Dalton gang following the 1892 Coffeyville, Kansas raid. Left to right: Bill Power; Bob Dalton; Grat Dalton, Dick Broadwell
|Founded||March 21, 1890|
|Founding location||Pawhuska, Indian Territory|
|Years active||March 21, 1890 - October 5, 1892|
|Criminal activities||Bank and train robberies|
The Dalton Gang was a group of outlaws in the American Old West during 1890–1892. It was also known as The Dalton Brothers because three of its members were brothers. The gang specialized in bank and train robberies. During an attempted bank robbery in Coffeyville, Kansas in 1892, two of the brothers and two other gang members were killed; Emmett survived and was captured, tried, and convicted, he was paroled after serving 14 years in prison.
The oldest brother Frank had been a Deputy U.S. Marshal, but was killed in 1887. In 1890, Gratton "Grat", Bob, and Emmett turned to crime after not being paid as lawmen, their middle brother William M. "Bill" Dalton never joined any heists with his brothers but served as their spy and informant. After their death he would form his own gang with Bill Doolin, known as the Wild Bunch, or the Dalton-Doolin Gang; the gangs were first cousins through their mother to the Younger brothers, who rode with Jesse James. The Daltons were active later than and independently of the James-Younger Gang, who were much older.
Due to the popularity and sensationalism of the Daltons, they were accused of different robberies all over the country, this led to a variety of myths being written about the gang; however the last remaining of the brothers, Littleton, broke his silence about the truth of his brothers activities after the death of his brother Emmett. He accused Emmett's book about the gang, When the Dalton's Rode, of being largely fabrication, specifically how Emmett denied being in California with his brother Bob; however Emmett had freely admitted on his death bed to Frank Forrest Latta that he was in California with his brother Bob, asking Latta not to publish the information until after his death.
Their father was Lewis Dalton from Jackson County, Missouri, he was a saloon keeper in Kansas City, Missouri, when he married Adeline Younger. She became an aunt of Cole and Jim Younger; the Dalton children were:
·Charles Benjamin "Ben" Dalton (1852–1936) ·Henry Coleman Dalton (1853–1920) ·Littleton "Lit" Lee Dalton (1857–1942) ·Franklin "Frank" Dalton (1859–1887) ·Gratton Hanley "Grat" Dalton (1861–1892) ·William Marion "Bill" Dalton (1863–1894) ·Eva May Dalton (1867–1939) ·Robert Rennick "Bob" Dalton (1869–1892) ·Emmett Dalton (1871–1937) ·Leona Randolph Dalton (1875–1964) ·Nancy May Dalton (1876–1901) ·Simon Noel "Si" Dalton (1878–1928)
Those of the family who were members of the Dalton Gang were: Bob, Emmett, Grat, and Bill.
Lewis Dalton spent much of his time unsuccessfully betting on his own race horses; as early as 1870 he began traveling to California to enter in the circuits, sometimes being gone for months at a time. Starting with the oldest, he would eventually bring all his boys along with him. In 1877 while their father was running horses in Visalia, California the oldest boys were offered steady work but refused at the time. After returning home from the races Ben, Frank, and Littleton decided to take up the offer and traveled back to California to work as muleskinners. Grat and Cole eventually followed in 1880. Grat quickly made a reputation as a bar fighter in the many saloons up and down the San Joaquin Valley; that same year Frank was offered a job in the Indian Territory, now the state of Oklahoma, and moved to be closer to home becoming a Deputy U.S. Marshall out of Fort Smith, Arkansas. Bill joined his brothers in California in 1884, starting a family and settling in San Luis Obispo County, California.
Lewis Dalton ended up gambling away the family home in Belton, Missouri. Adeline was able to obtain a piece of land near Kingfisher, Oklahoma in 1890, when the Oklahoma Territory was opened for settlement. Lewis died shortly after, before any of his sons would become outlaws.
On Nov 27, 1887, Frank Dalton and another deputy marshal, Jim Cole, went across the river from Fort Smith to arrest three whiskey bootleggers; as they approached the camp the bootleggers began to fire on them. Frank shot and killed two, his gun jammed and he was killed by the remaining bootlegger, his deputy abandoned him after being shot. Frank is buried in Coffeyville, Kansas.
