamphlet, called Doute Historique, to deny the tradition that Joan of Arc was burnt at Rouen for sorcery.

He cites a document discovered by Father Vignier in the seventeenth century, in the archives of Metz, to prove that she became the wife of Sieur des Armoise, with whom she resided at Metz, became the mother of a family. Vignier subsequently found in the family muniment-chest the contract of marriage between "Robert des Armoise and Jeanne D'Arcy, surnamed the Maid of Orleans." In 1740 there were found in the archives of the Maison de Ville records of several payments to certain messengers from Joan to her brother John, bearing the dates 1435, 1436. There is the entry of a presentation from the council of the city to the Maid, for her services at the siege. M. Delepierre has brought forward a host of other documents to corroborate the same fact, show that the tale of her martyrdom was invented to throw odium on the English; the revisionist theory described by Brewer has been criticized on a number of grounds, including the significant number of eyewitnesses to Joan's execution, as well as the fact that Claude des Armoises subsequently confessed before a number of witnesses on multiple occasions to being an impostor.

Graeme Donald argues. He says there are no accounts or portraits of Joan of Arc's victories during her time period, nor is she mentioned as a commander of the French army by Chastellain, he states that the most definitive work of her life was written by Jules Quicherat between 1841 and 1849, after he discovered a cache of documents relating to her trial. Donald argues that she was most not burned. Historians have contradicted this view by pointing out that there is a wealth of information about Joan of Arc's campaigns and life from her contemporaries, including eyewitness accounts of the battles which mention Joan's presence. Many of these were written during the campaigns themselves, such as Guy de Laval's letter on 8 June 1429. In 1921, anthropologist Margaret Murray argued that Joan was identified as a witch by the religious authorities who condemned her to death, but that what they called witchcraft was, in fact, a survival of the pagan "old religion" of pre-Christian Europe, she claimed that Joan and Gilles de Rais were

Housing and Planning Act 2016

The Housing and Planning Act 2016 is Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom that makes widespread changes to housing policy and the planning system. It introduces legislation to allow the sale of higher value local authority homes, introduce starter homes and "Pay to Stay" and other measures intended to promote home ownership and boost levels of housebuilding; the Act has been subject to a number of criticisms by those opposed to the loss of social housing promoted, the extension of right-to-buy to housing associations and possible work disincentives under "Pay to Stay". When the Bill was announced the Government stated that it would kick-start a "national crusade to get 1 million homes built by 2020" and transform "generation rent into generation buy"; the Housing and Planning Bill was introduced on 13 October 2015 by Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, the Rt Hon Greg Clark MP. The Act introduces numerous changes to housing law and planning law: A proposal to abolish secure and assured tenancies for new tenancies, replace them with fixed term tenancies lasting between two and five years.

However, following an amendment, this was extended to tenancies of up to 10 years with the possibility of for longer tenancies for families with children. The Act requires where there is a succession to the tenancy that unless they are a spouse or civil partner the new tenancy has to be fixed term rather than secure. Housing associations are not affected by this change; the promotion of self-build and custom build housebuilding The building of 200,000 starter homes which will be obtainable to first time buyers between 23 and 40 for sale at 20% below market prices. The extension of right to buy to include housing association properties. Due to a deal with the National Housing Federation right to buy will be extended to housing association tenants on a voluntary basis with the Government making payments to housing associations to compensate for the discounts on offer. A policy dubbed. Income of £31,000 or £40,000 in London would see someone hit by "Pay to Stay". Tenants in receipt of housing benefit would not be affected by this change and neither would housing association tenants.

The forced sale of high value empty local authority properties. The stated aim of this policy was to fund right-to-buy for housing associations in order to promote home ownership; the Act states that lost social housing will be replaced with "affordable housing" which could be a starter home. In London two properties will be built for every one sold; the speeding up of the planning system so as to deliver more housing. A concept called "permission in principle" is being introduced, "an automatic consent for sites identified in local plans and new brownfield registers subject to further technical details being agreed by authorities", it is hoped. Powers to force local authorities to have a Local Plan. Changes to banning orders on "rogue landlords"; the Act allows a local authority to apply for a banning order when a landlord or letting agent commits certain offences. The Act creates a database of rogue landlords that will be maintained by local authorities. Changes relating to Rent Repayment Orders allowing a local authority to apply for one where a landlord has committed certain offences.

A law allowing recovery of abandoned properties. A private landlord will be allowed to do this without serving a section 21 notice and without serving a court order; the Housing and Planning Act was subject to a number of criticisms during its passage. The housing charity Shelter have criticised the proposal to sell off higher value social housing. John Bibby argues that to raise £4.5b "they have to sell off homes in some areas that are cheap – homes that are'higher value' in name only". The Public Accounts Committee have criticised the lack of detail on the policy of extending right-to-buy to housing association tenants; the Act introduces a law of abandonment allowing a landlord to take possession of property where a tenant has abandoned possession. A section 21 notice would need to be served on a tenant in order to take control of a property. Giles Peaker, a partner at Anthony Gold solicitors has argued that the "proposed clauses on tenure and on abandonment are badly drafted and in legal terms, a mess".

The "Pay to stay" policy has been criticised as discouraging work if it means that council tenants will pay higher rents by increasing their earnings. Housing and Planning Act 1986 Text of the Housing and Planning Act 2016 as in force today within the United Kingdom, from Housing and Planning Bill