Daily Mail

The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market newspaper published in London in a tabloid format. Founded in 1896, it is the United Kingdom's third-highest-circulation daily newspaper, after Metro and The Sun, its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982, while Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. Content from the paper appears on the MailOnline website, although the website is managed separately and has its own editor; the paper is owned by the Daily General Trust. Jonathan Harmsworth, 4th Viscount Rothermere, a great-grandson of one of the original co-founders, is the current chairman and controlling shareholder of the Daily Mail and General Trust, while day-to-day editorial decisions for the newspaper are made by a team led by the editor, Geordie Greig, who succeeded Paul Dacre in September 2018. A survey in 2014 found the average age of its readers was 58, it had the lowest demographic for 15- to 44-year-olds among the major British dailies.

Uniquely for a British daily newspaper, it has a majority female readership, with women making up 52–55% of its readers. It had an average daily circulation of 1,222,611 copies in November 2018. Between July and December 2013 it had an average daily readership of 3.951 million, of whom 2.503 million were in the ABC1 demographic and 1.448 million in the C2DE demographic. Its website has more than 100 million unique visitors per month; the Daily Mail has been criticised for its unreliability, as well as printing of sensationalist and inaccurate scare stories of science and medical research, for copyright violations. The Daily Mail has won a number of awards, including receiving the National Newspaper of the Year award from the British Press Awards seven times since 1995; the Mail was a broadsheet but switched to a compact format on 3 May 1971, the 75th anniversary of its founding. On this date it absorbed the Daily Sketch, published as a tabloid by the same company; the publisher of the Mail, the Daily Mail and General Trust, is listed on the London Stock Exchange.

Circulation figures according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations in November 2017 show gross daily sales of 1,383,932 for the Daily Mail. According to a December 2004 survey, 53% of Daily Mail readers voted for the Conservative Party, compared to 21% for Labour and 17% for the Liberal Democrats; the main concern of Viscount Rothermere, the current chairman and main shareholder, is that the circulation be maintained. He testified before a House of Lords select committee that "we need to allow editors the freedom to edit", therefore the newspaper's editor was free to decide editorial policy, including its political allegiance; the Mail has been edited by Geordie Greig since September 2018, following the retirement of Paul Dacre who edited the paper since 1992. The Daily Mail, devised by Alfred Harmsworth and his brother Harold, was first published on 4 May 1896, it was an immediate success. It cost a halfpenny at a time when other London dailies cost one penny, was more populist in tone and more concise in its coverage than its rivals.

The planned issue was 100,000 copies but the print run on the first day was 397,215 and additional printing facilities had to be acquired to sustain a circulation which rose to 500,000 in 1899. Lord Salisbury, 19th-century Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, dismissed the Daily Mail as "a newspaper produced by office boys for office boys." By 1902, at the end of the Boer Wars, the circulation was over a million, making it the largest in the world. With Harold running the business side of the operation and Alfred as Editor, the Mail from the start adopted an imperialist political stance, taking a patriotic line in the Second Boer War, leading to claims that it was not reporting the issues of the day objectively. From the beginning, the Mail set out to entertain its readers with human interest stories, serials and competitions. In 1900 the Daily Mail began printing in both Manchester and London, the first national newspaper to do so; the same production method was adopted in 1909 by the Daily Sketch, in 1927 by the Daily Express and by all the other national newspapers.

Printing of the Scottish Daily Mail was switched from Edinburgh to the Deansgate plant in Manchester in 1968 and, for a while, The People was printed on the Mail presses in Deansgate. In 1987, printing at Deansgate ended and the northern editions were thereafter printed at other Associated Newspapers plants. In 1906 the paper offered £10,000 for the first flight from London to Manchester, followed by a £1,000 prize for the first flight across the English Channel. Punch magazine thought the idea preposterous and offered £10,000 for the first flight to Mars, but by 1910 both the Mail's prizes had been won; the paper continued to award prizes for aviation sporadically until 1930. Before the outbreak of World War I, the paper was accused of warmongering when it reported that Germany was planning to crush the British Empire; when war began, Northcliffe's call for conscription was seen by some as controversial, although he was vindicated when conscription was introduced in 1916. On 21 May 1915, Northcliffe criticised Lord Kitchener, the Secretary of State for War, regarding weapons and munitions.