After Frank's death, brothers Grat and Bob took over his job as Deputy U.S. Marshal at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Bob soon hired Emmett under him to guard prisoners; the trouble started to begin when Bob killed a man in the line of duty, which he claimed was in self defense. He began to drink heavily and become restless. Afterwards Bob was given the job of organizing a police force in the Osage Nation taking Emmett along as a deputy. Grat meanwhile stayed at Fort Smith. Emmett and Bob kept good reputations in the Osage Nation until July of 1890 when they began stealing horses. Eventually stockmen organized to capture them, forcing Bob and Emmett to flee. Hiding out in the bluffs on the Canadian River about seventy miles southwest of Kingfisher, Oklahoma, they sent for Grat for help. Grat tried to get them food, horses, and ammunition but was caught and thrown in jail at Fort Smith, where he had formerly placed prisoners. After two weeks Grat was released in the hopes he would lead the law to his brothers. Bob and Emmett however were able to take a train to California, staying at the brother Bill's ranch near San Miguel, San Luis Obispo County, California.
Discredited as lawmen, the Daltons would soon form their first gang.
Grat Dalton returned to California to meet Emmett and Bob at their brother Bill's ranch in January 1891, they worked there for about a month while playing poker games and getting in bar fights in San Luis Obispo County, spending most of the money they had made from horse stealing. At this time Bob Dalton began making plans to rob a train with the help of Emmett and Grat, their brothers Cole, Littleton, and Bill unsuccessfully tried to dissuade them. Emmett was against the idea but agreed to follow Bob.
On the night of February 6, 1891 a Southern Pacific Railroad passenger train was held up by two masked men carrying only 44-calibre revolvers near the town of Alila (present day Earlimart, California). No money had been taken but the fireman had accidentally been killed by the expressman during the crossfire; the outlaws wore masks during the Alila robbery but it has been asserted many years later by Littleton Dalton that his brothers, Bob and Emmett, had told him many times that they robbed the train. Grat was unable to join the heist after spending all his money on drinking and gambling in Tulare, California, therefore unable to secure a horse. Sheriff Gene Kay of Tulare County, California and his posse tracked the outlaws to San Luis Obispo County, near San Miguel, San Luis Obispo County, California. Eventually they found the remnants of a saddle that was missing a leather strap found at the scene of the hold up; this was at the ranch of Bill Dalton. Finding what they could about the brothers Sheriff Kay's posse learned that Bob, Emmett and Grat had spent the past few days heavily drinking, gambling and following the Southern Pacific pay car as it made its monthly journey down the San Joaquin Valley. By this time their reputation as horse thieves in Oklahoma had also been known.
On March 17, 1891 the Tulare County Grand Jury indicted brothers Bob, Emmett, Grat, and Bill Dalton for the Alila robbery. A few days later Grat and Bill were arrested and placed in the Tulare County jail. A $3000 bounty was placed for the capture of Bob and Emmett. Bill however had already helped them escape California before he was arrested, and Bob and Emmett were on their way back to Oklahoma territory. Bill was soon able to secure bondsmen and was released, he quickly hired attorneys to defend Grat. While Grat sat in jail in Visalia, California, Bob and Emmett began making their way to Oklahoma, they borrowed money and supplies from their brothers, Cole and Lit, and made their way east across the Mojave Desert. After their horses were discovered at Ludlow, California, Sheriff Kay decided to pursue them with his deputy, Jim Ford, he discovered that the brothers were actually making their way to Utah to throw him off, tracking them to the town of Ogden, Utah. After some close encounters Bob and Emmett escaped capture by train. Sheriff Kay continued to track them throughout the Southwest for several months, even at one point entering Mexico, but with no success. Eventually they ending up at the Dalton home near Kingfisher, Oklahoma; the Daltons had many friends in Oklahoma willing to hide them however and Sheriff Kay was forced to give up the chase and return to California for Grat's trial. Realizing they were no longer being pursued, Bob and Emmett robbed a train at Whorton, now Perry, Oklahoma, May 1891, they began forming what would be known as the Dalton Gang.
