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Dallas Area Rapid Transit

Dallas Area Rapid Transit is a transit agency serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex of Texas. It operates buses, light rail, commuter rail, high-occupancy vehicle lanes in Dallas and twelve of its suburbs. DART was created in 1983 to replace a municipal bus system and funded expansion of the region's transit network through a sales tax levied in member cities. DART's light rail system is the longest in the United States, at over 93 miles, began operation in 1996. At 95,800 weekday boardings, it is the 6th busiest light rail system in the United States. DART operates the Trinity Railway Express between Dallas and Fort Worth, through an interlocal agreement with Trinity Metro; the agency operates the Dallas Streetcar and provides funding for the non-profit McKinney Avenue Streetcar. Average daily ridership for DART has been in the vicinity of 200,000 riders per day over the last couple decades. In the 1st quarter of 1998, DART's weekday ridership averaged 211,000 riders per day system-wide. Ridership has fallen since then.

However, after a year-long study in 2012 that counted passenger counts through both the existing manual method and a new automated counting system, DART concluded it has been underreporting rail ridership by more than 15 percent each year. In the 4th quarter of 2012, DART reported an average weekday ridership of 252,900. In the fourth quarter of 2014, DART reported. DART reported the following ridership numbers in the 4th quarter of 2012: Bus: 136,500 average weekday riders DART Light Rail: 103,100 average weekday riders DART TRE: 7,300 average weekday riders On-Call: 2,000 average weekday riders Vanpool: 4,000 average weekday riders4th quarter of 2014 ridership numbers: Bus: 126,300 average weekday riders DART Light Rail: 101,800 average weekday riders DART TRE: 8,200 average weekday riders On-Call: 2,600 average weekday riders Vanpool: 3,200 average weekday riders The Dallas Transit System was a public transit service operated by the city of Dallas, from 1964 to 1983. DTS was formed by the consolidation of various owned transit companies and streetcar lines.

Prior to DTS, the company was known as the Dallas Railway and Terminal Company when Dallas had an extensive streetcar system that spanned from Oak Cliff to North Dallas. The name was changed shortly after the last streetcar ran in January 1956. DART formally took over operations of the DTS in 1988. In 2000, DART employees restored a 1966 DTS bus to its original state. DART was created on August 13, 1983 as a regional replacement for the DTS. Citizens of 15 area cities had voted to levy a 1% sales tax to join the system by the time it began transit services in 1984. In 1985, member cities Carrollton and Farmers Branch held elections to pull out of DART, though the measures failed, but shifting suburban politics and a loss of confidence in DART management after voters declined to support DART's measure to incur long term debt in 1988 led to seven more pullout votes, two of which were successful. Just one suburb joined DART — the tiny community of Buckingham, annexed by DART member city Richardson.

In December 2007, DART revealed it was facing a $1 billion shortfall in funds earmarked for the Blue Line rail service to Rowlett and Orange Line service to Irving, DFW Airport. In January 2008, DART announced; when Dallas officials protested, DART president and executive director Gary Thomas—who had known about the shortfall for at least eight months—announced the agency would borrow more money. In late January 2008, DART Board chair Lynn Flint Shaw, treasurer of Dallas Mayor Tom Leppert's "Friends of Tom Leppert" fund-raising committee, resigned from her DART post. In February, she surrendered to the police on charges of forgery. On March 10, Shaw and her husband, political analyst Rufus Shaw, were found dead in their home in what turned out to be a murder suicide. On July 7, 2016, one DART officer was among several people shot in a mass shooting targeting police officers providing security at a Black Lives Matter protest. One of the officers, identified as seven-year veteran Brent Thompson, died from his injuries and became the first DART officer to be killed in the line of duty since the department's inception.

The DART light rail system comprises 93 miles between its four lines — the Red Line, the Blue Line, the Orange Line and the Green Line. According to NCTCOG transit statistics, DART's light rail system had a daily ridership of 109,511 average trips per weekday in October 2012; the system uses light rail trains manufactured by Kinki Sharyo, with all trains being converted to "Super" LRVs which feature level boarding and higher passenger capacity. All 163 of DART's light rail vehicles are now SLRVs. Before the 1983 election, DART had a plan for 160 miles of rail. After the election, the plan was pared down to 147 miles when Duncanville, Grand Prairie and Mesquite, which would have had rail lines, opt to not join the


Arachnophobia is an intense and unreasonable fear of spiders and other arachnids such as scorpions. Treatment is by exposure therapy, where the person is presented with pictures of spiders or the spiders themselves. People with arachnophobia tend to feel uneasy in any area they believe could harbor spiders or that has visible signs of their presence, such as webs. If arachnophobes see a spider, they may not enter the general vicinity until they have overcome the panic attack, associated with their phobia; some people run away, cry, have emotional outbursts, experience trouble breathing, have increased heart rates, or faint when they come in contact with an area near spiders or their webs. In some extreme cases a picture or a realistic drawing of a spider can trigger intense fear. Arachnophobia may be an exaggerated form of an instinctive response that helped early humans to survive, or a cultural phenomenon, most common in predominantly European societies. An evolutionary reason for the phobia remains unresolved.

