click links in text for more info

Dallas Stars

The Dallas Stars are a professional ice hockey team based in Dallas. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Central Division of the Western Conference; the team was founded during the 1967 NHL expansion as the Minnesota North Stars, based in Bloomington, Minnesota. Before the beginning of the 1978–79 NHL season, the team merged with the Cleveland Barons after the league granted them permission due to each team's respective financial struggles; the franchise relocated to Dallas for the 1993–94 NHL season. The Stars played out of Reunion Arena from their relocation until 2001, when the team moved less than 1.5 miles into the American Airlines Center. The Stars have won eight division titles in Dallas, two Presidents' Trophies as the top regular season team in the league, the Western Conference championship twice, in 1998–99, the Stanley Cup. Joe Nieuwendyk won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the most valuable player of the playoffs that year. In 2000, Neal Broten was inducted into the United States Hockey Hall of Fame.

In 2009, Brett Hull became the first Dallas Stars player inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, followed by Ed Belfour and Joe Nieuwendyk in 2011 and Mike Modano in 2014. In 2010, brothers Derian and Kevin Hatcher were inducted to the United States Hockey Hall of Fame; the Minnesota North Stars began play in 1967 as part of the league's six-team expansion. Home games were played at the newly constructed Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington, Minnesota. Successful both on the ice and at the gate, the North Stars fell victim to financial problems after several poor seasons in the mid-1970s. In 1978, the North Stars merged with the Cleveland Barons, owned by Gordon Gund. With both teams on the verge of folding, the league permitted the two failing franchises to merge; the merged team continued as the Minnesota North Stars, while the Seals/Barons franchise records were retired. However, the Gunds were the merged team's principal owners, the North Stars assumed the Barons' place in the Adams Division in order to balance out the divisions.

The merger brought with it a number of talented players, the North Stars were revived—they reached the Stanley Cup Finals in 1981, where they lost in five games to the New York Islanders. However, by the early 1990s, declining attendance and the inability to secure a new downtown revenue-generating arena led ownership to request permission to move the team to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1990; the league rejected the request and instead agreed to award an expansion franchise, the San Jose Sharks, to the Gund brothers. The North Stars were sold to a group of investors that were looking to place a team in San Jose, although one of the group's members, former Calgary Flames part-owner Norman Green, would gain control of the team. In the following season, the North Stars made it to the Stanley Cup Finals, only to lose to the Pittsburgh Penguins. After the 1990 -- 91 season, the North Stars suffered through declining profits; the team's fortunes were further impeded by the terms of the settlement with the Gund brothers, in which they were permitted to take a number of North Stars players to San Jose.

Green explored the possibility of moving the team to Anaheim, however the league decided instead to place the expansion Mighty Ducks there in 1993–94. In their final two seasons in Minnesota, the team adopted a new logo which omitted the "North" from "North Stars", leading many fans to anticipate the team heading south. In 1993, amid further attendance woes and bitter personal controversy, Green obtained permission from the league to move the team to Dallas, for the 1993–94 season, with the decision announced on March 10, 1993. Green was convinced by former Dallas Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach that Dallas would be a suitable market for an NHL team, he decided to retain the "Stars" nickname, as it matched Texas' official nickname as "The Lone Star State." The Stars would move into Reunion Arena, built in 1980, the downtown arena occupied by the National Basketball Association's Dallas Mavericks. To quell the ensuing controversy, the NHL promised that the Twin Cities would receive an expansion franchise in the future.