Even though much of the evidence showed that Grat was in Fresno, California the night of the Alila robbery, including the testimony of several witnesses, the influence of the powerful Southern Pacific Railroad gave him an unfair trail. Grat's lawyer was corrupt and it was not mentioned by either the defense nor the prosecution that the fireman had been killed accidentally by the expressman; this was unknown to Grat since the Dalton brothers had all assumed that Emmett had killed the fireman. Grat was convicted on murder charges and sentenced to life imprisonment. On September 3, 1891 a train was robbed near Ceres, California, but was unsuccessful and no money had been taken; the robbery was performed very similarly to the one at Alila. Sheriff Kay suspected Bill Dalton, and arrested him and a man joining Bill named Riley Dean. Kay found Bill and Dean at an abandoned overland stage station where they looked as if they were either planning a robbery or to break Grat from jail. Both Bill and Dean established a clear alibi but Bill was held in Tulare County Jail to await trial for his part in the Alila robbery.
On the night of September 20th, Grat and two other men escaped from the Tulare County Jail in Visalia while Sheriff Kay was in San Francisco, California. Grat and the other two men were slipped a saw from someone on the outside and were able to saw a hole in the bars. Bill had remained in his cell however and was found in the morning playing a popular song on the guitar that he set his own words to and titled, "You'll Never Miss My Brother Till He's Gone", joking about how the boys had left him. Bill was acquitted and released on October 15th, he sold the lease to his ranch in San Luis Obispo County, moved his family to his wife's parents in Livingston, California and left for Kingfisher, Oklahoma. After arresting the two other men that had escaped with Grat, Sheriff Kay learned that Grat was helped by Riley Dean and that they were both hiding on the summit of a steep mountain close to the Kings River near Sanger, California; this would be known as Dalton Mountain. On Christmas Eve 1891, the posses of both Sheriff Kay of Tulare County and Sheriff Hensley of Fresno County ascended the mountain to Daltons camp, they ambushed the outlaws on their way back from a boar hunt. Grat managed to escape, firing at the lawmen with his Winchester rifle and stealing a horse from a nearby ranch, but Riley Dean was captured. Grat rode to a friends near Livingston, California and stayed for several weeks before escaping back to Oklahoma with the help of his brother Cole.
Bob and Emmett had meanwhile been busy in Oklahoma forming their gang. After their unsuccessful career in California they decided they could do much better in their home country and, unlike their first attempts, they began carefully planning their robberies. With Bob as the leader they recruited mostly men who had grown up with them in Oklahoma. First recruited were George "Bitter Creek" Newcomb and "Blackfaced" Charlie Bryant, Bryant received his nickname because of a gunpowder burn on one cheek; this resulted in the first robbery at Whorton, May 1891, where the gang stole $1200. Joined afterwards were Bill Doolin, Dick Broadwell, Bill Powers, and Charley Pierce; the gang was also assisted by Bob's lover Eugenia Moore, known by her aliases "Tom King" and "Miss Mundays", who acted as their informant but was also a notorious horse thief and outlaw.
In August 1891, Bryant was spotted in Hennessey, Oklahoma after leaving the gangs hideout to visit his mother; the locals who identified him notified a Deputy Marshal named Ed Short. He arrested Bryant and took him on a train to be committed to the jail at Wichita, Kansas without a guard or notifying Marshal Grimes at Fort Smith. After the train left Hennessey and was approaching the stop at Waukomis, Oklahoma, Short noticed a group of mounted men that looked as if they were trying to beat the train and feared it was the Dalton Gang coming to free Bryant. Short put the baggage man in charge of Bryant giving him his revolver while he went to the rear platform with his rifle; the baggageman carelessly stuck the revolver into a Pigeon-hole messagebox and went to work at the other end of the car. Bryant secured the revolver and ordered the baggageman to go back to work, he opened the door to the rear platform and, while Short had his attention to the mounted men, shot him in the back. Short turned and they both shot each other to death.