One view held in evolutionary psychology, is that the presence of venomous spiders led to the evolution of a fear of spiders, or made acquisition of a fear of spiders easy. Like all traits, there is variability in the intensity of fear of spiders, those with more intense fears are classified as phobic. Being small, spiders do not fit the usual criterion for a threat in the animal kingdom where size is a factor, but they can have medically significant venom. However, a phobia is an irrational fear as opposed to a rational fear. By ensuring that their surroundings were free from spiders, arachnophobes would have had a reduced risk of being bitten in ancestral environments, giving them a slight advantage over non-arachnophobes in terms of survival. However, having a disproportionate fear of spiders in comparison to other dangerous creatures present during Homo sapiens' environment of evolutionary adaptiveness may have had drawbacks. A 2001 study found that people could detect images of spiders among images of flowers and mushrooms more than they could detect images of flowers or mushrooms among images of spiders.

The researchers suggested that this was because fast response to spiders was more relevant to human evolution. The alternative view is that the dangers, such as from spiders, are overrated and not sufficient to influence evolution. Instead, inheriting phobias would have restrictive and debilitating effects upon survival, rather than being an aid. For some communities such as in Papua New Guinea and Cambodia spiders are included in traditional foods; this suggests. The fear of spiders can be treated by any of the general techniques suggested for specific phobias; the first line of treatment is systematic desensitization – known as exposure therapy. Before engaging in systematic desensitization, it is common to train the individual with arachnophobia in relaxation techniques, which will help keep the patient calm. Systematic desensitization can be done in vivo or by getting the individual to imagine situations involving spiders modelling interaction with spiders for the person affected and interacting with real spiders.

This technique can be effective in just one session, although it takes more time. Recent advances in technology have enabled the use of virtual or augmented reality spiders for use in therapy; these techniques have proven to be effective. It has been suggested that exposure to short clips from the Spider-Man movies may help to reduce an individual's arachnophobia. Arachnophobia affects 3.5 to 6.1 percent of the global population. Arachnophobia Apiphobia Entomophobia Myrmecophobia Zoophobia Stiemerling, D.. "Analysis of a spider and monster phobia". Z Psychosom Med Psychoanal. 19: 327–45. PMID 4129447. National Geographic: "Fear of Snakes, Spiders Rooted in Evolution, Study Finds"

Sparks-Anderson House

The Sparks-Anderson House is a single-family home located at 7653 West Main Street in Oshtemo Township, near Kalamazoo, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. Alfred Wilcox purchased the property where this house is located in 1835, selling it the next year to Henry Sparks. Sparks began farming a portion of the property, in 1842 sold this section to his brother Asa. Asa Sparks lived with his brother while starting his own farm, in about 1852 constructed this farmhouse. Asa Sparks sold the farm to Addison Sill in 1866, it was resold to Silas N. Brownell in 1867 to George Montgomery in 1876, to Edward Anderson in 1884. Anderson passed the farm to his daughter, who deeded about 100 acres to Kalamazoo College in 1982 and sold about 5 acres to Warren L. and Nella Langeland in 1992. As of 2014, Kalamazoo College owns the house, with the neighboring former farmland now used as the Lillian Anderson Arboretum; the Sparks-Anderson House is a wood-framed Greek Revival Upright and Wing house, consisting of a two-story upright and a single-story, side-gable wing.

A shed-roofed porch fronts the wing. A similar single-story wing, constructed in 1977, is attached to the rear of the house; the house is covered with wooden siding, sits on a stone foundation. The front facade of the upright contains two windows on the first floor and two more on the second; the windows are over six sash units with shutters. A frieze-band window is located above in the gable. Three more frieze-band windows are located on the side facades, two more large windows are located below on the exposed side; the wing contains two more windows, located between the three entry doors. Lillian Anderson Arboretum

American Ambulance Great Britain

American Ambulance, Great Britain was a humanitarian organisation founded in 1940 by a group of Americans living in London for the purpose of providing emergency vehicles and ambulance crews to the United Kingdom during World War II. The idea for the service came from Gilbert H. Carr during a meeting of the American Society shortly after the Dunkirk evacuation. Funding came from private donations, both from Americans expatriates living in the United Kingdom and from the United States and the organisation was headed by Wallace B. Phillips. Within six weeks of being set up £140,000 had been raised. By the end of 1940 the organisation had raised $856,000. American Ambulance, Great Britain operated a fleet of around 300 vehicles; the American Ambulance, Great Britain, operated from 17 stations across mainland Britain with five located in London and one each in Cardiff, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Leeds, Newcastle, Nottingham and Tunbridge Wells. The ambulance staff were British women aged between 18 and 45 and numbered around 400, some of whom were seconded from the Mechanised Transport Corps and the Women's Transport Services.