With the league changing the names of the conferences and divisions that season, the newly relocated Stars were placed in the Central Division of the Western Conference, played their first game in Dallas on October 5, 1993, a 6–4 win against the Detroit Red Wings. In that game, Neal Broten scored the first Stars goal in Dallas. Dallas was an experiment for the league. At that time, the Stars would be one of the three southern-most teams in the league, along with the newly-created Tampa Bay Lightning and Florida Panthers, as the league's first real ventures into southern non-traditional hockey markets. Though the Stars were still unknown in the area, word of the team spread and the immediate success of the team on the ice, as well as Mike Modano's career best season helped spur the team's popularity in Dallas; the Stars set franchise bests in wins and points in their first season in Texas, qualifying for the 1994 playoffs. The Stars further shocked the hockey world by sweeping the St. Louis Blues in the first round, but lost to the eventual Western Conference Champion Vancouver Canucks in the second round.

The Stars' success in their first season, along with Modano's spectacular on ice performances, would be an integral part of the Stars' eventual franchise success in the immediate years to come. The immediate success of the Stars was helped by the long legacy of minor-league hockey in the area. Both incarnations of the Central


Demandatam coelitus humilitati nostrae is an apostolic constitution promulgated by Pope Benedict XIV on December 24, 1743, about the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. It is addressed to the Patriarch of Antioch Cyril VI Tanas and to all Melkite bishops under his jurisdiction, is not considered ex cathedra; the subject of this apostolic constitution is the full preservation of the Byzantine Rite in the Melkite Greek Catholic Church. In the first part of the 18th century, many liturgical latinisations were introduced in some communities of the Melkite Catholic Church by Euthymios Saifi and Cyril VI Tanas, supported by many Latin missionaries against the wishes of the papacy; these changes led to a division in the Melkite Catholic Church between those who went on following the pure Byzantine Rite and those who, named "Latinisers" in the apostolic constitution, mixed the Byzantine Rite with the Latin Rite. Rome had taken measures against the uses of the "Latinisers"; however these measures did not resolve the issue, in 1743, before granting the pallium to Cyril VI Tanas, Pope Benedict XIV issued the Demandatam apostolic constitution to put an end to the mixture of liturgical rites.

The main points of the apostolic constitution are: it is forbidden to any one, including the patriarch, to change, to add or to remove anything from the Byzantine Rite and uses. An exception is made for the area of Damascus where the "Latinisers" were numerous: they had to choose between the Byzantine and the Latin Rites, follow it without changes or mixtures; this letter deals with the disciplinary issues of the Melkite religious orders. List of encyclicals of Pope Benedict XIV Full text available online


Lingapuram is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amaravathi mandal of Guntur revenue division; the village forms a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, under the jurisdiction of APCRDA. Lingapuram is situated to the southwest of the mandal headquarters, Amaravathi, at 16.45°N 80.37°E / 16.45. It is spread over an area of 582 ha; as of 2011 Census of India, Endroyi had a population of 4,068. The total population constitute, 2,008 males and 2,058 females with a sex ratio of 1026 females per 1000 males. 480 children are with child sex ratio of 959 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 56.95% with 2,041 literates. The village is administered by the Amaravathi Mandal Parishad at the intermediate level of panchayat raj institutions; as per the school information report for the academic year 2018–19, the village has a total of 4 Zilla/Mandal Parishad. List of villages in Guntur district

Paper Boys

Paper Boys is a 2009 American coming-of-age film directed by Bryan E. Hall, it focuses on a group of teenagers and deals with various adolescent issues, including drug use, sexual confusion and family dysfunction. This film deals comically and with bi-curiosity. "A ragtag bunch of teenage door to door salesmen wreak havoc and spread the news of their coming of age in this summer before they begin their college lives. It centers around Sean, a sexually confused and drug afflicted teen who just can't seem to shake off his dysfunctional family history." Paper Boys won four Accolade Awards in 2009: Feature Film, Post Production and Supporting Actor. It won the Indy Award for Feature Film at the 2009 Indie Fest. Paper Boys - IMDB Official Trailer - YouTube