The second train robbery by the Dalton Gang in Oklahoma was at a small station called Lelietta on September 15, 1891, about four miles north of Wagoner, Oklahoma. Here they secured $19,000, which Bob spent mostly on women and gambling. Bill Doolin complained that he was not dividing the money fairly and quit the gang along with Newcomb and Pierce. Grat returned to Oklahoma in the spring of 1892; the three dissatisfied members also returned and new plans began to formulate. Bill had also returned several months earlier, living at his mothers near Kingsfisher. Even though he did not participate in any of the hold ups with his brothers he acted as their spy and advisor.
On June 1st, 1892, the gang robbed the Sante Fe train at Red Rock, Oklahoma securing about $50,000. Here the Santa Fe had found out about the Daltons plans and attempted to set up a trap for the gang filling the train with heavily armed officers; however they made the mistake of leaving the train dark which made Bob suspicious and the gang allowed the train to go by, robbing the next train a few minutes later. The $50,000 however came out to only $1800 after draft and securities had been thrown out, it was soon necessary to rob another train.
The next robbery was at Adair, Oklahoma, near the Arkansas border on July 14th. At the station the gang took what they could find in the express and baggage rooms, they sat to wait for the next train on a bench on the platform, talking and smoking, with their Winchester rifles across their knees. When the train came in at 9:45 p.m., they backed a wagon up to the express car and unloaded all the contents. The eight armed guards on the train all happened to be at the back of the train when it pulled in, they fired at the bandits through the car windows and from behind the train. In the gun fight, 200 shots were fired. None of the Dalton gang was hit. Doctors W. L. Goff and Youngblood were sitting on the porch of the drug store near the depot. Both men were hit several times by stray shots; Dr Goff was fatally wounded; also wounded were captains Kinney and LaFlore, but they recovered. The gang secured about $18,000, they were also accused of robbing a bank in El Reno, Oklahoma on July 28th, however this was based on little evidence as no one saw any members of the gang.
Coffeyville bank robbery
|Coffeyville Bank Robbery|
Condon Bank Coffeyville, Kansas c. 1890 one of the two banks the Dalton Gang attempted to rob.
|Dalton Gang||Coffeyville citizenry|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Robert Dalton †||U.S. Marshal Charles Connelly †|
|5 outlaws||armed citizenry|
|Casualties and losses|
4 killed1 wounded and captured
4 killed4-6 wounded
Bob Dalton had ambitions, he would, he claimed, "beat anything Jesse James ever did—rob two banks at once, in broad daylight." On October 5, 1892, the Dalton gang attempted this feat when they set out to rob the C.M. Condon & Company's Bank and the First National Bank on opposite sides of the street in Coffeyville, Kansas. Bob had planned the entire robbery. Emmett however was against the idea, he had gone to school at Robbins Corners near Coffeyville and knew several hundred people in town. He was afraid some of his friends would be hurt, but Bob assured him there wouldn't be any shooting and that it would all be over before anyone knew what happened; the plan was that Bob and Emmett were to rob the First National Bank and Grat, Broadwell, and Powers would rob the Condon bank across the street. Emmett thought Grat would mess things up if he went alone with Powers and Broadwell, and thought he should go with them instead; this led to a heavy disagreement between Bob and Emmett and there was bitterness between them on the way to the robbery.
Bob had planned for the gang to tie their horses to a post behind the Condon bank, where it was protected from the center of town by brick walls, they had not been to the town for several years however and the hitching post had since been removed. Bob would not allow Emmett to check out town beforehand in fear that he would be recognized, so this was not factored into their plan; when they arrived Bob decided instead to tie their horses in an alley across from the bank to the west, near the city jail, now known as Dalton Alley.
On the morning of October 5th, 1892, the gang emerged from the alley into the plaza of Coffeyville. A storekeeper who was sweeping the sidewalk a few feet away noticed Bob, Emmett, and even Grat who was wearing a fake mustache, and ran inside his store. In close order the five crossed Walnut Street from the alley to the Condon bank, holding winchester rifles close along their legs. Grat, Broadwell, and Powers entered the Condon bank and Emmett and Bob hurried across Union Street to the First National bank. There was street work being done at the time and one of the workers noticed the men dog trotting across the alley with rifles, and began to yell, "The Daltons are robbing the bank!" Very soon half the business men around the plaza knew what was going on and the message quickly passed throughout the town.