Kitchener was considered by some to be a national hero. The paper's circulation dropped from 1,386,000 to 238,000. Fifteen hundred members of the London Stock Exchange burned unsold copies and called for a boycott of the Harmsworth Press. Prime Minister H. H

Duchess Woizlawa Feodora of Mecklenburg

Princess Woizlawa Feodora Reuss was a German royal and a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. At her death at the age of 100, she was the oldest living royal and the oldest living resident of Gorwihl. Since there are no males left in the family, the house is considered extinct due to the Salic law of succession. Duchess Woizlawa Feodora of Mecklenburg was born at Rostock, Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin on 17 December 1918, just after the abdication of her first cousin Frederick Francis IV of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the establishment of the Weimar Republic, her parents were Duke Adolf Friedrich of Princess Victoria Feodora Reuss zu Schleiz. Her father was the seventh son of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by his third wife Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, her mother Princess Victoria Feodora was the eldest child of Heinrich XXVII, Prince of Reuss Younger Line and Princess Elise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Princess Victoria Feodora died a day after Woizlawa's birth.

She was named for Woizlawa, the daughter of Wartislaw I, Duke of Pomerania, the wife of Pribislav, an Oborite prince and the first duke of Mecklenburg. Her name was an acknowledgement that the House of Mecklenburg, although Germanized over the centuries, was of Slavic origins, she was a first cousin of: Cyril Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia pretender to the Russian throne after the assassination of his cousin Nicholas II of Russia. Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, consort of Christian X of Denmark. Cecilie, German Crown Princess, wife of William, German Crown Prince. Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, queen regnant of the Netherlands. Preparations for the wedding of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands's only child Crown Princess Juliana to the German Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld were underway in the 1937 when a small diplomatic scandal occurred; the affair was the result of Wilhelmina's opinion. As a result, Juliana's chosen bridesmaids were either family friends; these included Woizlawa herself, Duchess Thyra of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia, Princess Sophie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, two of Bernhard’s sisters, among others.

On 15 September 1939 in Bad Doberan Woizlawa married, Prince Heinrich I Reuss of Köstritz, elder son of Prince Heinrich XXXIV Reuss of Köstritz and Princess Sophie Renate Reuss of Köstritz. They had six children. Princess Feodora Reuss Prince Heinrich VIII Reuss Prince Heinrich IX Reuss Prince Heinrich X Reuss Prince Heinrich XIII Reuss Prince Heinrich XV Reuss At the time of her death, she was one of the only remaining members of the House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, after her cousins and Edwina. In 1935 Woizlawa Feodora's husband has been adopted by one of his relatives, Heinrich XLV, Hereditary Prince Reuss Younger Line and last male member of the House of Reuss Younger Line, for inheritance reasons, after the latter's death in 1945 had become the sole heir of the private assets that had remained in the ownership of the House of Reuss Younger Line after its dethronement in the German Revolution of 1918. In 1945 however, the communist land reform in the Soviet occupation zone expropriated all movable and immovable assets of the House of Reuss.

After the German reunification of 1990, the princess, as her husband's heir, claimed for restitution based on the fact that her late husband was of British nationality, as well as German, should thus not have been expropriated under occupation law. Furthermore, a legal restitution claim for movable assets was passed by the Bundestag, leading to vast returns of museum items. In a settlement, the princess received Thallwitz castle and some forest property, with Waidmannsheil hunting castle in Saaldorf near Bad Lobenstein. Genealogics - Leo van de Pas Woizlawa Feodora Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin Woizlawa-Feodora Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

North Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

North Hertfordshire was a parliamentary constituency in Hertfordshire. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom by the first-past-the-post system; the constituency was created for the 1983 general election, abolished for the 1997 general election. The constituency was formed from the bulk of the abolished County Constituency of Hitchin. On abolition, western areas, including Hitchin, formed part of the new County Constituency of Hitchin and Harpenden. Remaining parts, including Letchworth and Royston, formed the majority of the new County Constituency of North East Hertfordshire, it was a safe Conservative seat for its entire existence. Its first MP, Ian Stewart held the old marginal seat of Hitchin, its last, Oliver Heald represents North East Hertfordshire; the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Arbury, Baldock, Cadwell, Highbury, Hoo, Letchworth East, Letchworth South East, Letchworth South West, Offa, Priory, Royston East, Royston West, Walsworth and Wilbury.

The two main towns in the constituency were Letchworth. List of Parliamentary constituencies in Hertfordshire