Soyuz 7K-OK

Soyuz 7K-OK was the first generation of Soyuz spacecraft and was flown between 1967 and 1971. The 7K-OK was used for the first ferry flights to the Salyut space station program, beginning a long history of space station service that continues today with the ISS; as of 2020, the 7K-OK is notable for the only fatalities of the Soyuz programme, with Soyuz 1 in 1967 and Soyuz 11 in 1971. The first uncrewed automated docking in the history of spaceflight was achieved between 7K-OK spacecraft Kosmos 186 and Kosmos 188 in 1967. Additionally firsts include the first docking between two crewed spacecraft, the longest crewed flight involving only one spacecraft, the first successful transfer of crew to the first space station in the history of space flight; the Soyuz 7K-OK vehicles carried a crew of up to three without spacesuits. The craft can be distinguished from those following by their bent solar panels and their use of the Igla automatic docking navigation system, which required special radar antennas.

The 7K-OK was intended as a variant of the 7K-LOK for Earth orbital testing. The same vehicle, it lacked the larger antenna needed to communicate at lunar distance; the early Soyuz models sported an external toroidal fuel tank surrounding the engines and meant to store extra propellant for lunar flights, but it was left empty on the first nine flights. After the spacecraft's purpose was changed to space station ferry duties, the tank was removed. Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft had a "probe and drogue" docking mechanism to connect with other spacecraft in orbit, in order to gather engineering data as a preparation for the Soviet space station program. There were two variants of Soyuz 7K-OK: Soyuz 7K-OK featuring an active "probe" docking port, Soyuz 7K-OK featuring a passive "drogue" docking target; the docking mechanisms of 7K-OK and 7K-LOK did not allow internal transfer, thus cosmonauts had to spacewalk between docked modules. This procedure was conducted on the joint Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 missions, where Aleksei Yeliseyev and Yevgeny Khrunov transferred from their Soyuz 5 to the Soyuz 4 craft.

The first uncrewed test of this version was Kosmos 133, launched on November 28, 1966. The last two Soyuz space craft of this series were of the designation Soyuz 7K-OKS; the main modification was the addition of the new SSVP docking system that allowed internal crew transfer, performed for the first time on the Salyut 1 space station by Soyuz 11. The SSVP docking adapter is still in use today on the ISS. Kosmos 133 Kosmos 140 Kosmos 186 and Kosmos 188, the first uncrewed automated docking in the history of spaceflight Kosmos 212 and Kosmos 213, uncrewed automated docking mission Kosmos 238 Soyuz 2, intended docking target for the crewed Soyuz 3 Soyuz 1, the first crewed Soyuz flight and sole crew-member killed on re-entry Soyuz 3 Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5, the first crewed docking and first crew transfer in the history of spaceflight Soyuz 6 Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8: Intended docking, to be filmed by Soyuz 6 crew – docking failed due to malfunction Soyuz 9 Soyuz 10, Salyut 1 ferry, the first docking to a space station in the history of spaceflight Soyuz 11, Salyut 1 ferry, the first manning of a space station in the history of spaceflight – crew killed on re-entry Russia New Russian spaceship will be able to fly to Moon - space corp RSC Energia: Concept Of Russian Manned Space Navigation Development Mir Hardware Heritage David S.

F. Portree, Mir Hardware Heritage, NASA RP-1357, 1995 Mir Hardware Heritage Information on Soyuz spacecraft OMWorld's ASTP Docking Trainer Page NASA - Russian Soyuz TMA Spacecraft Details Space Adventures circum-lunar mission - details

Allis Township, Michigan

Allis Township is a civil township of Presque Isle County in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 1,035. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 66.0 square miles, of which 64.6 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles is water. North Allis Township is adjacent to the north; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,035 people, 394 households, 289 families residing in the township. The population density was 16.0 per square mile. There were 521 housing units at an average density of 8.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 97.20% White, 1.16% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.19% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population. There were 394 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.4% were non-families.

21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.91. In the township the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $31,477, the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $30,515 versus $17,656 for females; the per capita income for the township was $14,419. About 8.2% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over