Grat entered the Condon bank and pointed his winchester at the cashier, ordering his hands up, while Powers and Broadwell took positions at the door. Grat went to the back office and ordered the manager into the front, he then handed the cashier a sack bag and ordered him to fill it with cash from the money drawer. Then, noticing the vault door was open, ordered both of them into the vault where the safe with the gold was; when told to open the safe the manager lied to Grat, telling him it was a time lock and that it would not open for another ten minutes. Grat believed him and decided he would wait until it opened, he then ordered the bags of silver on the vault floor into his bag, containing $1000 dollars and weighing about two hundred pounds.
Meanwhile, Emmett and Bob had entered the First National Bank, covered the officers and two costumers, and ordered the cashier, Thomas Aryes, to open the safe where there was gold and cash, they put the gold into the sack, forced Aryes in front of them as cover, and went out the front door. They had planned to meet up with Grat and cross the plaza to the alley where they could make their escape, but word of the robbery had spread through town; as they approached the door an American Express agent opened fire with his revolver. Bob and Emmett returned fire and left Aryes on the sidewalk, they turned around, and went through the back door, carrying both rifles and sack bags while taking two other bank employees as cover.
Grat heard the revolver shots from the Express agent, he then decided the sack bag was too heavy to carry and he ordered the silver taken out, then stashed what cash he could fit into his coat pockets. Two hardware stores in the town had meanwhile began passing out guns to the local citizens, who began firing through the windows at the Condon Bank; the three held out, and waited for the time lock to open. Several citizens were wounded in the fighting.
When Emmett and Bob went out the back door of the First National Bank, they were met by Lucius Baldwin who had been watching the door with his pistol. Bob ordered him to drop the gun and, when he failed to answer, shot him with his winchester killing him. Bob and Emmett then made their way to the end of the back alley onto Eighth Street where they could hear the townspeople shooting at the Condon bank. Outside of a drug store across from the First National, George Cubine was standing with his winchester aimed at the front of the bank, awaiting the exit of the robbers. Bob shot him in the head. Cubine's partner, Charles Brown, was standing unarmed next to him and went to pick up his winchester; as he lifted the rifle up, Bob shot and killed him.
After being left on the sidewalk by Bob and Emmett, Thomas Aryes ran into one of the hardware stores and grabbed a rifle, he spotted Bob just as he had killed Brown and aimed his rifle at him from behind the store window. Bob saw Aryes from about two hundred feet away and shot him in the head, Aryes was not killed but would remain paralyzed for life.
As bullets were showering into the Condon Bank, Powers told Grat he was shot in the arm. Grat then ordered the employees to lay on the floor in the back office and, after receiving the signal from Bob, told Powers it was time to leave; the three went out the side door crouching and dashing across Walnut Street to the alley where they had left their horses. Bob and Emmett then met Grat and the others in the alley, the sacks of money still over their arms.
As the Daltons made their way east down the alley town Marshal, Charles T. Connelly, came through the livery stable into the alley and ran west towards the plaza without noticing the bandits behind him. Grat then shot him in the head and killed him. Following behind Connelly was John Kholer still in the stable. Grat noticed him but before he could aim Kholer shot him in the throat.
Taking fire from the hardware store Bob was hit in the head and the heart, killing him instantly. Powers tried to mount his horse but shots from the store also killed him. Emmett was able to mount his horse unwounded and began riding away but, after noticing Bob was hit, turned around and attempted to lift Bob onto his horse. Emmett was then hit in the back with a load of buckshot. Broadwell was hit several times but managed to ride away, he was found two miles away dead.
Bill Dalton and Bill Doolin had been waiting several miles away with extra horses to aid the gangs escape. After getting tired of waiting they left, only to learn later the fate of the gang.