Members of the AAGB wore the tunic and skirt uniform as worn by those in the FANY but with crossed British and American flags on the sleeve. All training was undertaken in Leeds. During the course of the war, three members of the organisation were killed on active service: Officer Ensign, Marjorie Stewart Butler, killed on the 11 May 1941 after receiving injuries "from enemy action" during the London Blitz. Driver H N Richardson, killed in London Driver Dorothy Helen Daly, killed on the 4 May 1942 after the house she was billeted in on Spicer Road, Exeter was bombed during the Exeter Blitz. One other member of the AAGB was injured in the attack. All the AAGB's vehicles were painted grey with a red strip and an emblem featuring the British and American flags. Depending on the purpose several types of vehicle were operated by the AAGB. Ambulances attended bombing incidents and transferred casualties to local hospitals and first aid posts; the vehicles were used to transfer patients requiring specialist treatment.

The AAGB's mobile first-aid post Ford Motor Company trucks were specially adapted to navigate along roads strewn with rubble and debris following an air raid. These units were able to treat several hundred casualties; these mobile units were accompanied by a truck carrying doctors and stretcher-bearers. The AAGB ran dedicated surgical trucks which were detailed to a local hospital, they were used to transfer patients to hospital. The cost of maintaining the vehicles was met via subscriptions managed through the British War Relief Society of America. British War Relief Society American Ambulance Field Service American Gift To Britain 1940 film from British Pathé archives

Prince Lasha

William B. Lawsha, better known as Prince Lasha, was an American jazz alto saxophonist and clarinetist, he was born in Fort Worth, where he came of age studying and performing alongside fellow I. M. Terrell High School students John Carter, Ornette Coleman, King Curtis, Charles Moffett, Dewey Redman. Lasha moved to California during the 1950s. In the 1960s, he was active in the burgeoning free jazz movement, of which his Fort Worth cohort Ornette Coleman was a pioneer. Lasha recorded with the Elvin Jones/Jimmy Garrison Sextet featuring McCoy Tyner. Lasha moved to Europe and in 1966 was based in Kensington, The album Insight by the Prince Lasha Ensemble was recorded in England and featured local musicians, including Bruce Cale, Dave Willis, Jeff Clyne, Rick Laird, Joe Oliver, David Snell, Mike Carr, Stan Tracey, John Mumford and Chris Bateson. Returning to the US in 1967, Lasha worked with saxophonist Sonny Simmons, with whom he recorded two albums, The Cry and Firebirds, for Contemporary Records.

The latter album received an AMG Albumpick at Allmusic. In the 1970s, Lasha and Simmons made additional recordings under the name Firebirds. In 2005, Lasha recorded the album The Mystery of Prince Lasha with the Odean Pope Trio. Lasha died on December 2008, in Oakland, California; the Cry! with Sonny Simmons Inside Story Insight Firebirds with Sonny Simmons Firebirds, Live at the Berkeley Jazz Festival Search for Tomorrow And Now Music (Daagnim, 1983 The Mystery of Prince Lasha with the Odean Pope Trio - CIMP, 2005 With Gene Ammons Brasswind With Eric Dolphy Iron Man Conversations With Elvin Jones / Jimmy Garrison Illumination! With Michael White The Land of Spirit and Light

The Brass Bottle (1964 film)

The Brass Bottle is a 1964 American fantasy-comedy film about a modern man who accidentally acquires the friendship of a long-out-of-circulation Genie. It was inspired by the 1900 novel of the same title by Thomas Anstey Guthrie; the film starred Burl Ives and Barbara Eden. Eden's role was instrumental in getting her cast as the star of the TV series I Dream of Jeannie though she did not play a genie in this film. Architect Harold Ventimore buys a large antique container that turns out to imprison a genie named Fakrash, whom Harold inadvertently sets free. Fakrash is effusively grateful for his release, persistently tries to do favors for Harold to show his gratitude; however he has been in the brass bottle for a long time, Fakrash’s unfamiliarity with the modern world causes all sorts of problems when he tries to please his rescuer. Harold ends up including with his girlfriend, Sylvia Kenton. Though the word genie is used in the film author F. Anstey makes a distinction in the novel The Brass Bottle as djinn which provides the basis of the film.

Tony Randall as Harold Ventimore Burl Ives as Fakrash Barbara Eden as Sylvia Kenton Kamala Devi as Tezra, a female genie Edward Andrews as Professor Kenton Lulu Porter as a belly dancer Richard Erdman as Seymour Jenks Kathie Browne as Hazel Jenks Ann Doran as Martha Kenton Philip Ober as William Beevor Parley Baer as Samuel Wackerbath Howard Smith as Senator Grindle The New York Times critic A. H. Weiler dismissed it as "one of the duller fantasies dreamed up by Hollywood's necromancers." The Brass Bottle was released on DVD for Region 1 as part of the Universal Vault Series in January 2010. It will be released everywhere on July 4, 2017. Two prior versions of Anstey's novel were filmed. Both bore the same name, they were released in 1914 and 1923. This film was remade in Tamil by Javar Sitaraman as Pattanathil Bhootham in 1967, was a critical and commercial success. List of American films of 1964 Old Khottabych Khottabych The Brass Bottle on IMDb The Brass Bottle at the TCM Movie Database The Brass Bottle at AllMovie