Grat and Bob Dalton, Dick Broadwell and Bill Powers were all killed. Emmett Dalton received 23 gunshot wounds and survived (he was shot through the right arm, below the shoulder, through the left – right, in some accounts – hip and groin, and received 18-23 buckshot in his back), he was given a life sentence in the Kansas State Penitentiary in Lansing, Kansas, of which he served 14 years before being pardoned. He moved to California and became a real estate agent, author and actor, and died in 1937 at age 66. Speculation arose that a "sixth man" had been holding the gang's horses in an alleyway and had escaped; he was believed to be Bill Doolin; that has never been confirmed. Bill Doolin, "Bitter Creek" Newcomb, and Charlie Pierce, none of whom were at Coffeyville, were the only members left of the Dalton Gang.
Years after the robberies and his release from prison, Emmett Dalton said that the relentless pressure put on them by Deputy US Marshal Heck Thomas as he hunted for them was a key factor in his gang's decision to commit the robberies, they hoped that a big haul from the banks would allow them to leave the territory and escape Thomas' heat.
Bill Dalton reportedly joined the Doolin gang after the Coffeyville raid, he was reportedly one of the participants in a gun battle on September 1, 1893 at Ingalls, Oklahoma Territory. Three deputy U. S. marshals were killed in the shootout. He may have been one of a four-man gang who robbed the First National Bank of Longview, Texas, on May 21, 1894, he was shot and killed by a posse near Ardmore on June 8, 1894. Nine of the deputy U.S. marshals who killed Bill Dalton were indicted for his murder in the federal court at Ardmore in June 1896. Apparently, none were ever tried. Why they were indicted remains a mystery.
Grave of Dalton gang in Coffeyville, Kansas
In popular culture
- A largely fictional film version of the Daltons' lives was made as When the Daltons Rode (1940) starring Randolph Scott, Broderick Crawford and Brian Donlevy.
- The Daltons were featured in Randolph Scott's western, Badman's Territory (1946).
- The Daltons were also featured in yet another Randolph Scott western, Return of the Bad Men (1948), loosely based on Doolin's leadership of an outlaw gang in Oklahoma Territory combining the remnants of the original Dalton gang with new members to become the Wild Bunch.
- Randolph Scott himself plays Bill Doolin in the film The Doolins of Oklahoma (1949), in which he is depicted as a reluctant outlaw forced into a leadership role by circumstances after the Coffeyville raid.
- The motion picture The Cimarron Kid (1952), about the Dalton Gang, starred Audie Murphy as Bill Doolin.
- "The Dalton Gang" is a half-hour, 1954 episode of the American TV series Stories of the Century with Myron Healey as Bob Dalton, Fess Parker as Grat, Robert Bray as Emmett and John Mooney as Bill Dalton.
- The 1954 Franco-Belgian graphic novel Hors-la-loi embroiders the Coffeyville events, with the gang made up only of Dalton brothers, all four of whom are killed in the end. Morris's comical depiction of the outlaws — as mustachioed and identically-dressed quadruplets differing only in their height — having proved popular, a second fictional gang of Dalton brothers indistinguishable from the originals and presented as their (bungling) cousins became recurring villains in the Lucky Luke series, later written by René Goscinny; these were also depicted in several films including La Ballade des Dalton (animated feature, 1978), Lucky Luke (1991) and Les Dalton (2004).
- The Dalton Girls (1957) is a fictional B-grade western in which Dalton sisters continue in the ways of their brothers.
- In 1957 the CBS documentary anthology series episode called You Are There offered the episode "The End of the Dalton Gang (October 5, 1892)", with Tyler MacDuff in the role of Emmett Dalton.
- Three Minutes to Eternity is a half-hour, 1963 episode (season 12, episode 9, narrated by Stanley Andrews, known as "The Old Ranger") of the TV series Death Valley Days about their last robbery in Coffeyville, with Forrest Tucker as Bob Dalton, Jim Davis as Grat, and Tom Skerritt as Emmett.
- In Charles Portis's novel True Grit (1968), the young heroine Mattie Ross refers to Bob and Grat Dalton as "upright men gone bad" and to Bill Doolin as "a cowboy gone wrong."
- The 1973 song "Doolin-Dalton", by the Eagles, is a song about the Dalton Gang. The album from which the song came, Desperado, has a photograph on its back cover that shows the Eagles band members and songwriters re-enacting the image of the capture and death of the Dalton Gang.
- Robert Conrad starred as Bob Dalton in The Last Day (1975), depicting the events leading up to the gang's attempted robbery of two banks in Coffeyville. The film has a documentary-style voice-over by Harry Morgan.
- Randy Quaid starred in The Last Ride of the Dalton Gang (1979), a portrayal of the gang's attempted robbery of two banks simultaneously in Coffeyville, Kansas. (The following year, the actor would co-star in The Long Riders, about Jesse James's bank robbery attempt in Northfield, Minnesota, which similarly led to destruction of his gang.)
- The Ron Hansen novel Desperadoes (1979) is a fictional memoir purportedly written by 65-year-old Emmett Dalton in 1937.
- The Dalton Brothers is the name of a parody country and western band briefly impersonated by U2 during their 1987 Joshua Tree U.S. tour.
- The Max McCoy novel The Sixth Rider (1991) tells of the group's exploits from the vantage point of the possible sixth member involved in the Coffeyville bank holdups.
- In the movie Reign of Fire (2002), Matthew McConaughey's character is from Coffeyville, Kansas, and refers to the historical shoot-out.
- The videogame Call of Juarez: Gunslinger (2013) contains an episode based on the Coffeyville shootout.
- The Dalton Gang is referenced in the Morgan Kane book Killer Kane about the fictional gunslinger.
- The Dalton Gang appears in the Italian comic book Tex, No. 8 and 9.
- Joe Dassin wrote a song called "Les Dalton", inspired by the Lucky Luke characters.
- Hanna-Barbera created various versions of the Dalton Gang in animate productions, most notably with Huckleberry Hound.
- In the video game Red Dead Redemption, there is a gang called "Walton's gang," loosely based on the Dalton gang.
- Latta, Frank (1976). Dalton Gang Days:From California to Coffeeville. Bear State Books. p. 1–44. ISBN 1892622149.
- "DALTON Family History: Old West Kansas - Dalton Gang - KS Heritage Group - www.kansasheritage.org". Archived from the original on 11 November 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
- Latta, Frank (1976). Dalton Gang Days:From California to Coffeeville. Bear State Books. p. 1–44. ISBN 1892622149.
- Latta, Frank (1976). Dalton Gang Days:From California to Coffeeville. Bear State Books. p. 25–50. ISBN 1892622149.
- Latta, Frank (1976). Dalton Gang Days:From California to Coffeeville. Bear State Books. p. 50–209. ISBN 1892622149.
- "The Dalton Gang Train Robbery at Adair, I.T." Lasr.net. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "The Dalton Gang's Last Raid, 1892". www.eyewitnesstohistory.com. Retrieved 2019-05-16.
- Latta, Frank (1976). Dalton Gang Days:From California to Coffeeville. Bear State Books. p. 209–265. ISBN 1892622149.
- "Emmett Dalton Biography ¦ Oct. 5-10, 1892". Kayempea.net. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Samuelson, Nancy B. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History. "Dalton Gang." Archived 2012-11-19 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved February 8, 2014.
- "Three Minutes to Eternity on Death Valley Days". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
- Graeme Thomson (May 21, 2014). "The Eagles on Desperado: "We were quite taken with the idea of being outlaws..."". Uncut.
- "Coffeyville, Kansas --Reading 2". Cr.nps.gov. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Coffeyville, Kansas: The Town That Stopped the Dalton Gang, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan
- Dalton Gang's Raid on Coffeyville article by Robert Barr Smith
- Presland, Kith M. "Emmett Dalton - His Life After the Coffeyville Raid". Kayempea.net. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Samuelson, Nancy B. "Dalton Gang". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Oklahoma Historical Society. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Weiser-Alexander, Kathy. "The Dalton Gang". Legends of America - Old West Legends. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Weiser-Alexander, Kathy. "The Dalton Brothers - Lawmen & Outlaws". Legends of America - Old West Legends. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Weiser-Alexander, Kathy. "Heck Thomas - Tough Law in Indian Territory". Legends of America - Old West Legends. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "The Dalton Girls". Internet Movie Data Base. December 1957. Retrieved April 21, 2011.